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Euphrates route to India abandoned, vi.
Evans, Mr., one of the Sheriffs in 1840,
iv. 201 ; committed, 202.
Evans, Sir de Lacy, elected for West-
minster, iii. 432; attacks new Poor Law,
447 ; attacks Prussia for helping Poland,
iv. 279; his motion respecting, Poland,
285; commands British legion in Spain,
303 ; returns to England, 309; elected
for Westminster, v. 137; repulses the
Russians at Inkerman, vi. 44 ; disabled,
Evictions in Ireland, v. 91; their number,
Ewart, Mr., moves the abolition of capital
punishment, iv. 404 and n. ; moves the
Prisoners' Counsel Bill, 417 ; his motion
on the sugar duty, v. 34 n.
Ewelme, rectory of, v. 283.
Exchequer, Teller of, i. 129.
Exchequer bills, refusal of the Ministry to
issue, in 1826, ii. 201 ; funded, v. 3.
Exchequer processes in Ireland, iv. 64.
Excise, the, its origin during the Common-
wealth, i. 32; its revival in the reign of
Charles II., 32.
Exe, the, its use to Exeter, i. 68.
Executions, demoralising incidents at, iv.
404 ; first demand to make them private,
Exeter, its situation on the Exe, i. 68.
Exhibition, the Great, v. 416.
Exmouth, Lord, his parentage, i. 1.47 ; his
career, 204; his expedition against Al-
giers, 205, 206.
Export duties abolished, v. 45.
Faraday, his discovery of the anæsthetic
properties of sulphuric ether, vi. 398.
Fardell, Rev. H., pluralities held by, i.
Fawcett, Colonel, killed in a duel by Lieu-
tenant Munro, iv. 439; pension refused
to his widow, 439:
Felony, counsel allowed in cases of, iv.
Ferdinand, Emperor of Austria, abdicates,
Ferdinand, Prince, marries the Queen of
Portugal, v. 370; revolt caused by his
unpopularity in the army, 370.
Ferdinand IV. of Naples, iii. 15; driven
out and restored, 15, 16; agrees to the
Constitution, 16; invited to Laybach,
20; proceeds there in a British man-of-
war, 20; forced to renounce the Consti-
Ferdinand VII., ascends the throne of
Spain, iii. 4; abdicates and restored, 4;
accedes to the Constitution, 13; removed
to Seville and Cadiz, 56; proposes Con.
ference at Paris on South American ques-
tion, 64; death of, iv, 294 ; his marriages,
Ferguson, Sir R., member of the Devon
Commission, v. 123..
Fergusson, Cutlar, signs the address to
Althorp in 1834, iii. 468; his death, iv.
172 n.; denounces Russia's conduct to
Poland, 279; his motion respecting Po-
land in 1833, 284.
Fernanda, Princess, v. 355 ; selected for
the Duc de Montpensier, 358; married
to him, 365.
Ferozepore, threatened by the Sikhs, vi.
222; mutiny of Indian troops at, 280.
Ferozeshah, battle of, vi. 222.
Ferrara entered by Austrian troops, V.
Ferretti, Mastai. See Pope Pius IX.
Ffolkes, Sir W., elected for Norfolk, iii.
Ffrench, Lord, removed from the magis.
tracy, V. 200.
Ficquelmont, his appeal to Palmerston, v.
394 ; proposes fresh terms, 395.
Fielden, Mr., supports the motion for a
select committee on the Poor Law, iv.
366; presides at the Kersal Moor meet-
ing, 383; prepares the Chartist petitions,
383 ; carries the ten hours' clause, v.
Fielding, his plays, iii. 305.
Fieschi, his infernal machine, iv. 314.
Fife, electors of, i. 120;
Financial year, alteration of, iii. 426.
Fine Arts Commission, the Prince Cons
sort's presidency of the, iv. 408.
Finlay, Mr., the case of, v. 409.
Finloe, distress in, in 1822, ii. 275.
