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side. The National loss in precious Bartow, when the Rebel gunboats time, as well as life and property, by halted and added their fire to that the villainy which palmed off on the of the fort. A line of piles driven Government vessels totally unfit for across the channel was evidently exthis service, can hardly be overesti- pected to obstruct our advance, but mated. Two or three weeks of des- proved inadequate. Soon, our soldierperately hard work were expended crowded transports were seen swarmon getting over such of the craft as ing through the Inlet, and preparawere not wrecked; giving the alarmed tions were made for landing at Rebels the amplest time to concen- Ashby's Harbor, two miles below trate and fortify.
the fort, which had now been set on At length, every thing being in fire by our shells. The flames were readiness, our fleet moved slowly up soon checked, however, and the canPamlico and Croatan Sounds; the nonade on both sides continued; while gunboats in advance and on the the Rebel gunboats, which had reflanks of the transports, formed in treated up the Sound, again appeared three columns, each headed by its flag- and engaged our fleet, till the Carship, every large steamer having one lew, their flag-ship, was struck by a or two schooners in tow, with the 100-pound shell from the Southfield, spaces between the columns kept and soon enveloped in flames. The carefully clear, and all moving at the firing was continued on both sides till regulated pace of four miles per hour. night, without serious loss in men on The fleet consisted in all of 65 ves- either. The Rebel barracks in the sels, covering a space about two rear of the fort were destroyed by miles square; some 50 transports, fire, and their remaining gunboats mainly schooners, having been left compelled to withdraw from the conat the Inlet. The day was beautiful; test. All our transports had passed the distance made about 28 miles, through the Inlet and anchored by 4 when they halted, near sunset, still P. M., when debarkation commenced 10 miles from the southern point of under the fire of our gunboats; and ROANOKE ISLAND, and lay undisturbed 7,500 men were ashore, and most of through the bright, moonlit night. them in bivouac, before 11 P. M.
At 8 A. M., the signal to weigh an- The Rebel forces in that region chor was given. At 11, progress was were commanded by Brig.-Gen. arrested, near the south point, by a Henry A. Wise, whose headquarstorm; and the fleet again lay at an ters were at Nag's Head, across chor till next morning, when, at 10 Roanoke Sound, and whose forces A. M., the order was given to move numbered from 3,000 to 4,000; but forward, and the gunboats led the hardly 1,000 of them were on the way through the narrow passage Island prior to the approach of our known as Roanoke Inlet, into Croa- fleet, when rëenforcements were hurtan Sound, driving 7 Rebel gunboats ried over, raising the number of its before them. At noon, our gunboats defenders to about 3,000. Col. Shaw, were under fire of the chief Rebel 8th North Carolina, was in immedibattery on the Island, known as Fort ate command. Fort Bartow, other6 February 5.
• Ex-Governor of Virginia.
led the hannbered from
ATTACK ON ROANOKE ISLAND.
75 wise Pork Point battery, was a sub-1 After crouching through a rainy stantial earthwork, strengthened by night, some of them in miry bogs, abatis and a moat, and mounting our soldiers were formed and led on 10 guns; battery Huger, on Weir's at an early hour of the morning.' A Point, farther north, had likewise large portion of the Rebel force was 10 guns; battery Blanchard, mid-deployed as skirmishers, and contestway, but 4. The swampy nature of ed our floundering advance through the approaches, covered with thick- the bog with spirit and effect until ets of shrubs and bushes, was counted near 10 A. M., when our leading region to bar access to Fort Bartow, save ments were close under the fire of the by a causeway road completely com- fort. They had by this time found it manded by its fire.
