Imágenes de páginas

pore, but they have not had time to do little consequence to ascertain what sect , temples, which operates as a sort of indimuch good. Such is an abstract statement has made most of them. Unitarians have rect sanction to their idolatry; and the low of the means used for the conversion of the had little opportunity to try their skill, state of religion and morals among Chrisnatives to Christianity. We proceed to for it does not appear that there are more tians, are the other principal obstacles give Mr Adam's opinion of the result. than twenty in Calcutta, although Mr Adam mentioned by Mr Adam.

He believes that general information is supposes some more would acknowledge Of these, the last appears to us incomgradually spreading throughout Bengal, their faith, were it not that

parably the greatest. The natives will deand that it has been much promoted by

The Christian name has been rendered, by the rive their views of the practical influence Missionaries; but he does not suppose them missionary converts, synonymous, in the opinion of of Christianity much less from the Mission. to have been successful, in any considera- their countrymen, with all that is ignorant, low, and aries, than from the ordinary character of ble degree, in diffusing a knowledge of deceitful; and that therefore, no respectable native the Christians with whom they associate,

will choose, by assuming the same religious appel- and under whose authority they are subChristianity.

lation, to identify himself with a class of people so This is true, even admitting that the religious generally, and, as is affirmed, so justly despised.

jected. And who are these? Are they the system of the Missionaries is the religious system of the New Testament ; but their success has been

It will not escape the reader, that those teaches us to lay up treasures, not on the

genuine disciples of that religion which still less when we consider that these two systems secret converts whom Mr Adam seems to the earth, but in heaven, and to cultivate are so much opposed to each other. The doc- regard with considerable complacency, can- that charity which seeketh not her own? trines which they teach, with the exception of the not possess much of that apostolic and prim- Do they present themselves as soldiers incarnation of the Deity, which is an idea very readily admitted by the native mind, are very little itive Christian character, or they would known. When they are attended to, in so far as not thus be prevented from openly profess- Prince of Peace, conquering their own

combating beneath the banners of the they agree with preconceived notions, they only ing a religion “every where spoken aproduce the conviction of a community of faith; in gainst.” Mr Adam, of course, believes that willing to serve rather than to domineer,

passions, mindful of the rights of others, so far as they are understood to disagree, they Unitarianism, with equal facilities, might humane, and forgiving injuries, more ready

and ridicule ; and in so far as they are either unin- be more easily propagated, and that its in- to suffer wrong than to do it, and satisfied telligible or not understood, they excite only a fluence would be more salutary, than any with subjecting first their own evils, and feeling of blank and aimless wonderment. far as I have been able to observe and judge, nishes no competent evidence of this; in the reverse of all this, is the reality! And

As other form of religion; but the work sure then the evils of others ? How absolutely high and low, rich and poor, learned and undeed, it exhibits little or no evidence ap- what more needs be said ? Why do we talk learned, are, with few exceptions, alike ignorant of the peculiar evidences and doctrines of Christian- plicable to this question.

of a thousand other obstacles, which, if ity, as well as the peculiar duties and

The causes which have prevented, and removed, with this remaining, would leave

expectations of Christians. An intelligent native will probably that continue to prevent the reception of the practical religion of Christians with be found to receive a few specific ideas respecting Christianity by the natives of India, are little or nothing to recommend it? Christianity from the preaching of the Missionaries. The general impression left on his mind win. supposed to be their regard for their reliI believe, be, that it is a system friendly to polythe-gion on account of its great antiquity; their of failure of such a nature, that it may be

To the question, “ Are any of the causes ism, but opposed to idolatry; representing the De belief that they have been distinguished in the power of Unitarians to remove them," ity as partial in his regards to his creatures, but in- above all other nations by a series of rev, Mr Adam states many objections to the culcating a purer and stricter morality than his elations; their ignorance of experimental plans hitherto pursued by Missionaries, and science, and of the value of moral evi.


that Unitarians would adopt more Idolatry is, though very slowly, falling dence, together with their confidence in prudent measures. This is perfectly fair into desuetude, at least among the natives in the superiority of their own science and

on bis part; but we should suppose that Calcutta.” It is computed that it is rejected attainments; the great influence which their other denominations would be almost equalby about a tenth of the reading native popu- complicated, idolatrous, and demoralizing ly sensible of the importance of most of lation of that city; but we are not informed system has upon their minds, by “uniting these improvements which he suggests. To what portion of the whole population this itself with all the relations and duties of å

render the translations correct; to have embraces; and it appears that not more than present life, and with all the hopes and the Missionaries good men, and well edutwo thirds of those who reject idolatry, em- fears of a future state ;” and especially the cated; to estimate the motives of converts brace Christianity. This must make the institution of the caste, the effects of which rightly; and to guard against hypocritical number very small, especially when we are thus described :

professions, are very plain duties, and are, consider that the whole number in India of

