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entitled An Act to require apparatus and operators for radio communication
Station and operator license forms..
International Morse code and conventional signals..
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE,
BUREAU OF NAVIGATION,
Washington, D. C., July 27, 1914. To collectors of customs, radio inspectors, and others concerned:
This publication is issued for the guidance and instruction of United States officers engaged in and concerned with the enforcement of the radio laws and for the information of all owners and operators of apparatus for radio communication.
In this issue are printed the act of June 24, 1910, as amended July 23, 1912, "An act to require apparatus and operators for radio communication on certain steamers"; the act of August 13, 1912, "An act to regulate radio communication”; the International Radiotelegraphic Convention; regulations made pursuant to the above mentioned acts; and general information. This edition supersedes Department Circular No. 241; “Regulations for radio apparatus and operators on steamers”; “Regulations governing radio communication,” and all general letters concerning the enforcement of the wireless communication laws.
The act of August 13, 1912 (Public 264), the London Radiotelegraphic Convention and the Regulations hereafter will not be printed as separate pamphlets.
The subject matter is divided into parts and each part is divided under subheadings, as shown by the table of contents. The index is at the end.
Owners and operators of radio stations and others concerned may obtain copies of this publication from the radio inspectors at tho addresses given in the list of districts or from the Commissioner of Navigation, Department of Commerce, Washington, D. C. Additional copies may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., at a nominal price.
E. T. CHAMBERLAIN,
Commissioner of Navigation. Approved: WILLIAM C. REDFIELD,
RADIO LAWS AND REGULATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES.
Part I.-RADIO COMMUNICATION LAWS AND INTERNATIONAL
An Act Approved July 23, 1912, amending section 1 of an act en
titled “An act to require apparatus and operators for radio comunication on certain ocean steamers," approved June 24, 1910.1
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Represent- Ship acts. atives of the United States of America in Congress assem
SECTION 1. That from and after October first, nineteen hundred and twelve, it shall be unlawful for any steamer of the United States or of any foreign country navigating the ocean or the Great Lakes and licensed to carry, or carrying, fifty or more persons, including passengers or crew or both, to leave or attempt to leave any port of the United States unless such steamer shall be equipped with an efficient apparatus for radio communication, in good working order, capable of transmitting and receiving messages over a distance of at least one hundred miles, day or night. An auxiliary power supply, Auxiliary. independent of the vessel's main electric power plant, must be provided which will enable the sending set for at least four hours to send messages over a distance of at least one hundred miles, day or night, and efficient communication between the operator in the radio room and the bridge shall be maintained at all times.
“The radio equipment must be in charge of two or more Operators. persons skilled in the use of such apparatus, one or the other of whom shall be on duty at all times while the vessel is being navigated. Such equipment, operators, the regulation of their watches, and the transmission and receipt of messages, except as may be regulated by law or international agreement, shall be under the control of the master, in the case of a vessel of the United States; and every willful failure on the part of the master to enforce at sea the provisions of this paragraph as to equipment, operators, and watches shall subject him to a penalty of Penalty. one hundred dollars.
1 The amended act applies to vessels licensed to carry as well as those actually carrying 50 or more persons, etc.
"That the provisions of this section shall not apply to steamers plying between ports, or places, less than two hundred miles apart."
SEC. 2. That this Act, so far as it relates to the Great Lakes, shall take effect on and after April first, nineteen hundred and thirteen, and so far as it relates to ocean
cargo steamers shall take effect on and after July first, Cargo operators. nineteen hundred and thirteen: Provided, That on cargo
steamers, in lieu of the second operator provided for in this Act, there may be substituted a member of the crew or other person who shall be duly certified and entered in the ship's log as competent to receive and understand distress calls or other usual calls indicating danger, and to aid in maintaining a constant wireless watch so far as required for the safety
The remaining sections of the act of June 24, 1910, which are unchanged, read as follows:
SEC. 2. That for the purpose of this Act apparatus for radio communication shall not be deemed to be efficient unless the company installing it shall contract in writing to exchange, and shall, in fact, exchange, as far as may be physically practicable, to be determined by the master of the vessel, messages with shore or ship stations using other systems of radio communication.
SEC. 3. That the master or other person being in charge of any such vessel which leaves or attempts to leave any port of the United States in violation of any of the sions of this Act shall, upon conviction, be fined in a sum not more than five thousand dollars, and any such fine shall be a lien upon such vessel, and such vessel may be libeled therefor
district court of the United States within the jurisdiction of which such vessel shall arrive or depart, and the leaving or attempting to leave each and every port of the United States shall constitute a separate offense.
SEC. 4. That the Secretary of Commerce shall make such regulations as may be necessary to secure the proper execution of this Act by collectors of customs and other officers of the Government.
[S. 6412.] An Act To regulate radio communication, approved August 13, 1912,
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That a person, company, or corporation within the jurisdiction of the United States shall not use or operate any apparatus for radio communication as a means of commercial intercourse among the several States, or with foreign nations, or upon any vessel of the United States engaged in interstate or foreign commerce, or for the transmission of radiograms or signals the effect of which extends beyond the jurisdiction of the State or Territory in which the same are made, or where interference would be caused thereby with the receipt of messages or signals from beyond the jurisdiction of the said State or Territory, except under and in accordance with a license, revocable License for cause, in that behalf granted by the Secretary of Commerce upon application therefor; but nothing in this Act shall be construed to apply to the transmission and exchange of radiograms or signals between points situated in the same State: Provided, That the effect thereof shall not extend beyond the jurisdiction of the said State or interfere with the reception of radiograms or signals from beyond said jurisdiction; and a license shall not be required for the transmission or exchange of radiograms or signals by or on behalf of the Government of the United States, but every Government station on land or sea shall have special call letters designated and published in the list of radio stations of the United States by the Department of Commerce. Any person, company, Penalty. or corporation that shall use or operate any apparatus for radio communication in violation of this section, or knowingly aid or abet another person, company, or corporation in so doing, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, and the apparatus or device so unlawfully used and operated may be adjudged forfeited to the United States.
SEC. 2. That every such license shall be in such form License form. as the Secretary of Commerce shall determine and shall contain the restrictions, pursuant to this Act, on and subject to which the license is granted; that every such license shall be issued only to citizens of the United States or Porto Rico or to a company incorporated under the laws of some State or Territory or of the United States or Porto Rico, and shall specify the ownership and location of the station in which said apparatus shall be used and other particulars for its identification and to enable its range to be estimated; shall state the purpose of the station, and, in case of a station in actual operation at the date of passage of this Act, shall contain the statement that satisfactory proof has been furnished that it was actually operating on the above-mentioned date; shall state the wave length or the wave lengths authorized for use by the station for the prevention of interference and the hours for which the station is licensed for work; and shall not be construed to authorize the use of any apparatus for radio communication in any other station than that specified. Every such license shall be subject to the regulations contained herein, and such regulations as may be established from time to time by authority of this Act or subsequent Acts and treaties of