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became divided, but as the elections on the secession question’ demonstrated, the great majority were still Union-loving and affectionate towards us. Only two of the seceded States, South Carolina and Florida, gave positive Union majorities. The rest, by treachery and the boldness of the despotism, were declared out of the Union. If the sentiment of the people there was not divided, but like that of our revolutionary fathers, united in a holy cause, mightier armies and navies than we now command could not conquer or subdue them. They had not sufficient aggressions nor wrongs from our beneficient and just government, and were not threatened with any. They knew at the time of raising the standard of rebellion, that admitting Lincoln would strive to encroach on their constitutional rights, Congress and the Supreme Court judges, were eminently conservative, and there were no cause for complaint or alarm. score of men, whom I could name, been hung for treasonable speeches and acts, all the untold affliction which has since followed would have been obviated, and now we would be the same happy and great people we were. Having God and justice with our cause, and having never designed nor done them wrong, we can and will prevent a broken Union. We will again become a happy and united people, fulfilling our great destiny of establishing, not only on this continent but elsewhere, the liberty, equality and fraternity of mankind. Our armies and fleets will soon have reached the great ‘Crescent City,' and I predict, its people will receive them with demonstrations of unaffected joy. The advices received from there are enough to satisfy any rational mind, that they are only kept under by power. Even

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now the intelligence has come, that the first and second brigades, including the Gardes d'Orleans, were called out and Gen. Beauregard's letter read to them, requesting reinforcements in Tennessee. They sternly refused to go. Reflect! The Gardes d Orleans consists, in great part, of Creoles, and yet they dared refuse the call of the great Creole general, Beauregard. "Straws tell which

way the wind blows.' So does this refusal tell that the love for this good old Union is not altogether extinguished in that noble city. The war will scarcely last months longer. The leading traitors will flee and hide their heads or be brought to the halter, as they richly deserve, and this work will be done with the assistance of many of the good people they have oppressed and trodden to the earth.

Andrew Johnson-God bless him—is now in Tennessee, commencing the glorions work of restoring the rights of the people and punishing the traitors by the vigorous arm of justice. Of my own trials and sufferings, I would rather not speak. Hundreds and thousands have suffered infinitely more. My property, my business, my happiness and contentment of life were wrecked. But I am happy in the consciousness that I never entertained a thought nor perpetrated an act of disloyalty to the Union and constitution of my country. I advocated the cause of the old flag on all proper occasions, and when asked if I would take the oath of allegiance to the government of Richmond to save my property and my liberty, I answered 'No, never!' Rather loss of liberty, life and all, before any portion of Washington's land should be severed from Union and liberty. I was then told I must go. I was given by

that worse than Arnold, General D. E. Twiggs, a pass, of which the following is a copy: CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA, HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT No. 1.

New Orleans, 21st August, 1861. Dr. A. P. Dostie, a citizen of the city of New Orleans, State of Louisiana, wishes to return to New York under the Alien Law. Allow him to pass through the Confederate States.

D. E. TWIGGS,

Maj. Gen. Commanding.' “Two days afterward I departed from what had been my beautiful and genial home, to come where I could once more see the old banner wave 'o'er the land of the free and the home of the brave." For six months it had been shut out of my sight. I felt during that time despondent and gloomy, and almost ashamed of being an American and not with the battling hosts of my country, helping to raise that sacred ensign upon the parapets from which it had been so causelessly and ignominiously torn. I was resolved, if need be, to enlist, but thanks to the inborn patriotism of the people, I found on arriving here, there was no lack or need of men.

They have gone forth in plentiful numbers, unfaltering in their determination to conquer back the Union, or die gloriously fighting for freedom's hope. We will not despair, the sky is brightening, the rainbow of happiness will soon appear. A little while and it will be visible, welcomed by the gladdened hearts of a glorious nation.

"May God save the Union, grant it may stand
The pride of our people, the boast of the land ;
Still, still, 'mid the storm, may our banner float free,
Unrent and unriven, o'er earth and o'er sea.

‘May God save the Union, still, still may it stand, Upheld by the prayers of the patriot band; To cement it our fathers ensanguined the sod, To keep it we kneel to a merciful God.' “Truly yours,

A. P. DOSTIE."

CHAPTER IV.

NEW ORLEANS BEFORE GENERAL BUTLER'S ARRIVAL.

February 24th, 1862, General Butler said to President Lincoln, “ We shall take New Orleans, or you will never see me again.” The object of the expedition, headed by the brave Butler, was known to but few, yet its movements were watched by some who anxiously hoped its object was the taking of New Orleans from the

grasp of treason. Among that number was Dostie.

New Orleans went more gradually into the vortex of Secession than other Southern cities. It contained more of the elements of Unionism than any other city. When General Butler arrived in New Orleans, few remained that had not been dragged into or become willing subjects to the poisonous influence, that made treason a power so dangerous. None who were suspected of loyalty to the United States government, could live in safety under its municipal government, unless they had been distinguished as aristocrats, slaveocrats, or politic men,—“men of chivalric positions "_"men of pre-emi. nent standing,”—“ solid men of Southern States—men who had ever stood upon the broad platform of Slavery." These 66

were tolerated even with ostentation.” Soine of these privileged classes, cast a penetrating glance in. to the future of the Republic, and in that glance saw

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