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that of the United States, or from the crown, or royal chartered governments established here prior to the Revolu

tion.”

In the charter of the colony of Massachusetts Bay, the land is described with the additional clause, “and also all mines and minerals, as well royal mines of gold and silver as other mines and minerals, precious stones and quarries."

At first the laws of the United States excepted minerals in the provisions for taking up land, but the occupants made miners' rules among themselves, which were recognized by the courts, on the fictitious ground of presuming a license from the government; so the public lost all rights therein. This in 1866 was regulated by statute. Had the doctrine of royal mines been applied to quarries of stone, coal, oil and other like substances, as the Proprietors of Worcester applied it to stone, a very different history might have been written. As it is, those proprietors made an early and successful solution of a problem which of late has much vexed the people of the civilized world.

In Re

THE WILL OF THOMAS HORE. In justice to Mr. J. HENRY LEA of South Freeport, Me., and London, England, who translated and edited the Will as it appeared in our Proceedings of October, 1904, the Committee of Publication offer this statement.

The whole mass of manuscript and correspondence on the subject had been delivered to our late Vice-President, Senator HOAR, in his lifetime, and he spoke upon the subject at the Meeting in October, 1903. After Mr. Hoar's death the material was handed to the committee by his private secretary. It is the rule to send proofs of all papers to the authors or editors, but when the Proceedings for October last were about to go to press there were special reasons for including the Hore will in that number. Although Mr. Lea was in London and could not see the proof, the matter was so carefully prepared and type-written that it seemed safe to entrust its supervision to

the committee, and it was not sent to Mr. Lea. As might perhaps be expected, some errors crept in from a misapprehension of the abbreviations, which in Mr. Lea's eyes seemed very serious, and he has expressed his mortification and regret, in which the committee fully sympathize.

The committee was much impressed with the work of Mr. Lea, which showed great learning and much careful, diligent labor, and regret that it appeared in print without having had his revision.

PROCEEDINGS.

ANNUAL MEETING, OCTOBER 21, 1905, AT THE HALL OF THE

SOCIETY IN WORCESTER.

The meeting was called to order by the President, the Hon.

STEPHEN SALISBURY, at 10.30 A. M.

The following members were present:

Edward E. Hale, Nathaniel Paine, Stephen Salisbury, Samuel A. Green, Edward L. Davis, James F. Hunnewell, Edward H. Hall, Charles C. Smith, Edmund M. Barton, Franklin B. Dexter, Charles A. Chase, Samuel S. Green, Andrew Mc F. Davis, Daniel Merriman, William B. Weeden, Henry H. Edes, Edward Channing, George E. Francis, Edward H. Thompson, G. Stanley Hall, William E. Foster, Charles P. Bowditch, Francis H. Dewey, Carroll D. Wright, Henry A. Marsh, Frederick A. Ober, John Green, Rockwood Hoar, James L. Whitney, William T. Forbes, Leonard P. Kinnicutt, George H. Haynes, Waldo Lincoln, George P. Winship, Austin S. Garver, Samuel Utley, James W. Brooks, E. Harlow Russell, Benjamin T. Hill, Edmund A. Engler, George L. Kittredge, Alexander F. Chamberlain, William MacDonald, Edward G. Bourne, Alexander H. Vinton, Clarence W. Bowen, Francis H. Lee, Daniel B. Updike, David Casares, Deloraine P. Corey.

Dr. CARROLL D. WRIGHT, in connection with the report of the Council, read a paper with the subject:“The History of Labor Organizations in Ancient, Mediæval and Modern Times."

Rev. Dr. EDWARD EVERETT HALE presented a memorial of the late Vice-President of the Society, Senator GEORGE FRISBIE HOAR. In the course of his paper Dr. Hale said:

“When Mr. Thomas established this Society, there were not so many literary societies as there are now in the country, and a special Act was passed in the early days of this Society, giving the American Antiquarian Society any or all papers printed by the government, so that anybody who is in Washington and wants to rake up something, has the power and privilege of looking back to this old statute, which is just as much a law of this country as any law; and they can make any arrangement they choose about the method of distributing the documents, but this American Antiquarian Society by law has the right to anything which the government of the United States prints.”

Dr. Hale read a sonnet written by Rev. Dr. Roundslay, of Great Britain, on hearing of the death of Senator Hoar. In speaking of Dr. Roundslay, Dr. Hale remarked:—“We were at a public dinner party, when Mr. Hoar said, 'I must go down and speak to Roundslay, for I brought him here.' I said, 'Who is Roundslay?' He said, 'If you don't know Roundslay, you don't know the first poet in Great Britain.' Mr. Hoar always spoke well of the people he liked, but I believe he was right in this instance. I went down and shook hands with Roundslay, and he said at once: 'Mr. Hale, you have a first-rate ballad of Paul Revere; why isn't there a ballad to the other man, the man who went out and roused the country-Dorsey?' Į said, 'If the first poet in England asks me that question, I will say that as soon as he will write me the ballad,we will print it; but I warn you not to let the public know what you have said to me, because if you do, you will have six hundred letters the day after tomorrow from the differ

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