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D'Aubigny, his arrest of Mr. Pritchard, v.
his economical writings, i. 141;
Davidson, a negro, one of the Cato Street
conspirators, i. 437; executed, 440.
Davies, Colonel, wishes to limit the sup-
plies to six months, ii. 439.
Davies, Sir John, his description of Ire-
land, ii. 230
Davis, Charles, assists in editing the
Nation, v. 94 ; character of, 190.
Davy, Sir H., his early career, i. 64, 65,
147; invents the safety lamp, 65, 112;
his opinion on the introduction of gas,
86 n. ; his di-covery of the anæsthetic
properties of nitrous oxide gas, v. 398.
Dawkins, Professor Boyd, his views on
prehistoric man, vi. 366.
Dawson, Rt. Hon. G., his attack on Can-
ning, ii. 361 ; his speech at Derry, 397 ;
his amendment to Graham's motion in
1830, 437 ; his election in 1830, ii. 176.
D'Azeg io, Coulit, v. 379.
D ad Weight, the. See Annuity.
Debt, the National, its amount in 1816,
1. 24, 29, 39; its origin, 26; its rapid
increase, 27, 38; gloomy anticipations
at its increase, 28; Burdett proposes its
repudiation, ii. 109; its repudiation de
manded at county meetings, 119; con-
version of the Navy 5 per cents., 119;
conversion of the 4 per cents., 165 ; con-
version of stock, v. 30; kan of £8,000,000,
172 ; the Irish, 211, 221; formation of
the new 3 and 2) per cent. stocks, 478.
(See also Sinking Fund.)
Debt, imprisonment for, i. 172 n.; arrest
for, iii. 313; arrest and imprisonment
for, iv. 418.
Debtor, elected for Beverley, iii. 313.
Debtors, the law relating to, iv. 418;
prison treatment of, 420 ; the act of 1844,
De Caus, Solomon, his inventions, iii.
253, 262; inventions of, v. 63.
Decazes, Monsieur, Ministry and fall of,
Deccan, attempt to establish a balance of
power in the, vi. 75; geographical
meaning of the term, 81 n.
De Clifford, Lord, bis opinion and vote on
the Q'ieen's trial, ii. 57.
Deeg, battle of, vi. 87.
Defenders, the, in Ireland, ii. 294.
De Ferronay, Monsieur, his retirement,
Defoe, his writings, i. 211.
De Grey, Earl, retires from the Lord-
Lieutenancy, v. 116.
De la Cour, M., appointed French am-
bassador at Berlin, vi. 12.
Delegates, Court of Jurisdiction, partly
transferred to Privy Council, iii. 292 n.
Delhi, capture of, by Lake, vi. 85; pro-
hibition of suttee in, 139; the mutiny ai,
299 ; a Mogul emperor set up in, 307;
siege of, 312; fall of, 313.
Deism, English, in the eighteenth century,
Dembinski, escapes into Turkey, v. 409.
Demerara, riots in, iii. 397 ; slavery regu-
lated in, 403; number of slaves in, 409
Demont, Louise, her evidence against the
Queen, ii. 53.
Demosthenes, establishes himself at Pylus,
Denman, Thomas (afterwards first Lord),
ii. 31; appointed Attorney-General to the
Queen, 31; his opinion of Alderman
Wood, 33; refuses to allow Mrs. Den-
man to call on the Queen, 38; memor-
able words of, 43; his defence of the
Queen in the Lords, 44; applies descrip-
tion of lago to Leach, 45; at the trial,
49; reception of, at Cheltenham, .51;
his opinion of Brougham's peroration,
52 ; his speech, 55; interrupted in a
speech by prorogation, 59; urges the
Queen's claim to be crowned before
Privy Council, 67 ; his election for Not-
tingham, iii. 176; on Chancery reform,
284; his conduct of the Bankruptcy Bill,
290 and n. ; receives seals of Chancellor
of the Exchequer during interregnum,
iv. 2 n.; joins Useful Knowledge Society,
74; his charge on "Stockdale v. Han-
sard," 198; his attitude in the House of
Lords, 205 ; appointed to try Lord Car-
digan, 437; his condemnation of the
proceedings in O'Connell's trial, v. 109;
vores against the conviction, 110; op-
poses Russell's Sugar Duties Bill, 158.
