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£100, had also joined a Temperance Society, | been before opposed to the 89th at Chryster's and was doing well.

farm, called out, “ Where is the bloody 89th ?" Returning to our hotel, we found there a mar- “Here we are, you beggars !" answered the riage party just arrived, and “on pleasure 89th; and then threw in a murderous volley, bent," from St. Catherine's. Two sleighs fast- which immediately turned the ride in favor of ened together and drawn by four horses, con- the British. lained about a score of blithe folk: they sat The table-land on which the British were two and two on buffalo robes, a small brass band drawn up, and through the centre of which the in front, boughs of pine decking the sides of the road runs, consists of cleared fields with scatsleighs, and a blue ensign waving over the stern tered trees, a few new houses are by the roadof the living-freighted craft. We had choice of side; in the distance, and on the low grounds, the best quarters in the hotel, which has very are thick groves of ancient trees, behind which comfortable parlors and beds, with mattresses is seen, when the atmosphere is light, the vast of wholesome borse-hair,--quite a novelty in pillar of cloud rising and waving above the Canada, generally where the abominable sea- cataract

, whose deep voice also falls solemnly thers prevail; we had also good attendance of on the ear. colored waiters, excellent fare, and moderate We returned to the churchyard, to read the charges.

epitaphs on the monuments of some gallant offiAs it is a soldier's duty to visit battle-ground cers who had fallen in action. We found three, whenever he is near it, the morning after our one on stone, to the memory of Col. Bishop, arrival at the Falls, I rose at dawn, and pro- killed at Black Rock; and two on wood, with ceeded with one of our party to the scene of the these inscriptions :-"To the Memory of Lieut. combat of Lundy's Lane, fought during an Thomas ANDREW, GTA REGIMENT, who died in eventful night, the noise of the combat mingling consequence of a wound received when galwith the thunders of Niagara. Moving up the lantly leading on his company before Fort Erie, gradual ascent to the hotly-contested crest of Sept. 17, 1814, aged 26.”. « Sacred to the the hill, at the upper part of Drummondville, a Memory of Lieut. William Hemphill, Royal splendid double rainbow spanned the heavens Scotrs, who bravely fell in the memorable batbefore us as the sun rose, and we saw the sin- tle of Lundy's Lane, 25th July, 1814." We gular appearance of the long shadows of clouds were much displeased to observe that the two projecting on other clouds. A little man, of hale last monuments had been displaced from their appearance, with a basket on his arm, joined proper positions to make room for some other us; we asked him how many houses were left graves, but we immediately took steps to have of those which stood at the time of the fight. them replaced over the honored dead.

Only these two old ones,” said he, pointing On our way back to our hotel, which we made to old frame houses on the left of the road. longer by a detour towards the old pavilion, our

Another, Chryster's inn, was burnt by the discourse fell on Resurrectionists; and being Sympathizers in 1837, when cleared out for a in a gossiping humor in this paper, I shall here party of soldiers."

give some of the perils which attended the study "Were you living here in the last American of medicine in Ireland twenty-five years ago :war ?" we asked.

" It was in Cork where I first attended a dis. “Yes, and I fought on this ground, and served secting room,” said my friend, "and many an in the Artillery; here, behind the crest of the adventure we had, and much risk we ran to get rise, extending right and left of it, was our line the subjects at that time. Once we received a drawn up, facing the Falls; at these trees be volley of balls when we had struck the first low, and on our right, the Americans first hove spade in the earth, and we fled for our lives over in sight; the Glengaries and other Light In- some sheds, having one of our party severely fantry went off to skirmish with them in front, wounded through the arm. Another night, and we'fit (fought) them after that all round when I was accidentally prevented joining the the hill. The Americans had learned to fight resurrection party, one of the students was shot well by this time, and we had hard work of it, but dead through the heart at the grave and left we kept our line; and next day the enemy went there. But one of our ugliest adventures was off, and burnt the bridge of Chippewa, to pre- this:- Three of us were one day in a boat at vent our following. We thought it unchristian-Cove, and we were rowed by a remarkably like in our Generat to order our dead to be powerful man; the day was hot: he had taken burnt; but as he said it was the custom in Spain off his shirt, and finer development of muscle, and Portugal, we fancied it was all right. There larger arms, and a deeper chest, I never had were about 900 dead bodies aside, and sixty seen before. Some time afier this we heard that horses; our men lie in two graves on that small he had been drowned, and we determined to square we have just past, opposite the hospital get this fine subject. We ascertained that he near the churchyard."

