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vice, he contemplated sending a column to tempting to many imitations, some operate with Mitchel against Chattanooga, Tof thom hrilliant in de
Chattanooga, of them brilliant in design and exeand thence upon East Tennessee. Buell reports Kentucky and Tennessee to be in a cution; some of them damaging to critical condition, demanding immediate at the adverse party : others disastrous tention. Halleck says the main body of Beauregard's forces is with him at Okolo
to their executors; but, on the whole, na. McCall's force was reported yesterday involving a squandering of horseas having embarked, and on its way to join
flesh and an amount of useless devasyou. It is intended to send the residue of McDowell's force also to join you as speed- tation which rendered them decidedly ily as possible.
unprofitable, and hardly reconcilable “Fremont had a hard fight, day before yesterday, with Jackson's force at Union
with the legitimate ends of warfare. Church, eight miles from Harrisonburg. He Gen. McClellan, at midnight on claims the victory, but was badly handled. |
the 14th, telegraphed to the War It is clear that a pretty strong force is operating with Jackson, for the purpose of de- / Department as follows: taining the forces here from you. I am - HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.) urging, as fast as possible, the new levies.
“CAMP LINCOLN, June 14, 1862. Í “Be assured, General, that there never
"All quiet in every direction. The stamhas been a moment when my desire has
pede of last night has passed away. Weabeen otherwise than to aid you with my
ther now very favorable. I hope two days whole heart, mind, and strength, since the
more will make the ground practicable. I hour we first met; and, whatever others
shall advance as soon as the bridges are may say for their own purposes, you have
completed and the ground fit for artillery never had, and never can have, any one more truly your friend, or more anxious to
| to move.' At the same time, I would be
glad to have whatever troops can be sent support you, or more joyful than I shall be at the success which I have no doubt will
to me. I can use several new regiments to
advantage. soon be achieved by your arms."
"It ought to be distinctly understood
| that McDowell and his troops are comGen. McCall's division arrived by pletely under my control. I received a water during the two following telegram from him requesting that McCall's days; 18 on the last of which, Gen. J.
which can ĭ division might be placed so as to join him
immediately on his arrival. E. B. Stuart, with 1,500 Rebel cavalry“That request does not breathe the proand 4 guns, attacked and dispersed per spirit. Whatever troops come to me
must be disposed of so as to do the most two squadrons of the 5th U.S. caval
good. I do not feel that, in such circumry, Capt. Royall, near Hanover Old stances as those in which I am now placed, Church; thence proceeding to make
Gen. McDowell should wish the general in
terests to be sacrificed for the purpose of rapid circuit of our grand army, via | increasing his command. Tunstall's Station, seizing and burn
• "If I cannot fully control all his troops, I
want none of them, but would prefer to ing two schooners laden with forage, fight the battle with what I have, and let and 14 wagons; capturing and taking others be responsible for the results. off 165 prisoners. 260 mules and “The departinent lines should not be al
lowed to interfere with me; but Gen. McD., horses; halting three hours to rest and all other troops sent to me, should be at Talleysville, in the rear of our placed completely at my disposal, to do
with them as I think best. In no other army; resuming his march at midnight; crossing the Chickahominy therefore request that I may have entire near Long Bridge, by hastily impro
and full control. The stake at issue is
too great to allow personal considerations vised bridges, next forenoon; and
to be entertained; you know that I have reaching Richmond unassailed next none. morning. This was the first of the
“The indications are, from our balloon
reconnoissances and from all other sources, notable cavalry raids of the war, that the enemy are intrenching, daily inSTONEWALL JACKSON JOINS LEE.