It is not only recognised by the judicial code of as we trust, thought to be duties by all. native converts now in full communion with the Hindoos, but, unlike the test of Christian na. ' The question whether Unitarian doctrines Protestant Churches, “ does not exceed three tions, it is even upheld by their sacred books, and would be more salutary than those which hundred." This is 'Mr Adam's estimate forms an essential part of their religious system. have been inculcated, our readers will from the most accurate information he Thus, while it, on some occasions, legalizes acts of could obtain from the reports of the various dinary operation is to give sanctity to the greatest the most palpable injustice and oppression, its or

prefer answering for themselves.

We come now to the main question : Societies, and other authentic sources. pride on the one hand, and the most abject debase


any aid be given by Unitarians to the cause Even these are represented as of a very nent on the other. It separates man from man, of Christianity in India with a reasonable prospect low rank, of ordinary understanding, and places an insuperable barrier between them, and of success? If any can be given, -of what kind, generally of loose morals; and, on the pronounces an irrevocable prohibition of all the in what way,—by what means? whole, as little, if any, improved by becom- tender sympathies and kind offices of life. It cuts the very sinews, and spreads misery, disease, and

Mr Adam supposes that important aid ing Christians. It does not appear that death through the whole frame of Hindoo society. may be afforded, and with good prospect of they are generally converts from reflection It entails all the evils both of the social and of the ultimate success, by sending men and money. and inquiry, but frequently from grossiy savage state, without admitting the benefits of His opinion in relation to the prospects for selfish motives; and as this is believed by stantly prodlucing, it operates as a bar 10 every im

either. Besides the positive evils which it is con. Missionaries, is thus expressed : all their countrymen, their example can provement in the arts and sciences, in knowledge ation will permit me to do, I do not hesitate, in re

Judging as impartially as my character and situhave little good effect upon others. Mr

and religion. A Hindoo who forsakes the superAdam's opinion, --if he be a man,-cannot stitions in which he was educated, and professes ply to this query, to express my full conviction that

Unitarian Missionaries, if properly qualified and but be influenced by his religious opinions; the religion of his conscience, subjects bimself to

adequately supported, may be of essential service but it cannot be denied, that the facts be its utmost rigours.

in diffusing the knowledge and influence of true states, which are such as to be of public no- Their acquaintance with the licentious religion in this country: Preaching is not the only toriety, do, in the main, support his esti- works in the Persian language; the imper- way in which such Missionaries may usefully emmates, and his assertions.

fect administration of justice; the imposi- ploy themselves; but those who do devote themi Having reduced the number and char- tion of a trifling tax by the government on find ample scope for all their energies. They may

selves to this important department of labour, will acter of the converts to this, it can be of the pilgrims to certain of their celebrated promote a free social intercourse with educated na


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tives by giving and receiving visits, which they will previous opinions of a Persian, it affords a must ever fail

. And where we find, com. know how to turn to some useful account, not by most important facility to his conversion. bined with the usurpation of secular power, dwelling, with irritating and repulsive frequency,

The same questions which were addressed a full display of the vices which result upon religious topics in the gloomy and doginatical spirit of fanaticism, but by constantly exhibiting in to Mr Adam were also sent by Dr Ware from the root of all evil,” who can wonword and deed the benign and liberal spirit of ine to Rammohun Roy, whom most of our read- der if the doctrine of the Cross is promulgospel. They may preach in English, not only 10 Eu- ers know to be a learned Hindoo, who has gated with little honor, and little success. ropeans, bui also to those natives who have acquired renounced idolatry, and contends that it is Still, we have entire confidence that the a knowledge of that language, and who, i lolaters, as

not inculcated in the Vedas, who has a high publication of the Sacred Scriptures in the well as Unitarian Hindoos, will be much more disposed to attend, because they can much more easi respect for Christianity, but is not a Chris- native languages of other countries, will be ly understand, a Unitarian than a Trinitarian ser- tian; who encourages free inquiry, and af- attended ultimately by the happiest results. vice. They may hold public meetings in the fords some aid and encouragement to the If any thing be true, it is true that they native part of the city, in places respectably fur- exertions of Missionaries.

are the light which enlighteneth every man. nished, for the purpose of temperate and friendly

