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From the very moment that Sr. Joaquin Hübbe landed on our shores to the time of his death, he lent very important services to the State. He was in constant intercourse with the most distinguished and influential men of the community who acknowledged his talents and worth. The country was then going through an extremely difficult and precarious stage of existence. The social war, that is the uprising of the Indians against the white population, had burst in 1847, bringing ruin and desolation over the whole country. Revolutionary movements followed each other in vertiginous cycles not only in this State, but in the whole nation, and discord lifted her dismal torch on all quarters. The three years' war of the Reformation, the French Intervention and the war against the exotic empire of Maximilian of Hapsburg rebounded with great shock in Yucatan.

After the restoration of the Republic in 1867, and later on after the so-called Fuxtepec Revolution headed by General Porfirio Diaz, not only the state of Yucatan, but the whole country went into a period of order and general reconstruction.

The wide range of Señor Hübbe's information, his knowledge of foreign languages, his excellent traits of character, his unfailing honesty and activity were fully appreciated by all the succeeding administrations, even by that of the Imperial Commissary Señor Salazar Slarregui. So it was that at different times he was charged with offices of the highest importance and honorability.

As a member of several political Commissions, as Director general of Public Works, as President of the City Council of Mérida, as member of the Governor's Council, which is now extinct, as Deputy to the State Legislature, and as Secretary of State during the administration of our great historian Señor Eligio Ancona, and other public offices, Señor Joaquin Hübbe displayed his rare gifts as a high minded patriot and prominent statesman as well as his ardent love for his native soil. But the greatest glory of this meritorious citizen he acquired as a public writer, it being a great pity that his various writings should not have been collected. His historical treatise on British Honduras, called the Belice Colony, made a great impression not only in Yucatan, but also in the Capital of our Republic and in foreign countries. In that study the rights of Mexico to the country beyond the Hondo River are fully proved by authentical documents. Not a few Yucatecan periodicals have filled their pages and columns with articles that appear subscribed by Señor Joaquin Hübbe, especially the “Eco del Comercio” in its first epoch. This paper was founded by the diligent publisher, Don Manuel Heredin Arguelles and Señor Hübbe was its chief editor. His writings were always attractive and interesting by their easy and genial style, discreet, full of meaning and always tending to the general welfare of the community. The ideas that sprang from his pen were highly characteristical and imposed themselves into the public minds. His great general information as well as his great proficiency on various matters enabled him to take hold of the most useful and transcendental questions on political economy, the relations and equilibrium of the European nations and those of America, as well as questions about commerce, agriculture, local industries and the like. He paid paramount attention to the raising of hemp,' the chief and almost only source of wealth in the State of Yucatan. The magnificent and wonderful ruins that are scattered over all the surface of our Peninsula engaged his attention and they are indebted to him for very mature considerations. Material and scientific progress in all their manifestations found in him a ready, enthusiastic and learned worker, who labored always in the most unselfish manner. His clear sight was always intent upon all progress in the various administrative branches of government and upon all those that in any way led to the improvement of the commonwealth. So did Señor Hübbe understand and practise patriotism, without ostentation or vanity.

To end these lines which we have gladly written as an humble tribute we render to the man of whom we were sincere admirers while we edited the “Eco del Comercio," in the offices of which we worked for a long time by his side, we may add that Señor Joaquin Hübbe was a member of several societies, both European and American and that he constantly held correspondence with respectable men abroad. We may also say that in politics his ideas were moderate and that though his religious principles were not in perfect accordance with those of the very great majority of his fellow citizens, he was always respectful of those that held them sincerely; as a public officer he was faithful and zealous in the fulfilment of his duties, as a citizen he

was honorable to the whole extent of the word, and in private life he was a perfect gentleman.

He was positively a conspicuous man and by no means could he be counted among the anonymous crowd. He was an honor to his country and for that reason his memory ought not to be cast into oblivion to which not unfrequently public indifference has condemned unhappily that of many of our fellow citizens of eminent merits and of unquestionable deserts.

