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1843.] POPULAR RECOLLECTIONS.-TWELVE REASONS FOR PAYING YOUR DEBTS.
565 POPULAR RECOLLECTIONS.
Long time they looked for him, and none
Would deem he was for ever gone;
They said, he's sailed beyond the seas,
Strange lands shall hear his victories !
But oh! how sorrowful I felt
When the sad tale was told aright!
-God bless you, dear, good grandmamma!
God bless you, and good night.
TWELVE REASONS FOR PAYING YOUR DEBTS. Mother, to make the moments fly,
THE CHRIstian's REASON, Tell us a tale of times gone by.
1. The Christian member of society pays his What though his rule, they say, was stern, debts, first, because he is ordered to do so in the We hail his memory with delight.
Bible, where we are told to "Render unto Cæsar -Tell us of him, good grandmamma,
the things that are Cæsar's, and to God the things Tell us of him to-night!
that are God's;" and to “ Owe no man any thing."
2. The Christian hears the Eighth CommandMy children, in this bamlet here,
ment every Sunday, “ Thou shalt not steal ;" and Followed by kings, I saw his carriage : How time will fly! it was the year
defrauding a man of his due is stealing; for the
tradesman lends upon faith and honor, and does not I first kept house, upon my marriage.
gide. I climbed our little slope to see
3. The Christian pays regularly all he owes, beThe great folk pass, and there was be ! cause he is a friend io justice and mercy : he wishHe wore a small cocked hat that day, es both to love and succor his neighbor, and will And a plain riding-coat of gray.
not have the ruin of others on his conscience. Near him I trembled; but he said,
TUE PATRIOT'S REASONS. “ Bon jour, my dear; how do you do?" 4. The patriot knows that one act of justice is -He spoke to you, good grandmamma! worth six of charity-that justice helps the worthy You say he spoke to you!
and corrects the unworthy, while charity too often
succors but the latter. A year from thence, by chance I came
5. The patriot considers the evils that ensue One day to Paris, and I found him Rolling in state to Notre Dame
from the more wealthy man leaving his poorer With all his splendid court around him.
neighbor unpaid : that by that means the steps of
the great ladder of society are broken; the first And how rejoiced the people were
ruin beginning with the merchant, who can no lonTo see the hero passing there !
ger pay his workmen, and continuing to the workAnd then, they said, the very skies
inan's child, who is deprived of clothes, food, or Looked smiling on his pageantries,
instruction; or to the aged father and mother, left He had a gracious look and smile,
to die on a bed of straw. And Heaven had sent an infant boy.
6. The patriot pays his debts from a love of his -What joy for you, good grandmamma! country ; knowing that the neglect of so doing Oh! what a time for joy!
brings on Democracy, Chartism, and a hatred of
the upper ranks. When foes marched over poor Champagne,
7. The patriot also pays, because the system of He boldly braving thousand dangers,
nonpayment, pursued to a certain extent, would Seemed singly fighting to sustain
bring a general bankruptcy on the nation. The war against the invading strangers.
THE MAN OF THE WORLD'S REASONS FOR PAYING One evening, at this very hour, I heard a knocking at the door;
8. The man of the world pays, because he is I opened-Saints ! 'twas he again!
convinced that honesty is the best policy. A feeble escort all his train.
9. The man of the world pays, because he knows He sat here where you see me sit,
that curses will go with his name, if he does not And talked of war with thoughtful air. pay, instead of good-will and good words, which -Did he sit there, good grandmamma ? last he secures with a certain class by paying. And did he sit just there?
10. The man of worldly calculation is aware,
that by the immediate payment of his debts, as fast I brought some wine at his desire,
as they are incurred, he purchases peace of mind, And our brown loaf I well remember;
and becomes acquainted with his income, his means, He dried his clothes, and soon the fire
and resources. Inclined his heavy eyes to slumber.
11. The man of the world wishes for a comfortaHe woke, and saw my tears, and cried,
ble old age, and knows that he has but little chance Still hope, fair hostess ; soon beside
of it from his surrounding family, unless he trains The walls of Paris, I, perchance,
up his children in habits of order and economy. May yet avenge the wrongs of France !