impossible to obey the orders which
directed them to flank the enemy on boats. He found them, 7 in number, either side of the swamp-the abatis at Elizabeth City; where, after a proving at most places impassable; smart fight, they were set on fire by and it was resolved to charge over their crews and abandoned. One of the causeway directly in front. This them was captured, the others dewas done by the 9th New York stroyed. The city itself was likewise. (Zouaves), Col. Rush C. Hawkins, set on fire, and in good part dethe 51st, Col. Edward Ferrero, the stroyed. Four of the gunboats were 23d Massachusetts, Col. John Kurtz, sent thence to Edenton, on the west and 21st, Lt. Col. A. C. Maggi. The end of Albemarle Sound, where eight 25th and 27th Massachusetts, and cannon and a schooner were de10th Connecticut, Col. Russell, were stroyed, and two schooners, with honorably distinguished in the at- | 4,000 bushels of corn, captured. tack. Col. R. was killed; as was Lt. Com. Rowan's flotilla next moved Col. Viguier de Monteuil, 530 New five miles up the Chowan river to York, who was serving as a volun- Winton, Hereford county, upon asteer with Hawkins's Zouaves. Lying surances that its citizens wished to down to receive a fire of grape from return to and be protected by the the Rebel batteries, part of the 51st Union. Their reception was even New York, with Hawkins's Zouaves / warmer than they had expected. On and the 21st Massachusetts, instantly reaching the town, they were saluted rose and rushed over the Rebel breast-by a hailstorm of bullets, which conworks, chasing out their defenders strained them to fall down the river and following them in their retreat; for the night; returning next mornsecuring, by their impetuosity, the ing, the village was shelled by them capture of the larger number, as no until abandoned, and then burnt. time was given for their escape from . Gen. Burnside next concentrated the Island. Their loss in killed and his forces at Hatteras Inlet, for an wounded was but 55; but among the attack on NEWBERN, at the junction former were Capt. O, J. Wise, son of of the Neuse and Trent rivers, near the General, and other valuable offi- Pamlico Sound, and the most imcers; while their loss in prisoners was portant seaport of North Carolina. not far from 2,700, including Cols. Com. Goldsborough having been reShaw and Jordan, Lt.-Cols. Fowle lieved, Commander Rowan directed and Price, Majors Hill, Yates, and the fleet. Leaving Hatteras in the Williamson. Our loss in the bom- morning, the expedition came to bardment and assault was about 50 about sunset at Slocum's creek, on killed and 250 wounded. All the the south side of the river, 18 miles cannon, small arms, munitions, pro | below Newbern, where a landing visions, etc., on the Island, were was effected next morning, and the among the spoils of victory.
troops pushed forward, so fast as Com. Rowan, with 14 gunboats, ready, to within a mile and a half of was dispatched next evening up the Rebel defenses; the gunboats Albemarle Sound and Pasquotank moving up the river in advance of river in pursuit of the Rebel gun- the troops, and shelling the road 8 Feb. 19.
em in th. defendast / by a
BURNSIDE ADVANCES UPON NEW BERN.
77 whereon they marched. No resist- | ble swamp which connects Newbern ance was encountered by land ; but with Morehead City, with a battery the fleet found the channel of the of 13 heavy guns next the river, Neuse obstructed, half way up, by several redoubts, all of them well 24 vessels sunk in the channel, sev- mounted, 3 batteries of field artileral torpedoes, and a number of iron lery, and 8 regiments of infantry, pointed spars firmly planted in the numbering about 5,000 men, combed and inclined down stream, under manded by Gen. Louis O’B. Branch. water, after the manner of the snags Our guns were few and light, beof the Mississippi. These obstruc- cause of the difficulty of landing and tions were speedily removed or sur- dragging heavier. mounted; while two or three batteries along the bank were successively silenced by a few shots from our flagship Delaware. The fleet halted for the night nearly abreast of the army;
NEWBERNADE which had had a hard day's work, dragging its guns through the deep
T.LANE clay of the roads, sodden with several
let TELLIS days' rain; and the men sank on the
Pol FT. BROWN ground at night around their pitchpine fires to enjoy a drenching from the freshly pouring skies.