Finn, Mr., attacks Orange lodges, iv. 55 ;
renews the attack, 58.
Finsbury, its increase, ii. 320.
Firearms, adoption of percussion caps for,
FACTORY Act, Robert Owen's connection
with the, iv. 378; unsuccessful attempt
to introduce educational clauses into the,
v. 73.; passage of the ten hours' clause, 78.
Factories, children in, iii. 414 ; obtained
from London, 415; their sufferings, 417,;
legislation respecting, 418; Sadler's bill,
420; committee on, 420, 421; Commis-
sion on, 422; Poulett Thomson's bill of
1836, 423 n.
Fairman, Lieut.-Col., refuses to produce
Orange records, iv. 57.
, Mr., his disendowment motion,
Falmouth, Lord, his influence in Truro, i.
122 ; his opinion and vote at the Queen's
trial, ii. 57 ; acts as second to Lord Win-
Famine, the Irish, of 1822, ii. 275, 276; in
Ireland, v. 159; in the Western High-
lands of Scotland, 166.
Fancourt, Major, his motion to abolish
flogging, iv. 430 n.
Fane, Sir H., Surveyor-General of Ord.
nance, ii. 440.
Fantees, the, defeated by the Ashantees,
Fantôme, outrage on the, by Greek soldiers,
Fishbourne, Commander, refused an audi.
ence by the governor of Rangoon, vi.
Fisher, Bishop of Salisbury, opposes the
reform of the Criminal Code, ii. 133.
Fisher, Dr., iv. 421 u.
Fitzgerald, M.P. for Kerry, withdraws
motion for Roman Catholic emancipa-
tion, ii. 362,
Fitzgerald, kt. Hon. V. (afterwards Lord),
Preside t of the Board of Control, ii.
390; his abilities, 391 ; his defeat at
Clare, 392 ; his account of Lord Angle-
sey's Government, 400 ; his desence of
free trade, 428; his Silk Bill of 1829,
428, 430 ; his illness and retirement,
439; death of, vi. 213.
Fi zherbert. Mrs., her marriage with the
Prince of Wales, i. 276.
Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl,' his Parliamentary
influence, i. 118, 119; made Lord Lieu-
tenaiit of Ireland, 304 ; recalled, 304; re-
moved from Lord Lieutenancy of York.
shire, 427 ; appointed to conduct nego-
tiation for the Queen, ii. 41; gives office
to Grattan, iii. 334.
Fitzwilliam, 5th Earl, proposes a grant to
Maynooth, v. 117.
Five Mile Act, the, enacted, ii. 227; re-
Fletcher, Andrew, of Saltoun, i. 252.
Flinders, exploration of South Australia
by, vi. 357.
Flinn, Lieutenant, his connection with the
Princess of Wales, ii. 16; his evidence,
Flintshire, no contest in, for twenty years,
Flogging, of women abolished, i. 179 and
n. ; stopped, iii. 293; in the army, at-
tacked, jii. 293 : limited, iv. 429, 430 ;
statistics of, 430 ; abolished in the native
Indian army, vi. 138.
Flood, his secession from the popular
cause in Ireland, i. 312; his quarrel with
Florida, its position under Spain, iii. 7 ;
sold to the United States, 8.
Fludyer, Sir S., Romilly's godfather, i. 321.
Foley, Lord, his Parliamentary influence,
Follett, Sir William, his amendment to
the Corporation Bill, iv. 40; spoken of
as a possible Tory leader, 44 ; his suc-
cessful desence of Lord Cardigan, 438.
Foote opens the Haymarket, iii. 308.
Forbes, Lady Elizabeth, ii. 13 ; leaves the
Princess of Wales, 15.
Foreign Enlistment Act, the, of 1829,
Foreign Legion, enlisted for service in
Spain, iv. 303 ; attacked in Parliament,
303; Don Carlos declares it “dehors de
la convention,” 305 ; its ill success and
bad treatment, 308.
