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THE LAWS OF A PUBLIC NATURE;
WITH A COPIOUS INDEX.
COMPILED FROM AUTHENTIC MATERIALS.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY GALES AND SEATON.
THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,
AT THE FIRST SESSION OF THE SECOND CONGRESS, BEGUN AT THE CITY OF
PHILADELPHIA, OCTOBER 24, 1791.
NOTES TO THE READER. I. To account for the absence of any report of Debates in the Senate in the Second Congress, it is proper here to repeat that the Senate sat with closed doors during its Legislative as well as its Executive sittings, from the beginning of the First Congress up to the 20th day of February, 1794, in the first session of the Third Congress, except in the case of Mr. GALLATIN's contested election, when a proposition succeeded, which bad frequently before failed, in that body, that the Legislative sittings of the Senate should thenceforth, after the end of that session of Congress, be conducted with open doors and galleries.
II. In the History of the First Congress, the Proceedings of the Senate in its Executive capacity were given, with a view to showing how they began, were modified in their progress
, and continued to the end of that Congress. From the beginning of the Second Congress, however, the Executive Journal being in general a monotonous record, no notice is taken of Executive Proceedings in the Senate, unless of some important principle being involved, as in case of a Treaty, &c., or of Debate which, finding its way to the public knowledge, can yet be traced in the records of the day.
III. In those early proceedings of the Senate, Bills of either house are inserted at large when so found on the Journal of that body; the object of doing so being to show the original form of each, and to enable the inquiring reader to ascertain, by comparing them with the Acts of Congress
, (to be found in the Appendix,) what changes they may have undergone in their passage through the two Houses, before they became Laws.
Monday, October 24, 1791.
PIERCE BUTLER and RALPH IZARD, from South This being the day fixed by law for the annual Carolina ; and meeting of Congress, at the first session of the
WILLIAM FEw, from Georgia. second Congress, the following members of the
Ordered, That Messrs. BUTLER, MORRIS, and Senate appeared, produced their credentials, and DICKINSON, be a committee to wait on the President took their seats :*
of the United States, and inform him that a quorum John Adams, Vice President and President of the of the Senate is assembled, and ready to receive
any communication he may be pleased to make to JOHN LANGDON and Paine WINGATE, from New them. Hampshire;
Ordered, That the Secretary acquaint the House CALEB STRONG and GEORGE CABOT, from Massa- of Representatives that a quorum of the Senate is
assembled and ready to proceed to business; and THEODORE Foster and JOSEPH STANTON, jr., from that they have notified the President of the United Rhode Island;
States that they are ready to receive such commuROGER SHERMAN, from Connecticut, in the place nications as he may be pleased to make to them. of WILLIAM S. JOHNSON, resigned;
The petition of Robert Aikin, praying to be apAARON BURR, from New York ;
pointed printer to the United States, was read, and PHILEMON DICKINSON and JOHN RUTIERFURD, from ordered to lie for consideration. New Jersey;
The petition of James Alexander, that he may ROBERT MORRIS, from Pennsylvania;
be appointed Sergeant-at-arms, Doorkeeper, or GEORGE READ, from Delaware.
Messenger, was read; and ordered to lie for consideSAMUEL JOHNSTON and BENJAMIN HAwkins, from ration. North Carolina;
Mr. BUTLER, from the committee appointed to
wait on the President of the United States, reported * Mr. CARBOLL, from Maryland ; Mr. ELLSWORTH, from Con- that they had executed their commission. necticut; Mr. FOSTER, from Rhode Island; Mr. MONROE, from A message from the House of Representatives, Virginia, and Mr. READ, from Delaware, were allotted to the class or Senators whose continuance in otice was limited by the by Mr. BECKLEY, their Clerk, informed the Senate Constitution to two years; but they had been re-elected by their that they have resolved that a committee be apsession of the Senate specially convened for the transaction of pointed, jointly with such committee as the Senate Executive business on the 4th of March, 1791.
shall appoint, to wait on the President of the
United States, and notify him that a quorum of demand our grateful acknowledgments, the abundance the two houses is assembled and ready to receive with which another year has again rewarded the inany communications he may please to make to dustry of the husbandman is too important to escape them; in which resolution they desire the concur
recollection. rence of the Senate.
