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Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston. —Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July. VOL. I.

No. 15. BOSTON, NOVEMBER 15, 1824.


er the sudden transition from the walls of this holy nothing but that experience, which they retirement, into the allurements of pleasure, which cannot have, is able to impress upon them

every youth must encounter, the instant he steps the folly and criminality, and we are bound Reminiscences of Charles Butler, Esq. of into the world, is not likely to make him rush into

Lincoln's Inn. With a Letter to a Lady the opposite extreme of indulgence and dis-ipa- by a regard for their true happiness, which on Ancient and Modern Music. From tion; whether the strict state of coercion, in which is but another name for virtue, to shield the fourth London edition. New York. these students were educated, did not tend to break them from the whips, which are hereafter 1894. 12mo. pp. 351.

their spirit;—whether their imaginations were not to scourge them. The protecting power

too much subdued by the awful view of the eternal must at last be withdrawn, it is true; but it A MAN, who has spent more than half a years thus incessantly presented to them ;-wheth. century in literary and forensic pursuits in er more of the world's morality ought not to be will be replaced by a regard to character, a metropolis, and that the metropolis of the word, whether the general effect of the system was tue would so often faint. We say nothing of

taught to all, who are to live in the world, -in one and the thousand helps, without which vir: British empire, must be a very dull one, if not calculated to produce a feebleness of mind and religious principle, which rarely takes root his reminiscences are not interesting. We soul, that would shrink from contention, and give at any other season than the spring time of took up this work, therefore, with the reas- the palm to the less religious, but bolder adven- life. We wish that, in one other particular, onable expectation of deriving much enturer,

some of our universitios resembled more tertainment; and the rather as wc per

“ Vincentem strepitus, et natum rebus agendis.”

nearly that of Douay-we mean in cheapceived by the title-page that it had passed But,—what is the end of our being asked a ness. “ The instruction,” says Mr Butler, throngh four editions in England. We have priest, to whom, for the sake of obtaining his an• “ the dress, the board, the pocket-money, not been disappointed. It has afforded us swer, the Reminiscent retailed these objections; the ornamental accomplishments of music, an agreeable, and what is important to such Is it, what is usually termed, to succeed in life?

dancing, and fencing, every thing except gormandizers of new books, as we of the to deserve the praise of elegance ? to obtain reperiodical pen are apt to become, a long done better than by protracting innocence as long yearly sum of £30.".

nown? Is it not to save one's soul? Can this be physic, [!] was defrayed by the moderate intellectual repast. The author of this as possible? What can compensate its early loss? In the mean time there was no danger of work is known to theologians by his Horæ -You say that all this purity will shrink at the Biblicæ, an account of the New Testa- first touch of the world. "Be it so; but the victim any loss of the national feelings of the Engment, its various readings and literary his- will then only be in the situation in which he lish boys, since “ the salutary and incontrotory; to lawyers, by his Juridical Essays, if he had been educated in a dissipated school day, beat two Frenchmen, was as firmly

would, in all probability, have been much sooner, vertible truth that one Englishman can, any but more especially by his valuable contin- Besides,---is it certain that this will be the case? believed, and as ably demonstrated at uation of Hargrave's edition of Coke on Lit- Does experience show that the habits of years are Douay and St Omers, as it could be at Eton tleton ; and to politicians, by his exertions so soon over ome ?-Admit however that it unfor

or Winchester.” and writings in favour of Catholic emanci- tunately happens,—who is most likely to experi

Among the Reminiscences of Classical pation. The temper of the man may be ence, salutary compunction? and, when sober

years, the retour de l'age, as the French describe Studies and English Literature we find learned from the concluding observation of this period of life, shall come on, who is most like some interesting materials for the history his preface.

ly to return to religion and regularity,-he, whose of mind. “ It was not till the subtle thief It is a great satisfaction to him (the Reminiscent) youthful years were strict and pious

, or he, to of youth' had stolen all his early years, that to reflect that none of his writings contain a sin- / whose youth devotion was unknown ? You say, the Reminiscent was really sensible of the gle lipe of personal hostility to any one.

