« AnteriorContinuar »
any at all."
names pleaded in behalf of a system in no tells us, "suppose that our blessed Lord is, respect entitled to such protection.” as it were, throughout the inspired writings, of the unscrupulous use by these writers hiding and concealing himself
, and going of the vulgarest arts of sophistry, we about (if I may so speak reverently) seekneed say nothing. Enormous examples ing to whom he may disclose himself.” of petitio principii, suppressio veri, and al. There are numberless passages of this most every other species of logical delin. kind, which may mean any thing the inter. quency, have been given in preceding arti- preter is pleased to imagine ; although in cles, or in the present. But examples of reality they contain nothing but very piousall will be found in Number Ninety itself; sounding nonsense, which would have been that singular monument-not ære perennius quite in character in Jacob Böhmen or certainly, for it is " brass” itself-of logical Emanuel Swedenborg. pettifogging
Thus, “so to speak,'
and "as it were,” We question, however, whether these the author often seems to say something, writers have not derived still more service when in reality, and without any “so to from that obscure, imposing, and truly speak” or “as it were," he says nothing. Delphic style, of which, as Archbishop His style perpetually reminds us of BarWhately says, the "effect is to convey at dolph's explanation of the word accommofirst to ordinary readers a striking impres dated. “Accommodated ; that is, when a sion, with an appearance of being perfectly man is, as they say, accommodated; or, intelligible at the first glance, but to become when a man is-being-whereby-he may more obscure and doubtful at the second be thought to be accommodated; which is glance, and more and more so, the more at- an excellent thing." tentively it is studied by a reader of clear Should any be disposed to charge us understanding ; so as to leave him utterly with treating grave subjects over-lightly, in doubt, at the last, which of several we have to reply, first, that we sincerely bemeanings it is meant to convey, or whether lieve that this is just one of those cases in
This is especially which the maxim of Horace applies, the case with the tracts on Reserve" and
" Ridiculum acri • Mysticism,” of which it may be truly Fortius et melius magnas plerumque secat res ;" said that they seem to have been written after preferring, and obtaining, a plenary secondly, that we recommend the objectors answer to that prayer
a careful perusal of the Eleventh of " or darkness visible so much be lent,
Pascal's Lettres Provinciales, in which he As half to show-half vail the deep intent.”
shows Qu'on peut réfuter par des railleries
les erreurs ridicules ; thirdly, that amongst The one writer is most “reserved on the Christian privileges of which our opporeserve," and the other most mystical on nents would deprive us, we trust they do mysticism. Seldom is any thing said not intend to include what Ben Jonson calls plainly and absolutely, but with a perpeto our “ Christian liberty of laughing” at ually tortuous and guarded expression. what is laughable; fourthly, that if they Scarcely two sentences are found together would have us repress our mirth, it must be without a so to speak," or “as it were,” | by exhibiting a system of doctrines less ir. or “ if so be," or it may be after a cer- resistibly comic; and lastly, that we are tain secret manner,” &c. Thus, endeavor. perfectly aware that the artifice of incul. ing to prove our Lord's systematic conceal.cating an awful and reverential manner” ment of his miracles, the writer on “re of treating absurdities such as those on serve” says of the feeding of the five which we have animadverted, is the apthousand, '“ even here it would appear as if proved receipt, as the history of all super
, there was somehow a sort of secret characterstition shows, of sanctifying, in the estima. about the miracle." Another specimen. tion of the timid and the credulous, the “Notwithstanding that a spirit of true cha- most enormous deviations from truth and rity has a natural desire to communicate common sense. Nor is it amongst the itself, and is of all things the most expan. least causes of the disgust we have felt in sive and extending, yet in all such cases perusing the writings of this School, that [of good men] we may still perceive the their authors, even while propounding docindwelling of Christ in them, still seeking, trines which are equally insulting to the as it were, to hide bimself; for I think they Bible and to human reason, and defending are all marked by an inclination, as far as them by methods which are disgraceful to it is possible, of retiring and shrinking morality, have yet been able to maintain from public view." u The Fathers," he that sanctimonious air, that pious gravity,
Vol. II. No. III. 25
A TALE BY MRS. S. C. HALL.