was buried in a very neatly kept churchyard, Let the gallant deeds of the 89th Regiment and close to a gravel-walk in it. We took a not be forgotten on this occasion. The Ameri- horse with us from Cork at night, and comcan army, favored by the darkness, had reached menced operations by throwing the earth on to the crest of the British position, and the Ca- sheets we had brought with us, to keep the nadian Militia were suffering severely, when earth from the footpath. The grave was a very the 89th opportunely arrived from the direction deep one, and it was long before we reached the of Queenstown, in light marching order, left the body, and long before we got it out, being so road, crossed the fields, and took the Americans heavy. At last we got it into the sack; but the in fank. The 21st U. S. Regiment, which had horse snorted and shied at it. The day was be

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ginning to dawn, we had three miles to take it; “ The work is wrought-the glorious strife bath we thought we should never get it off, and that passed in triumph o'erwe must be discovered. At last, after a good "To the shelter of my father's home let me return hour's work, and by tying a handkerchief over once more!” the horse's eyes, we got the load fixed on his back. We then filled up the grave carefully, There was silence 'neath the lofty dome—the siand got safe to the”

lence of surprise ; And now the murmur of applause is faintly heard

to rise. But the monarch spake—“ It may not be, thy name

must still advance The honor and the happiness of this fair land of


The will of heaven hath chosen thee to follow one THE PETITIONS OF JOAN OF ARC.

bright track, Thou wouldst not from thy holy work turn faint

back. Ask not for this, for aught beside thou canst not

ask too soon, From the Dublin University Magazine.

And let the king that thou hast crowned grant thee

some fitting boon." * When the ceremony of the coronation of Charles the Seventh, at Rheims, was concluded, Joan of Arc fell on her knees, and begged permission to return again to her former home. This The maiden rose, then drooped her head a moment petition was not granted; her services to her country being con

on her breast, sidered too valuable to be dispensed with. The only other request she made was, that her native scenes, the villages of As the happy vision died away that promised peace Domremy and Greux, should be exempted from taxes in time

and rest; to come, and this privilege continued in force until the Revolu. Then lifting up her kindling eyes, while flushed

her cheek again, “Ask thou a boon," the monarch said the mon

The ardor of her eager mind resumed once more arch robed and crowned,

its reign : The light through gorgeous windows fell on all the "I take the yoke," the maiden said ; "I ask not scene around;

peace or ease There were warriors bold, and gray-haired men,

"Till the Almighty, by my hand, this shackled and holy fathers there,

country frees, And ladies in their gayest robes—the noble and the Yet will I claim the proffered boon, and this shall fair.

give my name “ Ask thou a boon !” for which of these went forth A holier, and a purer crown, than the soldier's that mandate high?

brightest fame. “ Who placed that monarch on his throne," may make a fit reply;

“ There are two hamlets far away-ah! how my For not by right, and not by power, his triumph

bosom yearns, hath been won,

And faileth all its warrior strength, when there my But by the might of one high mind he sits upon his memory turns; throne.

But they are hallowed in my heart, as by a holy

spell, “ Ask thou a boon !"—the reverend men are silent For there mine early years went by, and there my at the words;

kindred dwell. But they thrill with joy, akin to pain, through one They are a peasant people, and my prayer, O king, fair bosom's chords.

shall be, There is one slight girl, in armor clad, who by the That through the ages yet to come that people shall monarch stands,

be freeAnd holds aloft the banner white, that led victori. Free from the imposts, that still reap so much their ous bands;

toil hath sown, And now she lays that banner down, and on her so that the labor of their hands henceforth be all knees she falls,

their own." As memory all the happy dreams of early youth recalls.

The boon is won, and every heart thrills at the And all are still, and many moved with envy at the

generous deed, thought,

And to the ransomed villages the happy tidings How much of wealth, how much of power, her speed. courage may have bought.