18 June 12-13,
creasing in numbers, and determined to l thousand men have left Richmond to reenfight desperately."
force Jackson, it illustrates their strength
and confidence. After to-morrow, we shall On the 20th, he telegraphed to the
fight the Rebel army as soon as Providence President:
will permit. We shall await only a favor
| able condition of the earth and sky, and the "By to-morrow night, the defensive completion of some necessary preliminaworks, covering our position on this side of ries, the Chickahominy, should be completed. I am forced to this by my inferiority of To-morrow and to-morrow passed, numbers, so that I may bring the greatest and still our army did not advance possible numbers into action, and secure the army against the consequences of unfore
| until, on the 24th, a young man of seen disaster."
suspicious character was brought in At this time, his returns to the
by Gen. McClellan's scouts from the Adjutant-General's office give the
direction of Hanover Court House, following as the strength of his army
who, after some prevarication, conon the Peninsula : Present for duty,
fessed himself a deserter from Jack115,102; special duty, sick, and in
son's command, which he had left arrest, 12,225; absent, 29,511-total, 1
near Gordonsville on the 21st, mov156,838.
ing along the Virginia Central Rail
road to Frederickshall, with intent Stonewall Jackson, having done
to turn our right and attack our rear us all the mischief he could in the
on the 28th. To McClellan's disValley, arrested McDowell's overland pate
patch announcing this capture, and march to join McClellan. and sent asking information of Jackson's posi40,000 or 50,000 of our men on all
| tion and movements, Secretary Stanmanner of wild-goose chases, was
ton replied 20 as follows: now on his way in full force to Rich
“We have no definite information as to
the numbers or position of Jackson's force. mond; hence, misleading reports of Gen. King yesterday reported a deserter's his movements were artfully circu- statement, that Jackson's force was, nine
days ago, 40,000 men. Some reports place lated among our commanders. Gen.
10,000 Rebels under Jackson at GordonsMcClellan telegraphed is to the War ville; others that his force is at Port ReDepartment that he had information public, Harrisonburg, and Luray. Fremont
yesterday reported rumors that Western Irom deserters that troops had left | Virginia was threatened; and Gen. Kelly, Richmond to rëenforce Jackson, and that Ewell was advancing to New Creek,
where Fremont has his dépôts. The last that they were probably not less than
telegram from Fremont contradicts this 10,000 men. To this the President rumor. The last telegram from Banks says responded, that he had similar infor
the enemy's pickets are strong in advance
at Luray. The people decline to give any mation from Gen. King at Fredericks-information of his whereabouts. Within burg; and added: “If this is true, it the last two days, the evidence is strong is as good as a rëenforcement to you."
that, for some purpose, the enemy is circu
lating rumors of Jackson's advance in McClellan on that day telegraphed various directions, with a view to conceal to the President:
the real point of attack. Neither McDowell,
who is at Manassas, nor Banks and Fre"A general engagement may take place mont, who are at Middletown, appear to have at any hour. An advance by us involves a any accurate knowledge on the subject. battle more or less decisive. The enemy “A letter transmitted to the department exhibit at every point a readiness to meet yesterday, purporting to be dated Gordonsus. They certainly have great numbers ville, on the 14th inst., stated that the acand extensive works. If ten or fifteen tual attack was designed for Washington 39 June 18,
20 June 25.
and Baltimore, as soon as you attacked point, and that all the available means of Richmond; but that the report was to be the Government should be concentrated circulated that Jackson had gone to Rich- | here. I will do all that a General can do mond, in order to mislead. This letter with the splendid army I have the honor looked very much like a blind, and induces to command ; and, if it is destroyed by overme to suspect that Jackson's real movement whelming numbers, can at least die with it now is toward Richmond. It came from and share its fate. But, if the result of the Alexandria, and is certainly designed, like | | action, which will probably occur to-morthe numerous rumors put afloat, to mislead. row, or within a short time, is a disaster, I think, therefore, that, while the warning the responsibility cannot be thrown on my of the deserter to you may also be a blind, shoulders; it must rest where it belongs. that it could not safely be disregarded. I Since I commenced this, I have received will transmit to you any further informa- | additional intelligence, confirming the suption on this subject that may be received position in regard to Jackson's movements here."