12. The man of the world knows the full force of He went away: and ever since,
the term “ being an honest man,"—that it will carry
༥ I've kept the cup before him set.
him through political dimêlés and family disputes; -You have it yet, good grandmamma;
and he cannot make claim to that name if he is the
ruin of others. Oh, have you got it yet?
The crying sin of either international or thoughtSee, here it is. Soon lost to Hope,
less debt in an heretofore honest nation, is a disOn to his fall the Chief was hurried.
grace to the very name of England or Englishmen, He, once anointed by the Pope,
and demands a remedy from a thinking and en. In a lone desert isle was buried.
lightened public. - Spectator.
quaintance. Thus-like a certain class of peo
ple which shall be nameless-he rushes in From the Edinburgh Journal.
* where angels fear to tread." Had he conceived SCARCELY a week passes but some amateur the same enthusiastic yearning after music, he poet sends us his “compliments” inscribed upon would have commenced his career by learning the blank leaf of a volume of verses, of which his notes; if for painting, he would have begun he begs our acceptance. Several shelves in our with the study of drawing; but the poetical library, therefore, are filled with an accumula- aspirant sets up as a master of his art at once. tion of presentation copies, which--ungrateful At the first flight, he soars above the commonas the assertion may appear-we have never place rudiments of literature. The dry details been able to put to any advantageous use. of grammar, and the previous practice of prose Coleridge, we believe, was wont to observe, that composition, he considers utterly beneath the he never dipped into a book--be it ever so stu- high vocation of the inspired poet. He plunges pid—without deriving from it some new tact or into the middle of things-poetic immediately, suggestion. We, alas, have not been so fortu- and not knowing his way, soon loses himself in nate with our piles of amateur poetry: We a log of simile, or sinks into a slough of incomhave perused the most readable, glanced at the prehensible jargon. Nor does the mischief end least practicable, in vain, and nothing new has here: it extends to his external circumstances. presented itself
, even in errors. They all bear When the victim of supposititious inspiration abundant evidence that their authors have be- has collected a sufficient number of his lucubracome inspired by some great prototype ; and tions to fill a volume, he moves heaven and earth wherever Byron, Moore, or Scott lead, there to appear in print. To effect his darling object, they enthusiastically follow. To so undiscrimi- he dips into his scanty purse to pay his printer nating a pitch is admiration of their favorite and their supplementary satellites, stationers and masters carried, that, with the most affectionate bookbinders. Some of the volumes before us zeal, they copy even their faults; while, in try- show that the most strenuous and painful efforts ing to imitate beauties, they too often turn the have been made before the actual goal of pubsublimity of their models into their own bathos. lication could be reached. One of our volumes
These may seem, to our numerous benefac- --manifestly commenced with an unusually limittors of poetry-books, very hard words; but they ed capital-contains two sorts of paper, which nevertheless express what in nine cases out of gives rise to the suspicion that a hard-hearted ten is the truth; we might add the melancholy stationer had stopped the supplies, and that the truth; for it is with feelings akin to melancholy work was delayed till a more confiding paperthat we view the masses of misapplied intellec- dealer could be found. A second conceals very tual labor which are ranged upon our library bad print under smart cloth covers with dutchshelves; exhibiting, as they do in almost every metal ornaments. A third contains a heavy volume, a certain amount of literary talent, page of errata, with an apology for any other which, had it been bent in a better but humbler errors which may have escaped what the author direction, would have been of essential service to is pleased to call his “vigilance." In short, all the individual himself, and perhaps to mankind in these volumes present external evidences of general. With these views, we would venture having been subjected to trying difficulties while one or two remarks, by way of warning and ad- struggling into existence. Their authors have vice, to those who have mistaken a taste for the clearly set their lives upon the cast: but what has poetry of others for the ability to write poetry been the “hazard of the die ?" Alas! the reof their own.