that this sequestered education and these submis

sive habits disqualify for active life: but don't they wonders and charms with which the pages The reminiscences of the first chapter re- teach obedience, teach modesty, teach duty ?- of the bard of Avon abound.” Again,late to education at the foreign Roman Now, what is the rank, what the pursuit, for which “ Age, he believes, makes us fastidious in Catholic universities, in one of which, that these do not eminently qualify?

poetry, and feel much more than we do in of Douay, in France, the author received

We confess a great leaning to the opin- youth the truth of the well known observahis own. He is, of course, a Romanist. ions of the good ecclesiastic. We believe tion of Horace, The subject of education is one of such gene that the error of modern systems is de

Mediocribus esse poetis, ral interest in our time and country, that we cidedly on the other hand ; that youth is Non Di, non homines, non concessêre Columnæ." venture, at the very threshold of our analy- left, in too many particulars, to the blind There never was, all records show it, sis, on an extract of some length.

guidance of its own feeble judgment and Of gods and men, a middling poet. Every care was taken (at Douay) to form the in- limited experience, and that the inadequate We are not yet old enough to decide final. fant mind to religion and virtue : the boys were mean of persuasion is frequently employed ly on the justice of the author's opinions, as secluded from the world; every thing that could to attract the twig towards the right direc- expressed here and elsewhere, but we believe inflame their imagination or passions was kept at a distance; piety, somewhat of the ascetic nature,

tion, instead of the force which is able to them to be well-founded. Poetry may dewas inculcated; and the hopes and fears, which bend and confine it there. Youth is about rive a short-lived popularity from brilliant Christianity presents, were incessantly held in their as ready to take the benefit of the experi- imagery or harmonious versification ; but its view. No classic author was put into their hands, ence of others as a child is to take physic, descriptions and images, to be permanent, from which every passage, describing scenes of and we should have as little hesitation must be founded on truth and nature. But love or gallantry, or tending, even in the remotest about forcing down the unpalatable dose in time, experience, and observation are nedegree, to inspire them, had not been obliterated. How this was done may be seen by any person, one instance, as the other. We shall not cessary to enable us to appreciate the fideliwho will inspect father Juvenci's excellent editions attempt to enlarge upon this subject, though ty of description and exactness of similiof Horace or Juvenal.

Few works of English the temptation be strong within us, but only tude ; and much must be known of the writers were permitted to be read; none, which mention one argument, which seems to us world and of human nature before the exhad not been similarly expurgated. The conse to have some weight in favour of strict quisite delineations of Shakspeare can be quence was, that a foreign college was the abode of innocence, learning, and piety.

precautionary discipline and inspection properly understood. It requires years of It has been questioned, whether this system of By these the young may be prevented from the lives of common mortals to imbue the education is perfectly free from objection ;-wheth- committing many bad actions, of which mind with a knowledge of those lights and


shades which diversify character, which ber of avocats, attornies, and officers of justice, perhaps ever will, though any reasonable “ the eye in a fine frenzy rolling,"conveys

whom it would ruin: compassion for them made hope of piercing through the cloak of to it at once, as it glances over them.

the pen fall from my hand. The length and numWe are not prepared to grant to our long robe their wealth and autnority; one musi Mr Butler offers this hypothesis, that Lord

ber of lawsuits confer on the gentlemen of the darkness” is by this time well nigh extinct. author that the works of Gray are much therefore continue to permit their infant growth and George Sackville was Junius, and Sir Philip more generally known by heart, than those everlasting endurance.

Francis his coadjutor and amanuensis; of Goldsmith, though we might admit his The difficulty of framing legal instru- against this, however, we have the asserinference that the muse of the former was ments so as to provide for all the possible tion of Junius, that she was the sole deof the higher order.

contingencies in the case is well exemplifi- positary of his own secret," but we have no From the Reminiscences of Jurispru- ed in the following instance.

warrant that Junius always spoke the dence we learn that judicial offices in

A gentleman, upon whose will the Reminiscent truth. The author thinks that the possessFrance, before the revolution, were always was consulted, had six estates of unequal value, or of the two vellum volumes was not unvenal and hereditary. When the king and wished to settle one on each of his sons and known to Mr George Grenville. erected a new court, he also specified the his male issue, with successive limitations over to