Dennie, Colonel, attacks Afghans, vi.
190; death of, 192.
Deothul, action at, vi. 109.
De Potter, M., Dutch journalist, iii.
167 ; signs the declaration of Belgian
Derby, the Brandreth riot at, and the
conviction of the rioters, i. 365-367 ;
corrupt condition of, iv. 38.
Derby, 12th Earl of, opposes Liverpool and
Manchester Railway, iii. 262.
Derby, 14th Earl of (see also Stanley,
Lord), appointed Prime Minister, v.
451 ; his pledge on the corn question,
452; astounded at Disraeli's declara.
tions, 462 ; resigns, 471; his joke on the
constitution of Aberdeen's Cabinet, 472;
fails to form a Ministry in 1855, vi. 51;
condemns Commodore Lambert's seizure
of the Burmese ship, 238 n.; Second
Administration of, 320.
Derbyshire, no contest in, for twenty,
years, i. 119.
De Rigny, Admiral, in command of the
French fleet off Greece, joins Codring.
ton at Vourla, üi. 122 ; at Navarino,
De Ruyter sails up the Thames, i. 198.
Descartes, his influence on religious
thought, v. 246.
De Tocqueville, M., quoted, iii. 380; his
views on associations, iv. 398; supports
the cause of the Hungarian refugees,
v. 407 ; called “ scatter - brained” by
Palmerston, 444 n.
De Villèle, M., forms a Ministry, iii. 34 ;
the Duke of Wellington's interview
with, 45 ; his irritation at British policy,
61; his press prosecutions and fall,
Devitt, Edward, murdered, v. 186.
Devon, Lord, serves on Commission on
Irish land tenure, v. 123..
Devonport unrepresented, ii. 320.
Devonshire, Duke of, Canning dies at
his house at Chiswick, ii. 367 ; his in-
fluence in Derby, iv. 38, n.; V. 417:
Dhian Singh, favourite of Runjeet Singh,
vi. 218; supports Shere Sing, 219;
Dhuleep Singh, son of Runjeet Singh,
vi. 218; raised to the throne, 220.
Diaz, Bartholomew de, his discoveries, i.
Dicey, Professor, his remarks on colonial
constitutions, vi. 377 n.
Dick, Sir Robert, leads the assault at
Sobraon, vi. 223.
Dickens, Charles, his materials for the
opening scene in “Pickwick,” ii. 287 ;
Bleak House,". referred to, iii. 277 ;
“Oliver Twist,” iv. 365; his description
of the Marshalsea, 420.
Diebitsch, Marshal, his campaign of 1829,
iii. 143, 230; in command against the
Poles, iv. 270; plan of his campaign,
271; defeated, 272; dies, 274.
Dietz, Prince Ferdinand's adviser, v. 370.
Dilke, Sir Charles, his forecast of the
future of New Zealand, vi. 363; his re-
marks on the Christian conversions
among the Maories, 364.
Disendowment, an early motion for, v.
Disraeli, Benjamin (afterwards Earl of
Beaconsfield), tries to unite Tories and
Radicals, iii. 363; opposed to the Poor-
Law, 448 ; iv. 362; his novels, 369; moves
the rejection of the bill for continuing
the Poor Law, 369; ridicules the social
quacks, 375; his speech on the Chartist
petition, 385; condemns the Local
Police Bill, 387; his verdict on the Im-
port Duties Committee, v. 11 n.; attacks
Peel's ministry, 50; his ridicule of the
Cabinet Councils of 1845, 131; denounces
Peel's “subiime audacity," 138; his
active opposition to Peel's Corn Bill,
140; comparison of with Bentinck, 142;
becomes leader of the Tory party, 202;
endeavours to lighten the taxes of the
landlords, 206; asks an explanation of
progress, 217; moves a revision of
the Poor Laws, 226; declares his want
of sympathy with the Poles, 369; his
motion in 1851 for the relief of the
agriculturists, 424; moves the claims
of the landlords to participate in fiscal
relaxations, 432 ; Chancellor of the Ex-
chequer, 451 ; his predictions about free
Dust Mahommed, Ameer of Cabul, vi.