Rammohun Roy's replies to the questions We believe that they now exert, directly discussion in the native language on every subject

are short, and they agree, generally, with or indirectly, a very powerful influence in of morals and religion. And they may promote the establishment of Unitarian Hindoos in similar those of Mr. Adam. As to the success every part of the world. The progress of places for similar purposes, than which nothing which has hitherto attended the labours the light of life is in many cases slow and will more conduce to the downfall of idolatry, and of Missionaries, he quotes the opinion of almost imperceptible; but the promise is which will at the same time afford a theatre for sis: the Abbé Dubois, wbich is rather more un- sure, that truth and righteousness will at passionately advancing the claims of Christianity favourable than Mr Adam's.

length triumph over error and corruption ; in the presence of those who are most likely to enibrace it. In short, various plans might be suggested,

The great question, whether any bene- and who can doubt that this most desirable in the execution of which Unitarian Missionaries fits have resulted from the translation of object will be promoted in every country, may very materially aid in preparing the way for the Scriptures into the languages of the by that sowing of the good seed, which is the general reception of the gospel. East, is answered as follows:

now done so widely and so thoroughly, by The establishment of “Unitarian mis- To the best of my knowledge no benefit has bith the various Bible Societies in active operasionary schools for instructing the children erto arisen from the translation of the Scriptures tion in most parts of Christendom, and by

into the languages of the East, nor can any arivan- their kindred associations ? of natives in the rudiments of a European tiges be expected from the translations in circulaEducation, in the English language, in tion; they are not read much by those who are not Christian morality, mingling with it very Christians, except by a few whom the Missionaries Jittle instruction relative to the doctrines represent as being “led away by Socinian princi

MISCELLANY. of Christianity,” is regarded as a most im- ples.” portant means for promoting the grand ob- We think we hardly undertand this rea

(We do assure our unknown correspondent, who ject. It appears that many of the more soning. Mr Adam would hardly argue fights so gallantly pro aris and focis,” that he has wealthy Hindoos would pay liberally for that no advantage results from these trans- obliged us by his information touching the flourthe instruction of their children in such lations, because they are read only by those ishing condition of Sicilian learning

Our conschools. Their principal object would be whom the Missionaries represent as led tributor, whom we begin to think imbued with no

tincture of the English language, which is of high im-away by "Socinian principles.” The trans- His conscience by the recollection that the Biblioportance to them for the purposes of busi- lations are represented, both by Rammohun thèque Italienne," whence he drew his informaness and social intercourse. Mr Adam Roy and Mr Adam, as very incorrect; but lion, was the best authority he could get-and may thinks that Missionaries should not make the latter does not venture to pronounce also be in a measure consoled for the exposure of particular instances of conversion, the di- that these are not better than none. It his ignorance by the hope that in this illiterate comrect and specific object of their endeav- seems that they agree better with the nunity, divers gentlemen are as ignorant as him

self of the “ illustrious" translator who has “imours; but that much reliance may be plac- Received Text, than with Griesbach, but mortalized” his name by giving Cicero a chance to ed on the method he has pointed out for the are not very faithful translations. Mr be studied at the foot of Mount Etna. In sober gradual, but general diffusion of light. Adam has given many examples of their er- seriousness, we publish this communication, be

The part of India supposed to constitute rors; but it does not, on the whole, appear cause soine of our readers may be interested in the the most promising field of labour, is Cal- that they are much more numerous, or more facts it asserts, and others may be amused with the

patriotic zeal of the writer. We beg leave to ascutta. Much is said of the prospects which flagrant, than in our common English ver

sure our readers, one and all, that if it be a quiz, Persia affords for Unitarian missionary ex- sion. No Christian doubts, that a version, we are not guilty of it; as it was actually sent to ertions. The circumstance which is thought with even many more imperfections than us for publication. When our friend finds out to give the greatest encouragement, is, that ours, would be better than none. The what the better part of valour is, he will hardly the Persians are firin believers in the Unity Abbé Dubois will not admit, that any ver- -Sicilia Liberata ;" but we know enough to be.

call l'itali, Tasso ;--we know but litile of the of God. This reminds us of a passage

sion would do the Hindoos any good. We lieve this poem just as like Tasso's as Palermo is

believe the Abbé when he tells us that few like what Jerusalem was in the days of Saladin or The incarnation of the Deity, is an idea extreme converts have been made, and that these Solomon.--Ed.) ly familiar to the native mind, but idolaters, in- are not much improved by their conversion. stead of being conciliated and won over by a As we have already suggested, we can ac

To the Editor of the U.S. L. Gazette. doctrine so consonant with their own, are rather count for this from several causes,-princifattered by the close resemblance which they sup- pally that the Christian name has been so pose can, in this respect, be traced between Chris. scandalously abusei in India by its profe:8

“Υσία του Βωμού ίσχάρας μάρνασο. tianity and Hindooism, and are thus confirmed in We also credit his testimony, that

Pugna pro aris et socis." their anceint superstitions.

