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my dear sir."

rally poetic temperament, which destroys ten. "The rose would have been healthy enough for the one it crowns. I remember Albert rest- in the conservatory, I suppose," said the less in his cradle, and weeping at melancholy doctor. music; and as to Lucy, ihe difficulty with her " Bless you, sir, it would have lived long was always to keep her tranquil. You have, enough to make a timber tree if I wanted it; my dear lady, applied excitement where you but such fierce forcing cuts them off even before should, in my humble opinion, have removed it.” they blossom. It's a principle in nature, sir;

“ But would you have had them grow up in my old governor never would have anything ignorance?" inquired the lady.

forced beyond nature. "Thomas,' he used to “ That is so like a woman,' said the old bache- say to me, let us help nature; let us assist the lor, smiling sadly; "jumping from one extreme old gentlewoman as well as we can--she deto the other. I talked of undue excitement, and serves it of us; and it is our duty, as well as you immediately fell back upon extreme igno- our interest, to keep friends with her, for there's rance; an excitement is the destruction of one thing certain, she won't stand no nonsense.' health and strength, and is 10 mind the very He was a plain-spoken Scotchman, sir; but, pestilence of education. The children were like all of his country, he had a great acquaints doing very well, learning as much as at their ance with nature.” age they ought to learn without forcing-that The doctor made no further observation; but is all that children should do."

a glance at Mrs. Erris showed him that her " But some learn more quickly than others, face was bathed in tears. ** So they do ; some require keeping back, others bringing forward, būt, with both, time is the only safe developer and strengthener. I never knew an instance where a precocious child was not the better for being kept back. It is positively offensive to come in contact with those forced children; to find mammas and INDIA AND China.—The overland mail from papas absurd enough to mistake indications of India, with dates from Calcutta to the 23rd talent for talent itself

, and treating you to little March ; Bombay, April 1st; Canton, 22nd Febmiss or little master's poetry or prose. Well, ruary, arrived in town on Sunday. The importmy dear lady,” he added, ashamed of his pet- already made known by the telegraphic despatch,

ance of the Indian news is limited to the fact tishness, “ I have at least to thank you for your of the annexation of Scinde to our Iudian empire. patience; you have listened to me, and I thank In Hyderabad, the capital of Scinde, treasure you. I will yo, if you please, to-morrow, if it and jewels amounting, it is said, to one and a were only to prove how I value your forbear-half million sterling, have been discovered. Doubts ance; but just look at our powers and this new have been entertained if this treasure trove is to forcing-house, which, I think, you have not seen, be considered prize money. The matter has been and which our gardener would have, because referred to the Queen in Council. In the mean the clever family have one.” Mrs. Erris looked time, the Governor General has declared Scinde to at the flowers; the doctor having set aside the be a British province, abolished slavery therein, subject they talked of, she knew would not return and appointed Sir C. Napier to be Governor; and to ii; so she admired 'the plants, and the good old also declared all transit duties abolished, and the gentleman's anxiety for Lucy and Albert was is said to be a most fertile district, which, when

Indus open to the ships of all nations. Scinde for a few minutes obliterated by the interest he cultivated, will repay every cost tenfold, and felt in his favorite flowers. On leaving the con-render the territories of the Indus something like servatory for the forcing-house, they found the the banks of the Ganges. gardener busied with some plants that had been The Governor General was at Agra. He has placed upon a stand; amongst them was a white ordered the celebrated Somnauth gates to be moss rose, its green leaves fading; the buds, locked up there. Bundelkund remained still in through whose soft moss the faint streak of an unsettled state, some disturbances having white was more or less visible, hung their occurred along the frontiers of Cutch, facing heads, from their feeble and seemingly twisted Scinde; but the rest of India was tranquil

. Dwarkanauth Tagore has been excluded from " It won't do, Tom-all your care won't do his family caste, in consequence of his repeatedly

eating with “the unclean Europeans.” now,” said Dr. Russel to the gardener; "if you had been content to urge, not force the plant respecting the state of Cabul. Akhbar Khan is

Tlie most conflicting accounts were circulated forward, it might have lived and flourished in no longer popular there, and another was said to the conservatory. Now it is gone--gone for have seized the government. Dost Mahommed ever."