verse of what they expected. The golden The generality of probationary rhymers ap- dreams of fame and fortune which cheered on the pear to be of three kinds: those who have all poet during his fierce struggles with the press, the yearnings after poetic fame, and possibly have been reversed rather than realized. Out some genuine poetical feelings, without the re- of five hundred copies, not fifty have been sold; quisite knowledge of literary composition as an perhaps not twenty; perhapis not even one. As art, to put their ideas in an intelligible shape. the greater number of these books emanate from Secondly, rhymers of ultra-classical education, a comparatively humble sphere, many an unforwho have intently studied the art of poetry, but tunate youth thus involves his first step in life in are not fortunate in possessing natural genius up- serious pecuniary difficulties or severe privations. on which to exercise it. Thirdly, of the less liter- Some of our readers are doubtless impatient ate among the middle and upper classes, who to ask, is the poetical faculty in bumble life to have received the ordinary education of gentle- be entirely repressed ? Our answer is, by no language, so as to put words to their right uses, seldom copied in her working-dress, but decked and in their proper places. He will never in- in her most fashionable suits; though such atdulge in the wanderings of mere fancy, but make tenipts are rarely made, all amateurs generally it subservient to his own experience of nature, preferring to copy from foregone poets. With that his imagination may impart a strong light the highly educated, this is even more the case and a captivating aspect fto truth. He will than with the humbler class of poetical amateurs; perceive that to such a purpose all surpassing because they have read more extensively, and geniuses have been dedicated. Milton illustrated have consequently a larger stock of secondthe great truths of holy writ; Shakspeare hand ideas on hand. either drew his inspiration from history--which And this brings us to consider more minutely is the nearest representative of the truths of the the second division of the subject, or the classipast that can be obtained-or, when he ingrafi-cally learned genera of amateur versifiers, who ed his characters upon fiction, the characters carry their love of the ancients so far, that they themselves were truths-faithful specimens of recoil with apparent intention from indulging mankind, derived from an unceasing study of their readers with a new thought, even if they human nature ; Byron's greatest poem, “Childe possess one. Some of the volumes we have Harold,” may be described as a book of travels looked over are by graduates of universities, and in verse, and therefore as a series of facts clothed nothing can exceed the purity of their style or in the radiant garb of poetry. The same may the correctness of their metres. Hence these be said of Rogers's “Italy:" and Thomson's ultra classical bards must be regarded as an“Seasons,” perhaps the most charming poem of tipodes to the unlettered poets we commenced the eighteenth century, was constructed after a with. All the sacrifices of the one are made at patient examination of nature and rural life and the shrine of art, of which the other possess none. scenery. Thus we see that the greatest poets Nothing can exceed the propriety of the epithets, were men who had acquired a considerable fund the formality of the alliterations, the exactitude of information ; and whoever would become a of the rhymes. The prosody is in general magreat poet, must tread in their steps, and acquire thematically true, the numbers appearing to knowledge. Nor is this a difficult matter, even for have been told off into feet by means of rigid persons in humble grades of life. The poems scanning. Art with this section of aspirants is under consideration, though they exhibit a very every thing; nature and enthusiasm nothing. low state of poetry in the minds of their authors, If, from the flint of their mathematical minds, a show ingenuity, perseverance, and other valu- spark of poetical fire be accidentally struck out, able qualities, which, if applied to the acquisi- it is sure to be smothered by the wet blanket tion of some solid branch of knowledge, would of a musty, prosodial rule or philological difficuldoubtless, in that, insure success. Ir Ferguson ty. Still, it is possible to read such works, behad made verses about the stars, instead of cause they exhibit at least one essential of povigorously investigating their nature and posi- etry; while the lucubrations of their antipodes, tions, so far from becoming a great astronomer, possessing none at all, are decidedly unreadable; he would have remained a cow-boy, or, what is for which reason we have not been able, with worse, have sunk into a bad poet.