and Beauregard's arrival. I shall probably That day, having his bridges com- other side of the Chickahominy to arrange
be attacked to-morrow, and now go to the pleted, Gen. McClellan ordered an for the defense on that side. "I feel that advance of his picket-line on the left, li Smiolot line on the left there is no use in again asking for rëen
forcements." preparatory to a general forward
The President responded as folmovement; and, during the day, l, Heintzelman's corps, with part of me
" WASHINGTON, June 26, 1862 Keyes's and Sumner's, were pushed "Your three dispatches of yesterday in forward,21 he reports, through a relation to the affair, ending with the stateswampy wood, though smartly re
ment that you completely succeeded in
making your point, are very gratifying. sisted, with a loss on our side of 51 The later one, suggesting the probability killed, 401 wounded, and 64 missing: of your being overwhelmed by 200,000 men, total, 516. Returning from over
| and talking of to whom the responsibility
will belong, pains me very much. I give looking this affair, Gen. McClellan you all I can, and act on the presumption telegraphed to the War Department
that you will do the best you can with what
you have; while you continuemungene. as follows:
rously I think-to assume that I could give 6 Several contrabands, just in, give infor
you more if I would. I have omitted-I mation confirming the supposition that
shall omit-no opportunity to send you rëJackson's advance is at or near Hanover
enforcements whenever I can." Court House, and that Beauregard arrived, with strong rëenforcements, in Richmond yesterday. I incline to think that Jackson
Gen. Robert E. Lee, having sucwill attack my right and rear. The Rebel ceeded to the chief command of the force is stated at 200,000, including Jackson and Beauregard. I shall have to contend
Rebel army, had, in counsel with the against vastly superior odds, if these reports master spirits of the Rebellion, at be true. But this army will do all in the length resolved on striking a decisive power of men to hold their position and repulse any attack, I regret my great inferi
blow. To this end, rëenforcements ority in numbers, bụt feel that I am in no had been quietly called in from all way responsible for it, as I have not failed
available quarters, swelling the Rebel to represent repeatedly the necessity of rëenforcements; that this was the decisive Army of Virginia, including Jack
21 But Brig.-Gen. A. R. Wright, of Huger's di- Gen. McClellan at night telegraphed, over his vision, who opposed this movement, reports
own signature, to the War office in Washington, that he had 3,000 men in all, resisting not less
that he had accomplished his object, had driven
| me back for more than a mile, had silenced my than 8,000 or 10,000 on our side; and adds:
batteries, and occupied our camps, there is not “The object of the enemy was to drive us one word of truth in the whole statement. When back from our picket-line, occupy it himself, the fight ceased at dark, I occupied the very and thereby enable him to advance his works | line my pickets had been driven from in the several hundred yards nearer our lines. morning; and which I continued to hold until In this, he completely failed; and, although I the total rout of the Federal army on the 29th."
FIGHT NEAR MECHANICS VILLE.