was going back from Lahore to Cabul, but it was " It was so beautiful, sir," said the man ; "I not known how he wonld be received 'there. He never saw any thing more beautiful. I didn't wished to be aided by the Sikhs, but they did not Jike to be out-done in early flowering by Mr. seem inclined to give bim any assistance. Diggons's gardener, and got more heat on; and

The interest of the Chinese news is almost ex

Doubts are I'm sorry to say this is not the first plant that clusively of a commercial nature.

said to exist of the durability of any arrangement has served me so;, the blossoms have dropped

now entered into. The Chinese were busy in off many; so that, after all my care, and though repairing all their forts, and in strengthening iheir willing to sacrifice the plant for one good flow-positions in the different places attacked last year. ering, it won't always give that, but die away-Trade was dull, but was expected to revive speed. right away."

ily.-Court Journal.



For the Eclectic Museum.

that practical egotism of individuals, which THE PRESS AND THE AGE.

so strangely belies the philanthropy of the

ories and the charity of institutions. FUGITIVE THOUGHTS.

Literature, in those days, was merely a From the Vierteljahrs Schrift.

sprinkling, a passing cloud, from behind TRANSLATED BY F. A. STRALE.

which the cheering rays of the social sun In the good old times, a hundred years burst forth the merrier; in our times, she ago, or so, a vast deal less was printed than shrouds the heavens in thick and portenat present. People did not read as much tous gloom, and were any one to represent as they now do, but they talked a great this reading generation by a flock of geese, deal more The organ of the Press, as it who forgetting their lively cackle in the is now called, was comparatively in the storm, with contemplative gravity look up helpless state of a chrysalis, while the or- askance to the heavens; the comparison, if gans of speech were developed in full vi- not very refined, would at least be an apt gor, by their volubility in furnishing the one, as predicable of a social state, where prattle, pot-eloquence, sycophancy and gal- so much more is written and read than lantry of the age. The Frankford Post ar- spoken, where familiar and cheerful interrived only twice a week; the Bremen In- course is struck with the palsy, and very telligencer of Wit and Science appeared many of the social virtues, besides old-fashonly once a month; but yet often enough ioned and honorable gallantry, have become to serve throughout the holy Roman Emo defunct. Whence come the wild notions of pire, in the nightly orgies of the Academi- many scribbling and reading women, but cians, or at the tea-table of the literary ep- from their much reading, from their peevicure, as the accredited guides and oracles ish habit of shaking the fruit off the tree of in questions of general interest, natural phe knowledge, and from the faot that the busy nomena, and standards of taste and talent. and abstracted lords of creation, do not so How much sense and nonsense, how many much after the old fashion pay their subsallies of wit and of vain conceit, were not missive homage at the shrine of beauty, by wasted on the desert air, in discussing the flowery speeches and wire-drawn complipassing events of the day ; such as the ments; that they do not every moment of. bloody strife between Frederic and Maria- fer incense to the ladies as to their acTheresa, the paper-war between Bodmer knowledged and petted little despots, who and Gotsched, the elevation of Madame by the fundamental laws of nature are disPompadour to the throne, and Christian qualified from holding a seat and giving a Woli's recall to Halle, the severe winter of vote in the graver councils of men. 1740, and Lord Anson's voyage around the In those days, when a man delighted in world. The same exhalations ascend from his own cogitations on passing events, he the heads of men in our day, like steam generally brought them to some gossiping produced by the contact of water with iron market; he looked about for people to at a white-heat, but an infinitely greater por. whom he could unburden his political wea. tion of the component particles are precip. ther-wisdom, his scientific projects or his itated daily, and in thousands of places, in artistical enthusiasm. That which now the shape of types on paper. From this goes by the name of Society, consists of