157 ; his deposition decided on, 162;
obrains from Burnes a promise to mediate
for the cession of Peshawur, 160; accepts
Russian overtures, 161; flight of, 173;
escapes from Bokhara, 176; defeats the
British and surrenders, 176; replaced
on his throne, 201 ; joins the Sikhs, 228;
negotiations with, during the Persian
war, 273 11.
Douranees, insurrection of, suppressed,
Dover, the Queen's reception at, ii. 35.
Downes, Lord, Treasurer of the Ordnance,
Downshire election, cost of Lord Castle-
reagh's, i. 304.
Doyle, Dr., Roman Catholic Bishop of
iv. 443 ; navigation laws directed against
the, v. 214.
Dymoke, the Champion, his office at the
coronation of George IV., ii.
EAST INDIA COMPANY, the, its exclusive
privileges, i. 107, 109; abolished, 109;
termination of monopoly of, iii. 423, 435
n. ; thrilling character of its achieve-
ments, vi. 68; why it sought a monopoly,
69; how its servants came to engage in
war and diplomacy, 71; extensions of
territory forbidden by the, 73 ; deprived
of its monopoly, 73; possessions won for
it by Cornwallis, 75; by Wellesley, 78;
sale of offices by directors of the, 101;
extent of its territory at the time of
Lord Moira's arrival, 111; its charter of
1833, 144, 145; which led to war with
China, 194 n. ; abolition of, 321 ; review
of its rule, 322.
East Retford, bribery at, in 1826, ii. 384 ;
bill for disfranchising, 385.
Ebrington, Lord, introduces O'Connell,
i. 422; elected for Devonshire, iii. 176;
his resolution on the defeat of the Re-
form Bill, 222; made Lord Lieutenant
of Ireland, iv. 160.
Ecclesiastical Commission, disclosures of
the, v. 256; its functions, 260.
Ecclesiastical Courts (see also Delegates,
Court of), appeals from transferred to
Privy Council, iii. 292 n. ; members of
Parliament not subject to decrees of,
314; members made subject to, 315;
Pollock's bill for consolidating, iv. 15;
v. 262; instances of the exercise of their
jurisdiction, 262; reformed, 264.
Ecclesiastical Titles Act introduced, v.
422; modified, 429; made retrospective,
and passed, 431:
Edgeworth, Maria, her account of illicit
stills in Ireland, i. 185; her novels, 253-
Edinburgh, its situation, population, and
history, i. 92, 93, 261; representation of,
Abercromby's motion on, ii. 341; obtains
a private Act for a theatre, iii. 307; Grey
banquet at, 475 ; School of Arts in, iv.
Edinburgh Review, the, i. 242.
Education, of the higher classes, i. 132 ;
promoted by political causes, 132; de-
fects in, 133.; at the Universities, 134;
elementary, in 1816, 186; disliked by the
upper classes, 186; in England, 186, 187 ;
in Scotland, 187 ; improvements in, 189;
in Ireland, iii. 351 ; V. 116; the Charter
schools, iii. 351; commissions on, 352;
Kildare Place schools, 353; Stanley's
scheme for, 354 ; attacked, iv. 181; pro-
gress of, 182; in England, condition of,
in 1839, 182; first grant for, 183; insuffi-
ciency of grant for, 183, 184; Russell's
scheme for, 184, 186; state of, in 1841,
373; grant, 399 ; abortive attempt in
1843 to provide, v. 73; Maynooth Col.
lege, 117.; establishment of the Queen's
Colleges, 121; in India, vi. 151; verna-
cular schools instituted for, 263 ; its effect
on the moral condition of the people, 393.
Edward I., statute of, against tavern
Edwardes, Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Her-
bert), repulses the army of Moolraj, vi.