Oh, through full many a weary day of terror and

of strife, They listen for her coming words. May she not The maiden's heart must there have turned, as to a

spring of life, The first of honored counsellors upon the king's Their memory must have cheered her soul, when right hand ?

danger darkened round, May she not win a lofty place, beside her own And been companionship within a prison's lonely wide fame,

bound; And stamp upon a peasant race a new and noble And even in death, that fearful death, that reached name?

her all too soon, May she not ask broad lands and gold ? But hear Might she not think with triumph still upon that the gentle tone,

granted boon? That floateth like an angel voice toward the royal throne !



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THE LIFE, TIMES, AND DOCTRINES OF | tradiction, and very old withal. The two CONFUCIUS.

elder daughters were mute; but the From the Asiatic Journal.

youngest, Yen-she, expressed her readiness

to wed the old man. After their marriage, One of the most important events in the the lady obtained permission to make a history of China occurred during the Chow, journey to Ne-kew, where she prayed to or third dynasty, namely, the birth of Con- the Shang-te, and in ten months crowned fucius, whose doctrines have mainly tend her husband's hopes with a son, born in ed to mould the character of the Cninese the town of Tsow-yih,* who was named into its present form; the fundamental Kew (from the mountain), and surnamed principles of the government, the institu- Chung-ne.t This event happened in the tions, the laws, the religion, the philosophy, 22nd year of the reign of Seang-kung, as well as the manners and habits of the king of Loo, the 21st year of that of the people, being modelled, more or less, ac emperor Ling-wang, the 13th day of the cording to the axioms of this remarkable 11th moon, in the 17th year of the cycle, personage.

answering to the autumn of B. c. 551. The family of Kung-tsze, or Kung-foo. His birth, like that of all the demi.gods tsze, better known as Confucius, into which and saints of antiquity, is fabled to have his name has been Latinized by the Jesuit been attended with allegorical prodigies, missionaries, is considered to be the most amongst which was the appearance of the ancient in China, being traceable through ke-lin, a miraculous quadruped, prophetic, kings and emperors up to Hwang-te. Se h, like the fung.whang, of happiness and virtue, a descendant of that monarch, was minister which announced that the child would be of Shun, from whom he received the prin. “ a king without throne or territory." Two cipality of Shang, in Ho-nam. Thirteen dragons appeared, hovering over the couch of his descendants governed this state be- of Yen-she; five celestial sages entered the fore Ching-tang, the founder of the Shang house at the moment of the child's birth, dynasty. The last emperor but one of this whilst vocal and instrumental music filled house, Te Yih, had three sons, Wei-tsze the air. The body of the infant bore dis. ke, Wei-chung-yen, and Chow-sin. The tinctive marks. His head rose on the top latter, being the only son of the lawful in the form of a hill Ne-kew, denoting the wise, ascended the throne, from which he sublimity of his genius; his chest was was deservedly hurled by Woo-wang, who marked with a resemblance to characters, provided for the illustrious family of Shang, which implied his future eminence; his by assigning them principalities. Wei skin with figures representing the sun and chung.yen was made prince of Sung. He moon, &c. was the father of Sun-kung, who was the His father died before Confucius was father of Ting-kung-shen, who had two three years old, and left him unprovided sons, Ming-kung-kung and Seang-kung-he. for; but he was brought up with great The latter was father of Too-foo-ho, who care by his mother, to whom, and to the had a son named Sung-foo-chow. From aged in general, he manifested unbounded him came Sheng, and from Sheng, Chen. submission. At the earliest age, he is rekaou-foo, who was father of, ported to have practised the ceremonials of from whom the Confucian branch derives pious respect to elders, with his playfel. the family name of Kung. The last-named lows, and sometimes when alone, by pros. personage was the father of Tsze-muh-kea. trating himself and “knocking head" before foo, who had E-ye and he Fang-shoo, who, inanimate objects. Knowledge he appear. during the troubles which disordered Sung, ed to acquire intuitively: his mother found quitted this kingdom, and sought an asylum it superfluous to teachhim what “heaven in that of Loo. Here he had a son named had already graven upon his heart.” Pe-hea, to whom was born Shủh.leang. At the age of seven, he was sent to a ho, the father of Confucius. Shủh-leang. public school, the superior of which, named ho (or hih), who was a magistrate of Tsow. Ping-chung, also a magistrate and a gov. yih, had nine daughters by his first wife, ernor, was a person of eminent wisdom and and a son, who was deformed, by a concu. probity. Hence it would appear that the bine. On the death of this wife, he offered post of schoolmaster was not beneath the marriage to one of the three daughters of the chief of Yen, who, on communicating

The modern Keu-foo-heen, in Shan-tung.