Foreign Ministers, relations of the Crown
with, v. 436.
Forgery, criminal law committee suggests
reform of laws relating to, i 141; its
increase, 143; royal commiss.on on, 143 :
biil founded on the report, 144 ; punish-
ment of, iii. 287, 293 %.
Forsyth, Secretary, his remonstrance on
the Caroline case, v. 331.
Forty-shilling freeholders disfranchised,
Four points, the, vi. 54; offer of Nicholas
to accept, 54
Fox, Rt Hon. C., supports Wilberforce
on the slave trade, i. 105; elected before
he was of age, 133; his dislike of the
“Wealth of Nations," 216; contradicts
Prince's marriage with Mrs. Fitzherbert,
276; condemns Pitt's Reform Bill in
1784, ii. 318; his India Bill, vi. 73.
Fox, Sec. of Ordnance, defeated at the
Tower Hamlets in 1847, v. 173.
Fox, the, fired upon by the Burmese, vi.
France (see Paris), her position in 1815, i.
2; the Revolution of 1789, 4; the rise
of Napoleon, 5; the defeat of the Em-
pire, 6; her population in 1793 and
1817, 24; her settlements at Pondicherry,
107, 108; draws a cordon sanitaire
round the Spanish irontier, iii. 33 ; en-
larges it to an army, 33; accepts the
Protocol of St. Petersburg, 119; her
proposals for coercing Turkey, 135;
sends a force to the Morea, 140; history
of, from 1824, 155; the coup d'état or
1830, 163; the Revolution of July, 163,
164; its position in 1830, ir. 232; 11-
vades Belgium, 244; co-operates with
England in interference in Belgium, 250;
protests against Austrian occupation of
Italy, 263; irritation in, at Périer's
Polish policy, 274; irritation in, at fall
of Warsaw, 271.; recognises Isabella,
297; declines to interfere in Spain, 302,
308; estrangement from England, 310;
isolation of, 327; feeling in, for Egypt,
328; irritation in, at Palmerston's East-
ern policy, v. 343; visited by Queen
Victoria, 343 ; seizes the Marquesas
Islands, .344; accepts the protectorate
of Tahiti, 345; indignation in England
at the treatment of Pritchard by, 348;
undertakes the conquest of Algeria,
350; makes demands on Morocco, 351;
orders the bombardment of Tangiers,
353; entente cordiale between England
and, 353 ; is brought to an end, 367;
offers help to the Queen of Portugal,
373; opposition of the Government to
reforms in, 384; the Revolution of
February in, 386; offers to help the
Italians, 394 ; supports the cause of the
Hungarian refugees, 407; mediates
between England and Greece, 413; re-
calls its ambassador from London, 415;
Palmerston's threat to, in 1847, 435 ;
the coup d'état in, 443; its claim respect-
ing the Holy Places, vi. 3; prevents
the firman to the Greek patriarch from
being read at Jerusalem, 6; establish-
ment of the Second Empire in, 7 ; pro-
nounced by the British Government to
be in the wrong, 11; note of, known as
the Vienna note, 18; asks Russia to
accept the Porte's amendment, 22;
supports England in its rejection of the
note, 22; proposal of, relative to Russian
ships, 26; recalls its ambassador from
St. Petersburg, 27; joins England in an
ultimatum to Russia, 29; unpopularity
of the war in, 62; concerts terms of
peace with Austria without the know-
ledge of England, 63; early rivalry of,
with England in India, 70; influence of,
in India destroyed by Wellesley, 76, 77,
83; desire of, to secure a foothold in
Australia, 357, 358.
Franchise, borough, proposed for Leeds,
ii. 329; extension of, in Ireland in 1849,
Francis, Emperor of Austria, his views of
government, i. 15.
Francis, his attempt to shoot the Queen,
Francis, Colonel, murder of, vi. 299.
Francis Joseph, accession of, to the Aus-
trian Empire, v. 401.