the obstacles to the reception of Christian- The sixth number, volume first, of the He supposes this doctrine to form an in- ity are very great; that the scriptures are United States Literary Gazette, contains superable obstacle to the reception of Chris- grossly misunderstood, and that when un- an article entitled, “ Sicilian Literature." tianity in Hindoostan. Now, Mr Adam derstood, the long established religion of This article contains many errors, which I seems to us a little inconsistent here ; ii he the country, the general corruption of mor- shall take the liberty to correct. be not, we suggest the singular phenomenon als, and the idolatry of the natives, meet “ It does not appear,” says the compiler of this difference between Hindoo minds the truth with dire and dreadful opposition of the article, " that Literature is much and Persian, as an interesting and impor- But where has Christianity been establish- encouraged or cultivated by the Sicilians. tant subject for the attention of Missionaries. ed without overcoming similar, and perhaps In these two years (1821 and 1822), accordIf any thing be found in Christianity coinci- equal obstacles? The attempts which have ing to this account (contained in the Bibdent with the previous opinions of a Hindoo, been made to carry it to men's hearts by liothèque Italienne) only about fifty-six it proves an obstacle to his conversion ; but authority and the arm of secular power, works were published." I am very far if any thing be found coincident with the have hitherto failed, and such attempts from perceiving that fifty-six new publica

page 79.



tions in the years 1821 and 1822, when Sici- si ed esteri,che in Messina fiorirono dal secolo | Literary Gazette, for having in this inly had scarcely emerged from the horrors XII sino al secolo XIX:" all of these works stance favoured her with his gracious apof revolution and civil war, should seem so have received the applause of both conti- probation. The “ Journal of Laws," in few to the compiler of the article, for a nents, and with them a great number of oth- which are published the interpretations and country in which little pains are taken to er works and pamphlets daily published decisions of the Supreme Court of Justice publish every petty memorial, sermon, and in Sicily, not comprehended in the list of in Palermo, professes to interest none but report; particularly where novels, which the publications mentioned in the Biblio- lawyers: the “ Journal of Medicine,” in in this country constitute the chief employ- thèque Italienne, are included the years which are published the observations on ment of the presses, are in very little re- 1821 and 1822. After these, we find the medical practice made in the grand hospiquest. I only regret that, from the mere " Frammenti di Archestrato raccolti e vol- tal of Palermo, never was intended to inannunciation of these works alone, or from garizzati dall Abate Domenico Scinà,” terest any class but physicians. And if, the little said of them by the French edi-Il Discorso intorno del Archimede da Si- par hasard, it should prove in fact interesttors, without any examination of their con- racusa,” by the same,“ Le Poesie di s. ing to that class of individuals by whom tents, the writer has so hastily inferred that Scuderi," and many other works the titles only it is understood, -as is the case, and as “ literature is neither encouraged nor cul- of which we deem it unnecessary here to the writer seems to allow,-it appears to tivated in Sicily.” Far be it from me to recapitulate, because even the few we have happily accomplished its purpose. maintain that literature is as much encour. have contented ourselves with naming, “ There is no contest, continues the above aged as it should be; thus justifying the when attentively perused and examined by writer, “ in the career of the drama." He policy of its present government; which, the writer of the article, will evince to cannot have been acquainted with the pubanxious only to sustain its tottering despo- him, without any effort of his reason, the lication in Catania of the tragedy of " Ifitism, neglects and endeavours to delay, actual state of letters in Italy.

