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to pay in? Was it in this way that the sccurities for double its circulation went ? If so, what could be a baser cheat? Stock was no payment of debts due the bank till its obligations to the public were met, and after that only its cash value in the market.

Page 169.-Copy of a letter from Benj. F. Butler to Lorenzo Hoyt, Esq., Albany:

“NEW YORK, Oct. 1, 1826. Dear Sir :-Mr. Henry has gone home with an intention of preparing himself in the case of the Bank of Plattsburgh against Levi Platt, Wells and others, (the account case). I wish you would therefore I have but a moment and few details of the trial (Jacob Barker and others for a conspiracy to defraud). Must refer you to the papers. They bring down the details to yesterday at 1 o'clock. In the afternoon and evening we had a fine time of it, and when the court adjourned last night the case was left remarkably well for us. Mr. Barker has done wonders.

Truly yours,

“ B. F. BUTLER. “In another letter from Benj. F. Butler to Jesse Hoyt, dated Sandy Hill, November 16, 1819, and published on pages 161 and 162, are the following extracts :

“You are right in supposing that the late catastrophe (for I consider it the end of that drama) in the Exchange Bank, is a very common misfortune; to me especially it is a great one. I had cheerfully suffered the depreciation of our paper, that Mr. B. (Barker) might in the meantime bend all his efforts to the Exchange Bank, and in the resumption of payment then, hoped for the most auspicious result. The matter is past mending, and no doubt it is all for the best. We continue, paying daily in a small way, more to relieve the suffering community than for any other purpose. The credit of the paper is very bad in this country.

"Some of them, I hear, have the kindness and con


66 Witness :

descension to compassionate and pity me, while others consider me full as bad as Jacob Barker, which in these days is considered a pretty severe specimen of invective and reproach. “So be it !

“What does Jacob Barker think of these proofs ? More extracts of a similar nature from this and other books of auld lang syne can be produced at any moment, but, for the present, I forbear.

“ And now let me review this man's' oath, which he refers to and publishes in the Times of yesterday: “ DEPARTMENT OF THE GULF, PROVOST COURT.

NEW ORLEANS, LA., July 19, 1862. Jacob Barker has taken the oath required by General Order No. 41 for a citizen of U. S. A.


Provost Judge. “C. W. WOODBURY, Deputy Clerk. “He says: “He demands proof. Here it is.' Yes, here it is,' Jacob, and just the proof I wished for. General Order No. 41 says:

“All acts, doings, deeds, instruments, records or certificates, certified or attested by, and transactions done, performed or made by any of the persons above described, from and after the fifteenth of June instant, who shall not have taken and subscribed such oath, are void and of no effect.

“This oath, Jacob Barker, you took on the 19th day of July, one month and four days beyond the time specified, thus making it 'void and of no effect.'

“ General Order No. 76 then came to the relief of Jacob Barker and such men.' Ten minutes before the time expired rendering this oath null and void, you appeared before the Provost Marshal at the City Hall,

raised your right hand and swore allegiance to the United States—to save your property from confiscation, I suppose. This was the oath I referred to, Jacob :

“There was a vile conspiracy in 1826 among certain Wall street gamblers and political aspirants to injure the fair fame of Mr. Barker, who hurled defiance at them in open court, and fought the battle successfully before he had read law.

“His Satanic Majesty has got them nearly all-only two or three have thus far escaped his vigilance. He will soon have the rest, with some additions from New Orleans, without the dishonor of meeting in single combat a man without position in society.-Jacob Barker.

“ Who can Jacob Barker be referring to, except his venerable self?

Oh, Jacob, Jacob, thy hairs are gray with the whitening frosts of nearly a hundred winters, yet thou retainest thy wickedness in spite of thy advanced age, and appear to think that his Satanic Majesty ceases to exist except in the person of thy august self. Oh, fie, Jacob Barker.

"A. P. DOSTIE.” Said a friend to Dr. Dostie, in referring to the above correspondence. “You have not reverenced old age in your attacks upon Mr. Barker.”

Mr. Barker.” In reply, he said, “Mr. Barker is not too aged to strengthen treason and despotism. I shall never retain a vindictive feeling against any man-but a principle that aims to crush republican Liberty, I shall oppose."



On the 20th of January, 1865, Governor Hahn issued the following proclamation :

Whereas, Our sister States of Missouri and Tennessee, assembled in Conventions representing the loyal people of their respective Commonwealths, have each passed Edicts of Emancipation, declaring the freedom of all slaves within their borders, and forever prohibiting slavery or involuntary servitude, except for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted; and

Whereas, Said Edicts of Emancipation by our lato slave-holding sisters, are acts of great historic signifi: cance, worthy all praise and commemoration, as indicating the progress of ideas, the courage, fidelity and humanity of the people, and the early establishment of the National Government upon the permanent basis of freedom and justice :

“Therefore, I, MICHAEL Haun, Governor of the State of Louisiana, in the name of our free State and loyal people, do hereby extend to Missouri and Tennessee, and to the noble representatives in their respective Conventions, thanks and congratulations.

“ And further, I do recommend that TUESDAY next, the 24th day of January, shall be observed and respected by our people as a holiday for recreation and festivity in honor of the memorable Emancipation Acts of the now Free States of Missouri and Tennessee; which acts, with those of Louisiana and Maryland, are forerunners of the

time when ‘Liberty shall be proclaimed throughout the land to all the inhabitants thereof.'

“Given under my hand and seal of the State, this 20th day of January, A. D. 1865, and the Independence of the United States the eighty-ninth.

“By the Governor:

“ MICHAEL HAHN. “S. WROTNOWSKI, Secretary of State."

The 24th day of January, 1865, was observed in New Orleans, as a day of festivity in honor of the noble action of the citizens of the States of Missouri and Tennessee, who were determined to erect the standard of Liberty and Progress. All the State Courts were adjourned ; Judge Durell dismissed the United States Court in the following manner :

“Mr. CLERK :- Whereas, his Excellency Michael Hahn, Governor of the State of Louisiana, has set this day apart as a holliday in honor of the rapid progress now making in the cause of civil liberty on this continent, you will therefore enter upon the records of the United States Courts this most worthy cause for the adjournment of the same. Mr. Marshal, adjourn the Circuit Court; Mr. Marshal, adjourn the District Court.

Early in the morning the leading thoroughfares, were thronged with people, black and white, thousands of them arrayed in “ red, white and blue.” The public buildings were decorated with Stars and Stripes. The City Hall, the Headquarters of the Governor and Mayor were covered with the National emblems. The office of the State Auditor, A. P. Dostie, located at No. 17, St. Charles street, was decorated with National banners. In the evening a transparency was added to the other decorations, upon one side of which was a portrait of

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