« AnteriorContinuar »
year, 1828, Sir Walter fulfilled his promise; and serene expression into that conversational I finished from his face the marble bust now at look which it now wears, to the delight and Drayton Manor-a better sanctuary than my admiration of thousands. The bust of studio, else I had not parted with it. The expression is more serious than in the two former Southey was a second request made in busts, and the marks of age more than eight pursuance of the very sound and judicious years deeper.
advice of Allan Cunningham. “I have now, I think, stated all that is wor- It would be no easy matter to enumerate thy of remembering about the bust, except that the many ways in which Allan Cunning. there need be no fear of piracy, for it has never ham was of the utmost use to Sir Francis been moulded. “I have, &c.
Chantrey. He wrote a sketch of his life, “F. CHANTREY."
and a glowing account of his works, in
April 1820 for Blackwood's Magazine, and, Now this is in the outset substantially in 1826, a kind of critical panegyric upon incorrect; yet it was so written, and by his genius for the Quarterly, in a review Allan Cunningham, we are assured, to please of Meme's Life of Canova. These artiSir Francis Chantrey. In 1820, Chantrey cles were publicly known as his. They knew nothing of Scott as a poet or a man contain no drawing of the arrow of adula. beyond hearsay, and had never indeed seen tion to the head, but a just appreciation of him. He never wrote to Scott to ask him Chantrey's works and genius. That such to sit ; for the very suggestion and bring public notices as these were not of real ing about of the whole, Chantrey was in benefit to Chantrey, it would be idle asserdebted to his friend Cunningham. Sir tion to deny. Chantrey, at least, forgave Walter had come to town in 1820, and their author-he never rewarded him rightHogg, the Ettrick Shepherd, in writing to ly for such substantial services. his brother bard in London, assured him One of the many commissions obtained that Scott would consider a call from Allan for Sir Francis Chantrey, by his friend and Cunningham as a very friendly act. When foreman, was the Wellington equestrian Sir Walter had been settled a week or so statue for the City of London. A subscripat“kind Miss Dumergue's,” Allan set off tion was set on foot, some ten thousand one morning with a palpitating heart to pounds collected, a kind of packed com. make his half-expected visit. But before mittee called together, and a day of meet. he was on his way for Piccadilly, where ing named. For what? To give the statue Miss Dumergue resided, Allan had commu- to Mr. Wyatt. The Duke of Rutland nicated to his patron (so they word it) his and Sir Frederick Trench were the prime purpose of calling upon Scott, to thank movers in this affair ; they pulled the pup: him for some kind message he had received pet-strings of this bronze subscription, and through a common friend. “Now," said had an artist of their own. In short, the Allan to Chantrey, “if I can get Scott to matter looked like a job, and so it struck sit, you must make his bust. Reynolds Allan Cunningham, who sounded his friend painted all the great authors of his time, Sir Peter Laurie, a member of the Commit. and Phillips has painted all the great au- tee, on the matter, and inquired if there thors of our own. You must make the was no way of wresting the statue from busts of them all, and begin with Mr. Wyatt's feeble fingers into the artistic Scott." Chantrey at once consented. Al. hands of Sir Francis Chantrey. Sir Peter lan saw Scott, made known the willingness Laurie at once confirmed the impression of Chantrey, and obtained the poet's prom- of Allan Cunningham that it was a job, but ise to sit. In this way the matter rested doubted if there was any chance of upsetfor some time; Scott expected a call from ting Wyatt, so strongly was he backed. Chantrey, and Chantrey a call from