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Than crecp the lazy track of ancestry.
talents of the author. The story is not when the clouds began to gather, and put on a They be the last of theirs, I first of mine.
well constructed; it does not awaken cu- black and frightful appearance; the thunder rolled Für. Lorenzo, hear me.
riosity, nor bring before the reader histor- sternly over the mountains, which answered in lout We believe that our extracts exhibit ical personages or events, of any great im- ed streaks, made the growing darkness show more
and angry echoes; and the lightning, in long forkfairls, the various qualities, good and bad, portance. This we were led to expect by terrible. The wind had risen, too, and roared of this play. Its anthor is a man of un- the title of the book, which at once carries through the forest with deafening violence ; – whie questionable genius, and of no contempti- the imagination to a spot, and a period, between the claps of thunder, the fall of some of ble dramatic talents, as he has sufficiently when evinced in his « Catiline,” as well as in the the intellects and steeled the hearts of the ground tremble. My horse became alarmed,
an astonishing delusion clouded the noble trees on the hills, as they went down,
crashing and overwhelming all beneath them, made present play. But he needs to study na- men, quite as remarkable as many whose and at every peal shook like a leaf,—and the rain ture. He may strut, and declaim, and be
are preserved by history. The now poured upon us in floods. In this unpleasant epigrammatic very well, upon his present story has not a sufficiently distinct location, predicament the old Indian's prophecy sped across pian; but if he would make a play that nor are the characters introduced so strik- my mind, and I found myself much less of a scepshall deserve to rank among the immortal ing as to fix the attention strongly upon After gaining the top of a steep and very rugged
tic in vaticiny than I had been some hours before. works of the elder dramatists, and hand their conduct or their adventures. The in- hill, I was about to descend, when a solitary light artificial, declamatory, and farcical pro- the novel fell into the hands of the supa ing down the sides of the road like torrents, and down his name with theirs, he must quit his troduction, stating how the manuscript of at soine distance from the highway suddenly threw
its rays along pensitics,-must cease to strive so obvi- posed editor, may be taken as a fair speci- | towards the beacon I hastened with all possible ously for effect in every line, and be con- men of the author's general style.
despatch. It was in the window of a log-house, tented to be simple and natural. He has
During the last Summer, while on a tour through planted on the very peak of the mountain, and surentered on a path which he is capable of many of the Western States, my road lay not tar rounded by a few acres of cleared land. I distreading well, and which he may have to from the famous Enchanted Mountain, in the State mounted, and without ceremony was about enterhimself, without rival or disturbance. of Tennessee, and I determined to gratify an ar- ing the door, when the master appeared and offered Other men of genius are imitating the au
dent curiosity by visiting a spot of which I had his welcome. He was a tall, noble-looking mounthor of Waverly. His example has dazzled animal I rode had already carried me nearly two easy freedom of a savage, and dressed in the cap
heard so much.--I travelled alone, and the noble taineer, nearly seven feet high, -possessing all the and crazed them; and they seem to fancy thousand miles.--After following a rough and wan. and green frock of a hunter. He laughed as he nonothing so glorious as to be making the dering road for some time, without meeting any in- ticed the condition of my dress and bade me enter, same sort of books. This infatuation is dividual, a miserable Indian cabin appeared a few while he attended to my horse. He soon returned, suffered to go too far. It has reached our paces from me, and I advanced to gather instruc- and with hearty hospitality spread before me the laud, and infected multitudes. We rejoice Savage greeted me with civility, tendered the hostion as to the best route. An old, gray-headed contents of his larder.
When I had doffed some of my dripping garin any circumstance which may stimulate pitality of his but, aud even consented to pilot me ments, which the wild-looking but pretty wife of native talent to exertion; but we think it to the curious rocks.--He seized his long staff,-- my host, officiously took and hung near the fire, I a pity it should all take this one direction. closed the door of his cabin, and with a haughty sat down to my supper, congratulating myself
, as Why leave other fields uncultivated ? And and erect carriage, notwithstanding his great age, the loud storm spent its fury around, that fortune led the way.
had afforded me so lucky a shelter. why not some one attempt the drama ?
It will rain to night,' said the Cherokee.
Well, stranger,' said the mountaineet, 'ent Why not emulate Croly as well as Scott ? A real tragedy is a far more difficult work, will blow over without rain,' answered I.
Why, there is a black cloud in the west, but it hearty,--there's plenty of venison in the woods
And come, tell all the news--I haven't seen a paper but at the same time a far more noble one, “No one ever visits the rocks,' said the Indian, for a fortnight. I have just come from a huut
. than a prose romance, and would ensure a without bringing rain. The clouds weep over the How do the Greeks and Spaniards come on :-) better and more lasting reputation. There fearful event, which the figures stamped on the hope they'll gain their independence, --ion't you,
stranger? Ha! they say now the battle is between is not, perhaps, great fame to be derived great stones are meant to render memorable.' from a theatrical exhibition in this country; round an assertion, and in a short time we arriv- ple, if they only follow the true track.'