means; but encouraged by proper means, and The first mentioned section of amateur poets directed to proper ends. The first step for the as. may be well represented by an individual, whom pirant to take, is to obtain knowledge; and if he we shall suppose to be a person in comparatively have a spark of true genius, that he will procure, humble life, and has received a plain education. in spite of every obstacle, as Burns and Hogg He employs his spare time in reading; and did. He will teach himself; he will study the happening to light, perhaps by accident, upon great book of nature, that he may afterwards the works of Byron, he conceives an enthusias- illuminate it by his imagination; he will be contic admiration for them, and is henceforth bitten tinually storing up in his mind the great facts that with a poetical mania. This develops itself in surround him, that he may afterwards spread a constant habit of writing verses, and, though them abroad to others in a more captivating forin ignorant of the elements of literary composition, than they came to him. To be able to accomhe is soon established as a poet amongst his ac- plish this, he will study the elements of his native
satisfaction to ourselves, to quote specimens of With these remarks, we take leave of the their muse. more humble amateur poets, to approach those We now pass, thirdly, to the well-informed members of the rhythmatical aristocracy, whose amateur poets the mob of gentlemen who elegant volumes grace another division of our write with ease.” Their poems are usually shelves. The authors of this part of our collec- printed for private distribution, and sent round tion are evidently in affluent worldly circum- to their friends, from whom the donors generally stances, if we may judge from the expensive at receive expressions of praise, that often emboldtire in which their muse appears in public. That en them to send copies to the critics, which perstage on the road to fame, from the author's haps accounts for the number of privately-printstudy to the half-way house, or publisher's shop, ed volumes in our collection. Should the comhas manifestly been paved with gold. No strug- mendation bestowed by private friendship be gles appear to have impeded the progress of echoed by the press, a bolder step is taken. A these handsome volumes through the press; and new title-page is printed, a new preface written, they form the most brilliant shell of books in and the work is regularly published. In excuse our library. The bindings are elegant, the typo- for so great a venture, it is generally stated that graphy faultless, and the paper hot-pressed. Ex- it was made“ at the suggestion of several dislernally, they revel in all the glories of emboss-criminating, but perhaps too partial friends." ed covers, of profusely gilt edges and backs; in- This discriminating partiality is not often shared ternally, - rivers of type flow through meadows by the public, for we never heard of a genuine of margin ;'' whilst the matier is hardly less second edition of such works. The authors, elegant than the manner. Most of the subjects wanting both the rough vigor of illiterate, and chosen by each section of educated amateur the artistic knowledge of classical versifiers, poets are above the least suspicion of vulgarity. usually produce a sort of drawing-room poem, Their views of the universe, the moon and stars, which hasin it nothing to provoke praise, censure, the soul, inmortality, paradise, human passion, nor indeed anything, but sleep. This class is made love, despair, revenge, and all the other subjects up of dilettante travellers, soldiers and naval ofpatented for poetry, are of the genteelest and ficers, who, having seen strange places, wondermost delicate kind; so as to be quite proper for ful sieges, or horrible shipwrecks, feel inspired introduction into polite society. Whenever an to write poems upon them. On the other hand, attempt is made to draw from nature, she is there are many tasteless minds who employ their
BY CHARLES SWAIN.
leisure in cultivating literary pursuits, and in
SOMETHING CHEAP occasionally throwing off an epigram or a sonnet for the amusement of their family circle, who at length tease them into publishing. These are There's not a cheaper thing on earth, decidedly the best poets of their kind.
Nor yet one half so dear; We cannot take our leave of this eubject more 'Tis worth more than distinguish'd birth, prettily than by saying a few words on lady Or thousands gain'd a-year : amateur poets, The volumes which they have It lends the day a new delight; done us the honor to forward. we prize and 'Tis virtue's firmest shield ; cherish with becoming gallantry. Nor are we And adds more beauty to the night less interested with their contents; for, taking
Than all the stars may yield. them as a whole, we find them infinitely superior to the efforts of our own sex.
There are many
It maketh poverty content,
To sorrow whispers peace; reasons for this superiority; so many and all so
It is a gift from heaven sent likely to involve us in a dull metaphysical dis- For mortals to increase. cussion, that we have neither room nor inclina
It meets you with a smile at morn; tion to state them. But we may just remark, It lulls you to repose; that surely there is nothing which tends to en- A flower for peer and peasant born, hance the graces of woman inore effectually An everlasting rose. than a true taste for poetry, provided it be not
A charm to banish grief away, indulged at the expense of her ordinary duties;
To snatch the frown from care; we say a true taste, because we are sorry to
Turn tears to smiles, make dulness gayperceive that some of our female friends have
Spread gladness everywhere; mistaken a sickly sentimentality for genuine
And yet 'tis cheap as summer-dew, poetry. Such exceptions are, however, happily
That gems the lily's breast; few.
