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BEAUREGARD RETREATS FROM PITTSBURG LANDING. 69
when the battery was charged by in- | thing before them. At 4 P. M., our fantry; who were easily repelled by soldiers held the original front line Col. Morgan L. Smith's brigade. whence we had been so hurriedly
Meantime, Gen. Sherman, who had driven 34 hours before; and the whole waited for the sound of Buell's Rebel army was retreating, unpurguns upon the main Corinth road, sued, on Corinth. Gen. Sherman, advanced at 8 A. M., steadily and with two brigades and the cavalry, slowly, under fire, until he reached went out a few miles next morning the point where the Corinth road on the Corinth road, and had a smart crosses the line of McClernand's skirmish with a small Rebel force, abandoned camps, and saw Willich's mainly of cavalry, which he repulsregiment, on his right, fighting gal- ed, destroying a camp, and capturlantly for the possession of a point ing a hospital, wherein he found 280 of timber some 500 yards east of Confederate and 50 Union wounded; Shiloh church. Hence the Rebel returning with the former to his army could be seen re-forming its camp near Shiloh next morning. lines to the southward, with a bat-| Beauregard, in his official report, tery by the church, and another near states that his effective force had now the Hamburg road, pouring grape been reduced, “from exhaustion and and canister into any column of our other causes, from 40,000 to less than troops that advanced upon that green 20.000 men;" and adds: point of timber whence Willich's "Hour by hour opposed to an enemy regiment had just been repulsed, but constantly rëenforced, our ranks were perinto which one of McCook's brigades ceptibly thinned under the increasing,
withering fire of the enemy; and, by 12 m. (Rousseau's) was now advancing. Fof the second day), 18 hours of hard fightDirecting the fire of two 24-pounding had sensibly exhausted a large number; howitzers of McAllister's battery
my last reserves had necessarily been dis
posed of; and the enemy was evidently reupon the Rebel guns, Sherman form ceiving fresh rëenforcements after each ed his two brigades (David Stuart's. / repulse; accordingly, about 1 P. M., I deter
mined to withdraw from so unequal a connow commanded by Vol. 1. Kiby | flict; securing such of the results of the vicSmith, and Col. Buckland's) to ad- tory of the day before as were practicable.” vance in line with Rousseau; which This is pretty fair, but not strictly they did superbly, sweeping every accordant with the dispatch which he, after sending back from Monterey | his army.87 Gen. Grant, writing on a request to Gen. Grant for permis- the 9th, gives his losses approxision to send a mounted party to the mately at 1,500 killed and 3,500 battle-field under a flag of truce to wounded, and says nothing of a loss bury his dead, and being answered of prisoners, of whom about 2,200 that, owing to the warmth of the effectives were marched off the field weather, they had already been with Prentiss, with possibly 200 or buried, transmitted to Richmond, 300 more of our wounded of Sunday. namely:
65 " An Impressed New-Yorker” says: retreating, between our division and the main
“No heroism of officers or men could avail to body; but no reply was made to them, as this stay the advance of the Federal troops. At 3 | would have betrayed our position. We passed P.M., the Confederates decided on a retreat toon with little opposition or loss, and by 5 o'clock Corinth; and Gen. Breckinridge, strengthened had reached a point one and a half miles nearer by three regiments of cavalry--Forrest's, Corinth than the point of attack Sabbath mornAdams's, and the Texas Rangers, raising his ef- | ing. Up to this time, the pursuit seemed feeble,
ctive force to 12.000 men received orders to l and the Confederates were surprised that the protect the rear. By 4 P. M., the Confederates victorious Federals. made no more of their adwere in full retreat. The main body of the vantage. Nor is it yet understood why the purarmy passed silently and swiftly along the road suit was not pressed. A rapid and persistent toward Corinth; our division bringing up the pursuit would have created a complete rout of rear, determined to make a desperate stand if the now broken, weary, and dispirited Rebels. pursued. At this time, the Union forces might Two hours more of such fighting as Buell's fresh have closed in upon our retreating columns and men could have made would have demoralized cut off Breckinridge's division, and perhaps cap- and destroyed Beauregard's army. For some tured it. A Federal battery threw some shells, reason, this was not done; and night closed the as a feeler, across the road on which we were battle."