I had no answer to make to so plausible and the people and the kings--and I'll bet on the peathough even here, the interest which has ed at the rocks. On these we found a number of I afforded him the latest intelligence from Spain been taken in the treble success of a native impressions, exact representations of the tracks of and Greece, which was so favourable to the cause writer for theatrical prizes, may prove that turkeys, bears, horses, and men. Had they been of liberty, and he rubbed his hard hands together an original play of merit would command stamped on sand or snow, they could not have with much delight, and drank to the success and the attention and applause of the nation. parts. The men, with one exception, had been per, as we drew near the fire, became almost inces
been more apparent or perfect in the minutest prosperity of the patriots. His loquacity after supWhere is the author of " Percy's Masque?” provided with a toe extraordinary--be who nun sant --but from its wildness and occasional fire
, Is the beautiful promise of that poem to be bered but the usual five, by the size and form of his kept me amused and wakeful till near midnight.-followed by no fulfilment? Having suffer-foot, should have been a negro. One of the tracks Mingled with a hundred anecdotes of his hunting ed one of its finest scenes to be transferred, sixteen inches
, and near it was the mark of a story of a young traveller, who, during the previous was of a giant , the length of the foot exceeding exploits
, he told me an interesting and melancholy without notice or complaint, to a novel horse's hoof ten inches in diameter. One of the autumn, had been suddenly attacked with fever, at which it has helped to make popular, will animals during the march (which must have been his house, and after some few weeks' illness, during he still sleep, and do nothing further to conducted with some order) had slipped, but re- which he was most kindly nursed, had died, and challenge the credit which is his due? Let covered himself, and the traces of his fall were now lay_interred a few yards from the hunter's hiin remember—“Out of sight, out of mind.” plainly visible on the rock, the texture of which is door. The little money the stranger possessed It is time he show himself again; for we much gratification on the singular exhibition before generous hunier had buried him at his own ex
soft and resembling the pipe stone.--I gazed with had been expended in procuring medicines,—the would not forget him ourselves, or have me, and soon became engaged in building fanciful pense, and his eye glistened as he described the him forgotten by others.
theories to account for the phenomena, --while the person and gentle manners of the deceased. The savage continued to watch the scene with strong latter bad left a bundle of manuscripts, which my
marks of veneration, and no small degree of super- host brrnght for in piction, saying, he believed they The Witch of New England; a Romance. stitious dread.
were some sort of nistories, and as they were use Philadelphia, 1824. 12mo. Pp. 217.
: What are those vast piles of stone” said I, less to him, if I chose they might become mine.
pointing to a number which lay in the neighbour- Curiosity led me to accept the packet, which ! de: We are confident that the author of this hood.
posited carefully in my saddle-bags, reserving it for novel could have written a much better They are tombs of valiant chiefs, slain in the future inspection. In the morning I bade adieu to book. The dialogue is always animated, dreadful battle when the Great Warrior drove all my hes vitable entertainers, and į ursued my jour
before him,'-answered the Indian. appropriate, and interesting. The charac
We continued to ramble among the rocks till the ters are well conceived and executed ;- retiring sun had capped the vast range of Appala- es of scenery,--hints for description.-menioranca
On examination, the papers proved to be sketch and there is every indication of uncommon chian Mountains with a glorious and dazzling dia- of incidents, and two or three narratives nearly power and promptitude, both of thought and dem. Warned of the approach of night by this finished. From several circumstances related it of expression. Still, the work is not so in- magnificent exhibition, I descended from the rocks; a sort of journal, the author appeared to have been teresting as it should have been, if we may pursued my journey with as much speed as the with a sad foreboding that change of scene and fun
and having rewarded the Indian for his trouble, journeying in search of health, but imprez measure our requisition by the exhibited I way would allow. I had hardly ridden a mile, would both prove useless. He spoke of himself a
one without family or near relatives—and as a be- 'I will fire,' said Charles, and preparing his rifle, written with great force. The last chaping for whom few or no tears would fall after his he presented the piece, and again calling to the In- ter describes her trial and execution, and death. Indeed, from what I could learn, he died of dian, warned him of his intention, and once more a broken heart. I now select for publication, the ordered him to desist and return.
they are told well. Many of the circumfollowing from among the Tales of the Traveller. With the instinctive sagacity of his tribe, the stances, particularly the statements of wit
EDITOR. savage ceased rowing for a moment, drew the stillnesses, are historically true; and our readThe story commences about the close of inanimate body of Agnes towards him, and placing ers may read with interest the description
her in such a manner as nearly to shield him, he of scenes which, it may be hoped, neither the seventeenth century, when our Puritan ancestors had been established in New again resumed the car and pushed vigorously for they nor their posterity will see passing
the bank. England for more than half a century. The * The villain,' exclaimed Charles, “and yet there before them in reality; scenes, whi two heroes-Edward Bradley and Charles is not a moment to be lost. Shall I run the risk could not believe were ever exhibited on Chesterley, the first the son and the second and fire.'
earth, but for the most distinct and positive the protégé, of the Rev. Mr Bradley-are
* Yes,' answered Uncas, .but the white hunter proof.
must now exert all his skill. I know the redman soon introduced. They learn from Uncas, to be the Sachem Samoset, and the girl is surely
The news of the capture of Annie Brown soor a friendly Indian, that Samoset, a hostile the sister of your friend Edward.