A dense fog covered land and water next morning,'' as our fleet, having safely passed the obstructions, steamed up past Forts Thompson and
ENTRENCHMENTS! Ellis; which, after firing a few shots, were hastily evacuated, a shell from one of the gunboats having exploded
LANDING POINT the magazine of the latter. Fort Lane, the last and strongest defense of Newbern on the water, was more carefully approached, in expectation of a sanguinary struggle; but it had by this time been likewise evacuated, in deference to the successes of our army; and our fleet steamed directly Gen. Burnside was on the alert at up to the wharves, shelling the dépôt 6 A. M., and by 7 had his forces in and track whereby the Rebels were motion. Moving up to within short escaping from the city,
range of the enemy's intrenchments, The Rebel defenses consisted of a his men were formed in order of batwell constructed breastwork, running tle, and opened fire along their ena mile and a half from the Neuse tire front; the ground being swampy across the railroad to an impenetra- on the left, and elsewhere cut up by
10 Sunday, March 14.
gullies and ravines which opened Rebel battery in his front, called up toward the enemy, affording no pro- his reserve regiment, the 51st Penntection from his fire. The naval bat- sylvania, Col. Hartranft, and ordered tery was in our center, Gen. Reno's a charge, in which the 21st and 24th brigade on the right, Gen. Parke's in Massachusetts, 51st New York, and the center, and Gen. Foster's on the 9th New Jersey participated. Its left; and the regiments most effective success was complete; and the whole at Roanoke were all honorably dis- line of Rebel works was very soon in tinguished here, as were the 4th and our hands. 5th Rhode Island, the 8th and 11th The enemy were now in full flight; Connecticut, 9th New Jersey, and and Gen. Burnside ordered an ad51st Pennsylvania. There was, of vance on their track, which was led course, a great disparity of numbers by Gen. Foster ; but the speed of the --probably three to one--but this fugitives was inimitable, and, when was in effect a contest wherein infan- our van reached the bank of the try were required to charge and carry Trent, opposite Newbern, they found strong intrenchments, well provided that city on fire in seven different with artillery. The loss was naturally places; the splendid railroad bridge much the greater on our side. Af over the Trent a sheet of flame, havter an hour's sharp fighting, the 21st ing been fired by a scow-load of turMassachusetts, Col. Clark, accom- pentine, drifted against it; and the panied by Gen. Reno, was ordered Rebel troops, with all the locomotives forward on a double-quick, and went and cars in and about Newbern, on over the Rebel breastworks. It was their way inland toward Goldsboro'. immediately charged by two Rebel The wind suddenly lulling, the fires regiments, and repulsed; when Capt. were soon extinguished by sailors Fraser, being wounded, was taken from our fleet; but the railroad prisoner, but soon captured his guard bridge, market-house, and about a and escaped. The 4th Rhode Island, dozen other structures, were burned. disliking its position in front of a Our captures at the Rebel intrenchRebel battery of 5 guns, well backed ments and in the city included 69 by a fire from rifle-pits, next at cannon, two steamboats, large quantempted a charge, and carried the tities of munitions and stores, with battery at double-quick; finding an some 500 prisoners. Our total loss entrance between a brick-yard and was about 100 killed and 500 woundthe parapet. Once inside, the Colonel ed: the former including Lt. Col. formed his right wing in line, and Henry Merritt, 23d Massachusetts, charged down upon the guns at full | Adjt. Frazer A. Stearns, of the 21st, speed, capturing the entire battery, Maj. Charles W. Le Gendre and routing its supports, and planting his Capt. D. R. Johnson, of the 51st, flag on the parapet. The 5th Rhode and Capt. Charles Tillinghast, of the Island and 8th and 11th Connecticut 4th Rhode Island. The Rebel loss, immediately rushing up, our triumph beside prisoners, hardly exceeded at that point was secure.
200, including Maj. Carmichael, Gen. Reno, on our right, seeing killed, and Col. Avery, captured. that he was losing heavily from the Gen. Burnside, having undisturbed