A talisman for love, as true Finally, we entreat amateur poets of every As ever man possess'd. age, sex, and condition, to study nature, instead of dreaming about her; and when they have As smiles the rainbow through the cloud acquired the materials of poetry (knowledge),
When threat'ning storm beginsto possess themselves of its necessary imple
As music ’mid the tempest loud, ment (art); and provided they are blessed with
That still its sweet way winsenthusiasm and genius, they will become good
As springs an arch across the tide,
Where waves conflicting foam, poets. Without at least some of these requi
So comes this seraph to our side, sites, they must continue, we fear, very bad ones.
This angel of our home. The quantity of readable poetry being much greater now than it was fifty years ago, it is cor. What may this wondrous spirit be, respondingly difficult for a poet to stand out in With power unheard beforerelief from the mass, and to make an impression. This charm, this bright divinity? The spread of education has improved the in- Good temper-nothing more! tellectual taste of the public, which has grown Good temper !--'tis the choicest gift so critical, that nothing short of high merit will That woman homeward brings; please. In this state of affairs, we in all kind.
And can the poorest peasant lift
To bliss unknown to kings. ness would recommend our poetically-inclined friends to turn their mental energies to better
Literary Gazette. account than hammering crude ideas into verses. There is scarcely a district of country which CHILDE HAROLD.-On pulling down some dedoes not offer something worthy of noting down cayed wainscot work in Harrow Church, for the and describing, be it even for private recreation purpose of altering the gallery, an autograph of the and literary discipline. The “Natural History illustrious author of Childe Harold has recently of Selbourne," one of the most pleasing books been brought to light. It is written with pencil, in that was ever published, is exactly of this nature. a broad, stiff, schoolboy's hand, and doubtless was Now, it is in the power of almost every person scribbled while the future poet was attending the to write such a book, though not so cleverly and customary service at church, where he and many
of his school fellows, now well known both in the poetically, perhaps, as the Rev. Gilbert
White. world of politics and literature, have so often whiled Would, therefore, our amateur-poets favor us with works of this class, or the printed result of away their time in cutting names and other devices
on the seats and panels. The piece of plank on any branch of useful investigation in sober and which it is written, has been carefully preserved by sensible prose, we shall not only feel grateful, the worthy sextoness, and is kept in an antique litbut do all in our power to advance their views ; tle chapel over the south door, for the gratification they would also advance their own; for, having of the curious in such matters.- Court Journal. stored up a fund of knowledge, their imaginations would take a healthy and vigorous tone, PETRARCH's TomB.-Petrarch's tomb at Arqua their poetical faculties would expand and bright- has recently been restored under the direction of en, and they would become poets in the best Count Leoni. In the course of the works, the resignification of that much-abused word.
mains of the great poet were uncovered, and part of the body was found almost untouched by time. A fragment of the cloth in which he was enveloped was taken away to be solemnly deposited in the parish church. Ibid.
beleeve in him, otherwise they should die. He is
as if about 40 years old, with a square brownish Plague LEGENDS.—In the popular superstitions beard, as is his skin, neither white nor black, and of the middle ages, pestilences were supposed to chants also have letters of wonder, with some dif
of a settled grave countenance. Many of the mer. arise from supernatural agency. This superstition ferent circumstances." is still preserved in some parts of Europe, and particularly in those which are at times visited by the
“ 271h NOVEMBER, 1630. plague. People believe that a female is seen, riding like a witch, and strewing corn, or some send likewise to you, where you shall here some
“ Other newes Mr. P. sent me in a book, which I kind of grain, about her as she goes, and this grain is supposed to be connected with the subsequent
more news of Prince Mammon, as the title tells pestilence. When the cholera committed such you; but within is nobody named but the devil. I fearful ravages in Russia in the year 1830, the peo- where is related his sprinkling of dust in Millaine,
saw and read the other book of Pr. Mammon, ple of Haltschinjetz, in the Ukraine, escaped the visitation. According to their superstitious belief, whereby be caused so many to dye of the plague the approach of the pestilence was preceded by a
there, as that day he was summoned to the great female figure, pale as death, scated in a carriage, zhurch by the bishop, and senate 7000. I tell you drawn by six horses, and accompanied by riders in it not that you should beleeve any more then your all sorts of uncouth forms, and who, as she went,