. important change in the intellectual atmos- two classes: one, writing down their phere of the world, proceeds in truth al- thoughts on politics, commerce, sciences most every thing, whether it be for the bet. and arts, while the other read what these ter or for the worse, in great matters or have written. Interchange of thought in trifles, which distinguishes the age of through the medium of conversation, has the semi-weekly snails-post (Schnecken- only this in common with that carried on Post), the bag.wig, and of demonstrative through the medium of printing, that they philosophy, from the age of steam, kid- produce no result, abstractedly considered'; gloves and absolute ideas; from the age for after all, every thing which at each sucmarked by the mighty impulse given to ceeding moment is embraced under the science and art, the revolution effected in heads of science, literature, political econthe views of both rulers and people, and by omy and the whole domain of research, is the controlling power of public opinion; as surely nothing else but the sum total of all well as by the great schism which has su- the great and little accounts, which are pervened between theory and invention, be constantly adjusting between millions of iween the right of conscience and the cra- great and little individuals. vings of mind, the desolation and yet sober In an age where every body is writing; awakening of the masses, together with where words appearing in a book are frequently hardly weighed more scrupulously unfold themselves in the remotest perspecthan in daily colloquy, the writer will doubi- tive. Once, the country-village was comless be permitted also to scatter on paper paratively lively, and vocal with the coma few thoughts on the aspect of the exist. motion of debaie ; as has been said, even a ing era; thoughts which in the good old hundred years ago, there was comparatively time he would have wasted in talk, while much more tale-telling and less printed now, having the comfortable assurance, news; while now, with the newspaper in that no one will contradict him, while wri- his hand, the citizen quid nunc holds conting, he can think himself to be in the verse with every portion of the habitable right, until he sees some criticism of bis globe, in the crowded coffee-room, or in pages, and afterwards too.

the rail-car, without bestowing a single The Press is that main engine of develop- word on his neighbor, to give a jog to the ment, which for three centuries, uninterrup. intellectual faculties of either. tedly and in a progressive ratio of speed, is Mankind, when they had no printing, carrying the human race towards some were divided in detached groups, each of goal yet undiscernible and unknown. It whom enjoyed its own immunities and has left mankind, what they ever were ; characteristic identity. Their thoughts but it is a leaven (Gährungs-stoff) which and affections occupied the space of these has given a characteristic scope and direc- hallowed inclosures, leaving the surplus, if tion to that momentous disjunction which any, to make excursions into the fields of is going on between us and antiquity, and nature and of religion. At first, indeed, has infinitely multiplied energies and rela- before they were merged in states and tions, and then again simplified them. kingdoms, communities resembled some With the art of printing commenced a new isolated galvanic elenients, within the conera in the culture of the human mind, which tracted spheres of which, the affections and before had enjoyed a holiday of two thou- aspirations of the soul were forever gamsand years, since acquiring the accomplish- boling in self-exhausting gyrations. Time ment of writing. The Press is a machine gradually added other elements; but slow embodying an idea, by whose develop was the progress which men could make in ments, the heir-loom of History itself, so to knowledge and power through the mere speak, has been re-constructed, to the effect instrumentality of tradition and manuthat it incessantly throws off the antiquated script, both indifferent conductors, and materials of power, of thought and of pas. the battery, though its multiplied parts ension, descended from our forefathers, in dowed it with increasing force, soon wore ever varying, ever increasing, ever bolder, itself into decay. Then the Press at once finer and more elaborate patterns. As became the communicating medium of the manual labor was the productive genius of ethereal fluid, and by its infinitely superior the primitive and middle ages; so machine adaptedness, raised the civilized world to ry is of modern times—but still it is the the proud eminence which it now occupies same genius which is at work. We are so ac- on the heaving galvanic pile of mind, which customed to the common, all-pervading ve- seeks to outstrip the farthermost bounds of hicle of thought, to the ability of scanning the very heavens. every movement in the worlds of matter or Every unit, whether great or small, from of mind, that it is with no small difficulty we the individual to the state or the nation, are able to place ourselves in a bygone age; feels itself, in the midst of the whirl and and the superficial thinker is utterly at a commotion of conflicting powers, identified loss to comprehend the intellectual great- in its thoughts, purposes and actions, as a ness of certain periods which were desti- part of one undivided whole, and all may tute of the present facilities for disseminat-perceive how the materials of sate are dising and interchanging ideas. The noiseless posed of in the servent heat incident to the tread of the historical muse, led onward concentration of their powers at the poles only by traditional legends, strikes us as of the ever-working baitery; and how thus gloomily as unearthly steps in the haunted destiny is every instant evolved, be it chamber of Ugolino; while an old man through the agency of man himself, or be it would become bewildered with terror in in his despite. It is pre-eminently this beholding how, by the necromancy of print- universal sensitiveness of the body social, ing, the hidden workings of the times are this ever present consciousness of historiunmasked, how the levers and shuttles pass cal dignity, which stamps the present cenand repass with inconceivable swiftness, tury as differing so strikingly and essenthe wheels buzz and fly, the woofs are reel- tially from the last, so faintly acted upon ed off, and everywhere images and designs by the Press, and which renders it so diam