which distinguish certain writers of the
CLEVERNESS. school of Loyola. We must not conclude without pointing
From Chambers's Edinburgh Journal. out to the reader the works which, in our judgment, furnish the best confutation of
It would be difficult to picture a more delightthe tenets of the Oxford School. These ful village than East-court; its fine old manorare, Archbishop Whately's Essays on the house, combining the architecture of half a dozKingdom of Christ, (a truly admirable en reigns, bound together by ivy, the growth of work ;) Goode's Rule of Faith, which is at least two centuries; its straggling grotesque learned and full; M'llvaine's 'Rome and houses, with high gables and tall chimneys, Oxford, and Taylor's Ancient Christianity, fenced along the road by broad yew hedges, cut of both of which we have already spoken; peacocks, and arches, where small birds' had
here and there into various patterns-owls, and and Mr. Lindsay Alexander's learned and nested time out of mind. able work, just published, entitled Anglo- Yes; East-court was a pleasant village. Catholicism not Apostolical.
There was, in the centre of a sort of common Meantime we await the progress and green that flanked one side, a pond, large enough issue of the great contest without appre
to entitle it to the dignity of being termed "a
lake.” hension. Terrible as are these hurricanes
But the people of East-court having of controversy, pernicious as may be their isfied that the pond should be simply called a
originally been an unambitious race, were satimmediate effects on the faith of some and pond—and a beautiful pond it was. "Two noble the temper of many—they serve from time willows extended their branches nearly to the to time to purify the atmosphere, and ren. water's midst, and a clump of mingled holly, and der it salubrious. Let us but be true to tapering feathery birch, was so beautiful in its ourselves, and we have no fear lest we growth and color, that an artist once came ten should be re-involved,” to use the strong of the Three Bee-Hives” repeated several
miles to sketch it; a fact which the old landlord language of Milton, “in that pitchy cloud times each day of his life, forgetting altogether, of infernal darkness, in which we shall good old soul, that every one in East-court was never more see the sun of Divine Truth aware of a circumstance so flattering to the again, never hope for the cheerful dawn, beauty of their long-loved home. The cottages never more hear the bırd of
morning sing." at East-court were so disposed, as to add to the Let us never forget that Christianity was
effect of the larger dwellings-pretty white and
brown erections; the walls as white as lime and planted, and has grown up, in storms, labor could make them; and the dark brown Discussion is always favorable to it, and thatch nearly covered by those sweet and beauhas ever been so. Let the wintry blast tiful climbers which belong of right to the cotcome. It will but scatter the sere leaves, tage homes of England. On the very summit and snap off the withered branches; the of an abrupt conical hill, that sprung up suddengiant tree will only strike its roots deeper ly at the back of the manor house, was a windinto the soil, and in the coming spring-time mill
, with wide-extended arms and snow-white put forth a richer foliage and extend a more guarded by some venerable trees, stood East
sails; and at the foot of the hill on the other
side, grateful shade.
court chuich with the adjoining parsonage-
the picturesque character of this truly English
very old people called it, “East-court' o' the
Hill." live to see the day ween, wi' a wee steam-engine aneath my oxter, and a pennyworth o' coals in my
It might well be a cheerful village; the gentlecoat pouch, I mak a tripe 'to Kalmarneock, and man who resided in the manor-house was a come back within half an hour! Wonderfu'! nae magistrate, and landlord of every adjacent dwellthing would surprise me noo-a-days, gift it warena ing. He was, in all acis of love and charity, a an advertisement frae the man in the moon, o' second Sir Roger de Coverley; and had a furnished lodgings to let, or a project to a big half-brother, a physician, who had one wing of the way house atween his domicile and the yerth."-old manor-house fitted up as a surgery and disScotch Paper.