† Some writers affirm that Confucius was born the proposal to his daughters, observed

during the life of his father's first wife ; that his that the proposer was of low stature, a bad mother was a concubine ; consequently, that he figure, a severe temper, impatient of con- was illegitimate.


dignity and ambition of a high functionary |jected reforms, to introduce a more becomof government. The facility with which ing mode of disposing of the dead, which Confucius imbibed the lessons of his master, it was the custom carelessly to consign to the ascendency which he acquired amongst the first piece of waste ground at hand. He his feilow-pupils, and the superiority of his contended that it was degrading to man, genius and capacity, raised the admiration the lord of the earth, when the breath bad of all.

departed from his frame, to treat it like At the age of seventeen, after having re- the carcass of a brute; and that the complenished his mind with knowledge from mon practice was repugnant to that mutual the words of the ancients and the lessons regard and affection, which mankind ought of his preceptor, especially with reference to cherish towards one another. He went to the science of politics and government, he further, and argued that, by repeating, at was made a subordinate magistrate, inspect. stated times, acts of homage and respect to or of the sale and distribution of corn, upon our ancestors, either at the spot where their which occasion he took the family name of remains were deposited, or before some reKung. In this office, contrary to the usual presentations of them in private dwellings, practice of executing its details by deputy, à remembrance of the immediate authors he rose early, and superintended in person of our being would be kept alive in our the most minute parts of the duty; where minds, as well as a glow of filial pieiy and by he detected frauds, checked combina- affection, whilst the same practice by our tions, and introduced order and integrity: descendants perpetuated, as it were, our thus laying the foundation of his public own existence. character.

This was the first great reform in the In his nineteenth year, by the advice of manners of his countrymen effected by his mother, he married, Ke-kwan-she, of an Confucius; funeral ceremonies, which had ancient family in Sung. The year after, been almost disused, became general, as he had a son, named Pih-yu, otherwise well as a greater outward respect for the Kung-le. The king of Loo sent to compli- dead; and the honor (which has degenement the father, with a present of carp rated into worship) paid to ancestors, (le-yu), whence the appendages to the son's hitherto confined to the great, was made,

in the end, a national custom throughout The talents he displayed led to the em. the empire. ployment of Confucius upon a larger scale, During the three years of mourning, he in checking the abuses in the provinces; devoted himself zealously to study, and to and at the age of twenty-one, he was cre- the cultivation of the “six arts," which ated inspector-general of pastures and complete the education of a man, namely, flocks. He executed his invidious duties inusic, ceremonies, arithmetic, writing, the with such a judicious mixture of firmness use of arms, and the art of driving. These and forbearance, gentleness and impartial. exercises relieved the toils of severe study, ity, that he disarmed the hostility of the and made the period of mourning less bad, and conciliated the esteem of the tedious. good, whilst the poor poured benedictions On returning into society, he was urged upon him as their friend and benefactor. to present himself to the king or his minIo four years, the country under his super- isters, that he might obtain some public intendence wore a new face; the fields employment; but Confucius, who had no were well tilled, the flocks bad multiplied, ambition but that of being extensively useand the husbandınen and shepherds enjoyed ful, declined to do so, declaring that he plenty and content.

wished for longer time to make himself His public employment was suspended, thoroughly master of the wisdom of antiat the age of twenty-three, by the death of quity. His reputation now began to attract his mother, conformably to ancient rules, of visitors, who desired the solution of queswhich Confucius was a rigid observer. He tions in morals or polities. Amongst buried her with his father at Fang-sban, others, the king of Yen sent to inquire observing, we owe equal duty to both our what course of conduct he ought to pursue parents, and it is right that those who in in order to govern rightly. Confucius told life were united by the same bond, should the envoy that he neither knew the king be undivided in death.” The removal of nor his subjects, and therefore could not the corpse was performed with a decorum give a practical answer to such a question. and magnificence which afforded the pub- * If he wishes to learn from me," said he, lic an illustrious example of filial piety. It “what the ancient sovereigns would have was, moreover, a part of Confucius's pro- done in such or such an emergency, I shall