etrically opposite to the earlier ages of the and the bustle among claimants and objecworld. Every pleasing and noble feature tionists, among the contending masses, and in the aspect of our times, as well as every in the consultations among Savans at the equivocal and fatal distortion, springs from couch of diseased humanity, grows ever this psychological revolution from this louder and more confused." Nothing can source flow all those schemes and efforts transpire in any of the provinces of metain state, in science and in art, which char-physics, politics, religion, art, trade or sciacterize the present generation.

ence, which does not produce manifold and Even long after the invention of printing, heterogeneous results, in a society rendercomparatively but a very few privileged ed thus sensitive through the agency of the individuals were enabled to watch the Press. Where one sees only health and course of the world, to confront and mea- safety, another scents a gangrene; the sure the events which passed before their identical fact calls up to the imagination of eyes, by the past, as recorded on the page of one a series of the most flattering images, History, thence to draw definite conclu-to that of his neighbor it portrays nothing sions, to set the horoscope of the city, the but the rake's progressto one the beginstate or the age, and to announce all this to ning of a felicitous consummation—to the their contemporaries. With the progress other the beginning of a gloomy end. The of this “black art” the feelers of society one cannot comprehend how it is that the became proportionably more numerous and world does not advance more readily, uniacute, its vision into futurity sharpened, versally, or in this, and that and the other and the one half of what is now printed is particular quarter, where genius such as his made

up of judgments abstractedly pronoun- applies the lever. Another is astonished ced by this conscientious and self-critici- again to find his transcendent abilities baf. sing age, whether in a sober mood, or mis- filed, and like Jonah becomes fretful at the guided by passion, on the past, present and failure of his prophecies; but is not the future. It happens, however, in the arena less positive, that with such elements of of literature, as it it does in the British Par. discord and destruction within, the world liament. There, every speech being di- cannot long hold together. All admit, howrected to the chair, the speaker is the focus, ever, even those who draw the most favor. or rather the centre of all the radii of de-able auspices for the future from the presbate, and in a somewhat analogous manner ent, that with the present striking advance every author or scribbler, in all his plans or of certain elements of power, other certain strictures on the affairs of the world, ad- elements which caused the peculiar bloom dresses bimself to the Public, that presiding and glory of departed ages, have become hydra, which holds in terrorem the power extinct; but while A beholds in this deof life or death in its grasp, over all Maga- ficiency, or rather substitution of energies, zines, Journals, and Gazettes. The Public the prognostics of a universal dissolution, and the Speaker-both much less speaking, B adopts it as merely another round in the than spoken to-have no perceptible influ- physiological ladder of the species. ence over the issue, the result of the de- Those faculties of man, by which in obbate ; the same as in judicatory assemblies, serving, experimentalizing, analyzing, disa thousand valuable or silly thoughts fall to solving, and again combining, condensing the ground, and that which is finally effect and making deductions, he penetrates deeped, often has, no relationship, either to the er and farther into outward nature and into efforts of genius expended, or to the end his own, have manifestly been exalted and contemplated; so the assertions and de- enlarged through the revolution effected murrers, the demands and the refusals, the by the press. This is more especially aptriumphs and the lamentations of the politi- parent in the great strides which the precal press, are daily set at naught by the ex. sent age has made in the various departecutive tribunal of History. The universal ments of natural science. development of the go-ahead principle, The rich and fair legacy of learned lore, which in modern times has been so won transmitted from antiquity, even within the derfully accelerated, is chiefly the effect of precincts of natural philosophy, was prethe inherent and ever augmenting power served during the middle ages by a few of the press; and consequently, while the men of towering genius, and, though with plot thickens, while so many conflicting considerable drawbacks on the one hand, it phenomena appear, while what is past, as obtained on the other some slow and unewell as that which is yet to come, arouses qual acquisitions. The single-handed thinkthe most opposite passions; the energies er and seeker after truth, cramped and fetof the press receive increased stimulus, I tered by authorities, could make but feeble,