pensary; but he never took fee for advice, or Copyright.-A deputation of booksellers and payment for medicine, from any human being; literary men waited on M. Guizot a few days ago,
feeling--at least so it would appear, from the and presented to him a note on the best means of alacrity with which he dispensed both-that he suppressing book piracy. They suggested the was under particular obligation to all who took expediency of acknowledging the copyright in his prescriptions, and was never happy after a France of all works published by foreigners in baby was born in the parish until it was vaccinheir respective countries.-Examiner.
ated. It was rare indeed, to meet with such
men as the squire and his good brother. Well prevented its accomplishment; leaving town might East-court be the very paradise of Eng. where they were nobodies, to reside in the counlish villages. I have said nothing of the rector; try, where they hoped to be somebodies;" at
“ but certainly, unless he had carefully labored the very least, laboring to acquire conversable in, and pruned and trimmed his vineyard, the knowledge of abstruse sciences, not being parold would not have descended to their graves ticular who approved, as long as approbation with such hope and humility, nor would the was bestowed; unable to persevere to the young have lived together in such peace and amount of being informed, and yet having a good will. For the resi, a dancing, music, and smattering of every thing. Bating this eager a species of drawing master, who combined thirsting after admiration-not after science for drawing and writing together, made each the its own noble sake, but for the gaping admiration round of the neighborhood once a-week: thus of the many—the family were kindly, cheerful, the simple-minded people imagined that the and hospitable people; not selfish, either, in means of " a polite education” were safely se. their pursuits, but willing to inform others. cured to their children; and the village school Three or four self-thinking inhabitants of Eastwas under the immediate dominion of the parish court agreed with Mr. Russel and his brother in clerk ard his wife, and endowed in every way their rational estimate of the new family; but by the lord of the manor, so that the peasant the many opened wide their mouths, and gave class were considered well provided for as to their “most sweet voices” in applause. The their sources of information. I could say a Diggonses were pronounced to be the most " talgreat deal more in favor of East-court and its ented people in England !” Science has many inhabitants as they were about fifteen years ago, triflers in her train; and certainly amongst them but perhaps have detailed enough to create an she numbered every member of the Diggons interest for them, and may be permitted to pass family; from Mr. Diggins, who trifled with all on to the day on which a story connected with the sciences, down to pretty little pale Elizabeth, its inhabitants may be considered to open. who sighed and smiled over a miniature galvan
“A new family, a rich and respectable family, ic battery: did you say, Isaac, wanting the Deerstone house, On the left hand side of the village, commandwhere Mr. Rowley died ?" inquired squire Rus- ing a view of the green, the huge pond, and the sel of East-court, of his land-steward Isaac Hey- picturesque cottages beyond, was a pretiy cheerwood.
ful-looking house ; "happy” you would have “Yes, your honor," replied Isaac bowing; called it, for inanimate things can be so placed, “a lady and gentleman, Mr. and Mrs. Diggons by so garnished, as to look happy. The draperies name, three young masters, two young misses within the windows were of white muslin trimmed (doll-looking young things), seven servants, a with blue silk lace and fringe; and the trellis. tutor and a governess.”
work outside was almost concealed by the “Diggons," repeated the squire, who had a wreaths of flowers that owed their luxuriance little leaning towards aristocratic names; “Dig- and beauty to much care and a warm southern gons; it is not an old name, Isaac, though it aspect. There was an ample bow window and may belong to respectable people."
several other long narrow ones, that seemed "Certainly, sir; he's a fine gentleman, and playing hide-and-seek among the roses and wears chains and 'rings; a fine gentleman, and myrtles that were always in blow; and the has (his man says) a great library, for his lady chimneys were tall and square, and the gables is very clever; indeed, his man says, they are very high. There was also a conservatory, and an extraordinary clever family."
you could see that, besides plants, it contained “We never, I think, had a family of that de- several birds of splendid plumage. In short, scription, Isaac, in the village,” answered Mr. the outward appearance of the dwelling comRussel, after a pause. "I cannot say I like peo- bined so much that was tasteful and expensive, ple who appear more clever than their neigh- the looker-on was assured there was both wealth bors. However, this is perhaps a prejudice, and and taste within the latter, keeping the former we should guard against prejudices. We will in subjection. look into the references."