Your own observations in your respective situations Resolved, That the Senate concur in the appoint- will have satisfied you of the progressive state of agriment of a joint committee to wait on the President culture, manufactures, commerce, and navigation. In of the United States, agreeably to the resolution of ticular pleasure, the happy effects of that revival of con
tracing their causes, you will have remarked, with parthe House of Representatives; and that Messrs. fidence, public as well as private, to which the Consti. IZARD and LANGDON be the committee on the part tution and laws of the United States have so eminently of the Senate.
contributed; and you will have observed, with no less Ordered, That the Secretary communicate this interest, new and decisive proofs of the increasing repuresolution of concurrence to the House of Representation and credit of the nation. But you, nevertheless
cannot fail to derive satisfaction from the confirmation A message from the House of Representatives by of these circumstances, which will be disclosed in the Mr. Beckley, their Clerk, informed the Senate that several official communications that will be made to they have resolved that two Chaplains, of different you in the course of your deliberations, denominations, be appointed to Congress for the States, which completed the sum allowed to be sub
The rapid subscriptions to the bank of the United , terchange weekly.
scribed in a single day, is among the striking and pleasThe Senate proceeded to consider the resolution ing evidences which present themselves, not only of of the House of Representatives of this day, for the confidence in the Government, but of resource in the appointment of two Chaplains; and,
In the interval of your recess, due attention has been Resolved, That they do concur therein, and that paid to the execution of the different objects which the Right Reverend Bishop Wurte be appointed on were specially provided for by the laws and resolutions the part of the Senate.
of the last session. Ordered, That the Secretary communicate the Among the most important of these, is the defence concurrence of the Senate in this resolution, to- and security of the western frontiers. To accomplish gether with their proceedings thereon, to the House it on the most humane principles was a primary wish, of Representatives.
Accordingly, at the same time that treaties have Mr. Izard, from the joint committee appointed to been provisionally concluded, and other proper means wait on the President of the United States, agree- used to attach the wavering, and to confirm in their ably to the resolution of the two Houses, of this friendship, the well disposed tribes of Indians, effectual day, reported that they had executed the business, measures have been adopted to make those of a hostile and that the President of the United States pro- terms of moderation and justice.
description sensible that a pacification was desired upon posed to-morrow, at 12 o'clock, to meet the two Those measures having proved unsuccessful, it beHouses of Congress in the Senate Chamber.
came necessary to convince the refractory of the power
of the United States to punish their depredations. Of TUESDAY, October 25.
fensive operations have therefore been directed, to be The petition of Thomas Bradford, that he may conducted, however, as consistently as possible with the be employed in printing such bills, journals, and dictates of humanity. Some of these have been crowned other papers, as may be from time to time pub- with full success, and others are yet depending. The lished, was read; and ordered to lie.
expeditions which have been completed were carried on Ordered, That' the Secretary inform the House States, by the militia
of Kentucky; whose enterprise
under the authority, and at the expense, of the United of Representatives that the Senate are ready to intrepidity, and good conduct, are entitled to peculiar meet them in the Senate Chamber, to receive any commendation. communications the President of the United States
Overtures of peace are still continued to the deluded may be pleased to make to the two Houses of Con- tribes, and considerable numbers of individuals belong. gress; and that the usual seats will be assigned ing to them have lately renounced all further opposithem.
tion, removed from their former situations, and placed The House of Representatives having accordingly themselves under the immediate protection of the Unitaken their seats, the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED ted States. States came into the Senate Chamber, and ad It is sincerely to be desired, that all need of coercion dressed both Houses of Congress, as followeth: in future may cease ; and that an intimate intercourse
may succeed, calculated to advance the happiness of the Fellow-Citizens of the Senate, and
Indians, and to attach them firmly to the United States. of the House of Representatives :
In order to this, it seems necessaryI meet you upon the present occasion with the feel That they should experience the benefits of an imings which are naturally inspired by a strong impres- partial dispensation of justice. sion of the prosperous situation of our common coun That the mode of alienating their lands, the main try, and by a persuasion, equally strong, that the labors source of discontent and war, should be so defined and of the session which has just commenced will, under regulated as to obviate imposition, and, as far as may the guidance of a spirit no less prudent than patriotic, be practicable, controversy concerning the reality and issue in measures conducive to the stability and in- extent of the alienations which are made. crease of national prosperity.
That commerce with them should be promoted under Numerous as are the Providential blessings which regulations tending to secure an equitable deportment