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unproductive, and withal hazardous explor- the young brood of new discoveries are
ing expeditions into the hidden chambers carefully nursed and fed after the most ap-
of nature's laboratory; and consequently proved rules of dietetics.
the efforts of genius either soared away The natural sciences are the boast of the
into the clouds, or else diverged into the age-yes, and in their alliance with indus-
winding and obscure paths of a labyrinth, try, have made it arrogant. It is reasona-
where arose on soine circumscribed basis ble to suppose, however, that the achieve.
of experiments, the speculative structures ments of the human mind, subsequent to
of the theosoph, the astrologer and the al- the laws established by Keppler and by
chemist. The seeds of science, so vigor. Newton, as yet have made but very few
ously deposited by the ancients, were bare- stages in its boundless career.

Here the
ly kept scathless during the iron-age. The prospect is lost in distance ; the re-actions
press prepared the soil to receive the seed, on society, the re-modelling, emancipation
and scattered it abroad; it speedily pro- and ennobling of the whole system flowing
duced a thousand-fold, and now the entire from a conquest of nature's forces, in great
domain of civilized life, is clothed in luxu- things or in small, in the aggregate or in the
riant verdure, and a stately crop of true abstract, it is impossible to compute. But
knowledge, hides, if it cannot choke, many when this new movement first became ap-
a rank weed, the seed of which the press parent, about fifty years ago, after the great
has, in its heedless race, also dropped. and important discoveries had been made
The same thought, which called forth a in chemistry and in physic, mankind were
general interchange of mind, gave to sci- affected somewhat in the manner of a man
ence the principle of vitality, no longer of who for the first time travels on a rail-road.
a stunted growth, a stagnant vegetation, Though mounting the car very cautiously,
and this vitality and growth kept exact and apprehensive of not being able to en-
pace with the increase of books. Once, dure the rapid motion, he soon becomes
the science of natural philosophy was a reconciled to the novelty, and in a little
rigid, compact mass, easily scanned and while begins to suggest that the speed
mastered by one mind. Mathematics, might very well be increased, without
Astronomy, Chemistry, Botany, Physic and either inconvenience or danger. Just so
Metaphysics, lay all huddled together in people spoke then, in verse and in prose,
the brains of the Doctor mirabilis. In pro. in half jest and full earnest, of the gigantic
portion, however, as the magic circle, undertakings of mind, of the flight of Ica-
which the press had thrown around the rus, and pennis non homini datis. But soon
philosopher and thinker, became more and one became accustomed to the rushing lo-
more intensely electrified with this vitali- comotive of science, whose scintillations
ty, the mass became more fusible, and the were as many seeds of the utile dulce ; and
materials of science more redundant. Soon now the faction of science and the multi-
it could no longer be scanned, much less tude cried out vehemently to the other
mastered by individual minds; it separated multifarious arts, fa presto, and the impa-
into ever various fragments and ramifica- tience to gain and to enjoy infinitely out.
tions, each of which required its master strips the sober and legitimate march of
workman, and thus was set on foot that di- improvement. One prominent example
vision of labor, that unfailing distribution, will suffice; in that we may see reflected
that constant gathering and re-issuing all the phantastic expectations, anticipa-
(Wieder-abgeben) of materials, which at tions, misconceptions, misconstructions
the present day gives to the activity of ge- and fallacies through the medium of which
nius a feature so much resembling a mathe. one generation throws a halo of imaginary
matical concatenation of productive me glory over the darkness of those yet un-
chanism, or rather of a fraternity of skilful born.
insects. That which instinct effects in the Mankind have scarcely succeeded in
little community of bees, a general wake- moving over the surface of their planet at
fulness and sharp-sightedness bring to pass the rate of forty miles per hour, scarcely
in the Republic of Science--all that has do they anticipate with any degree of cer-
been done at every point, and all that is yet tainty, that the rail-road will infuse a reno-
to be done. Inspired by the common im- vated nervous system into the body social,
pulse, the student knows as by intuition, before they grasp, no one can tell how
which flowery chalice he must crush in many degrees higher, and pant for the im-
order to extract the purest honey; cell is mediate realization of the antiquated hob-
added to cell as by rule and compass in by, which so often is honored with fruition
the prolific bive of scientific literature, and only in our dreams: they would fain fly on

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