From the Reminiscences of eminent judisum which should be paid for each office the other sons and their respective onale issue, in cial characters we intended to make an ex

ordinary mode of settlement; with a by the successful petitioner, in whose fami- provision, that, in the event of the death and fails tract, but are unable to select, where all are ly it became perpetual, and whose heirs ure of issue male of any of the sons, the estate de- so interesting. We shall content ourselves might sell it, with the consent of the govern- vised to him, should shift from him and his issue with a note of the author, which contains ment, the purchaser paying a certain sum

male to the next taker and his issue male, and fail- some encouragement for novel readers. into the royal treasury. The petitioners, ing these, to the persons claiming under the other

limitations; with a further proviso, that such next It is known that his lordship (Lord Camden), however, were obliged to be in general of taker's estate, should then shift in like manner to like many other distinguished personages, was a respectability, and, in some districts, noble; the taker next after him, and the persons claiming great reader of novels; and surely the hour of rethey also possessed fortunes, which placed under the other limitations. It was considered, at laxation is as well employed in reading Tom Jones, them above want; and were further oblig- I first

, that this might be affected by one proviso; or Clarissa, or any of the novels attributed to Sir ed to undergo a pretty severe examination. then, by tw?; and then by six; but upon a full in- Walter Scott, as in the perusal of the productions

vestigation, it was found that it required as many of party pens. It was customary for the suitors in court, provisos as there can be combinations of the num- At a house of great distinction, ten gentlemen of or their friends, to make regular presents ber 6;-Now,

taste were desired to frame, each of them, a list of to the judges; as well as to solicit them

1 X 2 X 3 X 4 X 5 X 6 = 720.

the ten most entertaining works which they had personally. Mr Butler tells us that the Consequently, to give coniplete effect to the inten- read. One work only found its way into every opinions of learned and wise men have been tion of the testator, 720 provisos were necessary. list.– It may amuse the reader to guess it.--He will divided on the expediency of the heirship In another instance, a deed, if it had not be surprised to find it was-Gil Blas.

If the Reminiscent may be allowed to give his and venality of the judicial offices, and is been framed so as to effect the intention of opinion,- the Conjuration contre Denise of the of opinion that the presents and solicita- the maker, would have required the estate Abbé de St Réal, is the most interesting of publitions were always harmless. The practice, in question to be subjected to as many pos

cations. however, will hardly be considered a safe sible mortgages as there can be combina- Mr Butler next treats of parliamentary one in these degenerate days, when every tions of the number 10, and as each of these eloquence, with descriptions of the manner theory of government seems to involve the mortgages must have paid a stamp duty of of several eminent orators, particularly Lord proverbial notion, that no honesty is the £25, the stamps alone would have amount. Chatham, and the effect produced by their worse for being watched.

ed to pinety millions, seven hundred and speeches. Nothing can exemplify better the The difference between England and twenty thousand pounds. It is hardly ne- power of eloquence, than the despotic authorFrance in the number of their courts of cessary to mention that the execution of ity exercised by this personage over the justice is very remarkable. this deed was declined.

house of Commons; he could silence opposi With the exception of a few local jurisdictions, An anecdote respecting the Jesuits' col- tion and paralyze debate by the thunders of the judicial establishments in England are confined lege of Clermont is introduced, while the his voice and “ the lightnings of his eye.” to the chancellor, the vice-chancellor, the master writer is treating of the best method of That an assembly, constituted as that house of the rolls

, twelve judges, six masters in chance- regulating courses of study. ry, and some masters or officers resembling them

was, of some of the most eminent of the nain the other courts; in France there are at least

The college, falling into decay, it was re-edified tion, should have submitted to such domina600 courts, and 5,600 judges :-in addition, each by Louis the Fourteenth, and received the appella. tion, excites our wonder and admiration. kingdom has its justices of peace ; in France, they tion of the College de Louis le Grand.. pon this

. The reality of this astonishing power is amount to 27,000.