genia," in 1819; of “ Datame," published nay, even to prevent the progress of letters “Sicilian literature," pursues the com- in Palermo, in 1820, which we have menin any shape amongst its people; but I wish piler, “is equally poor in its journals.” tioned above, and of various other dramatonly to observe, that, in spite of all obsta- "There is a publication called the Iris,” ic compositions ; neither do we know of cles, owing to the genius and lively talents &c. How can the writer of the article on what two melo-dramas he speaks. They of the Sicilians, it is cultivated as it should " Sicilian literature” judge of the litera- certainly cannot be the tragedies of S. Scube. On account of the disturbances in ture of the journals of Sicily now, when, deri, which, besides these melo-dramas, saw which Sicily was at that time involved, we through the exercise of the most complete the light in Palermo, part in the end of can form no idea of her literature from the despotism, the gazettes are compelled to 1822 and part in the beginning of 1823; years 1821 and 1822. Let us then direct limit themselves to sterile and indifferent which now occupy and interest all the our attention to Sicily at peace, and we articles, which, from the policy of despo- Italian literati, have given origin to the shall see her produce her Tasso in Vitali, tism, they are with difficulty suffered to work entitled “Le Due Biblioteche, Diaand give to Italian letters a new epic in the publish after they have undergone a rigor- loghi sulle Tragedie di S. Scuderi, Catania, “ Sicilia Liberata.We shall see her pro- ous and inquisitorial scrutiny; in which 1823,” and, after the publication of the duce her Alfieris in Calvino and Malvica, every enlightening passage, every para- above named Tragedies, show that there and furnish the Italian stage with twonew graph that breathes liberty, is suppressed ; really exists in Sicily some “contest in the models of tragic composition in “ Ifigenia in the least suspicion of which would produce career of the drama.” Aulide,” and in “Datame.The poem of Cos- the immediate suspension of its publica- This is, as far as the limits of a journal tantini is one of the classics of the lan- tion, and the inevitable proscription or ex- permit us to show it, the state of Sicilian guage, which rivals the “ Divina Comme-ile of their editors ? L’Ape,” (L'Abeille) literature. It redounds no little to the dia” of Dante. These, and many other a literary gazette, not only for Sicily, but honour of Sicily, that her inhabitants, inliterary productions were published be for all Italy (where it was already received ventors of many arts and sciences, assidutween the years 1815 and 1820. But if we with the greatest approbation), conducted ous cultivators and masters of the liberal choose to go still farther back, without quit- by a society of men of talents, owes to arts, and of whose powers we have so ting the nineteenth century, with how this to the suspension of its publication many incontrovertible proofs, show themmany classical productions shall we find and the proscription of some of its editors selves lovers of the fine arts : in which they that Sicily has enriched Italian literature! its extinction. Read “Il Patriotto,” a have formerly attained the rank of excelAmong the many that I might enumerate journal which came out in Palermo from lence. on this occasion, the translations of the the year 1810 to 1815, a period when Sicily Odes of Anacreon, and of the Idylls and enjoyed a constitutional government, and Epigrams of Theocritus, Bion, and Moschus, which reappeared in the time of her last

POETRY. of the Iliad of Homer, the Bucolics of Vir- adventures (1820); a journal from which il, and the Odes of Horace, in Italian extracts were often translated into the vaverse; and of the Orations of Cicero in rious other journals of Europe : and then prose, have immortalized and rendered il- pronounce on the literature of the Sicilian Dost thou idly ask to hear lustrious throughout civilized nations the journals. We have no notice of the

At what gentle seasons names of the Count Gaetani Della Torre, Iride” (Iris), but we constantly receive Nymphs relent, when lovers near the Marquis Natale di Monterosato, the the “ Cerere," one of the journals which

Press the tenderest reasons ?

Ah, they give their faith too oft Marquis Drago, the Abate Monti (Michel- are now published periodically in Palermo,

To the careless wooer; ang.), and of the Gubernatis ; bright orna- in which there is not a number that does Maidens' hearts are always soft, ments of Sicily, their country. not contain, notwithstanding rigorous re

Would that men's were truer! Sicily is now engaged with a Biography striction,--besides a quantity of foreign of her Ilustrious Men, with which charge and domestic intelligence, literary articles Woo the fair one, when around she has honoured the celebrated and learn- on the arts and sciences, inventions and

Early birds are singing; ed Abate Domenico Scina, a Sicilian; who discoveries, commercial notices, and in

When, o'er all the fragrant ground,

Early herbs are springing: not long since published " Le Memorie sul- fact, as far as the government permits, When the brookside, bank and grovė, la vita, e filosofia d'Empedocle d'Agrigen- every that can render a journal in

All with blossoms laden, to." - Il Corso di Lettere Greche del Pro- teresting to all classes of individuals.

Shine with beauty, breathe of love, fessore Crispi;" " / Frammenti di Dicearco “ The Journal of Medicine," continues Woo the timid maiden. da Messina, raccolti ed illustrati dal Cav. Er- the writer,“may be interesting to the class of

Woo her, when, with rosy blush, rante;" “ La Lady of the Lake, del Sir Walter individuals for which it is intended." Sicily

Summer eve is sinking; Scott, tradotta in versi Toscani dal Signor In cannot but owe thanks to the compiler of When, on rills that softly gushy, delicato ;" " Le Memorie dei Pittori Nessines the article inserted in the United States Stars are softly winking;

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When, through boughs that knit the bower, i Upon the ear, and ravishes the soul.

deliver a tragedy impromptu. The audiMoonlight gleams are stealing;

Then comes a pause-a universal pause ! ence were so earnest in insuring perfect Woo her, till the gentle hour

Swift from the saffron cloud descends the lark
Wakes a gentler feeling.
Warbling, and nestles in the brake; the groves

fairness, that they would not entrust the Awed by some secret power, felt though unseen,

choice of subjects even to a most respectaWoo her, when autumnal dyes Are hushed, and not a note prevails. 'Tis now,

ble committee of men eminent in literature Tinge the woody mountain;

