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when the son was but eleven years old. At a town meeting in Worcester some complaint was made of the injustice of maintaining a high school of the first grade, as the town did then, and has done ever since. The father of this child of eleven joined in the discussion to urge the importance of the school and its necessity. The town, true to its tradition and its future, voted the appropriation. It was said at the time that Mr. Salisbury's tax applicable to the maintenance of the school amounted to one quarter of the tax levied on the whole community. Even Philistines might be made to feel that in his generous care for the town and city of Worcester Mr. Salisbury has repaid the pecuniary obligation which he thus owed to it for his education.

Mrs. Salisbury, his mother, who was Miss Rebekah Scott Dean, of Charlestown, New Hampshire, a lady in every way charming, died when he was only eight years old. But to her and to his father he owed an education admirably well conducted, of which the fruits may be seen everywhere. In the last long interview which I had with him he said with great earnestness that what he noticed in the educational systems of modern times was a certain failure to impress the idea of duty. “When I was a boy”, he said, “I was trained to do my duty if I could find what that was." This was the central thing. Greek, Latin, Mathematics, botany, paleontology, or the correlation of forces,—whatever the boy's study,—was to be made subservient to the business of doing his duty. It seems to me worth while to put this axiom of his on record as a fair statement in short of his solution of the problem of Life.

I suppose that he himself could not remember the first time when his father took him into the old Antiquarian Hall, so attractive in every sense. With dear Mr. Haven, so fondly remembered by the older members of the Society, the boy would have been intimate in a moment.

And from that time till he died our rooms were as much a part of his home as was the house in which he slept at

night. May one be permitted to say that there is a sort of endosmose in which the sentiments and habits soak into the life of a person so fortunately brought into what we like to call the atmosphere of books? The life of Harvard College in those days, though nothing to what it is now, was still important enough to continue habits and to widen interests which were thus formed. I may say that without knowing it the father was training the son to be an invaluable president of the Antiquarian Society.

I never heard him say so, but I suppose that the friendship which he formed in college with our distinguished associate Señor Casares gave him the first interest which he had in the states and provinces of Central America. In his college days under the lead of Squier, Stephens, and Catherwood, the people of the United States were beginning to learn more thoroughly what Humboldt and the early writers had forewarned them of, the mysteries of the archæology of those regions. As early as 1876 Mr. Salisbury contributed to our cabinet and to our printed proceedings the results of his studies and explorations in that quarter. The connection with those regions is now so close that we may hope that they will never be lost sight of and that the Society will always hold the honourable place which under his lead it has taken in the studies of the early history of the Continent.

But his tastes and studies were by no means confined to archæology. The Natural History Society of the City of Worcester, the Horticultural Society, the Society of Antiquity, the Art Museum, the Public Library, all the institutions of public education,-indeed every organization which looks to the Larger Life was sure of his active support.

He was a cordial friend and fellow worker with Dr. Alonzo Hill, Mr. Hall, and Mr. Garver, successive ministers of the Second Church, and in the work of that Religious Society. Almost of course he was a prominent member of the direction of the Peabody Fund in maintaining the

Peabody Museum at Cambridge. Almost of course he was sent by his district to the State Senate as often as he could give so much of his time to their work in the public service.

The Council and the Society are glad to place on record the unanimous testimony of gratitude of its members.


Stephen Salisbury president of this society, died at his home in Worcester, Nov. 16th, 1905.

At a meeting of the council held soon after his death, remarks were made by several of the members, in which Mr. Salisbury's life and character were fully described, an account of which meeting has been published by the society.

Rev. Dr. Hale has prepared a tribute which will be presented at this meeting.

The newspapers of Worcester have published elaborate notices of him. It only remains for the biographer to state a few of the important events of his life.

These are,
Born in Worcester March 31st., 1835.
Graduated from Harvard University 1856.
Travelled abroad 1856-58 and in 1888.
Studied in Berlin and Paris 1856-58.
Graduated from Harvard Law School 1861.
Visited Yucatan 1861.
Admitted to the bar 1863.
Member of the Common Council of Worcester 1864-5-6,

being its President 1866.
Member of the Mass. Senate 1893-4-5.