alluding to it was re

quired from the students. -- The city of Nola had proved by a variety of anecdotes; one is of The following mot of Lord Thurlow on recently given them the Collegio dell'Arco, and they Mr Wilkes, who was not remarkable either the subject of cross-examination was new were in possession of the College de la Flèche, in for modesty or timidity. He mentioned to to us, and perhaps will be so to many of our following verses, and the professor good humour- when “Mr Pitt rose and began to speak in

France. Alluding to these, a saucy boy wrote the the Reminiscent that on a certain occasion, readers.

edly assigned him the prize When the affair of tbe necklace of the late queen

olemn and austere manner," · Arcum Nola dedit patribus, dedit alma Sagittam of France was in agitation, a person observed to Gallia,-quis FUNEM quam meruêre, dabit?' He thought the thunder was to fall upon him;Lord Thurlow, that the repeated examinations of the parties in France had cleared up nothing: The saucy boy was afterward the Cardinal de Po- and he declared, that he never, while he was at • True,' said his lordship, but Buller, Garrow, and

Westminster, felt greater terror, when he was call. lignac.

ed up to be chastised, than he did while the uncera Middlesex jury, would, if such a matter had been Of which, we offer, as we did above, an im- tainty lasted ; or felt greater jubilation when he brought before them, have made it all, in half an perfect imitation, after the manner of the was pardoned, than when he found the bolt was hour, as clear as day-light.'

good baron of Bradwardine, who usually destined for another head. If the anecdote here given of the Chan-favoured his friends with translations of his Another is still more striking. Mr Pitt cellor d’Aguesseau be correct, the gentle- Latin quotations, not very much exceeding had been speaking at Murray, afterwards men of the bar should hold his memory in our own in point of literary execution. Lord Mansfield, high respect

Nola gave the good fathers a bow,

After Murray had suffered for some time, Pitt The duke de Grammont asked the chancellor An arrow from France they inherit,

stopped, threw his eyes around, then fixing their d'Aguesseau, on some occasion, whether with his Where a friend's to be found I don't know whole power on Murray, said, 'I must now address experience of chicanery in legal processes, and of To give them the string which they merit. a few words to Mr Solicitor;—they shall be lew,their length, he had never thought of some regula.

About thirty pages of this work are de- but shall be daggers:' Murray, was agitated ;-the ?

look agitation gone so far, replied the chancellor," as to commit voted to the inquiry respecting. Junius; "Judge Felix trembles?'exclaimed Pitt, in a tone a plan of such a regulation to writing; but, after I thread-bare as this subject now is, it still of thunder, --" he shall bear me some other day: inade some progress, I reflected on the great num- retains its power of exciting interest, and He sat down; Murray made no reply; and a lan






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yuid debate is said to have shown the paralysis of constitution, bis eloquent vituperations of those, ( for one day, and you'll see which has the real suthe house.

whom he described as advocating the democratic periority.'-Mr Fox never had the king with him, Mr Butler quotes from Glover's Memoirs spirit then let loose on the inhabitants of the earth, even for an hour. the following notice of the session of and 10 assist him in defending their all against it, and his solemn adjuration of the house, to defend

Burke was inferior as a speaker, but 1755-6.

were, in the highese degree, both imposing and greatly superior if judged by his speeches During this whole session Mr Pitt found occa- conciliating. In addition, he had the command of as they are published. sion, in every debate, to confound the ministerial bitter, contemptuous sarcasm, which tortured to

In familiar conversation, the three great men, orators. His vehement invectives were awfid to

This he could expand or compress at whom we have mentioned, equally excelled : but Murray; terrible to Hume Campbell; and no male- pleasure : even in one member of a sentence, he

even the most intimate friends of Mr Fox comfactor under the stripes of an executioner, was

could inflict a wound that was never healed. Mr plained of his 100 frequent ruminating silence. ever more forlorn and helpless than Fox appeared Fox having made an able speech, Mr Erskine fol- Mr Pitt talked ;-and his talk was fascinating. A under the lash of Pitt's eloquence, shrewd and able lowed him

with one of the very same inport. Mr good judge said of him, that he was the only perin parliament as Fox confessedly is; Dodington Pitt rose to answer them; he announced his inten- son he had known, who possessed the talent of consheltered himself in silence.