While the bright Hours on languid wing float by, and art. The titles were read over to When the dropping foliage lies,

In all her pride of power, the sovereign Fair them, and they rejected many, and left oth-
In the half-choked fountain ;
Is seen in single majesty to walk

ers undisturbed, with that sort of capriciousLet the scene, that tells how fast

Yon argent fields, and with a look to fire
Youth is passing over,

The heavens; while bidden to their green retreats, ness and irregularity which must ever preWarn her, ere her bloom is past,

Amid the groves and whispering leaves, her train vail in a numerous and mixed assembly.
To secure her lover.
Precipitate repair, and seek beneath

They were, however, particularly careful
The shade a shelter from the blazing noon. in rejecting subjects which had been alrea-
Woo her, when the northwinds call There too I gladly hie, and tranquil on
At the lattice nightly ;

At The marge of babbling brook which winds its way length the papers were all placed in an

dy treated by celebrated authors. When, within the cheerful hall,

Through beds of flowery moss, I lay me down,
Blaze the faggots brightly;

And pensive mark its lapse. How bright, and clear, urn, and one was drawn out by a lady in a
While the wintry tempest round
And gentle it flows on the while below

side-box, at the request of the pit. It Sweeps the laodscape hoary,

Its rippling wave the pebble smoother grows, proved to have inscribed on it Charles I. Sweeter in her ear shall sound

And sparkles with a brightness not its own.-- This was received with universal applause,
Love's delightful story.
Ye vanities of life! 'tis thus with you ;

as no one for a moment supposed it possible
Seen through the golden haze of distance, how
Ye glitter and deceive! approached, the mist

that M. Sgricci could be prepared for this THE TEMPLE OF THESEUS.* Dissolves, and leaves you empty as ye are.

announcement. The curtain rose and he Uncrumbled yet, the sacred fade uprears

Within this deep recess what wonders lie appeared in great emotion. He stated that Its brcw majestic in the storm of years; Concealed, or to the observant eye alone

the personages of his drama would be Time has but slightly dared to steal away Are full disclosed. O Solitude! Is't here

Charles I, king of England; Henrietta, his The marks of beauty from its columns grey;

Thou reign'st supreme? To the gross ear of man
Each sculptured capital in glory stands,
All is inaudible ; and yet, methinks,

wife; Cromwell, absent and daily expected As once the boast of those delightful lands, I hear the din of myriads 'mid these shades !

to return from the army ; Ireton, a partisan Nor barbarous hand has plucked their beauties

Upon this glassy pool, scooped from the bank of Cromwell, a subordinate fanatic; Dougdown,

Of the meandering stream, their forms attenuate ias, friend of the king, devoted to his master; Some baser monument of art to crown.

I see.-Reckless of ill, some in soft peace Eliza, an attendant of the Queen; the
Delight to pass their lives; in circles some

President of the Parliament; and Ugo,
Girt with the sculptured deeds achieved of yore, Giddy disport; like the bold Gerris,* these
That once the croud beheld but to adore,
Adventurous skim, and those with cautious eye

leader of the popular faction, with a chorus Rich with the proud exploits of Æthra's son,

Survey the deep. Yet what are they, compared of ladies of the Queen's suite, and a chorus And lofty conquests by Alcides won;With hosts invisible that dwell on high,

of the people and the factious. This exThe splendid pile still claims the stranger's fear, Around, beneath-whose empire is a leaf

planation was much applauded, especially The passing pilgrim pauses to revere, Whose halls and palaces, are bells of flowers,

when M. Sgricci said, “ The King will be The pensive poet views its columns proud,

Wide, overarched, vast as the ethereal vault,
And fancy hears again the anthem loud
And as resplendent too! Boast not then, man,

secretly Catholic.” He found serious diffiFrom kindling bards, that once arose on high - Imperial man, of thy superior rule,

culty in giving names to the inferior agents A tuneful chorus trembling on the sky.

Thy power, thy riches, and thy peopled realms which would suit the measure of his verse;
How far surpassed by these!

but, this impediment overcame, he composThe inner shrine no more protects the slave,

July, 1824.


ed without interruption for an hour and The holy walls no more th' opprest can save, The wretch no longer safety there can claim An insect which, in the warm season, may of close attention. The audience appeared to

three quarters. He was listened to with And live secure in Theseus' hallowed name; ten be seen darting along the surface of still waters. Sunk are his glories in oblivion's tomb,

understand not only the general purport, His deeds obscured by centuries of gloom.

but particular passages of the play, and be[We would supply an omission in our last number, stowed frequent and animated applause. To holier uses rise those walls on high,

by stating, that “A Tradition of the Lake of And holier anthems murmur on the sky;

Como," was translated from the Italian of
The shrine is crumbled to its native soil,

And pagan grandeur given as a spoil;
No worshipped Theseus decks that beauteous

From the Italian of Parini.