153 son's corps, summoned from the Val- | McClellan, and had never till now ley, to not far from 70,000 men. In been in action, were strongly posted order to mask this concentration, on advantageous ground, supported Whiting's division, consisting of by Morell's division and Sykes's Hood's Texas brigade and his own, regulars, the whole forming Fitz-John had been sent off from Richmond to Porter's corps of about 27,000 men. Jackson ; to whom also the brigade of Lawton had been ordered up from the South. When all things were ripe, Jackson moved, by order, rapidly and secretly from the Valley to Ashland, facing our extreme right, whence he was directed to advance 22 so as to flank our right, holding Mechanicsville. Moving on at 3 next morning, as he was directed to connect
MECHANICSVILLE with Gen. Branch, immediately south of the Chickahominy, who was to
S le cross that stream and advance on Mechanicsville; while Gen. A. P. Hill, lower down, was to cross near Meadow. Bridge so soon as Branch's movement was discovered, and move directly upon Mechanicsville, where on the Rebel batteries on the southern bluffs of the Chickahominy were to open ; Longstreet's division following
LMILES in support of Hill, while D.H. Hill's in like manner supported Jackson; thus
MECHANICSVILLE. . . only Huger's and Magruder's divisions Advancing rapidly and resolutely, were left in front of our left and cen- in the face of a destructive fire, which ter, immediately before Richmond. they could not effectively return, the
Jackson was unable to reach Ash- leading brigades of A. P. Hill's, and land quite so soon as had been anti- ultimately of D. H. Hill's and Longcipated; so that A. P. Hill did not street's divisions, attacked our posicross the stream to attack us till 3 tion and attempted to turn our left, P. M." His advance had been dis- but were repulsed with fearful carcovered three hours before; so that nage. Jackson being vainly expectour pickets were called in before it, ed to arrive and assail our right, it and the regiment and battery hold- was not turned; and night fell on a ing Mechanicsville fell back, fighting, decided and animating success of our on a strong position across Beaver mainly green soldiers, though the Dam creek. Here Gen. McCall's fighting did not cease till after dark, Pennsylvania Reserves, which had and the Rebels remained in force not recently been sent down to rëenforce far from our front. Our total loss in 22 June 25. 23 June 26.
24 June 26.
this affair had been less than 400; must have done under the correct while that of the Rebels must have impression that they were about to been many times larger; and when, be overwhelmingly assailed in front near the close of the battle, fresh by the Hills and Longstreet, and in troops came up to relieve the exult- flank by the yet fresh division of ing Reserves, they refused to give Jackson. In other words, it was place, but, replenishing their ammu- now plain that the Rebel chiefs had nition, lay down on their arms to resolved to precipitate the bulk of await the encounter of the morrow. their force on our right wing, crush
Before daylight, however, an or- ing it back on our center by the sheer der from Gen. McClellan (who had momentum of their columns. . learned, meantime, that Jackson was This striking a great army on one approaching) directed the evacuation end, and rolling it up on itself in inexof their strong position, and a retreat, tricable confusion, carnage, and rout, to GAINES'S MILL-an order easy of is no novelty in warfare. The Allied execution had it arrived three or four Emperors tried it on Napoleon at hours earlier, but very difficult now, Austerlitz; our strategists attempted as the Rebel attack was renewed a it on the Rebels at first Bull Run. few minutes afterward. The Rebels It is a critical maneuver; but likely were repulsed, however, though our to succeed, provided your antagonist men were retiring at the time ; passively awaits its consummation. Meade's, Griffin's, Reynolds's, and (“Hunting the tiger, gentlemen," Morell's commands moving steadily explained the returned East Indian off the field as if on parade; our dead to his associates at the United Service all buried, our wounded and arms Club, “is capital sport-capitalbrought away, with the loss of no unless the tiger turns to hunt you ; caisson, hardly of a musket, by a lit- when it becomes rather too exciting.”) tle after 7 A. M. ; leaving the Rebels Gen. McClellan, as usual, believed unaware for the moment that there the Rebels were assailing or threatenwas no longer an enemy before them. ing him with twice as many men as Before noon, each regiment and bat- they had, supposing them to have tery had taken up the new position 175,000 to 200,000 troops in his front; assigned it, at Gaines's Mill, and when they never, from the beginning was ready to receive the now eagerly to the end of the war, had so many advancing Rebels. Meantime, our as 100,000 effectives concentrated in trains and siege-guns had, by order, a single army, or within a day's been sent off across the Chickahomi- march. Even had he been outnumny during the night..
| bered, as he supposed, by a Rebel Gen. McClellan had been with force on either flank nearly or quite Fitz-John Porter, behind the Me- equal to his whole army, he should chanicsville defenses, at 10 P. M.—an have quietly and rapidly concenhour after the triumphant and san- trated, and struck one of those assailguinary repulse of their assailants. ants before it could be supported by Four hours later, he sent orders for the other. Had he chosen thus to their prompt evacuation. This he rush upon Richmond, on the morning 25 June 27.
28 June 26.