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ent Dorseys, for they are very sensitive on the subject, and are eager to have a ballad written.' So it has always been a joke between us as to when he would write the ballad, which he has never done."
Dr. JOHN GREEN, of St. Louis, read a sketch of Henry Hitchcock, LL.D., late president of the Law Association of the United States, and a former resident of Worcester.
The treasurer, NATHANIEL PAINE, presented his report. He announced that the Society had received from the estate of the late Andrew H. Green, the legacy left by him, which after deducting the inheritance tax amounts to $4,839.45.
The report of the Librarian was read by Mr. EDMUND M. BARTON.
The report of the Council being now before the Society, it was voted that the Society accept the same, and that it be referred to the Committee of Publication.
On a ballot for President forty-two ballots were cast, all for the Hon. STEPHEN SALISBURY.
Dr. HALE said:
“Every gentleman here who is interested in Revolutionary history has used the marvellous reproductions which Mr. Stevens made. I have received from the representatives of Mr. Stevens's estate a very careful catalogue of the immense index of those documents. It is understood that this index contains the documents of England, France, The Hague and Spain, and that it is now offered for sale in this country. I suppose that the cost of purchasing will be very considerable, but a good many of us who have been interested in that literature hope to bring something to bear in Washington this winter looking towards an appropriation with which to purchase the index for the Library of Congress.”
Mr. ANDREW MCFARLAND Davis said in reference to the subject:"I was in London and wanted to get a copy of the documents mentioned in the English Historical manuscript collections. I gave a memorandum to Mr. Stevens of the documents, and he agreed to get a copy and send it to me. After I got home I received a copy, but instead of its coming from the office referred to, it came from the collection of Lord Landsdowne. Of course I was not satisfied that I had gotten the copy that I wished, but by some curious chain -I do not know how it occurred-he had given me through his index an exact copy of the documents I wanted, procured from another source. It seems there were duplicates at these two places.”
At the suggestion of Dr. Hale, it was voted that the Council be requested to unite with other literary bodies in securing this manuscript index.
The Recording Secretary announced that the Council recommends for election to the Society the following gentlemen:
Henry Holmes, of Washington, D. C.
Dr. SAMUEL A. GREEN, from a committee appointed to nominate the other officers, reported the following list:
JAMES PAINNEY BAXTER, Litt.D., of Portland, Me. CARROLL DAVIDSON WRIGHT, LL.D., of Worcester, Mass. EDMUND ARTHUR ENGLER, LL.D., of Worcester, Mass. ANDREW MCFARLAND Davis, A.M., of Cambridge, Mass. ELIAS HARLOW RUSSELL, of Worcester, Mass. SAMUEL UTLEY, LL.B., of Worcester, Mass
Secretary for Foreign Correspondence. FRANKLIN BOWDITCH DEXTER, Litt.D., of New Haven, Connecticut.
Secretary for Domestic Correspondence. CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS, LL.D., of Lincoln, Mass.
Recording Secretary. CHARLES AUGUSTUS CHASE, A.M., of Worcester, Mass.
Committee of Publication. EDWARD EVERETT HALE, D.D., of Roxbury, Mass. NATHANIEL PAINE, A.M., of Worcester, Mass. CHARLES AUGUSTUS CHASE, A.M., of Worcester, Mass. CHARLES CARD SMITH, A.M., of Boston, Mass.
AUGUSTUS GEORGE BULLOCK, A.M., of Worcester, Mass. BENJAMIN THOMAS Hill, A.B., of Worcester, Mass.
The RECORDING SECRETARY was instructed by unanimous vote to cast a single ballot in favor of the report of the nominating committee, which he did, and the above list of officers was duly elected.
The PRESIDENT said:
“Among the gentlemen present with us today, who have come from a great distance, is our associate Mr. David CASARES, A.M., of Merida de Yucatan, Federal Inspector of the railroads in that state, and a Commissioner of Public Construction. I will ask Mr. Casares to address the Society.”
Mr. CASARES read a paper entitled, “Yucatan and its Water Supply."
“The Jackson-Van Buren Papers" was the subject of a paper by Prof. WILLIAM MacDonald of Brown University.
Mr. EDWARD H. THOMPSON, United States Consulto Yucatan, presented the next paper, entitled: "A Page from American History.”
On motion of Dr. S. A. GREEN, it was voted that the papers which have been read be presented to the Committee of Publication, and that the thanks of the Society be extended to the authors, and especially to the two gentlemen from Yucatan.
The meeting was dissolved at two o'clock. The members present repaired to the house of President SALISBURY, where lunch was served. Attest:
CHARLES A. CHASE,
LABOR ORGANIZATIONS IN ANCIENT,
MEDIÆVAL AND MODERN TIMES.
BY CARROLL D. WRIGHT.
At the kind suggestion of President Salisbury, I present a brief paper on Labor Organizations in Ancient, Mediæval and Modern Times.
I do not propose to discuss such organizations in detail, but principally to show the difference in character at different times, and also wherein they were similar. Unfortunately the history of such organizations in ancient times is exceedingly meagre. It was not the habit of writers to make much mention of the interests of labor or how the lower orders earned their living or conducted their affairs. It was quite natural perhaps when historians were recording the events of administration, of wars or of great racial changes, to omit the consideration of what then seemed the lesser affairs of life, but a great deal has been unearthed by modern archæologists from inscriptions on slabs and monuments, which throws some light upon this subject of labor organizations and which helps us to understand the slow development of the workingman through the ages. The slabs containing the inscriptions have been lying without observation, some on their original sites, others in museums. However, they have been recorded, catalogued and numbered; but their importance has been little understood or little considered. This, in connection with the lack of interest on such subjects, accounts in a way for the meagre history.
Mr. C. Osborne Ward, for a long time an associate of mine in the Department of Labor at Washington, worked