This house had the quaint name of East-inThe references were looked into, and Mr. Resi, why, I know not, and no one at East-court Diggons was found an eligible tenant for Deer- seemed to think it strange. It was almost as stone. The arrival of the clever family'occa- large, and of the same date as the manor-house, sioned more than the ordinary commotion, for and had been, time out of mind, inhabited by the they brought with them various things that the same family, once as numerous as honorable, good people of the village had only heard of in but now dwindled down to a widow and two an obscure manner-chemical apparatus, elec- children-a boy and girl. The lady was still trifying machines, various astronomical instru. lovely, her children beautiful; the boy, tall, fair, ments; in short, some of the older and simpler and handsome, but whose movements partook people regarded Mr. Diggons very much in the of the irregularity and languor of ill, or at least light of a necromancer, and the small, pale, delicate health; the girl was also fair and deliacute-faced tutor as his familiar-something or cate, but with an energy and decision of charother which they did not like to name.
acter marking every movement, that deceived When every thing was settled, and every one even her mother as to her bodily strength. got used to every thing, Mr. Russel and his When the “clever_family” came to reside at brother, Mr. Graham Russel, agreed that the Deerstone, Alfred Erris was nearly seven, and Diggonses were a good set of people, eaten up Lucy between eight and nine; and as the two with a desire to be celebrated, which of course children clung together, gazing at the evolutions
of a good-natured macaw, who invariably ex- “Well, well,” ejaculated the lady; "I can ercised himself to amuse them, Mrs. Diggons perfectly understand Dr. Russel's prejudice ; might almost be excused, when returning Mrs. he has arrived at that time of life when men Erris's visit, for the encomiums she injudiciously look at improvements suspiciously, because they passed on their beauty.
are not of their time. He is an old man; and if I " Well, Mrs. Erris, you may certainly be had minded our family physician even in poor proud of their beauty," she exclaimed ; " I never Elizabeth's case, ma'am, she'd have been a dissaw two such darlings-loves-quite. I should grace to me; that unhappy curve in her spine, so like my son Robert to paint them; he does he declared arose from her sitting so closely to such charming things. There is no doubt but the harp, and she was obliged to recline; but if he chose, he could be an R. A. in three during the three years she laid upon a slightly months.”
inclined plane, she never missed a single lesson, “ Alfred draws a little," said Mrs. Erris. nor did I yield her any indulgence-never suf
"A little !" repeated Mrs. Diggons. “My fered her to have an amusing book. "No,' I said dear lady, at his age Robert copied the car to the physician; 'since she cannot go on with toons; but I do not wonder at your spoiling the harp, she shall be remarkable at something such angels. I assure you I had plenty of else;' that was my ambition, to have remarkable struggles with myself ere I could make my boys children. Her nature was soft and gentle, but and girls work. 'I lost the flower of the flock we hardened it with mathematics and algebra.” about five years ago-died, sweet child, in six This, at the moment, startled Mrs. Erris. days of brain fever! A wonderful memory he She thought of the deformed girl, and her pale, had, poor darling; could repeat poetry for two anxious, thoughtful face, from which every ray hours by my watch, when only eight years old." of joy seemed banished. She had struck her, It never occurred to Mrs. Erris that this killed at first, as being the only one of this "clever him ; but she said that though Alfred could not family who was not superficial. Such had do that, he, too, had an excellent memory. been her first impression. But, Mrs. Diggons's
6 Which," said the lady, "you must work. manner was imposing in more senses than Memory, of all things, must be cultivated ; but I one; and the timid, retiring mother, who had do not wonder at your spoiling such an angel.” really done her duty by not overtasking, and Mrs. Erris assured her that she did not spoil” yet sufficiently exercising the infant intellect of
6: him, and in proof thereof, asserted that he could her children, felt bitter self-reproach while her repeat a great number of Watts's hymns. new neighbor enumerated the acquirements
* Watts's hymns!" answered Mrs. Diggons. of her offspring, without calling to mind that with an irreverent sneer at the purest child-poet- one of them had fallen a victim to brain fever, ry in any language, living or dead; “such a while another was deformed for life. creature as that should be able to repeat ora- Alfred and Lucy Erris were invited to spend tions from Shakspeare and Milton."