Scott. Laurie, however, undertook to inquire and Neither had their expectations realized. do all he could. Members were sounded, Chantrey was for a while angry; he had nev- the story told, and Chantrey's willingness, er asked a soul to sit to him before, and the nay, anxiety, to execute the statue spoken result of his first request was far from sat, publicly about. The day came, 12th May, isfactory. Cunningham now interfered (1837; Sir Peter Laurie was in the Commitagain, and saw Sir Walter on the subject. tee room, and Allan Cunningham behind The moment that Scott became acquainted the scenes, to back Sir Peter in his battle with the circumstances, he set out with his for true art. friend Allan for the studio of Chantrey. The contest was sore; and, though ChanThe sculptor was more than pacified, he trey gained the day, it was only by a mawas highly pleased. Friendship ripened jority of one, the casting vote of the then into intimacy, and the bust grew from a llord-mayor. Twenty-nine members were
present, and their votes were thus record.clining the honor thus ingeniously and honed. For Chantrey-1, The lord-mayor ; 2, orably acquired for him. Lord Sandon; 3, Sir Henry Hardinge; 4, Sir Whether Allan Cunningham
was or was Claudius Hunter; 5, Alderman Birch; 6, not forgiven by Sir Francis Chantrey for Sir Peter Laurie ; 7, Alderman Winchester; this very effective support and accession of 8, Alderman Lainson ; 9, Sheriff Johnson; good fortune, both in an artistic and a pe10, A. K. Barclay, Esq. ; 11, C. Barclay, cuniary sense, we shall not stay to inquire. Esq.; 12, T. Burbidge, Esq. ; 13, Rev. V. Mr. Cunningham really was a sufferer by K. Child; 14, W. Chadwick, Esq.; 15, C. his very proper interference in this matter, Francis, Esq. For Wyatt—1, The Duke for Chantrey left the legacy of £2000 to of Rutland; 2, Earl of Wilton; 3, Viscount his friend and assistant, conditionally, that Beresford ; 4, Sir Frederick Trench; 5, Dr. he should superintend the execution of this Croly ; 6, B. Edington, Esq.; 7, T. Farn- very statue, and be alive at its completion. come, Esq. ; 8, William Jerdan, Esq.; 9, Allan Cunningham superintended the work J. Masterman, Esq. ; 10, J. M. Rainbow, for eleven months after Chantrey's death, Esq.; 11, W. Richardson, Esq. ; 12, D. Sal to the very day indeed of his own death, omons, Esq.; 13, E. Silon, Esq.; 14, W. when the legacy became, in the eyes of the Simpson, Esq.
executors of Sir Francis Chantrey, a lapsed The business was opened by Trench pro- legacy. They have now declined paying posing that the statue should be given to what they have the power to give; and are
Dr. Croly and Mr. Jerdan support. they in refusing, it is natural to ask, ad. ed Trench, when Mr. Charles Barclay, as ministering to che intentions of the dead ? was agreed upon with Sir Peter Laurie, What did Chantrey do in the case of Northproposed Sir Francis Chantrey. Mr. Bar-cote? clay was seconded by Sir Peter. One of The works of Sir Francis Chantrey dithe committee then got up, and said that vide themselves into equestrian statues, Mr. Wyatt was a great man, and deserved standing statues, sitting statues, recumbent the statue, as he had lost much through af- figures, groups, chiefly in strong relief and section for his art. To this Sir Peter re- busts. plied, “I propose a greater artist, one, too, There are three equestrian statues—Sir that has no losses for the City of London Thomas Munro, George IV., and the Duke to repair, and that he will undertake it this of Wellington. Of these three, the Munro letter from my friend Mr. Allan Cunning: figure is the finest, but the horse the worst; bam will convince all.” Sir Peter then the Wellington horse the best, the figure read a letter on the subject from Allan the worst. Of his standing statues, some Cunningham. “Now all this is vastly eighteen in number, we prefer, far above well,” said Sir Frederick Trench, “but all others, Grattan, Washington, Malcolm, who will sanction what Mr. Cunningham and Canning. Of his sitting statues, some says ?"_“I will !” said Lord Sandon. eighteen in number, we prefer James Watt, “Whatever Mr. Cunningham has written the small-size figure), Dr. Cyril Jackson, on this subject, Sir Francis Chantrey, I and Dr. Anderson of Madras. Of his re
