Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

That we shall be entirely successful in our efforts, I firmly believe.

The blessing of God and the efforts of good and faithful men will bring us an earlier and happier consummation than the most sanguine friends of the freedmen could reasonably expect.

Yours,
A. LINCOLN,

The following article from “the reconstructed Press of New Orleans” indicates the vindictive spirit manifested towards the laborers in the cause of freedom:

“We are told by the telegraph that Major-General Thomas has tendered the superintendence of the schools for freedmen in Tennessee and Kentucky to the Rev. Thomas W. Conway. We do not believe it. General Thomas would hardly appoint an officer that President Johnson had dismissed in disgrace for stirring up the freedmen to acts of sedition.

“While we have the utmost respect for the clergy, we hope to be spared the curse of such preachers as this Reverend who is now in Washington defaming the people of Texas and Louisiana.

“We are all the more incredulous of this item, because Mr. Conway has been an habitual deceiver of journalists for a long while. One-half the frightful stories of inhumanity to the negro originate in his jaundiced mind. His relations exceed those of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin.’”

Ex-Confederate General Humphries, of Mississippi, one of the reconstructed Governors under “My Policy,” thus writes of the Freedmens’ Bureau:

“To the guardian care of the Freedmens' Bureau has been intrusted the emancipated slaves. The civil law and the white man outside of the Bureau has been deprived of all jurisdiction over them. Look around you and see the result. Idleness and vagrancy has been the rule. “Four years of cruel war, conducted on principles of vandalism, disgraceful to the civilization of the age, were scarcely more blighting and destructive to the homes of the white man, impoverishing and degrading to the negro, than has resulted in the last six or eight months from the administration of this black incubus. “How long this hideous curse, permitted of Heaven, is to be allowed to rule and ruin our unhappy people, I regret it is not in my power to give any assurance, further than can be gathered from the public and private declarations of President Johnson.” The following correspondence explains one of the acts of reconstruction under “My Policy: ”

NEw ORLEANs, April 10, 1866. Blis Eccellency, President Andrew Johnson: SIR: It is made my duty, as President of the Senate of this State, to transmit to you by telegraph a copy of a joint resolution relative to the collection of taxes by the freedmen's bureau, for the purposés of education. The resolution reads as follows: “Whereas, we are informed that the superintendent of the freedmen's bureau for the State of Louisiana is proceeding to enforce the collection of a tax levied by military order in the State of Louisiana, to refund moneys expended, or to provide funds to be expended by the Federal authorities in the education of freedmen in this State : “Be it resolved by the Senate, the House of Representatives of the General Assembly concurring, That General Howard, general superintendent of the freedmen's bureau for the United States, or, in his default the President of the United States, be respectfully re. quested to suspend the further collection of said taxes, and to procure or make a revocation of the order upon which they rest; and that the president of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives be requested immediately to communicate this resolution by telegraph to Washington.” I remain, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, ALBERT Voor.HIES.

WAR DEPARTMENT, April 12, 1866. To Albert Voorhies, Esq. : Your telegram was referred to the Secretary of War, who reports that all orders and proceedings for the collection of taxes by the freedmen's bureau for the purpose of education, have been suspended. ANDREw Johnson. President Johnson's favorite theory, “The Conflict of Races,” met the approbation of his reconstructed friends. “The negro will one day have his misery, and destruction entailed upon his race by the radicals of the day,” was the cry of the rebel Press. Such language was no check to men of blood, who hated with undying vengeance radical and just measures.

CHAPTER XXIV.
I)OSTIE NOMINATED FOR SURVEYOR OF THE PORT.

The friends of Dr. Dostie were anxious that he should be appointed Surveyor of the Port at New Orleans. Through the influence of Members of Congress and others the name of Dostie was sent by the President to the Senate to be confirmed. This unwelcome news soon reached his rebel enemies in New Orleans, and the President was besieged with the numerous pleadings of his rebel friends to withdraw from the Senate the name of the “Radical fanatic,” Dostie. The whole city of New Orleans was thrown into excitement over this supposed victory of radicalism. “What l” said his enemies, “shall this man who has been so conspicuous in the Yankee reign, as a Union man, as a man who has advocated negro rights, be allowed by our President to occupy a position which none but those who defend our cause should fill ?”

The press denounced his appointment, and his patriotic radical record was soon pictured to the President. The representation to the Chief Executive that Dostie would be an “impediment to his cherished plans of reconstruction,” had the desired effect; the name of Dostie was withdrawn from the United States Senate, and a man was appointed as surveyor of the port of New Orleans who would agree with “My policy.” Said Dr. Dostie, when his name was sent to the Senate, “I have not been wrong in placing confidence in the President. He knows me to be a loyal man, and yet he proposes to place me where I may exert an influence against disloyal men.” Said one who had lost all confidence in Andrew Johnson, “You will never be allowed to retain any position long under the administration of President Johnson. You are an honest radical; your enemies are the friends of the President.” Said Dr. Dostie, after his name was withdrawn, “I am not yet willing to give up my confidence in Andrew Johnson. My enemies have misrepresented me to him. Personally considered I do not so much regret the withdrawal of my name (although I had every assurance that I should have been confirmed by a loyal Senate,) but I knew it would be a victory of the radical party in Louisiana, who are losing all confidence in the President. The appointment by him of a radical Union man would have secured faith in him. I believe he will yet appoint a loyal man to the position, and should he, I shall not murmur.” The President's appointee was a man of known rebel proclivities. The following letter was written by Dr. Dostie to President Johnson at that time: NEw ORLEANs, Feb. 1, 1866. “Andrew Johnson, President of the United States: “SIR:—I feel deeply obligated to you for having conferred upon me the appointment of Register of the Land Office for the State of Louisiana, and afterwards you saw proper, without any solicitation on my part, to ap

« AnteriorContinuar »