Lord Byron recently enjoyed about £7000 fane,

per annum, which now reverts to Lady And none to him prolong th' adoring strain;

Byron, and makes her a splendid fortune of Devoted still to worship-and to Heaven,

When in the Lion Phæbus burns,

above £10,000 a year. His nearest relation To purer thoughts and bolier prayers 'tis given.

My use and merit each discerns;
But, when the smiling season flies,

is a half sister, Mrs Leigh, who is the All coldly turn from me their eyes;

mother of a large family; and to whom a *The Temple of Theseus at Athens--one of the

Torn and neglected then I lie.

very small portion of his property can fall. most beautiful and entire remains of ancient art,

Ah! ladies! whom resemble I?

His cousin, Capt. Anson Byron, of the roywas once a sanctuary for slaves, and men who

al navy, succeeds to the title, but with needed protection. It is now dedicated to St

little or no property. His body is on its George, and is revered by the Athenians as much, Between us, fans, and you, poor lovers, way to a last home in his native land; and perhaps, as it ever was.

Resemblance strong our fate discovers; it is expected that the Poets' corner, in
Sometimes we're changed, sometimes forgot:
We're now dismissed, and now we're sought: mains. Another statement is, that he had

Westminster Abbey, will receive his re-

Turned and returned, and twirled about, How lovely is the soft etherial Spring,

Now we're in favour, now we're out;

expressed a wish to be interred in a particWith all her train of infant Loves, and Hours,

Ever to strange caprice a prey,

ular spot in Harrow church-yard. And genial Gales! And lovely too, the Nymph

As suits the fair, whom we obey.
Resplendent, ardent Summer! Forth she goes
From the bright arms of beauteous Spring, and


INTELLIGENCE. The sun yet trembles in the east, and ere

Miss Mitford, author of the Tragedy of

Julian has published a new work under the The dew, which in pellucid drops is strewn O'er flower and herb, exhales, she beckons

title of “ Our Village ; Sketches of Rural

IMPROVISATORE. All the Dryads with the Zephyrs to attend

Character and Scenery.” These “SketchTheir dazzling Queen. Nature feels a joy

An improvisatore, of the name of Sgric- es,” we are of opinion, says the London Unwonted, and elated views the pomp

chi, has been producing a great sensation at Examiner, will ere long be extremely popOf triumph; while aerial music swells

Paris. At bis second exhibition, he was to ular; for they are highly finished ones, and



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evince infinite taste, judgment and feeling. I fought with Philip on the plains of Chæronea , bottom of the valley, forming a partition They are somewhat in the manner of Geof by the Tbebans and Athenians, and that it between the hot air of the valley, and the froy Crayon ; but to our liking are far more is evidently the very statue described by cool air of the ravines on the eastern side, interesting. Mr Irving's always appeared Pausanias, chapter 40th of his 9th Book. ind a sudden opening being made for the to us as painfully laboured, and much too “ Near this city (Chæronea) is a common dense air to rush into a rarer medium, highly coloured ; and though professing to sepulchre of those Thebans that fell in the must necessarily produce a loud report, be English, certainly give a very erroneous engagement against Philip. There is no just as a bladder does upon bursting in the notion of the present habits and pursuits of inscription on the tomb, but a lion stands rare air of a receiver; the sound of the our countrymen. Miss Mitford's Sketches on it, which may be supposed to signify the explosion being greatly increased by reverare undoubtedly sufficiently flattering, but great vehemence of these men in tight. beration through the long archway on if she amiably wishes to find “good in every But it appears to me that there is no in- each side. thing," and is disposed to look at the most scription on the sepulchre, because the favourable side of things, still what she does Demon did not permit the consequence of

All publishers of books throughout the portray, she portrays with truth. In their courage to be such as might be exshort “ Our Village” is not only a good pected.” li was calculated that the head of United States, are very earnestly requested performance for a lady, but one which, in this statue alone weighed upwards of three to forward to us, regularly and seasonably, our judgment, surpasses in merit number- tons.

the names of all works of every kind, preless performances by masculine hands which

paring for publication, in the press, or rehave obtained considerable celebrity. We

cently published. As they will be inserted shall be well pleased to see “our town” as

in the Gazette, it is particularly desired well as our village,” handled in the natura',

that the exact titles be stated at length.