tion to reply to both ; •but,' said he, 'I shall make descension. Yet his loftiness never forsook him ;

no mention of what was said by the honourable still, one might be sooner seduced to take liberties We cannot refrain from one more ex- gentleman who spoke last; he did no more than with him, than with Mr Fox. With each the baton tract while on this subject.

regularly repeat what was said by the member who du général was in sight, but Mr Pit's animation On another occasion, immediately after he had preceded him, and regularly weaken all he re

and playfulness frequently made it unobserved : finished a speech, in the house of commons, he peated.'

this was not so often the case with Mr Fox. Mr walked out of it; a

It was prettily said by the bistorian of the Ro. Burke's conversation was rambling, but splendid, Step. A silence ensued, till the door was opened man empire, that · Charles's black collier would rich, and instructive beyond comparison. to let him into the lobby. A member then started soon sink Billy's painted galley :'—but never did

We shall conclude our notice of parliaup, saying, “I rise to reply to the right honourable horoscope prove more false ;-Mr Fox said more member --Lord Chatham turned back, and fixed truly, Pitt will do for us, if he should not do for mentary eloquence, by an extract from the his eye on the orator, -who instantly sat down himself.'

account of Lord Thurlow. dumb : his lordship then returned to his seat, re- Mr Fox had a captivating earnestness of tone

At times, Lord Thurlow was superlatively peating, as he hobbled along, the verses of Virgil : and manner; Mr Pilt was more dignified than

The action of Mr Fox was easy and great. It was the good fortune of the Reminisceni, • Ast Danaúm proceres, Agamemnoniæque phalan- graceful; Mr Pitt's cannot be praised. It was an to hear his celebrated reply to the Duke of Grafton, ges,

observation of the reporters in the gallery, that it during the inquiry into Lord Sandwich's adminisUt videre virum, fulgentiaque arma per umbras, required great exertion to follow Mr Fox while he tration of Greenwich hospital. His grace's action Ingenti trepidare metu,- pars vertere terga, was speaking ; none to remember what he had and delivery, when he addressed the house, were Ceu quondam petiêre rates,- pars tollere vocem

said ; that it was easy and delightful to follow Mr singularly dignified and graceful ; but his matter Exiguam-inceptus clamor frustratur hiantes.'

Pitt; not so easy to recollect what had delighted was not equal to his manner. He reproached Lord Then placing himself in his seat, --he exclaimed, them. It may be added, that, in all Mr Fox's | Thurlow with his plebeian extraction, and his re. * Now let me hear what the honourable member speeches, even when he was most violent, there cent admission into the peerage.- Particular cirhas to say to me.' On the writer's asking the gen- was an unquestionable indication of good humour, cumstances caused Lord Thurlow's reply to make deman from whom he heard this anecdote,-if the which attracted every heart. Where there was a deep impression on the Reminiscent. His Lordbouse did not laugh at the ridiculous figure of the such a seeming equipoise of merit, the two last cir- ship had spoken too often, and began to be heard poor member?— No, sir,' he replied, ' we were all cumstances might be thought to turn the scale: but with a civil but visible impatience. Under these too much awed to laugh.'

Mr Pitt's undeviating circumspection, sometimes circumstances, he was attacked in the manner we Every American has perused the speech tended to obtain for bim, from the considerate and advanced slowly to the place, from which the

concealed, sometimes ostentatiously displayed, have mentioned. He rose from the woolsack, and of this noble orator on the employment of the grave, a confidence which they denied to his chancellor generally addresses the house ; then, savages by the British during our revolu- rival :--Besides, Mr Pitt had no coalition, no India fixing on the duke the look of Jove, when he has tion. The effect of this, when recited by bill to defend.

grasped the thunder ;-I am amazed,' he said, in an ordinary declaimer, is great; what must Much, that awes by power or charms by beauty, a level tone of voice, 'at the attack which the no

Yes, my lords,' conit have been from the lips of Chatham him- was beard in the barangues of both: but, while ble duke has made on me. self.