A later and more circumstantial “CORINTH, Tuesday, April 8th, 1862.
statement summed up our losses as " To the Secretary of War, Richmond : 1,735 killed, 7,882 wounded, 3,956 “We have gained a great and glorious
prisoners; total, 13,573. Recurring victory. Eight to ten thousand prisoners, and 36 pieces of cannon.66 Buell rëenforced to the reports of subordinates-all Grant, and we retired to our intrenchments we have—we find their losses stated at Corinth, which we can hold. Loss las follows.
| as follows: heavy on both sides. BEAUREGARD."
Killed. Woun'd. Missing. Total. Beauregard officially reports his
3d Division-Gen.W. H. L.Wal
lace (2 regt's not reported)... 226 1,033 1.164 2,423 4th Division--Gen. Hurlbut... 313 1,449 223 1,985
5th Division--Gen. Sherman... 318 1,275 441 2,034 8,012 wounded, 957 missing : total, Bue
266 1,816 88 2,167 10,699, or a little more than one
Total... ........... 1,123 5,573 1,916 8,609 fourth of the admitted strength of Add to these our loss in prisoners,
66 These cannon were unquestionably taken next Rebel Governor of the State, and whose on Sunday; but how many of them were re official report of the second day's fight contains tained on Monday and carried off in the retreat, the following: does not appear. It is not probable that Beau “Having suffered from loss of blood and inregard returned to Corinth with so many or so
tense pain, I placed the regiment under the comeffective guns as he had taken thence when he
mand of Lt. Col. S. E. Hunter, and rode over
to the hospital to get relief. After having my advanced.
wound dressed, I was about lying down, in 07 Beauregard's official report enumerates,
order to take a little rest, when a general stam
| pede began of wagons, ambulances, and men. among the casualties on his side, in addition to
| I mounted my horse immediately, and rode after the loss of their commander-in-chief, Albert S. the disgraceful refugees. I succeeded in putting Johnston, that Hon. Geo. W. Johnson, “ Provi- a stop to the stampede, and placed cavalry in sional Governor of Kentucky," was killed on the rear, with orders to cut down all who atMonday, having had his horse shot under him
tempted to pass. Here I met an aid of Gen.
Bragg, who ordered me to rally all the strag. on Sunday; Brig.-Gen. Gladding, of Withers's
glers and form them in line. This I did. After corps, was mortally wounded; that Gen. Bragg forming a battalion, Lieut.-Col. Barrow, comhad two horses shot under him; Gen. Hardee manding the 11th Louisiana, came to me with was slightly wounded, his coat cut with balls,
| the remnant of his regiment, and placed
| himself and regiment under my and his horse disabled; that Gen. Breckinridge
mand. This force, together with the remnants was twice struck by spent balls; that Gen.
of two Alabama and one Tennessee regiment, Cheatham was slightly wounded and had three made a large body of men, who stood firm in horses shot under him; that Brig.-Gens. Clark, front of the hospitals, ready to receive the adBowen, and B. R. Johnson were severely | vancing column of the enemy. wounded; and that Gen. Hindman had his horse
“While rallying the stragglers, I came across
two batteries that had lost all their commisshot under him and was severely injured by his
sioned officers. These I took possession of, fall. He was hoisted ten feet into the air by the sent for ammunition, supplied them with men explosion of a shell, which tore his horse to from my command, and sent one of them to shreds, and was himself supposed to be killed; Gen. Beauregard. This battery fired the but he rose at once to his feet and called for
last shots against the enemy. The other batanother horse.] Several Colouels were killed, the
| tery, and the forces under my command, held
mel, their position in the very face of the enemy, and many more severely wounded; among them, | until ordered to be retired by command of Gen. Henry W. Allen, 4th Louisiana, who was chosen | Bragg."