In 1820, a tradesman of Paris asked pergraceful, and spirited manner adopted by mission of the prefect of police, to sell in

**The proprietors of Newspapers, for Miss Mitford.' the market, eggs that had been preserved a

which this Gazette is exchanged, and of year in a composition of which he kept the which the price is less than that of the secret. More than 30,000 of these eggs were

Gazette, are expected to pay the difference. An edition of “the Old English Drama" sold in the market without any complaint be

C. H. & Co. has just been commenced by a Mr Baldwyn ing made, or any notice taken of them, in London. It is to include unpublished when the board of health thought proper to pieces of merit, as well as the stock Dramas examine them.


They were found to be printed in other collections. Each number perfectly fresh, and could only be distinis to contain one play. Number 1 contains guished from others, by a pulverous stratum in the Second Maiden's Tragedy,” by an un- of carbonate of time, remarked by M. Calet

, By Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.- Boston. known author, printed from a MS. of War- to be on the egg shell. This induced him

A Selection of Hymns and Psalms, for burton's which was lucky enough to escape to make a series of experiments, which larged and improved. (First edition printed by

Social and Private Wors bip. Second edition, enthe remorsless hands of that great foe to ended in his discovering that they were Flagg & Gould, Andover, 1921.] literature, his cook. The piece bears de preserved in highly saturated lime-water. No. I. Vol. 2. of the Boston Journal of cided marks of genius, and contains many M. Cadet suggests adding a little saturated Philosophy and the Arts. passages of that deep feeling and poetical muriate of lime, but gives no reason. They An Introduction to the Differential and beauty which characterized the Elizabethan may also be preserved by immersing thein Integral Calculus, or the Doctrine of Fluxions: deage, without being disfigured with the ex- twenty seconds in boiling water; and then signed for an extraordinary class in the Univertravagance then so common.

keeping them well closed in fine sifted ash- sity at Cambridge.
es; but this will give them a greyish green
colour. The method by lime-water has

By Wells & Lilly-Boston.

Memoirs of the Life of the late Mrs Professor Dana of Dartmouth College, N. been long practised in Italy, and they may H. has observed that the vapour of ether or be kept thus for two years. It is also weit Catherine Cappe. Written by herself. of alcohol produces the same effects in ignit- known and practised in some parts of Eng

By Ezra Lincoln--Boston. land. ing platinum sponge, that follow when it is exposed to a stream of hydrogen gas. For

An Oration delivered at Quincy, on the the success of the experiment it is only SOUND PRODUCED BY OPENING A SUBTERRA- fifth of July, 1824. By George Washington Adrequisite that the temperature of the metal should be slightly raised.

In the road made by Napoleon, commu- By Richardson & Lord— Boston. nicating between Savoy and France, and

Letters from the South and West. By which passes by Chamberry and Les Echel

Arthur Singleton, Esq. A party of English travellers have lately les, there is, about two miles from the latter explored the ruins of Chæronea in Boeotia. place, a gallery cut in the solid rock, twen- By Oliver Everett-—Boston. Within a quarter of a mile of that place they iy-seven feet high and broad, and nine discovered, partly imbedded in the earth, hundred and sixty feet in length. Mr Bake- Theology. No. VII. By Jared Sparks.

A Collection of Essays and Tracts in a colossal lion's head of bold and beautiful well states in his travels, that this gallery workmanship. From the nose to the top of having been commenced at both ends, the head it measured four feet six inches; when the excavations from each end nearly

By Flagg & Gould-Andover. and from the forehead, to where broken off met, and the thin partition of rock between

Two Discourses on the Atonement. By just above the shoulder, five feet nine inch-them was first broken through by the stroke Moses Stuart, Associate Professor of Sacred Litees. A part of one of the hind legs lay at of the pick, a deep and loud explosion fol. rature in the Theological Seminary, Andover. some little distance, two feet three inches lowed resembling thunder.

A Sermon, preached June 9, 1824, at

The cause of in diameter, together with the other parts of this explosion Mr Bakewell thinks is easily win Woodbury. By Leonard Woods, D. D.

Falmouth, Mass., at the Ordination of Rev. Benjathe statue. The earth removed contained explained; the air on the castern side of pieces of stone and cement, that had formed a the mountain being sheltered both on the

By W. Gould & Co.-Albany. a part of the foundation or pedestal on which south and west from the sun's rays, must be it had been placed. The discoverers of frequently many degrees colder than that

Reports of Cases Argued and Determinthis statue are of opinion that it marks the on the western side. The mountain rises ed in the Supreme Court, and in the Court for the place of burial of the sacred band of three full one thousand feet above the passage, rors, of the State of New York. By E. Cowen.

Trial of Impeachmen s and the Correction of Er hundred Thebans, who fell at the battle and at least fifteen hundred feet above the Vol. I.

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