or know, will sanction.” This unexpected cumbent figures, some fourteen in number, turn settled the matter, for Lord Sandon the Two Children at Lichfield, the Wild. came with the Duke of Rutland and Sir man group, Mrs. Digby and Mrs. Jordan. Frederick Trench, as it was said, to sup- His reliefs are very poor. What can be po t Wyatt, and was with them, it was be. worse than the Hector, the Penelope, and lieved, till this stage of the business. the Conscript Fathers of the Reform Bill
Sir Peter Laurie has been heard to attri- signing the Magna Charta of King John? bute the whole success of Chantrey in this His busts are beyond all praise, they are business to his friend Allan Cunningham. the heads of Sir Joshua or Vandyke in marMr. Cunningham, on the contrary, attribu- ble. Oh for a head of Shakspeare like ted all to Chantrey's high name, and the Chantrey's Sir Walter Scott ! “Look," activity and intelligence of Sir Peter Lau. said Coleridge," at that head of Cline by rie. When Allan Cunningham was asked Chantrey. Is that forehead, that nose, in what way Chantrey had expressed his those temples, and that chin, akin to the pleasure at the news of his triumph, “Oh,” monkey tribe ? No, no! To a man of sensaid Allan with a smile, “I fear he will not sibility no argument could disprove the forgive me.". The truth is, Chantrey could bestial theory so convincingly as a quiet not bear to lie under an obligation, as it contemplation of that fine bust." were, to his foreman, and for a while, urged Chantrey's fancy figures cost him too on by some of his friends, he talked of de. much thinking, and he was putting his rep
utation at a hazard in making them by ven. England to contend for his prizes, solely turing out of his depth. He was content out of respect for the epigrammatic and with the fame of his " Lady Louisa Russell inimitable Frenchman. Fondling a Dove," a sweet little figure all Chantrey was at times a kind-hearted tiptoe and delight.
man-liberal with his purse, ready to hear In 1813, his charge for a bust was one and relieve distress. Prosperity blunted hundred guineas; in 1814 and 1819, one those better portions of his nature which hundred and twenty. He had one hundred adversity or a smaller share of prosperity guineas for Cline, and one hundred and had called into action oftener and with twenty guineas a-piece for James Watt and more effect. In his death, art lost one of John Rennie. In 1820, his charge was one its greatest ornaments; in the death of Alhundred and fifty guineas, the sum he re- lan Cunningham, literature a very able man. ceived from Lord Liverpool for the bust of the Duke of Wellington. In 1821, he had two hundred guineas for the bust of George IV., the highest sum he was ever known to charge for a bust. For the Wellington statue he was paid
THE LATE " DUCHESS OF SUSSEX."-As the fact the largest sum he ever received for a work the event of the death of the King of Hanover, and of
is becoming a matter of general discussion, that in of art, equal as it was in all, with bronze the Crown Prince, his son, the question of the title and money, to £10,000. For the eques- of Sir Augustus D'Este to the throne of that kingtrian statue of George IV., still unerected, dom will create some controversy, the following he had nine thousand guineas; for the letter from her Royal Highness (the Countess of
Ameland) to Sir S. J. Dillon, will not be uninterequestrian statue of Sir Thomas Munro, esting. It is dated so long since as December 16th, L8000. The Munro horse was the same 1811 :horse as the George IV., and Chantrey “My dear sir :- I wished to have answered your would have thrust a third edition of the last leiter, but having mislaid your first, I did not same animal upon the City of L