and the killed and wounded in Pren- | increased by accessions from various tiss's, McClernand's, and Lew. Wal- quarters to a little over 100,000 men. lace's divisions—the latter known to All this time, and afterward, Gen. be very light-and our actual losses Beauregard industriously strengthenin these two days' desperate conflict ed his works, covering Corinth with can hardly have been less than 15,000 an irregular semicircle of intrenchmen; and it is probable that Beaure- ments, 15 miles long, and well-mountgard's, including the skulkers who ed with artillery ; destroying the here saw enough of fighting and never roads and bridges beyond, and blockrejoined their regiments, was barely, ing the approaches with abatis. Gen. if any thing, less than this.98
Halleck saw fit not to flank these forThe victory was clearly ours; for midable defenses, but to overcome we had the field and the dead; but them by regular and necessarily slow the losses were fairly equalized, while approaches, involving constant and the Rebels had the spoil of our camps mutual artillery practice and picket
—though they could carry off but fighting, with very little loss; three little of it—and the prisoners. weeks of which brought our near
est batteries within three miles of Maj. Gen. Halleck, commanding Corinth." A reconnoissance under the Department of the Mississippi, Gen. Paine to Farmington," five left St. Louis directly after receiving miles N. W. of Corinth, had brought news of the Shiloh battles,ou and on a skirmish, in which he took 200 reached Pittsburg Landing by steam- prisoners, striking the Charleston boat two or three days thereafter. and Memphis Railroad at Glendale, Meantime, and for weeks following, three miles farther, and partially no attempt was made against the destroying it; while the Ohio road Rebel army at Corinth; and, though was in like manner broken at Purdy. Gen. Pope arrived from Missouri on Col. Elliott, with two regiments of
the 22d, with a rëenforcement of cavalry, was dispatched on the night · 25,000 men, even Monterey was not of the 27th to flank Corinth and cut
occupied by us till the 1st of May, the railroad south of it, so as to inwhen Gen. Halleck's army had been tercept the enemy's supplies. He
88 " An Impressed New-Yorker," writing of fearful wounds, which were enough to destroy the retreat from this Rebel victory, says:
life. And, to add to the horrors of the scene, "I made a detour from the road on which the
the elements of heaven marshaled their forces-army was retreating, that I might travel faster |
a fitting accompaniment of the tempest of human and get ahead of the main body. In this ride of de
ride of desolation and passion which was raging. A twelve miles alongside of the routed army. I cold, drizzling rain commenced about nightfall, saw more of human agony and woe than I trust an
st and soon came harder and faster, then turned to I will ever again be called to witness. The re- | pitiless, blinding hail. This storm raged with treating host wound along a narrow and almost u
almost unrelenting violence for three hours. I passed impassable road, extending some seven or eight long wagon
| long wagon-trains filled with wounded and dymiles in length. Here was a long line of wag
ing soldiers, without even a blanket to shield ons loaded with wounded, piled in like bags of
them from the driving sleet and hail, which fell grain, groaning and cursing; while the mules
in stones as large as partridge-eggs, until it lay plunged on in mud and water belly-deep, the
on the ground two inches deep. water sometimes coming into the wagons. Next
"Some 300 men died during that awful recame a straggling regiment of infantry, pressing
treat, and their bodies were thrown out to make on past the train of wagons; then a stretcher
room for others who, although wounded, had borne upon the shoulders of four men, carrying a st
i struggled on through the storm, hoping to find wounded officer; then soldiers staggering along,
shelter, rest, and medical care." with an arm broken and hanging down, or other ! 69 April 19, 1862. 70 May 21, 31 May 21.