spread through the neighbouring settlements; and and ferocious chief, was violently in love An involuntary groan and exclamation of horror the ministers collected to debate and consult upon with Edward's sister, Agnes, and had de- from Charles, at once evinced liis prior ignorance the course to be pursued. The belief in witchcraft termined to carry her away from her family from his shoulder. He trembled in every limb as and present fears. He faltered, and the rifle sunk
was too deeply rooted, and the evidence brought
against the unhappy woman, too strong to make the by force; the attempt is made, and is de- he gazed, with a look of despair, upon the canoe consultation long or angry. It was determined that feated by Charles ; of course, the rescued now within a short distance of the landing-place. she should be tried for the crime of sorcery, as well and the deliverer soon find out that they * There is not a moment to be lost,' said Uncas, as for the murders of which she was strongly susare in love with each other, and in due time see, young man, the canoe flies rapidly,--a few pected. The day appointed for the trial at length are married ;—and the Indian's endeavour more strokes of the oar and she will touch the arrived, and the prisoner, who had complained with shore.
feverish impatience of the delay, entered the court to carry off Agnes, which is instantly and
"Good God,' said Charles, should I miss the with the determined and insolent air of command, easily bafiled, is the only event that occurs wretch and murder her-it is too horrible.”
for which she had so long been remarkable. The to roughen the course of their love. As Quick !--fire ! cried the Indian, or all will room was crowded, and the deep, profound attenthe rescue of Agnes is one of the most im- be lost
. The Great Spirit will direct the ball,-fire.' tion with which the multitude watched every motion portant incidents in the book, we give it to Collecting himself by a strong mental effort, the of the undaunted female, was strongly coloured by our readers. Agnes, walking by the river youth seized his rifle ;-took deliberate aim,-and the superstitious dread with which they still regard
report rung through the surrounding woods and ed her supernatural pretensions. Pale and anxious side, is seized by the Indian.
hills, answered by a thousand echoes that at last faces, with the fixed, unwandering eye, told of the dess when he addressed her, and his fierce and of doubt and fear, as the smoke, disappeared; the hall, and the narrators of her supposed spells, His air, stern and determined, had yet a gentle died away among the distant cliffs. In an agony anxiety and excitement with which the result was
expected. Low and indistinct murmurs ran through martial eye lost its ferocity when fixed upon her Charles gazed upon the canoe. The savage still face, and assumed an expression of adoration min- held the oar. He made two or three strokes, each found willing, untired, and believing auditors. The gled with sadness.
feebler than the former, tottered on his seat, and solemn, dark, and severe countenances of the asThe terrified girl now attenipted, with the elo- finally sunk to the bottom of the capoe.
sembled ministers and judges, the terror exhibited quence of grief and despair, to deprecate the fear- Overcome by his
feelings, the rifle dropped from by, many of the spectators,—the nature of the ful fate that threatened. The Indian listened not his hands, and Charles fell, sick and exhausted, on crime, and the dreadful punishment that waited without emotion,--but silently, and exhibiting no the ground. But Uncas, who had watched with upon conviction, with the unbending and haughty symptom of change in resolution. Throwing her deep attention the result
, threw off part of his dress, audacity with which the prisoner appeared at the self at his feet, she implored his mercy,--oliered and plunging into the river, swam towards the boat bar, all tended to render the scene impressive even ample reward,- the friendship and gratitude of her that now drifted down the stream. He roon reach to awfulness. Silence was commanded, and the fanily;-threated him with the sure vengeance that ed it-entered, and catching the oar, speedily gain- trial commenced. With breathless and unbroken would follow the perpetration of his crime !--but ed the bank, where, in deep anxiety, his companion attention, the audience hung upon the various, sinin vain,--the savage maintained his melancholy sat waiting his approach.
gular, and incredible evidence offered by a number air and inflexible purpose. At length, startled by Having lifted the inanimate form of Agnes from of witnesses, who detailed with minute and solemn some noise or rustling in the wood, he seized Agnes the boat, they found, though covered with blood, precision, numberless acts of the prisoner's necroin his arms, and bore her, in spite of her struggles she had
suffered no injury from the discharge of the mancy: l'here is a species of terror which affords and cries, rapidly to the canoe. Overcome with rifle. Placing her upon the grass, Charles proceed- its pleasures. The excitement which is the conseher exertions and the horror of her situation, she ed to sprinkle her face plentifully with water from quence of such fear, is akin to the delirious animafainted; and the savage placing her in the canoe, the river, and at length experienced the delight of tion of which bitter and distasteful drugs are often entered himself, and pushing from the bank, paddled seeing her once more slowly raise the lids of her the parent,—and to which those who use them rapidly down the stream. He used his oars skill- eyes, and gaze with a stare of alarm and uncer-cling with unconquerable and growing fondness. fully, and was speedily gaining the middle of the tainty around. Hastening to assure her of her The idea of fear often gives a pungency to the exriver, when two dogs rushed from the thicket quick- safety--he endeavoured to collect her scattered hibition, which without
it would appear comparaly followed by two men, one of whom carried a senses, and make her aware of her sudden and tively tame. Many of the auditors, while they lisrifle. They appeared to have been attracted by happy rescue. For some moments the terrified tened to the detailed narratives of the hag's' sorthe shrieks, which were loud, and uttered as by one girl seemed incapable of comprehending either her ceries, trembled as they gazed upon her dark and in the extremity of terror and distress. They has- present situation, or the import of the tender and uncommon features. --but curiosity triumphed, and tily gazed about them, and as the moon shed a soothing attentions of her protector, whose ques- they remained in her dreaded presence, abiding the bright and unclouded light upon the water, the ca- tions she noticed no otherwise than by a wild and event of the trial. noe was soon discovered and hailed. No answer unmeaning gaze. At last, recovered by the cold
Many elderly men and women had given their led his exertions to gain a safe and level landing at her face and temples --with a profound and heavy that the witness hesitated to advance. At the comwas returned from the boat, and the savage redoub- and copious bath her deliverer had scattered over testimony, when the name of a female witness was
called. Some little delay ensued, and it appeared some distance below.