Edwards, George, informs against the Cató
Street conspirators, i. 438; leaves the
Edwards, Mr., rejected by the Strathbogie
presbytery, v. 314.
Edwards, Mr., his interview with the
governor of Rangoon, vi. 236.
Egerton, Lord Francis, wins South Lanca-
shire, iv. 6; moves amendment to Irish
Corporation Bill, 62; repeats the motion,
Egypt, British occupation of, proposed by
the Czar, vi. 11.
Eldon, Lord, sinecures enjoyed by his
family, i. 129; condemns battue shoot.
ing, 138; his parentage, 147; his defence
of the Criminal Code, 169; Shelley's
description of, 245; his character and
career, 294, 295, 303; his account of the
distress of 1816, 342; joins the Brunswick
Club, 400; his opinion of the Peterloo
massacre, 422, 423; his views in 1819,
428; mobbed in Ringwood, ii. 51; at the
Queen's trial, 52; his remarks on the
Civil List, 86; opposes the reform of the
Criminal Code, 133 ; opposes the Mar-
riage Act, 149; opposes the Spitalfields
Bill, 174; exerts his influence in 1826
against Palmerston, 211 ; at the Duke of
York's funeral, 218; his religious views,
246; his opposition to the Roman Ca-
tholics, 260, 419; his opinion on the
Grampound Bill, 331 ; his resignation,
352; his exclusion from the Wellington
Ministry, 375; his opposition to the re-
peal of the Test Act, 380; denounces
the Irish Church Bill, 384 ; his opinion
of the Clare election, 392 ; his dislike of
Canning's policy, iii. 70; his delays and
doubts, 280; his political and legislative
duties, 281 ; serves on Chancery Com-
mission, 284; protests against Irish Tithe
Bill, 348; his position in 1833, 360; his
opinion of the trade demonstration in
1834, 441; his dislike of the Corporation
Act, iv. 39, 42; his speech on the Dis.
senters' Marriage Bill, 71.
Election, the general, of 1818, i. 392, 393;
of 1820, ii. 86; of 1826, 209, 313 ; of 1830,
. 176; of 1831, 214; of 1832, 357 ; of
1834, iv. 6; of 1837, 99; of 1841, 225;
v. I; of 1847, 172; of 1852, 458.
Election committees, conflicting decisions
of, iv. 138; Buller's bill for reconstitut-
ing, 139; injustice of, 208; bills for re-
Election Law, the. See Registration.
Electricity, successive investigations of,
v. 63; applied to telegraphs, 67.
Elgin, Lord, Governor-General of Canada,
Eliot, George, v. 322.
Eliot, Lord (afterwards Earl St. Ger.
mans), attacks Ancona expedition, iv.
266; his mission to Spain, 301; his
Arms Bill, v. 100 ; succeeds to the peer-
age and resigns his liish Secretaryship,
Eliot, Sir J., his stand against the Court,
Elizabeth, Queen, endeavours to check
the growth of London, i. 83; the people
her army, 192; her religious policy, ii.
221, 223, 225 ; her rule, iii. 2; her auto-
cratic language, v. 440.
Ellenborough, the first Lord, sinecures
enjoyed by his family, i. 129; unable to
read the “Wealth of Nations," 216;
presides at the trials of Hone, 380; his
retirement, 381; opposes the reform of
the Criminal Code, ii. 133, 134; his sen.
tence on Lord Cochrane, iii. 10.
Ellenborough, the second Lord (afterwards
Earl of), his opinion and vote at the
Queen's trial, ii. 57; his opinion of the
Spitalfields Acts, 174; Lord Privy Seal,
375; President of Board of Control, 396;
his views on the Eastern question, iii.
137 ; his opinion of cheap law, 286 n.;
President of Board of Control, iv. 4;
approves Lords' amendments to Corpora-
tion Act, 43; his issue of war medals,
427 ; his declaration on the Hunt trial,
429; President of the India Board, v.