Fraser, General, defeats Holkar, vi. 87.
Frederick, King of Prussia, his views of
government, i. 15.
Free Church of Scotland established, v.
Freehold estates not subject to contract
debts, i. 148.
Freeholders, forty-shilling, in Ireland, bill
for disfranchising, in 1825, ii. 310;
conduct in Waterford in 1826, 314; in
1829, 411; passed, 420.
Freemen, origin of, iv. 34; their privileges,
34 ; Tory defence of, 40 and n.
Free Trade (see Corn Laws), promoted by
the Budget of 1842, v. 15; results of,
151 ; results of, up to 1852, 458; debate
on, in 1852, 463.
Fremantle, Sir Thomas, Chief-Secretary
for Ireland, v. 116; forced to resign,
Fremantle, W., his opinion of the weakness
of the Ministry in 1819, i. 402; in 1821,
ii. 63 ; his connection with Lord Buck-
ingham, 116; receives a place at the
India Board, 117.
French Revolution, its effects on religion,
Freyre, General, in command in Leon, ii.
Friburg, capture of, v. 378.
Frome adopts the cotton manufacture, i.
Frost, John, insurrection of, iv. 389; his
trial and sentence, 390.
Froude, Archdeacon, v. 271.
Froude, J. A., his “English in Ireland
Gilbert, Thomas, steward to the Duke of
Bridgewater, i. 71; introduces the Duke
to Brindley, 71.
Gilbert, Dr., electrical discoveries of, v. 63.
Gillespie, Sir Robert, defeat and death of,
vi. 107; his repression of the mutiny at
Gin, excessive drinking of, in the eigh-
teenth century, iv. 446.
Ginkel, General, concludes the Irish war,
Gioberti, Vincenzo, v. 379.
Gipps, Sir G., member of the Canada Com-
mission, iv. 120.
Girardin, Emile de, urges Louis Philippe
to abdicate, v. 388.
Giurgevo, repulse of the Russians at, vi.
Gizzi, Cardinal, appointed by the Pope
Secretary of State, v. 380.
Gladstone, Rt. Hon. W: Es, suspends
Goderich, Lord (see also Robinson, Rt.
Hon. F., and Ripon, Earl of), refuses
Wellington's amendment to the Corn
Bill, ii. 365; forms a Ministry, 368; his
incompetence, 371;. resigns, 372, 374 ;
Colonial Minister, iii. 192; proposed for
Lord-Lieutenancy of Ireland, 370; re-
tires and is made Lord Ripon, 387; a
timid friend of the negro, 406; his de-
spatch to the slave colonies, 408; his
retirement, 410; his Canadian policy,
iv. 117, 118.
Goding, Mr., his murder, ii.
Godor, Prince of the Peace, iii. 4.
Godolphin, Earl of, as a financial minister,
v. 474 n.
Godwin, Mary, i. 244.
Godwin, William, i. 222; views of, adopted
by Robert Owen, iv. 379.
Godwin, General, his expedition against
Burma, vi. 240.
Gohud claimed by Scindia, vi. 87.
Gold, price of, i. 331, 396–400 ; the true
basis of value, 411; discovery of, in
Australia, V. 459, vi. 378; value of, 459.
Goldsmith, his reproach of Burke, ". 230.
Gonsalvi, Cardinal, refuses Queen Caroline
a guard of honour, ii. 30.
Gooch, Mr., M.P., for Suffolk, ii. 102;
obtains the agricultural committee of
Good, Daniel, execution of, iv: 405.
Goodenough, Bishop of Carlis'e, i. :51.
Goodricke, Sir H., elected for Stafford-
shire, iv. 25.
Goold, Honorah, her abduction, ii 272.
Gordon, Captain, conveys Mr. Pritchard
from Tahiti, v. 347.
Gordon, Lord George, riots provoked by,
Gordon, Sir R., succeeds Stratford Can-
ning at Constantinople, iii. 142; re-
commends the Turks to sue for peace,
Gordon, Sir W., urges Wellington to
support Gurney's steam-carriage, iii.