a day with the family at Deerstone; and--in“In time,” said Mrs. Erris, inaking a secret stead of the canter on the pony, the race on the resolve that he should do so immediately, and upland lawn, the whoop and merry play, which beginning to think that she had really neglected is the healthy relaxation of healthful children, his education.
and which they had expected with an interest “ Is he fond of the languages ?" continued the which was a pleasure in itself—there was a lady.
grand show-off of science, a parade of hard “He has commenced Latin, and learnt French names, a display of precocious understanding, and English together orally, I may say," replied or rather its distorted shadow, which rendered the abashed mother.
Alfred and Lucy uncomfortable, and Alfred for “Only commenced Latin!” exclaimed Mrs. the first time in his life thoughtful of display, Diggons in a compassionate tone. “Well, to and straining after effect which rendered him be sure, he will never want it, as they say ; but unnatural. Mrs. Erris, who dined there, felt I should have an ambition to see such a noble thoroughly ashamed of her children. One creature as that'far on in every thing; but, young Diggons painted, another excelled in perhaps, if he is not much advanced in languages, languages, another made crude poetry, which, he is well up' in the sciences."
though correct in numbers, was without idea; Mrs. Erris was a timid, gentle woman, very and as to the "ologies,” hard words, and paranxious for her children, and fearful lest they rotted sentences, there was no end of them! should grow to think she had not done her duty. Poor Mrs. Erris wondered why she had suffered
“ Indeed,” she replied, blushing, "he hardly her beautiful boy--who looked like a Grecian knows the meaning of the word. His taste leads statue amid plaster and rough stone imageshim to study; but my good friend, Doctor Gra- to display his ignorance, and innately resolved ham Russel, says his brain is already too large, to adopt' Mr. Diggons's plan, and abridge his and insists so much on air and exercise, and hours of relaxation and exercise, that he might out-door amusements, that my dear boy is back-“make the most of time”-a duty doubtless; ward, rather, absolute study; not that he is but let how the most can be made of this gold ignorant; he knows the names of all the trees from God be ascertained, before the vainest and flowers, the”
and most injurious of all vain glories, that of “ The botanical names ?" mildly suggested making " show-children,” is attempted. Mrs. Diggons.
In accordance with her determination, Mrs. “ No, the homely English names and their Erris dismissed her son's tutor (whom Mr. Diguses,” replied the widow; “remember, he is gons had pronounced "merely a classic") for only seven years old."