share." scattered seeds of corn to the right and left. The that this story had been ascertained not to be true ;
In a subsequent letter the writer gravely states following extracts from letters (now before our but that the circumstance of the plague having been eyes) of the year 1630, when the plague was devas caused intentionally by the sprinkling of certain tating many parts of Europe, afford a curious illustration of this superstition as it existed in another dust about the city was not doubted. part of the world :
Literary Gazette. “27th OCTOBER, 1630. “ He telles moreover of a wonder, if, as he says,
France.-An official statement was published in it be reall, and not some invention, viz., the Vene- the Messager of yesterday week, announcing that tian ambassador at London hath a letter from Ven- the Prince de Joinville has arrived at Rio Janeiro, ice, wherewith he acquainted on Sunday was sen- and that, being provided with the king's authority, night our king and queens majesties, and also the his Royal Highness has demanded of the Emperor lords. The copie whereof the Dr. saw 2 days be- of Brazil the hand of the Princess Francesca of fore his writing, but his friend could not spare it to Braganza, which has been granted to him. The be transcribed; but the effect he saith was this : marriage was to be celebrated at Rio de Janeiro on That one came riding into the cittie of Millane in a the 1st May. The Prince de Joinville is to convey rich coach, with 6 delicate horses for feature and his bride to France in the Belle Poule frigate, and colour as nature could afford, together with 12 their Royal Highnesses are expected to arrive in the pages and other attendants, to the number of 40, course of next month. The Princess Francesca is bravely attyred. He rode directly to the gates of a the third daughter of Don Pedro; she is in her prime pallace there (the owner and his familie nineteenth year, and is said to be remarkable for being at his country-house), which, although fast her beauty and amiable qualities. Her dowry was barred and locked up, did of themselves fly open stated to be 750 centos of reis (about 153,0001.) and unto him, where he entred, lodged, and dyeted. 100 centos for pin money. The Patrie states that the The senate, understanding thereof, sent to commit letter from the Prince de Joinville, announcing the him, who went with the officers to the prison, but intelligence to bis illustrious relatives, was received thence vanished from them to his lodging. After at Neuilly by the king, and being addressed to the that he was by the senate and the bishop sent unto queen, was handed to her by his Majesty, at breakto come unto them into the cathedrall church; he fast. Her Majesty was affected to tears; and the answered, they had no power to send for him, yet king, taking the letter, read it in a loud voice, in would come; so they provided a cloth and chaire of the presence of the queen, the princes and princess. estate for him according to his dignitie, which they es of the royal family, and the royal suite and ataccordingly doing he came. Being come, the bish. tendants. A bill, introduced by ministers for pur. op adjured him to answere bis demands ; some few chasing the part of the Palais Bourbon belonging to whereof he did, discoursing deeply of the blessed the Duke D'Aumale, passed the Chamber of DepuTrinity; but would not answere all, saying he was ties by a majority of 213 to 104, the sum required a greater person than any of them all, and there being 5,047,475f. The Parisians, it would appear, fore if they would know more of him they must are about to be deprived of the only remaining obsend for an higher authoritie, who thereupon sent servance that recalled the Revolution of 1830. It unto the pope for his authoritie to examine him, is confidently stated that the “glorieuses journees" who he is, whence he came, and what he would ? will never again be celebrated, at least during the He styles himselfe Prince Mammon.
present king's reign. His majesty found in an act “The owner of the house, when he heard there of Napoleon a capital precedent to follow in getting of, came in great haste and fury to eject him for rid of so irksome an anniversary as that of the revo taking his house without his leave; but being come olution which placed bim on the throne, and has in, and finding him sitt at table with such gravitie, adroitly profited by it. Napoleon saw with disand so pobly attended, his outrageous anger was pleasure ihe annual celebration of the 14th of July, soone changed into meekness and love ; so that the overthrow of monarchy in France," and seized going unto him he bad him welcome to his house, upon the opportune arrival of intelligence of the was glad he had one fitt for him, which he might death of Washington as a pretext for omitting that use during his pleasure. Mammon thanked him, year the celebration of the taking of the Bastille, rose up, took him by the hand to the window, and and thenceforward it was discontinued. The Duchthere gave him a small glasse of water, one drop ess of Orleans still inhabits the Pavilion Marsan, whereof in wine taken, he sayd, would preserve with her two children, and passes her time in study from the plague, or recover such as have it if they and charitable works.-- Court Journal.