Gore, Sir John, his report upon Navarino,
Goree, the flogging case at, iv. 429.
Gorham case, the, v. 285.
Gortschakoff, his admiration of England,
vi. 17 n. ; repulsed at Giurgevo, 30;
submits proposals for peace at Vienna,
Gosford, Earl of, his vote at the Queen's
trial, ii. 57 ; made President of Canada
Commission, iv. 120; his policy in
Canada, 122 ; his recommendations, 123;
dissolves the Assenibly, 127; his failure,
Goihs, their overrunning of Europe com-
pared with the spread of the English
race, vi. 381.
Gough, General (afterwards Lord), com-
pared with Wellington, v. 456; defeats
The Sikhs at Moodkee and Ferozeshah,
vi. 222 ; at Sobraon, 223; at Chillian
walla, 229; annihilates them at Gujerat,
230; approves the order relating to the
sepoys' ration money, 283.
Goulburn, Rt. Hon. W., stands for Cam-
bridge University, ii. 210; Chief Secre-
tary for Ireland, 261;, an Orangeman,
280, 284; his tithe bill, 292; defends
the Orange lodges, 295; limits Lord
Althorp's inquiry into the state of Ire-
land, 300; introduces bill for suppressing
Catholic Association, 306; Chancellor of
the Exchequer, 375; resists Roman Ca.
tholic emancipation, 381; his economical
reforms in 1830, 438; his Budget, 443 ;
condemns the tax on transfers, iii. 204 ;
resists Ebrington's motion in 1831, 222;
his Irish Tithe Act, 341; elected for
Cambridge University, 358; denounces
Irish Church Act, 376; effects of his
Irish Church Tithe Bill, 455; Home-
Secretary, iv, 4; acknowledges Orange
addresses, 55 n.; proposed for the
Speakership, 178; moves amendment
to Jamaica Bill, 179; opposes Russell's
motion for an extra Government night,
343. n. ; his establishment of free trade
in beer, 448; Chancellor of the Ex-
chequer, v. i. ; deals with Baring's de-
ficit, 3; his Budget of 1843, 27 ; of 1844,
28; his new annuities, 29; opposed on
the sugar duty, 33 : his reproof of Dis.
raeli, 51; his reduction of the duties
protecting kelp, 165 ; returned for Cam.
bridge University in 1847, 173.
Govindghur, mutiny at, vi. 281.
Grafton, Duike of, his sinecures, i. 129.
Graham, Sir J., his career, ii. 436; moves
for a general reduction of salaries, 437 ;
his attack on the Ordnance Office, 440;
First Lord of the Admiralty, iii. 192 ;
his views on Reform, 206 ; supports the
prop to cre
peers, 236; elected for
Cumberland, 357 ; his silence in 1833,
424;, votes against Althorp on Baron
Smith's case, 453; resigns, 460; with-
draws from Brooks's, iv. 49; moves
that Agricultural Committee should not
report, 83; defeated in Cumberland, 99;
accepts office under Peel in 1839, 172;
his speech on the railway schemes, iv.
354; his views of the Corn Laws in 1839,
396 n.; his statement of police expendi-
ture, 409; deals with the press-gang.
question, 432; Home Secretary, v. 1;
defends Peel's sliding scale, 6; con-
verted to free trade, 27 n. ;
nounces Disraeli's mutiny, 51 1. ; his
bill for continuing the Poor Law, 68; his
Factory Bill for 1843, 74; reintroduces
it in 1844, 76; carries it, 77; his conces.
sions to Ashley, 77 ; his attitude on the
Irish question, 113; his Irish Colleges
Bill, 121; supports Peel in 1845, 130;
introduces the Life Bill in the Com-
mons, 146; elected for Ripon in 1847,
173; states the points at issue between
parties in the Scotch Church, 206 n.;
his proposals on the Scotch Church