sigh she seemed to regain her recollection, and * By Heaven,' exclaimed one of the men on the seizing the hand of Charles, she involuntarily' sunk mand of the Court, however, she moved towards hank, I see a woman in the canoe, and the rower into his arms. It is in such moments that art is the table in front of the judges. She was young, is an Indian.'
forgotten, and nature triumphs.
apparently not more than sixteen years of age, and Yes,' answered his companion, 'it is indeed a
as she placed herself at the table, her face wore a rednan. But do you recognize the female?' 'No,' Our limits will not permit us to make a ghastly paleness, and her limbs trembled so violentsaid the other, that is impossible at this distance. minute abstract of the story. There are ly, that she was forced to lean against the railing of She appears to be bound and motionless, or, from some pictures of Indian manners, in peace she took her stand, but instantly withdrew her
the bar. She cast a rapid glance at the Witch, as her silence, she must have fainted with terror. The and in war, and of the peculiarities which eyes with increased terror. Annie observing her two men, who proved to be Charles and Uncas, ran along the shore for some distance, following the at that early age prevailed among our fa- horror, and irritated at the disgust and loathing canoe, and repeatedly calling to the rower to stop thers, which are well drawn, but the whole with which the girl regarded her, determined, The latter, however, returned no answer, but seem- power of the author seems concentrated though she had, hitherto, maintained a surly silence, cd to be exerting every nerve to reach the oppo- upon his witch-Annie Brown-who is a
to revenge the insult offered to her vanity: Pique site bank, which he now evidently approached.
at the offence, which she now imagined had been • He must not be permitted to reach the shore;and altogether a most abandoned wretch; to arouse all ber pride and venon; and the red
little of a dupe, and much of an impostor, aimed at her personal appearance, seemed suddenly said Uncas, , if his foot touches the ground the lady --much that relates to her is conceived and spot upon her dark cheek, and the sparkle in her
will be lost.'
eye, betokened the fierce violence of her awaken- near the door of the prison, and, at times, stood | the awful preparations for his final task, and the ed resentment.
deeply interested in their conversation. An old minister, Bradley, advanced towards the unhappy After relating many instances of the prisoner's and meagre looking female, with an air of doubt culprit, to ask, for the last time, mercy on her witchcraft, the girl proceeded to tell that she had and derision on her countenance, seemed to be lis- criines. 'She's a fearless woman,' muttered the frequently been tormented by her in the shape of a tened to with deference and curiosity, as she, in a old dame to herself, without taking her eyes from black cat. That she had numberless times attempt- low and broken voice, harangued her auditors. the Witch. “Look, the minister is going to pray, ed to seize the animal,- but it had always eluded • You have but little right as yet, Goodwife Daw- before she sinks. It's a fine and an awful sight, her vigilance,-until one evening she suddenly son, to crow over her downfall. Betwixt the bowl that's certain.' rushed upon it with a large knife, and inflicted a and the lip much often falls, and it's a long step She don't seem willing to hear the preacher.' wound on the beast's foot, after which it never re- from the prison door to the gallows on the hill. whispered Dame Walford. “She shakes her head appeared. She heard afterwards, what tended to Annie Brown is a powerful woman, and till I see at what he is saying. And now, behold, she looks substantiate her suspicions, that the Witch had a her swing, I'll never believe that she dies on the fierce and angry What is it she says to him? Can bad wound upon her foot, which she no doubt had gallows.'
you hear, neighbour ? See! see! quick,-Heaven received while disguised under the form of the 'I scorn her, living or dead, interrupted Goody bless us ! --She has thrust the minister from her, black cat. Such conclusive evidence was not to Dawson, and if there wasn't a man to do the and plunged from the scaffold.' be resisted or doubted, and a murmur of horror and work, I'd tie the rope myself, about her filthy neck. deep conviction ran through the crowd. Annie be- There's but slight chance of her escape now, thank came almost maddened with rage, and watching her Heaven, unless she rides off upon her broomstick opportunity, she sprang upon the witness, and seiz- or her foul black cat. And neighbour Walford,
MISCELLANY. ing her by the hair, exclaimed with furious passion, here, looks as if she thought it as likely as not.
Ye lie, ye lie, you pale-faced chit, no drop of The hag will not put her nails upon an honest womy blood was ever spilt by such a whey.face. But man's face again, I guess.'
