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would yet live; and he, with that spirit of unselfish devotion for which he was remarkable, seemed perfectly reconciled to his fate. I answered, “I hope you are, in other respects, willing to die.’ He said, ‘That is all right—I have made my peace—that is all right.” “I said to him, “Dr. Dostie, I remarked yesterday to some friends that you are the man, who, in casc of yellow fever, small-pox or cholera epidemic, would work night and day, and risk your life for a friend—and I believe you would do it for an enemy.” He promptly plied, ‘I would do it for the rebels.’ I trust that

“The sunset of life gave him mystical lore
And coming events cast their shadows before;”

that he saw the God of Justice vindicating his prerogatives, and the cause which he loved, succeeding in the future. “I saw Rev. Dr. Horton die. I was with him an hour before his death, and witnessed his last agony. He died a martyr for that Christian religion which teaches the great doctrine of human brotherhood. The eloquence of his prayer to the King of Nations had scarcely ceased to echo from the walls of the people's Representative Chamber; his touching allusion to the assassination of the beloved and lamented Lincoln had scarcely ceased its thrill in loyal hearts, when this brave and true soldier of the cross was summoned to join the noble army of martyrs. If not a sparrow falleth to the ground unnoticed, the fall of this noble man will not be in vain. His blessed Master fell a victim to the mob because he preached unwelcome truth, but the cause of human brotherhood still lives, and we advocate it to-day.”

In a letter of General Banks he thus writes of Dr. Dostie: “I knew him well. No country ever gave birth to a more unselfish man, a truer patriot, or a more devoted friend of liberty. He and his associates were dangerous men to the enemies of this country. The unseen hand that smote him was that which applied the torch to the city of New York, and by which Lincoln sell. His death will be avenged, and in this, as in all trials of good men, the blood of the martyrs will be the sustenance of the church.” General Butler in an address delivered in New York, thus vindicates his friend and the cause of justice: “I now remember a man who came to me in New Orleans and took me by the hand and with tears in his cyes said, ‘I thank God that you have come; I bless God that your flag waves over me again—the symbol of justice and protection of my country,’ and yet I have seen that man murdered in cold blood. That murdered man was Dostie, the best and purest Union man that ever trod the soil of Louisiana, for he periled his life, when he had no hope, in defense of the flag. I speak with feeling, for he was one of my best and staunchest advisers and aided me by all means in his power. As long as I had a command, my flag sheltered him and every other man within my territory. And that that man should be murdered with that slag flying over him —not to him an emblem of power and protection—and we be told that these men are our brothers. [Applause.] The rattlesnake may be a brother of the copperhead, but not mine—not mine! And what was his offense ! He went to a convention to discuss their rights as we are assembled here to-night, a right guaranteed by the Constitution of the United States, and under the protection of the flag. “The whole North was aroused by the New Orleans massacre, following up, as it did, the Memphis riot. President Johnson telegraphs to General Sheridan, putting what lawyers call leading questions to draw out a favorable answer. He don’t send on to General Sheridan, saying, “come tell us all about this riot.’ The President’s dispatch asked for as kindly a report as possible of the affair. “When the President asks General Sheridan if the civil power is sufficient to take care of these men he answers: “I should say emphatically they are not.’ This is after the President had issued his proclamation of the 18th of August that peace reigned and civil authority is sufficient protection for all citizens. I am sorry to see that in face of the facts that Horton the clergyman, Dostie the pure patriot, Loup and others are dead, and wounded men are coming North with the testimony of all these unavenged, with Northern people unprotected so that they are obliged to leave New Orleans, that the President has issued his proclamation that peace has obtained throughout all the land, and the civil courts are ample to protect life and liberty. And in the face of General Sheridan's emphatic disavowal of the ability of the civil authorities to protect the citizens, the President on the 18th of August turns over every Union man in the South to the mercies of the thugs, assassins and murderers of Lincoln and Dostie.” At the Southern Loyalists’ Convention which met at Independence Hall, Philadelphia, in September, 1896, the following resolutions offered by Colonel Moss of Missouri, were read and adopted:

“Whereas, ‘The lamented A. P. Dostie, of New Orleans, one of the true patriots who signed the call of this Convention, has been foully murdered since said call was issued; we recognize the spirit of this faithful Unionist as a delegate in this Convention, whose voice shall ever be remembered, and whose wrongs shall never be forgotten until the principles he maintained shall perish from the earth. Be it further

“Resolved, That this Convention wear the usual badge of mourning in memory of the brave friends of liberty who perished at New Orleans on the 30th day of July last, and that a copy of these resolutions, as a tender of sympathy, be forwarded to the families of those who perished.”



On the 6th of December, 1866, Congress resolved:

“That a committee be appointed to go to New Orleans and investigate into all matters pertaining to the riot of July 30th, 1866.” That investigation resulted in the exclusion of the three prominent upholders of President Johnson’s reconstruction measures in Louisiana. The following letter from General Sheridan explains that action:

New Orleans, June 6th, 1867.

“To General U. S. Grant, Commanding Armies of the United States: “General—On the 29th of March last I removed from office Judge Abell, of the Criminal Court of New Orleans; Andrew S. Herron, Attorney General of the State of Louisiana; and John T. Monroe, Mayor of the city of New Orleans. These removals were made under the power granted me in what is usually termed the Military Bill, passed March 27th, 1867, by the Congress of the United States. “I did not deem it necessary to give any reason for the removal of these men, especially after the investigation made by the military board of the massacre of July 30th, 1866, and the report of the Congressional Committee on the same massacre, but as some inquiry has been

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