struck it on the 30th, at Booneville, I had taken, with 159 prisoners, two 24 miles from Corinth, in the midst hours before. Thus provided, he had of an unexpected retreat of the Rebel uncontested possession of 100 miles army, which had commenced on the of the Memphis and Charleston road 26th. Beauregard had held Corinth before night, or from Stevenson on so long as possible against Halleck's the east to Decatur on the west; overwhelming force, and had com seizing five more locomotives at Stemenced its evacuation by sending off venson, and pushing on so far west a part of his sick and wounded. El as Tuscumbia, whence he sent an liott captured 20 cars, laden with expedition so far south as Russelville, small arms, ammunition, stores, bag- Ala., capturing and appropriating gage, &c., with some hundreds of Confederate property on all hands, Confederate sick, whom he paroled, without the loss of a life. He took" burning the engine and trains. The Bridgeport, Ala., with a force of five evacuation was completed during the regiments, by striking rapidly and night of the 29th; the Rebel mus- attacking from a quarter whence he ketry-firing having ceased at 9 A. M. was not looked for, driving out a of the preceding day. Explosions force nearly equal in number to his and fires during the night gave plain own, with a loss of 72 killed and intimations of the enemy's departure; wounded, 350 prisoners, and 2 guns; so that some of our officers in the while his own loss was inconsiderable, advance rode safely into town at 61 He was soon compelled, by the gathnext morning, and reported no enemy ering of Rebel forces around him, to present. Piles of provisions were abandon Tuscumbia and all south found in flames, and one full ware of the Tennessee, burning the railroad house undamaged; but never a gun. bridges at Decatur and Bridgeport, Beauregard retreated to Tupelo, pur- but holding firmly and peaceably all sued by Gen. Pope so far as Baldwin of Alabama north of that river. Had and Guntown, but without material he been even moderately röenforced, results. Our army was disposed he would have struck and probably along the line of the Memphis and could have destroyed the great Rebel Charleston Railroad; which, by the armories and founderies in Georgia, falling of the Tennessee to a Summer or have captured Chattanooga; which stage, had become its line of supply. was assailed,*under his orders, by
Gen. Negley, who was driven off by Gen. O. M. Mitchel, with a division a Rebel force under Gen. E. Kirby of Buell's army, had left Nashville Smith. Mitchel's activity and energy simultaneously with his commander, poorly qualified him for a subordinate but by a more easterly route, advanc- position under Buell ; so he was transing through Murfreesboro', Shelby- ferred, in June, to the command at ville, Fayetteville, to Huntsville, Port Royal, S. C., where he died." Ala., which he surprised at day- Gen. Halleck was likewise summonlight," capturing 17 locomotives and ed" from the West to serve as Gena large number of passenger and eral-in-Chief at Washington, leaving freight-cars, beside a train which he Gen. Grant in command at Corinth. 72 April
9 7 3 April 29. 74 June 6. 75 Oct. 20. 76 July 23.
GEN. AMBROSE E. BURNSIDE and | tle still deeper in the sand, until she Com. L. M. Goldsborough led an became a perfect wreck-her masts expedition, which had in good part and smoke-stack cut away, her crew, been fitted out in New York, and with life-preservers tied about them, which left Fortress Monroe at the lashed to the rigging to save themopening of the year;' and, doub- selves from being washed overboard ling Cape Henry, moved southward by each succeeding billow; and at
their capture by Gen. Butler and the deck from the hull with every Com. Stringham five months before." surge. Ere this, her fires had been The naval part of this expedition con- extinguished, her boats, all but one, sisted of 31 steam gunboats, mount- filled or stove, and her men utterly ing 94 guns; the military of about exhausted by long fasting and expo11,500 men, mainly from New Eng- sure to the cold waves which broke land, organized in three brigades, un- over them continually; while no atder Gens. Foster, Reno, and Parke, tention was paid from the fleet to and embarked with their material on their signal of distress, or even their some 30 to 40 steam transports. The hail to the S. R. Spaulding, which van of the expedition reached the passed out to sea. At length, two entrance of the Inlet on the 13th; mechanics, W. H. and Charles A. when it was found that, though care Beach, of Newark, N: J., launched had been taken to select or obtain the yawl, and, aided by engineer gunboats of such draft as could read- Wm. Miller, steward Geo. Mason, ily be worked over the bar at high and Hugh McCabe, fireman, pulled water, yet a large proportion of the successfully through the surf, over the transports, through the incompetence bar, to the fleet, whence boats were or dishonesty of those employed to at once dispatched to take off the reprocure them, were of such draft as mainder of the crew, who were speedrendered them totally unfit for this ily rescued. The vessel and cargo service. Of these, the propeller City were totally lost; as were the steam of New York, 600 tons, heavily laden gunboat Zouave, the transports Louwith rifles, ammunition, tents, bed- isiana and Pocahontas, and two or ding, and forage, and drawing 16 feet three others. Col. J. W. Allen and water, when the greatest depth attain- Surgeon S. F. Weller, 9th New Jerable on the bar was but 13, grounded, sey, were drowned by the upsetting of course, in attempting to pass it ;8 of their small boat in the breakers, as when the sea broke completely over they returned to the transport Ann her stern, every breaker lifting her, E. Thompson from reporting the arand causing her, as it subsided, to set- rival of their regiment to Gen. Burn
Jan. 11-12, 1862. "See Vol. I., p. 599. Jan. 13. Jan. 15.