(We print the following remarks because they I'll see if a woman's nails can bring any from your *Do ye think it will happen?' whispered Good- relate to an important subject, which in some parts white cheeks. I'll teach ye truth and better man- wife Walford (with a pale cheek) to the oldest of our country demands an immediate attention, ners towards your elders.'
talker. “They say she can fly if she chooses, and The poor girl, in an agony of fear, made the no one would mount the cart that could keep out.' if what is commonly said of certain literary and room echo with her frantic cries, and when the "Ah! ye'll see when it comes to pass,' replied academic institutions in neighbouring states be surrounding men had torn the Witch fronı her vic- the other. But mark what an ancient woman tells tim, the latter was borne off utterly senseless
, and you, and one that has witnessed many things that true. We have not the pleasure of a personal acwith the blood streaming from her cheeks. This con- few others look upon. If I see her hang upon the quaintance with the writer of these remarks, but duct contributed but little to influence the judges beam, for all that I'll have my thoughts, -ye under-are certain that he will agree with us in deprecatin her favonr, and Annie was pronounced guilty of stand neighbour?' the crime for which she stood charged. Nothing Yes-yes, answered her companion, moving ing the folly which would undervalue the physical now remained but that sentence should be pronounc- close to her side and whispering in her ear. And and natural sciences. They have their value, and ed upon the unhappy woman. The superior judge, if you'll let me have the charm, you spake about, will receive, in all enlightened ages and fronu an ancient and venerable looking personage, but to guard against her walking through our lone house all enlightened men, due culture. Still it is true, who still, in his stern and anbending countenance, -you shall have the ten shillings we talked of some exhibited an expression of disgust and horror as days back.'
and should not be forgotten, that, excepting their he regarded the prisoner, thus addressed her. You shall have it,' said the old dame, but hush, important assistance to the mechanical arts, they
*In the prosecution of this unfortunate affair, no more of that now. And have ye heard, gos- have no true use or value, but so far as they may the justices, judges, and all others concemed, have sips, of the bridal that's about to happen?" conscientiously endeavoured to do the thing that No-no,' answered the other, and approached be made to throw a light upon the study of the hwwas right. To this worthy end we have diligently with instinctive curiosity towards the announcer of man heart and mind-of man's hopes and duties. and accurately consulted the precedents of former news. Ah! well,' said the ancient relater of times, and the salutary precepts laid down and ex- scandal, 'I always thought the sprightly young
We believe that this country, and perhaps this plained by learned writers about witchcraft. We sportsman would be caught in that snare.' age, will witness a regard paid to education, which have unweariedly studied Keeble on the Common What! is the Madam Chesterly's son about to in point of earnestness, of wisdom, and of happy Law, Chapter Conjuration. Sir Matthew Hale's wed the minister's fair-headed daughter?' asked Trials of Witches, printed 1692. Glanvil's Collec- Mrs Dawson, interrupting her companion. consequences, will be far beyond any thing that tion of sundry Trials in England and Ireland. 'If you had given an honest woman breath to history has recorded. The institutions of our Cotton Mather's Memorable Providence relating to tell her own news, neighbour, and not snapped the Witchcraft
, printed 1685. And it now remains for words from her mouth, you 'might have heard as country are preparing us for this and the spirit of me 10 decide, and I do declare, that you Annie much. As it is, you may make your own tale, and our institutions demands it. We shall gladly aid Brown have been proved guilty of the horrible and find hearers for it.'
in this great work, with all our little power; and hellish crime of witchcraft, and that we do sentence · And if there's not another wedding on the anyou to the death, which you have by your wicked vil, I don't know a woman's eye,' said Ďame Wal- we doubt not that our readers will thank us for girsorceries, so fully deserved. -- And may God have ford. She is a pretty and a nice lady, the daugh- ing to them and to the public any valuable truths mercy on your soul.'
ter of the old general that was found dead in the upon a subject so important as education. In this The wretched woman heard her fate announced forest, and who, the folks say, was the wicked mur. with a calmness that shocked and intimidated many derer of the sainted king that's gone. If there be connexion we would state, that in our next number of the crowd. As the judge concluded his address, not love betwixt her and the minister's melancholy we hope to publish a review of a sensible and able she turned to the officer, and with a steady brow son, I have little skill in lovers' looks.' and unchanging voice, said, " They say the guilty • Do ye not hear the bolts drawing, neighbours?" pamphlet recently published by Mr J. G. Carter of fear to die, and tremble at the bare apparition of exclaimed the eldest speaker. Behold how the Lancaster, respecting the means provided for pubdeath. But I entertain no such dread, and it can- woman walks. Ah! Annie, you were always a lic education in this state, and the true principles not come too soon. Come, lead me back to my bold one. Come, let's follow and sce all.”
of instruction.—EDITOR.) jail, or rather to the gallows, that I may rid me from The group pursued the prisoner, who now apthe gaze of those I hate and despise.' Raising her peared (guarded by the officers of justice) issuing tall figure to its full height, she advanced through from the jail, and on her way towards the place of MR EDITOR, the crowd, which gave way at her approach, and execution, at some distance on the hill. Of the If the enclosed remarks appear to you corstill seemed to regard her fierce and unbroken spirit trio who had just closed their conference, the eldest rect, you will oblige me by publishing them. Though with awe and terror.