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be glad to satisfy him, for then I should“ descendant of Ching-tang" to visit his
speak with reference to facts.” This reply court: an invitation which Confucius ac-
was the occasion of a visit by Confucius to cepted.
Yen (the first instance of his leaving his On leaving Loo, with a few disciples
native country), where he labored diligent- (B. c. 521), he was followed by a crowd of
ly and successfully in reforming its laws young people, who wished to profit as much
and manners, and where he introduced the as possible by his lectures; and for their
ceremonies adopted in Loo. On quitting benefit, he took occasion, from the incidents
Yen, in spite of the urgent entreaties of on the journey, to deduce practical lessons
the king, he observed to the latter, “I of conduct. Thus, on reaching the fron.
cannot leave you without impressing upon tiers of Tse, they beheld a man about to
you an ancient sentiment: A sovereign who hang himself. Confucius, descending from
meditates changes and improvements in his his chariot, inquired the cause.
state, should not begin them till he has acquir- declared he was a philosopher; that he had
ed all the information on the subject he can neglected no means of accumulating know-
gain from the practice of his neighbors. This ledge; that, nevertheless, by omissions of
sentiment, which is pregnant with instruc- duty, by the ingratitude of a son, by re-
tion, has convinced me of a fact, to which peated disappointments, and by self-re-

I had hitherto paid too little attention.” proach, he was reduced to despair. Con-

The reflection suggested to him, in short, fucius comforted him with the assurance, the expediency of travelling, as the means that none of his ills were irreparable ; that of enlarging the sphere of his observation, most of them had proceeded from errors and correcting errors and prejudices re- on his own part, which might be remedied, specting national manners. Though only and that no human being had real cause twenty-eight years of age, he enjoyed the utterly to despair. He then turned to his reputation of a skilful politician, and a man followers, and desired them to reflect upon of eminent learning ; but he was sensible the lesson to be deduced from this man's of his own deficiencies, and regarded his narrative ; observing that the misfortunes knowledge as superficial, compared with of our fellows afford us the means of escapwhat it was in his power to attain. ing the ills of life ; and that "we have

He first visited the state of Kin, where made no inconsiderable progress in the he perfected himself in music, under a pro- path of wisdom, when we know how to exfessor of great reputation, named Seang. tract this advantage from the faults of He paid visits likewise to the states of Tsae others.” and Wei, and nearly lost his life in one of On his arrival at Tse, he dismissed his their affrays. On his return, he again re- young followers, that their filial duties sisted the solicitations of his friends to might not be interrupted, and retained only enter into public life." I devote myself," thirteen disciples. He was received with

] he would say, "to mankind in the aggre. much distinction by the king, whose quesgate; I dedicate my hours to the acqui- tions were, however, conformably to his sition of knowledge, that I may be useful to character, tinctured with levity. Confucius, them; I am but in my thirtieth year, a time nevertheless, replied with seriousness. . of life when the mind is in all its vigor, the He soon perceived how much this kingdom body in its full strength.” In the Lun-yu, stood in need of reform; but he proceeded he says, " At fifteen I resolved to apply to slowly, and with patience and caution At philosophy; at thirty my resolution was the end of the year, however, neither the fixed.”

people, the court, nor the king, had mate. Confucius now (B. c. 522) made his house rially changed. a kind of Lyceum, where instruction was On the accession of the emperor Kingfreely given to young and old, rich and wang (B. c. 518), our philosopher was enapoor; the only persons excluded were bled to gratify his wish of proceeding to those whose lives were vicious. History the imperial court. One of the ministers and historical traditions, the King or clas- of state, to whom he was introduced imsics, morals, and practical lessons of social mediately on his arrival, interrogated him conduct, were the topics of instruction, for as to the nature of his doctrine, and his which even magistrates and warriors were mode of teaching it. “My doctrine,” reeager competitors. The fame of this illus. plied Confucius, " is that which it concerns trious reformer soon spurned the narrow all men to embrace; it is that of Yaou and limits of the kingdom of Loo, and spread Shun. As to my method of instruction, it throughout the empire. King-kung, king of is simple; I cite the conduct of the ancients, Tse, sent one of his grandees to invite the by way of example ; I prescribe the study

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