know how to direct to you. I am sure you must bedon but
lieve that I am delighted with your pamphlet; but for the sturdy interference of Allan Cun. I must confess I do not think you have stated the ningham and Sir Peter Laurie. He would fact quite exactly, when you say (page 25), " that certainly have had the Glasgow Wellington the question is at rest between me and the Duke of Statue to execute, but from his anxiety to declared illegal by sentence of the Ecclesiastical
Sussex, because the connection has not only been supply a cast of the same horse to the fair Court, but has been dissolved by consent—that I City of the West. This was imprudent, have agreed to abandon all claims to his name,' &c. for the Glasgow people wisely wanted a Now, my dear sir, had I believed the sentence of horse of their own. Modelling horses
the Ecclesiastical Court to be any thing but a stretch
of power, my girl would not have been born. Lord gravelled Chantrey; he was at home with Thurlow told me my marriage was good abroadmen, but had to learn a new line of art religion taught me it was good at home, and not one when he came to manufacture horses. decree of any powerful enemy could make me beHis standing statues and sitting statues lieve otherwise, nor ever will
. By refusing me a were well paid for. He had two ihousand subsistence they have forced me to take a name
not the Duke of Sussex's—but they have not made guineas for the George III. in Guildhall; me believe that I had no right to his. My children £1800 for Spencer Perceval ; £4000 for and myself were to starve, or I was to obey, and I President Blair (with niche and pedestal); obeyed; but I am not convinced. Therefore, pray £3500 for Lord Melville ; £1000 for Dr. don't call this an act of mutual consent,' or say Anderson at Madras; £1575 for General wishes it, I am ready to declare that it was debt,
'the question is at rest.'. The moment my son Gillespie in St. Paul's; £1800 for Francis imprisonment, arrestation, necessity (force like Horner in Westminster Abbey ; £2250 for this, in short), which obliged me to seem to give Washington ; £1200 for Chief Baron Dun- up my claims, and not my conviction of their faldas; £2000 for Grattan ; £7000 for Pitt in lacy. When the bans were published in the most
frequented church in London, and where all the Hanover Square ; £7000 for Watt in West: town goes, is not that a permission asked? And minster Abbey. For “ The Two Children” why were they not forbid? I believe my marriage he had £650; for “ Lady Louisa Russell,” | at Rome good; and I shall never feel the question £350.
at rest,' till this is acknowledged. Prince Augus
tus is now seat to Jersey, as Lieutenant D’Este, in Chantrey's admiration of English sculp- the 7th Fusiliers. Before he went he told his fature did not get much beyond the bust of ther he had no objection to go under any name Dr. Johnson by Nollekens, and the statue they chose to make bim take; but that he knew of Sir Isaac Newton by Roubiliac. They when himself would see justice done to his mother
what he was, and the time, he trusted, would come were both, as he was wont to say, perfect. and sister, and his own birth." Such, indeed, was his respect for Roubiliac,
Colonial Magazine. that he has allowed foreigners resident in
MEMOIRS OF THE LIFE OF THE REV. Williams so far to outstrip all his contem-
poraries, and to become the primitive Bish
op of Polynesia. During his apprenticeship, From Tait's Magazine.
his mind was forcibly directed to serious "Memoirs of the Life of the Rev. John Wil. subjects, by accidentally hearing a sermon
liams, Missionary to Polynesia.". By preached by Mr. East of Birmingham; and, Ebenezer Prout of Halstead. Svo, with Por- after slender educational preparation, he trait, &c. London ; Snow.