moved with all the speed and vigour of her worn-out not perhaps adapted very exactly to the meridian It was on a cold and gusty morning in the dreary limbs, all feelings drowned in the eager longing of of Boston, the Gazette, in traversing the Union, month of November that a crowd collected around ungratified curiosity. The Witch's former antagonist will, I can assure you, meet many to whose opinthe door of the prison. It was the morning of the fed her hatred with an unwandering stare at the mis- ions—and practices too-these animadversions are execution, and the assembled spectators, wrapt in erable object of her aversion ; while her younger opposed in their full force. In the New England their cloaks and hoods, wailed anxiously and impa- companion followed, pale, trembling, and faint with States, where all are educated, a mistaken potion tiently for the hour of death. I have watched the the sight, yet still led on with the stream of the crowd. entertained by a few, with respect to the objects or faces of a multitude on such a day, and found but When arrived at the spot where the career of an the true principles of education, can be but of little little commiseration dwelling on the features of uncommon and fearless being was to close, a breath consequence; the sound sense of the many will men or females. Impatient complaints at the de- less calm reigned throughout the assembly. And correct the mistakes of the few, and just principles lay,--heartless sneers at the feelings and expected as the moment for the closing act of the disgusting will in the end prevail. But in those States which fate of the criminal, half-smothered and brutal drama had arrived, the excitement of the specta- have no system of universal education and no oaths at being detained in the cold air, were the tors, wound up to its full height, showed itself only eminently useful institutions to take the lead in sounds that most generally fell, plenteous and dis- in deep, watchful gazing, and unbroken silence. forming public opinion; or which perhaps, are just gustful, upon the ear.
The victim, with a firm step and steady gait, arousing from a lethargy of years, to a sense of the A knoj of three or four women had collected mounted the scaffold. The executioner finished importance of intellectual cultivation, in these thie
OF THE UNDERSTANDING.
mistakes and misconceptions of a small number of ing the attention of the liberal scholar, from may enlarge their conceptions, animate infuential individuals may be of serious detriment those speculations which might endanger their powers, and raise their desires of to the interests of education.
W. R. J.
the stability of ancient prejudices, despots eminence and usefulness. It may well be Germantown, Sept. 1824.
who have thought to confine the elastic en- said, that the true value of all studies may
ergies of the understanding, hope to pro- be measured by their reference to the REMARKS ON THE POLICY OF SUBSTITUTING tract their sway, and gain a brief respite study of humanity, in its broadest acceptaTHE DISCIPLINE OF THE SENSES FOR THAT for those systems of abuse, whose destruc- tion.
tion they perceive to be a necessary conse- But besides the general motives which The importance of education, as a means quence of the progress of genuine philoso- urge on the attention of men in all ages of securing national independence, as well phy.
and nations, the importance of this direcas personal freedom and happiness, is ful Let us not be understood as undervalu- tion of human inquiry, we may find other ly established. The foes as well as the ing the natural and mechanical sciences and more weighty arguments arising out of friends of learning act upon the admission It is not denied, that, so far as the knowl- the age and region in which we live. The of the fact. In this country it is probably edge of inferior beings may contribute to age is one most peculiarly interesting to seldom doubted or denied. But though the great end of advancing human improve those who regard the advancement and education is by all acknowledged, in gener- ment, and of increasing human happiness, happiness of society. The relations of al terms, to be important, yet is not always it is deserving of a place among the ob- man to man, in all the social, civil, and reclearly understood, in what particulars the "jects of our early pursuit
. But we connot | ligious institutions of the world, are bepublic is most intimately concerned in the allow it the first place, nor admit it even to coming daily more and more clearly undercause of general instruction; and it may stand in competition with those studies, stood. The dogmas of despotism,--the selfperhaps be owing to error on this subject, which refer directly to the mind, charac- derived power of sovereigns,—the homage that the efforts made for the diffusion of ter, and condition of man. Contemplate of subjects,-the legitimacy or illegitimacy knowledge have, in some parts of our coun- nature in whichsover department, and un- of this or that royal house, the connexion try, availed so little towards forming a der whatever form you please, and you between patron and client,-between liege right national spirit, and building up a na- will still discover, that the true source of and vassal, with the influence of hereditary tional character.
our interest in the subject, is the connex- wealth, and titles, are all gradually vanishThe world was long ago told, that “the ion of that subject with human beings or ing before those great truths, which are proper study of mankind is man.” Of late, human relations. It has been truly remark- now beginning to be understood. The ecohowever, there is some danger of its be- ed, that " it is a higher effort to unfold the nomical system of government also, as opcoming fashionable to controvert this plain passions, than to sketch a landscape ; and posed to the burthensome machinery of that doctrine, not by maintaining the propriety that we are soon tired of the most highly plan, which reduced men to obedience by of ascending, as was formerly done, to the wrought pictures of natural scenery, unless dazzling their senses with pageantry, is investigation of superior natures, but of there is some Rinaldo in peril, or Erminia continually gaining advocates among all descending to the examination of inferior. in need of seclusion.” It may be impor- classes of society, and most of all, among Passing from the extreme of mere meta- tant to subdue the physical elements, and the enlightened and reflecting. The inphysical speculation, and that unprofitable make them subservient to our wants and quisitorial cell was once a popular as well as contest which began and ended in a jargon conveniences ;-but much more so, to sub- legitimate reward for the crime of judging of technicalities, some persons would go to due the chaotic elements of human society for one's self in matters of faith, and of the opposite excess of directing the whole to the form of a well regulated community. doubting the supremacy and infallibility of energies of the student to the examination It may be interesting to trace the growth him, whom a conclave had voted to be the of material or sensible objects, instead of and gradual perfecting of the plants that veritable successor of Saint Peter.