one who was "classical and scientific”-a hard
stern man, with an iron constitution; and direct. This peculiarities was his being unable to perseed Lucy's governess to “keep her at work” vere in any thing like coldness towards a lady. under the tutor's direction. There was no diffi. " I wanted you to dine with me to morrow, culty in making these children study-no diffi- my good friend,” she said; “indeed I wished our culty in getting them to rise in the morning ; lord of the manor to come also, but he has re. their docile and intelligent minds were open to ceived me so strangely, that I had not the courreceive and fertile to produce. In natural capa-age to ask him.” bilities, they were far superior to their showy “ We are two old-fashioned old men, my dear neighbors; and their moral and thinking quali- Mrs. Erris,” replied the doctor; “but somehow ties were far beyond those of Mr. Diggons's off- you have got new-fangled of late, and we should spring. Alfred was indeed a boy of the noblest not be able to avoid finding fault, one of the qualities, entering into the spirit of history, com- bad habits common to old friends: so that, perprehending and analyzing, idealizing, too, until haps, under these circumstances, it is better for his dry hot hand, flushed cheek, and throbbing us to stay away.” brow, would have warned any teacher of feel- “I know what you mean,” ansivered Mrs. ing and observation that it was time to lay by Erris gently; " you allude to Albert and Lucy: the book and the pen, and away into the bright I want you to come and judge for yourself; I fields, and among the joy-giving and health-giv- want you to see how they are improved; that, ing beauties of nature. And yet this tutor in fact, is all I desire. I want you to examine loved the boy; he delighted in him, because he the children of your old friend, and I think you delighted in learning, and because he felt no will be satisfied that I have done my duty." expressed fatigue in poring over the world of “I am quite satisfied you have intended to do knowledge, which delighted him more and more your duty, my dear lady ; quite satisfied of that; every day. He knew that he was the only son and if it had not been for the stimulus given to of an ancient house, and that much depended on your maternal vanity by the arrival of this him; and he thought how fine it would be to clever family,' I am certain you would have see him carry the highest honors at Oxford--to continued blessing and being blessed; not overfeel that he would be more distinguished by his tasking, but permitting your children's minds as talents and his learning, than by the ordinary well as their bodies to strengthen while they position he would hold in society by virtue of his grow; but we shall not agree upon the matter, family and his wealth.
my dear Mrs. Erris, so perhaps we had better Lucy was with her brother in all his tasks, not talk of it; we shall certainly not agree upon tamirg down her wildne spirits to assist the subject.” his labors, and stimulating his exertions, which “You were the friend my poor husband valwere any thing but childish. The "clever fam. ued most on earth,” said Mrs. Erris, after a ily" were a fair example of the fashion and dis- pause; "and I cannot bear that you should laplay of information; their minds even were not bor under any false impression. I assure you half drawn into the exertion; they imitated neither Lucy nor Albert are ever driven to their rather than labored. This was particularly the tasks." case with the healthier portion of the family, 6 So much the worse for children of their who, like their parents, were superficial; but rapid yet delicate natures. If they had a disinAlbert and Lucy had hearts, feelings, and inclination to study, it would prove that their inditellect of the finest texture, an intense love of vidual minds were not of a quality to injure study, an appreciation of the beautiful, a desire their bodies ; but the zeal for study requires to to excel, which, being once awakened, never be regulated." again slept. They were precisely the children “ And Mr. Salon does regulate it,” said the whose minds should have been strengthened mother. rather than taxed, and whose bodies should “By increasing it,” replied the doctor. “The have been invigorated by air, exercise, and much structure of these precocious minds is easily disrest. Mrs. Erris, astonished at their progress, organized. It has always seemed to me as exwhich she was vain enough to exhibit to the traordinary as unjust, that parents and teachers Diggonses, partly from gratitude that they had bestow double the pains upon what are termed roused her to urge forward her children, was so clever children to what they do upon those who delighted at the rapidity with which Albert mas- are dull of comprehension; whereas the heavier tered every difficulty, that she desired to make Dr. minds could be wrought with decidedly more Russel confess that she was right and he was safety, and in nine cases out of ten would prowrong, as to the management of her son espe- duce, if not a richer, certainly a more abundant cially. Since the commencement of her new fruitage.” system, she had but one conversation on the “But," urged Mrs. Erris, "you are arguing as subject with him, and that had certainly left a if my children were sullering from too much painful impression on both their minds. She mental exertion. I assure you the contrary is framed, however, some trilling excuse for call.decidedly the case; they are full of life, full of ing at the manor house; and after a brief inter- energy. Mrs. Diggons said she never saw any view with the squire, who had been so much thing in her children like the energy with which annoyed at her obliging her son to forego his my children apply." pony exercise to devote more time to study, “ I dare say she did not,” replied the doctor. ihat he was cold and even stately to the widow " In the first place, your tutor imparts knowledge, of one he had loved like his own child, she not its semblance; and in the next, your child sought the doctor in his favorite conservatory. dren have really a panting after information, a
The doctor was cold enough also, but one of gasping for the beautiful and the ideal, a natu