Fox spoke, bis argument only was thought of; siderably raising his voice, 'I am amazed at his

while Pitt harangued, all his other excellencies had grace's speech. The noble duke cannot look beLord North, according to Mr Butler, their due measure of attention. Each made better tore him, behind him, or on either side of bim, was a gentleman, in the most extended speeches than Lord Chatham ; nither of them without seeing some noble peer, who owes his seat sense of that comprehensive word. Without possessed even one of those moments of supreme fession to which I belong. Does he not feel that it

this aspiring to the higher eloquence, he was fectly,) the Reminiscent has attempted to describe. is as honorable to owe it to these, as to being the

, , (he is a very skilful debater ; but was most remarkable for a kind of good-natured and titions, Mr Pit by his amplifications. Mr Grat- the language of the noble duke is as applicable and

Both orators were verbose: Mr Fox by his repe- accident of an accident ?-To all these noble lords, inoffensive wit, of which the following is a tan observed to the Reminiscent,—that no personas insulting as it is to myself. But I don't fear to good specimen.

had heard Mr Fox to advantage, who had not heard meet it single and alone. No one venerates the

him before the coalition ; or Mr Pitt, who had not peerage more than I do,--but, my lords, I must The assault of Mr Adam on Mr Fox, and of heard him before be quitted office. Each defended say that the peerage solicited me. --not I the peerColonel Fullarton on Lord Shelburne, had once put himself on these occasions with surprising ability: age. Nay more, I can say and will say, that, as the house into the worst possible humour, and but each felt he had done something that required a peer of parliament,--as speaker of this right there was more or less of savageness in every defence :-the talent remained, the mouth still honourable house, as keeper of the great seal,thing that was said :-Lord North deprecated the spoke great things, but the swell of soul was no

as guardian of his majesty's conscience,--as lord too great readiness to take offence, which then

The situation of these eminent men on high chancellor of England, nay, even in that chaseemed so possess the house. • One member,' he these occasions, put the Reminiscent in mind of a

racter alone, in which the noble duke would think said, who spoke of me, called me; " that thing remark of Bossuet on Fénélon, — Fénélon,' he it an affront to be considered --but which characcalled a minister:"-to be sure,' he said, patting his said, “ has great talents : much greater than mine : ter none can deny me,--as a man, I am at this large form, 'I am a thing ;-the member, therefore, it is his misfortune to have brought himself into a

moment as respectable ;--I beg leave to add,-1 when he called me a thing, said what was true; situation, in which all his talents are necessary for am at this time, as much respected, as the proudest and I could not be angry with him; but, when he his defence.'

peer I now look down upon.' The effect of this added, that thing called a minister, he called me

On two occasions, Mr Pitt and Mr Fox may be speech, both within the walls of parliament and that thing, which, of all things, he himself wished thought to have brought into the field, something out of them, was prodigious. It gave Lord Thurmost to be; and, therefore,' said Lord North, “I like an equality of force. When the attack was low an ascendancy in the house, which no chantook it as a compliment.'

made on the coalition, Mr Pitt bad the king.-Mr cellor had ever possessed ; ii invested him, in pubThe following parallel between the par- Fox a great majority of the members of the house lic opinion, with a character of independence and liamentary talents of Pitt and Fox will be of commons, on his side : when the regency was honour; and this, although he was ever on the read with interest,

debated, Mr Pitt had the same majority in the unpopular side of politics, made him always popuIt is difficult to decide on the comparative merit war was great: but may it not be said, that, on

house, “Mr Fox had the heir-apparent :—the tug of lar with the people. of him and Mr Pitt ; the latter had not the vehe. each occasion, Mr Fox facilitated by his impru: Alliance, the present state of Europe, and

The author's speculations upon the Holy ment reasoning, or argumentative ridicule of Mr dence the victory of his adversary. "Give ine,' Fos: but he had more splendour, more imagery

, said the Cardinal de Retz, to a person who had the prospects of legitimacy, are full of inand much more method and discretion. His long tauntingly observed to him the superiority of Car- terest. Through the whole work he exlofty, and reverential panegyrics of the British dinal Mazarin over him, "Give me the king but' hibits a constant and deep interest in the


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