But a employing them in the investigation of the spring from the earth in endless variety ; voice from the penetralia of the Vatican laws and phenomena of mind, the bases but infinitely more so to mark the growth has told the world that even the inquisition, and springs of human duty, and the true and development of human faculties. It so long the favourite chastening rod of sources of human power. We are ready may prevent downright idleness, to employ mother church, is inconsistent with the to admit that, so far as man is to be rank- one's self in arranging, according to fan- spirit and character of the present age. ed with mere animals, or machines, so far cied or real resemblances, the most insig- Notwithstanding these comparatively aumay a material or mechanical education an- nificant tribes of shells, pebbles, insects, spicious appearances,—these partial concesswer the purposes of his humble existence; and reptiles; but will any man, in his sober sions in favour of natural right, there is a and that, in every region and under every senses, place this paltry occupation in com- most fearful contest still waging between form of government, where permanent ar- petition with that of tracing the phenome- public opinion on the one hand, and inditificial distinctions of rank exist, a vast pro- na of mind, and from single facts and de- vidual interest on the other. Ages past portion of the community will be compelled tached observations, ascending to those have witnessed all the engines which desto content themselves with a mean, me- general principles which are observed to potic ingenuity could invent, levelled by chanical sort of education. In such a state govern its operations? or, drawing from particular states against the freedom of of society, the higher classes would never the memorials of history, eloquence, and thought and expression. But the same encountenance the diffusion of knowldge on poetry,—the sentiments, the opinions, the gines are now taking a wider range. As subjects touching the natural equality, the actions of men, under various circumstan- we have read the histories of pations, we mutual obligations, the political rights, and ces, and combining into systems and codes have been diverted, or amazed, or disgust. the religious freedom of mankind. All the the principles of moral duty and of political ed with the games of fearful hazard which purposes for which they would wish any order? Even admitting, what is by no rulers have undertaken to play with their degree of knowledge diffused, would be means certain, that few capacities only can respective vassals. We have often enough thwarted by teaching these subjects to the embrace these great subjects,—still there read of the assumption by sovereigns of the mass of their fellow men.
are numberless pursuits besides the study right to the entire disposal of the lives and It was a part of the policy of the dark of purely intellectual and moral philoso fortunes of subjects, and we have even seen ages, and is the policy of dark minds in phy, which yet refer immediately to man the brightest parts and learning prostituted this age, to confine the pursuits of scholars and to his several relations, and which are to the vile purpose of strengthening in to a few unimportant branches of knowl- unquestionably within the comprehension monarchs, the vain and impious conceit edge; to engage them in endless and aim of the most ordinary abilities. The lan- that God had not raised up a king for his less disputes on subjects wholly beyond the guages, customs, and manners of man, his people,—but a people for his king. But it reach of the human mind, or in trifling in- tempers and propensities, his past condition was reserved for the present century to quiries into matters beneath its notice and and present state, furnish abundant materi- witness a simultaneous effort of the most degrading to its dignity. By thus divert- als by which men of moderate endowments powerful rulers of the earth, to impose on
MORAL GOODNESS ESSENTIAL TO THE HIGH
EST EXCELLENCE OF POETRY.
the whole civilized world at once, the to their unhallowed and fearful proceedings is reconcilable with reason—with justice. acknowledgment of this monstrous and pre- can be superfluous.
In the old world old creeds and formalities, posterous doctrine. Nor is there, in the To oppose these arrogant pretensions, framed in semibarbarous ages for the un present case, the shadow of a decent re- this systematic and bold violence, not only hesitating adoption of ignorance, have still spect for the common sense of mankind, in all the pecuniary resources and physical a deep hold on the consciences of the credthose who thus set at nought the rights of energies, all the learning of scholars and ulous multitude; and men are thus induced, the governed. With an impudent effron- the talents of authors, must be thrown into for conscience sake, to maintain as true tery, unparalleled in the annals even of the scale of reason and liberality ;-but the what in their consciences they know to be their unblushing race, the despots of this enlightened opinions of an intelligent com- false. In the new, every man possesses, age denounce the best of men, the wisest munitywhose influence is so appalling to and every independent, reflecting man asof institutions, and the clearest of princi- treachery and perfidy ;-the thoughts and serts, his right to keep his own conscience, ples, as dangerous to the happiness of man- feelings, the approbation or detestation of form his own creed, and make up his own kind! Every machine, as well of corrup- united nations, whose sway despots them- private judgment in every matter resting tion as of coercion, is to be put in motion selves acknowledge, while they quail be- between himself and his God. by those pious confederates. Every effort neath the moral sublimity of characters If we have sych duties to perform, such of the intelligent and independent, to main- which they cannot resemble, all must take rights to maintain, such social interests to tain the maxim that self-government is the part in sustaining the cause of justice, hu- promote, then surely some subjects of study right of the people, will but draw closer manity, and civilization. With reference more noble, more maply, more liberal, less and closer the bonds of union between the to this state of things, the education of sordid and less sensual (we use the word in its princes who are in league for the suppress- men in all those matters that concern hu- original meaning) are demanded in expandion of this principle.