was sent out as a missionary, at a very The terrible fate of “the Martyr of Erro- early age, and when just married. The manga,” equally with his eminent mission. manner in which Williams, on landing at ary labors in the islands of the Pacific, Eimeo, made the first great step, the acquihave drawn the public attention to his ca- sition of the native languages, goes far to reer. His own remarkable narrative, bis establish the theory of Professor Blackie.* “Missionary Enterprizes,"—the accounts of We are told, him found in the Missionary Society's Reports, in the writings of the Rev. Mr. Ellis, cient acquaintance with the language while at
By great diligence, he had acquired a suffiand in the recent publications of Dr. Camp: Tahiti and Huahine, to be enabled to preach bell, have contributed to gratify the general intelligibly as soon as he reached Raiatea. The curiosity about an individual, who, if the ac method by which he made this rapid proficiency complishment of actual good to his race is was his own. Instead of remaining at home, to be taken as the measure of a man's worth, poring over translations and glossaries, or deought to be ranked as among the first class. pending upon the assistance of his senior brethBut the character and career of an individ." hearing and asking them questions,” and thus
ren, he constantly mingled with the natives, ual so eminent for the good he has done, acquired, as he considered with great ease, not deserved the most ample and complete merely the signification of words and phrases, record; and this is now found in these Me- but, what was quite as requisite, the correct acmoirs of the life of Williams, which are centuation of the language. Whether this plan evidently compiled by one who could truly admit of doubt ; but there can be none respect
would be the most euccessful in all cases may and warmly appreciate the many happy ap- ing its suitableness to Mr. Williams, one retitudes and excellencies of his character, markable characteristic of whose mind was the and also his peculiar—may we not say pro- power of exact and minute observation. vidential--adaptation to the work which was given him to do.
In ten months after he reached Eimeo, It is not until Williams is fairly landed he preached his first sermon in the native on the Hervey Islands,-one of which, Ra language; some of his elder brethren afrotonga, re-discovered by himself, became firming, that he had done as much in that the scene of his almost miraculous efforts period, as might have taken another three in civilizing and evangelizing,—that the years. As soon as, with the approbation memoir becomes of intense interest.
of the chiefs, and with the prospect of quiet Mr. Williams was the son of respectable and permanency, the missionaries had setparents of the middle class, and he was
tled at Raiatea, Mr. Williams laid a stable
he resolved to erect upon it a dwelling-house in prentice to an ironmonger in London, to the English style, and in all respects superior attend the retail-shop only; but being of to any building
ever seen, or even imagined by "a mechanical turn," he, most fortunately not merely by a desire to obtain for himself and
the people around him. To this he was incited, for the great cause in which he was aster- his family a commodious and respectable resiwards engaged, lost no opportunity of dence, but by the hope of elevating the standstealing into the adjoining work-shop, ard and awakening the emulation of those whom where he obtained that practical know- he was anxious to benefit. Before this time, ledge and skill in the craft of the black the best native houses consisted of but one smith, which enabled him, in after times, apartment, which was used by the whole family, with more ease, to act as a self-taught maced with a thatched roof, but open at the sides,
and for all domestic purposes. This was coverson, plasterer, shipbuilder, farmer, weaver, and carpeted with dry, and too frequently, dirty and, in short, Jack-of-all-trades. It was grass. Mr. Williams perceived the unfitness of this "mechanical turn,” together with his such abodes for the purposes he had in view. remarkable facility in acquiring the lan. He knew that domestic comfort, social morality guages of the South Seas, and his peculiar- and spiritual religion could never flourish, unly kind and engaging manners, together less the degraded habits, inseparable from such with his devoted energy, which enabled * See Tait's Magazine for November, 1842.
a mode of living, were first destroyed. He therefore resolved to show the people a more which may now be witnessed in these then
Much of the civilization, the fruits of excellent way. It was my determination," he barbarous islands, resulted from this, and writes, “when I left England, to have as res similar measures, to make civilization propectable a dwelling-house as I could erect; for the missionary does not go to barbarize him- ceed hand in hand with evangelization.' In self
, but to elevate the heathen; not to sink about eighteen months after landing, we himself to their standard, but to raise them to hear of a society established by Williams, his."