Visited Yucatan and other parts of Mexico and also Cuba 1885.

Member of this society 1863–1905.
Member of its council 1874-84.
Vice-President 1884-88.
President 1888 till death.

His life was passed in Worcester and he was connected with its institutions and organizations, business, educational, artistic, philanthropic, social, in numbers literally too numerous to mention. He declined all further poli

tical honors though it was made clear to him that he could at any time be mayor of Worcester, or member of congress. Several original papers as well as some translations of those prepared by other members have been presented to this society and its cabinet and library have received numerous and valuable contributions from him. As president his interest as shown by great and constant labors as well as gifts is familiar to us all. The large bequest made in his will is appropriately communicated to the society in the report of the council.

An authentic notice of Mr. Salisbury may be found in The History of Worcester County published by Lewis in 1889, Vol. 2, Page 1676.

S. U. Señor Don Joaquin Hubbe, a biographical notice by Professor Rodolf Menendez, Director of the State Normal School of Yucatan.

The free and sovereign State of Yucatan, which since the year 1821, is an integral part of the Mexican Confederacy, has produced very remarkable men in all the paths of human activity.

In politics, in civil and religious government, in the science of war, in that of law, in history, in archæology, in literature, in public education, etc., etc., Yucatan has had, and has to this day conspicuous representatives who could be the ornament and pride of any society whatever, either in America or in Europe.

We could with pleasure mention some illustrious names; but the nature and prescribed extent of this paper forbids it and our purpose now is that of bringing forth the personality of a son of Yucatan who is worthy

of esteem and respect for more than one reason, as he left strong traces of his life in the records of modern democracy.

We refer to the Engineer Señor Joaquin Hübbe who passed away in this city on the 31st of December, 1901, to the general grief of his fellow citizens.

At the close of the first quarter of the 19th century Doctor John Hübbe, a native of Hamburg, established his home in Yucatan. He came with a well deserved reputation before him and he soon won the regard of the people of the country, which he made his own by raising a family. He married in Campeche, the distinguished lady, Señora Gertrudis Garcia Rejon and from their union the subject

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of this Menoir was born on the first of January, 1832, at the city of Mérida, where his parents happened to be at the time, and he was baptized on the fourth of the same month in our Cathedral called Emeritense.

The future Engineer was but nine years old when he had the misfortune of losing his father in the city of Campeche, on the 5th of June, 1842, in the prime of life, as he was then only forty-two years old.

The bereaved mother soon made up her mind to settle in Mérida for the purpose of devoting herself to the education of her children. We may mention by the way that this noble matron lived until the 28th of June, 1884, when she ended a life remarkable by the virtues of an excellent wife and model mother.

Señor Joaquin Hübbe acquired the first notions of education in Campeche at the reputed school of the enlightened French Professor Monsieur Gilbeau. His mother afterwards wished him to go to a good school in the United States under Mr. Thebaud's guardianship, having spent the years 1844 and 1845 with his family. He showed there a very brilliant disposition to study and when this fact came to the knowledge of his paternal grandfather who lived in Hamburg, he expressed the wish of calling him to his side, to which request his mother agreed to comply and Señor Hübbe ended the course of his preparatory studies in the aforesaid German City, and subsequently began the study of Civil Engineering, a profession which we may here state could not at that time be studied in this country. During the whole course of his studies he distinguished himself for his good behaviour and noteworthy laboriousness. His assiduity was crowned at last by success and he got his diploma of a Civil Engineer in 1857.

He had hardly gone through the scientific course of his profession when he was called to be a member of a Technical Commission that had the charge of building a railroad in the British Possessions in India, and of other works in Lower Egypt. When these works were finished he returned to Yucatan at the end of the year 1858, and began immediately to practise his profession.

On the 21st of August, 1859, he married the honorable young lady, Doña Joaquina Peon, who was his happy companion until her death in 1879, leaving him the soothing duty of devoting himself to their many children.

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