man life and actions, that relate to duties ing the intellectual powers of American Indeed if the balance of power was ever and interests, that refer to the experience citizens, than are required to fit, for mere seriously threatened, it is so at this mo- of past ages, or may beneficially affect the personal thrift, the automata who crouch ment;- not the balance of power between moral and political condition of future to the European dynasties. a Charles and a Francis, a George and a times, is of incalculable importance. But Louis, or a Napoleon and an Alexander,— if momentous in all countries, and under but between a band of arrogant pretenders every form of government, then how much to authority, their dependents and parasites more indispensable must it be in this, to on the one hand, and the millions of man- purify the fountains of public opinion; to Too much of what is most admired as kind, embracing all that is noble and digni- cherish in our institutions of learning a poetry, in all ages, forces us to insist on a fied in morals and intellect on the other;- growth of manly sentiments and of just distinction between what merely shows the the balance of power between sober, en- opinions on every subject relating to man. richness of the poet's fancy and his posseslightened public opinion, resting on the The differences in condition and duties, be- sion of true poetical power. We maintain foundation of philosophy ;--and the detest-tween Europeans and Americans call for a that the object of poetry, as well as of allothable and rotten prejudices of a benighted corresponding superiority of intellectual er arts, is to give pleasure and do good to man. age, supported by the authority of the bayo- culture on the part of the latter. In the The poet, who writes however skilfully on nel. The Turk is by no means the only foe former, either total ignorance or at best topics or in a style calculated to corrupt the to civilization that humanity has now to but a confined and mechanical education, reader's heart; the sculptor, who makes a dread in her efforts at improvement and for a great majority of the people, is per- marble statue, displaying the greatest perhappiness. The crusade is no longer that fectly consistent with the performance of fection of sculpture, but exhibiting a loathof Christian against Mahometan, but of all the duties of submissive and profitable some object; the painter, who prostitutes Christian against Christian. It is no more vassals; in the latter the exercise of civil the most masterly pencil to base, mean, and a war of extermination against Saracens, functions is in some degree incumbent on wicked representations, have all shown but of proscription against-liberals; no every citizen; duties are imposed on them themselves respectively to be not merely delonger a struggle for the possession of the which are not to be successfully discharged fective in moral goodness, but unacquainted Holy Sepulchre, but for the maintenance of without an intimate acquaintance with the with the first secret of their art. They the Holy Alliance,-that sacred combina- principles of human conduct in their vari- have committed the same error, which an tion for perpetuating the blessings of bar- ous ramifications.
architect would do, who should construct a barism. The first steps which mark the Men here claim to be free from all re- temple with a lofty dome in noble proporprogress of this formidable conspiracy in straints of mere authority, in matters spec- tions, but in such a manner that the first every land where it gains a footing, are ulative as well as practical; to possess not time the sanctuary was thrown open, its such as might readily be anticipated from the permission, but the prerogative, to in- walls would fall and crush a thousand men. a knowledge of its composition and charac- vestigate the foundations of society and of Were this want of skill, he would be purter;-the silencing of deliberative assem- all its institutions. In most regions on the sued as an impostor; were it intentional, as blies, the shackling of the press, the sup- other side of the Atlantic, the legitimacy a monster. pression of free genius, and the prohibition of one family as incumbents, in the su- In poetry, as in the two other arts usualof foreign literature,—the closing of Uni- preine offices of state, is, practically at ly named with it, and as in eloquence, versities, the discouragement of general least, admitted. On these shores the origi- which in many respects resembles it, we education, the abolition of all institutions nal inherent equality of men, and the right hold, that purity of feeling and goodness of which teach the true equality of men, and of the humblest individual, if possessed of design are of the essence of the art; and the denunciation of liberal principles on talents and virtue, to aspire to the highest that he who wants them, wants, not somewhatever subject and wherever extended. distinctions, are points as undisputed in thing better than the talent to awaken adI well know, it may be thought needless to theory as they are familiar in practice. miration, but wants the talent to awaken write of facts so well known as these are There the usages of the land, whatever the highest poetical admiration. We know in this country. But it is not needless and they may be, and on whatever flagrant that whenever critic or moralist begins to ought not to be useless. Degraded will be abuses engrafted, are esteemed suficient touch upon the duty of poets to serve the our character and dark will be our pros- warrants to authorize the continuance of cause of goodness, and undertakes to point pects, when the doings and purposes of the most oppressive burdens, the most griev- bis artillery against licentious poetry; the the banded legitimates of Europe are not ous violations of right, and the most palpa- offending bards are apt to sneer or sinile at watched with ceaseless and jealous scruti- ble perversions of common sense. Here, what is said, as a sort of official cant of cusny: Let the tale of their folly or their it is not enough to adduce the naked fact, tomary ethics. We do not, however, wish villany be thrice or ten times told, it ought that our fathers followed this or that cus- to fall into this strain, though we take it not to be a dull one; scarce any reference | tom; we must show that the custom itself there is such a thing as virtue, notwith