He did his duty as a good man toward his family, toward his country and toward humanity.

(Signed) RODOLF MENENDEZ. MERIDA, April 10th, 1906. This notice was written at the request of the undersigned by Professor Rodolfo Menendez, a colleague of Señor Hübbe at a time, and one who has been for a long time an enthusiastic and indefatigable promoter of public education. The paper has been translated from the original Spanish into English by me, the undersigned, who has the honor of communicating it to the American Antiquarian Society in due fulfilment of a wish entertained by our very much lamented friend, and never to be forgotten late President of the Society.

DAVID CASARES. MERIDA, YUCATAN, April 12th, 1906.

James Davie Butler died in Madison, Wis., Nov. 20th, 1905. He was born in Rutland Vt. Mar. 15th, 1815, graduated at Middlebury College in 1836 as salutatorian, was one year in Yale Theological Seminary, returned to Middlebury College for five terms as tutor, and in 1840 finished his theological course at Andover Theological Seminary, remaining as Abbot resident till 1842, when he went abroad with Prof. E. A. Park for about one and onehalf years, and on his return prepared a number of descriptive lectures one or another of which were delivered over three hundred times in or near New England.

He was Professor in Norwich University 1845-7, in Wabash College 1854-8, in Wisconsin University 1858-67, was pastor of Congregational Churches in Wells River, Vt., 1847-51, in South Danvers now Peabody, Mass., 1851-2, and in Cincinati, O., 1852-5. Since 1858 his residence has been Madison, Wis.

He was a great traveller, going into all sections of this country as well as making four journeys to Europe and going around the world at seventy-six years of age.

Middlebury College conferred the degree of LL.D., upon him in 1863.

In 1845 Dr. Butler married Anna Bates, daughter of President Bates of Middlebury College, who died in 1892. They had four children who survived him.

He wrote letters for the New York Observer during his first foreign tour and made similar contributions to leading papers during his other journeys.

For the New York Nation he was a contributor for twentyfive years, his articles in all numbering over 250, the last one written when he was nearly ninety. He also wrote on a great variety of widely differing topics in which he displayed the same activity as in his travels.

He was connected with the Wisconsin State Historical Society as curator and Vice President from 1867 to 1900, and maintained his interest in it till his death, having been very influential in giving it its high standing in the country and of which he said, it "has been the thing for which I have cared most.”

Of him the New York Nation said “his saturation with the language of Shakespeare and of the Greek authors oozed up in his writings giving a characteristic quaintness to his style”.

Our associate Mr. R. G. Thwaites, said of him “as for his uniform kindness of temper, his fair frank estimate of things they charmed us all. To our 'grand old man', age brought no narrowness of view, no tendency to cynicism, no crabbedness of soul; he was to the last, mellow, open hearted, responsive to the best impulses of his day.”

He became a member of this society in 1854, standing third in seniority at his death, and showed his interest in it by constant letters and gifts, delivering a paper on the Copper Age in Wisconsin, in 1877, on The New Found Journal of Charles Floyd in 1894 when he was in his eightieth year and sent a short notice of A Brewster Autograph in Wisconsin for the meeting in April 1902. He also prepared an exhaustive and touching memorial of his long time friend the late Charles Kendall Adams, which was presented to the society in April 1905, when he was past ninety.

Full notices of him may be found in the New York Nation of Nov. 30th, 1905, and the Wisconsin State Journal, published in Madison, of the date of Nov. 21st, 1905, and in the Proceedings of the Wisconsin State Historical Society. He inspired great affection in all who knew him and will be long missed by a wide circle of friends.

Samuel Pierpont Langley was born in Roxbury, now Boston, Aug. 22d, 1834, and died at Aiken, S. C., Feb. 27th, 1906, his residence for many years having been in Washington, D. C.

He was Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution from 1887 till death. He was an architect and civil engineer and attained great distinction as an astronomer and physicist.

Many American and Foreign colleges and universities conferred degrees upon him and he was a member of numerous learned societies. He joined this society in 1888.

S. U.

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