1; appointed First Lord of the Admir-
alty, 136; President of the Board of
Control, vi. 142; his views of foreign
policy, 143; his wishes relative to the
East India Company, 145; his present
to Runjeet Singh, 157 ; his negotiations
with Scinde for the navig tion of the
Indus, 168 ; appointed Governor-General
of India, 194; his character, 195 ; desires
the withdrawal from Afghanistan, 199;
his orders to the generals, 206; his
proclamation respecting the Somnauth
gates, 202; desires to retain command
of the Indus, 203 ; finds pretexts for in-
tervention in Scinde, 203; his demands
on the Ameers, 205 ; entrusts the work
of coercion to Sir Charles Napier, 206;
censure of his conduct at home, 213;
his interference in Gwalior, 214; re-
called, 214; characteristics of his rule,
214; his friendship with Sir H. Hardinge,
216; his condemnation of Canning's
Oudh proclamation, 320; retires from
the India Board, 320.
Ellice, Rt. Hon. E., Secretary at War,
Elliot, Captain Charles, ambassador to
China, 195 ; surrenders the opium, 195;
refuses Lin's severe terms, 196 ; appeals
to Auckland for armed assistance, 196 ;
declares a blockade, 197 ; his conduct of
the war, 197.
Elliot, his defence of Gibraltar, i. 98.
Elliott, Ebenezer, quoted, iv. 420 ;
view of the tax upon corn, v. 17.
Elliott, Hugh, vi. 195 n.
Ellis, George, supports the Quarterly
Review, i. 265; sells Claremont, ii. 2.
Ellis, C. (afterwards Lord Seaford), his
defence of slavery, iii. 393 n.
Elphinstone, his amendment on the in-
come-tax, V. 13.
Elphinstone, General, appointed to the
command' in Cabul, vi. 178; his mili-
tary unfitness, 183; urges negotiating
instead of fighting, 185; begins the
retreat, 187; detained as a hostage, 188.
Elphinstone, Lord, his energy during the
İndian mutiny, vi. 314.
Elphinstone, Mountstuart, his mission to
Afghanistan, vi. 94..
Ely, riots at, in 1816, i. 344.
Ely, Lord, v. 105 n.
Emaum Ghur, Napier's march to, vi. 210.
Emigrants, sufferings of, iii. 328; number
of, 328 ; number of, in 1836-40, iv. 399;
Irish, sufferings of, v. 208.
Emigration encouraged by the Govern.
ment in 1819, i. 415; early attempts at,
iii. 325; extent of, in 1815 and 1832,
325; cost of, 325 ; committee on, 326;
bill for regulating, 327; facilities for, by
steam, iv. 399, 400; increase in, vi. 341;
causes of, in the sixteenth and seven-
teenth centuries, 338; effects of, on the
condition of the labouring classes, 389.
Emmet, rebellion of, ii. 263.
Enclosures, land, i. 144; effect of, on the
poor, iii. 319.
Encumbered Estates Act passed, v. 169;
its results, 169.
England, her fortunate situation, i.95; the
causes of her prosperity, 96.
England, General, forces the Bolan Pass,
English-speaking races, rate of increase
of, vi. 381.
Enniskillen, Lord, Deputy Grand Master
of Orange Lodges, iv. 54.
Episcopacy in Scotland, history of, v. 298.
Equity. See Chancery.
Erastianism, hostility of the Scotch to,
Erskine, Lord, at the Queen's trial, ii. 53;
his saying about the Grenvilles, 117.;
his efforts to promote kindness to ani-
mal-, üi. 296 n.
Espartero made Regent, v. 354 ; fall of,
Essex, Poor Law in, iii. 321.
Essex, Lord, his denunciation of the Anti-
Corn Law League, v. 129.
Esterhazy, Prince, his magnificence, ii. 73.
Estimates, attack upon, in 1816, i. 334 ;
their amount in 1820; ii. 92; in 1821,
113 ; in 1822, 118; in 1823, 151; in 1824,
165; in 1825, 183; in 1830, 438 ; referred
to select committees, v. 199.
Eton, education at, i. 133; Canning and
Lord Wellesley at, 307 ; Shelley at, 244;
dread of railways at, iv. 354.