for encouraging among the natives) the Prompted by this enlightened and truly be growth of the arts and sciences ! the rewards nevolent motive, Mr. Williams prepared the being nails, a most desirable article to the plan, and commenced the erection of his new islanders. Within the same brief space of and noble dwelling-house. And this was an undertaking in which most of the labor necessa- time, we find this indefatigable missionary rily devolved upon himself. The natives, indeed, writing home :readily assisted in procuring the materials and placing them according to his direction; but all
“ It is a great advantage to me that I am able beyond what the most ordinary assistance could to turn my hand to any thing, and indeed it is render, was done by his own hands. Yet al- very desirable that every missionary, sent to an though obliged to execute the work of many
uncivilized part of the world, should possess different artizans, whose divided labor and mechanical qualifications, as well as a mission united skill are commonly considered essential ary spirit. to such an undertaking, he, relying solely upon
“We have not only instructed the natives as his own resources, soon beheld, with pride and to the improvement of their houses, but also in pleasure, his future home rising up before him. sawing timber, carpentering, smith's work, and, The natives saw it too, and were lavish in their among other things, in boat building. Brother expressions of astonishment and admiration. Threlkeld has now in hand a very large boat, The house was sixty feet by thirty, and consist- on which only the natives are employed. Re. ed of three front and four back rooms. French quiring a larger boat than that which I built at sashes, shaded with a green verandah and vene
Eimeo, that I may visit Tahaa, I have comtian blinds, gave an air of elegance to the sit- pleted one sixteen feet long. ting-rooms, which commanded a splendid view
“When we came to this place, there were of the harbor. The frame-work of the building only two native habitations, and it was difficult was wood, but the walls, both within and with- 1 to walk along the beach for the bushes. But out, were wattled, and plastered with coral lime. the former wilderness is now an open, clear, and From this lime, Mr. Williams made not only a pleasant place, with a range of houses extendwhitewash, but a grey and orange coloring ing nearly two miles along the sea-beach, in with which he adorned the interior. On either which reside about a thousand of the natives. side and in front, he had enclosed a spacious We earnestly desire to see the moral wilderness garden, which was tastily laid out in grass-plots, present the same improved appearance. The gravel-paths, and flower-beds, where there four king, who, we are happy to say, is one of the ished a variety of ornamental shrubs and plants, most consistent characters, resides very near to some of them indigenous, and others exotics in
He is a very constant attendant both at the troduced by himself and his brethren. Imme-chapel and the schools. He will probably be diately behind the house, there was an enclosed one of the first whom we shall baptize in the poultry.yard, well stocked with turkeys, fowls, islands. We are happy in being able to state and English and Muscovy ducks; while beyond that his behavior is circumspect, and that he is this, lay a large kitchen-garden, which supplied very active in suppressing crime. their table with several British roots and vege
“We are glad to be able to inform you, that tables, including cabbages, beans, peas, cucum- many have built themselves very neat little bers, pumpkins, onions, and pot-herbs. At a houses, and are now living in them with their later date, the bleating of goats
, and the lowing wives and families. The king, through seeing of oxen on the hills, indicated that still more im- ours, and by our advice, has had a house erect. portant additions had been made to their domes- ed near to us. It contains four rooms, wattled, tic comfort.
and plastered inside and out, and floored. He The furniture was in keeping with the house, is the first native on these islands that ever had and discovered in the Missionary an equal such a house ; but many others are now followamount of taste and skill. Tables, chairs, sofas, ing his example. and bedsteads, with turned and polished legs and
* We have been constantly exhorting the peopillars, quite in the English style, and carpeted ple to abandon their pernicious custom of livfloors, gave to the interior of this dwelling an ing several families together in one dwelling, appearance, equally inviting to the European and have advised their separation. Several visitor, and surprising to the natives. Mr. Wil- have complied with our request, and before six liams augured much good from the excitement months more have elapsed, it is probable that which these novelties would produce in the too there will not be less than twenty houses, watsluggish intellects around him, and was soon re
tled, plastered, with boarded floors, and divided joiced to see that their imitative propensities into separate rooms for meals and sleeping." had been so powerfully called into useful exercise by his example, as effectually to overcome Mr. Williams had not been long in these their indolence.
islands, when he perceived that tobacco