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stood a minute or two not knowing which She would have made an admirable mother way to look ; then, recovering his self. for the heroines of Augustus's novels. She possession, answered, with a low bow. carried herself to the king's mistresses as There is nothing I would not do for your if they had no existence in that character, Majesty's satisfaction. This was coming but were only well-behaved, prudent wooff tolerably well; but he did not forgive men; and it was lucky for all parties that the telltale culprit, in whose ear, watching such they really were. The amiableness his opportunity when the King turned round of Mrs. Howard (Lady Suffolk) is wellfrom them, he muttered a bitter reproach, known; and Madame de Walmoden (Lady with a round oath to enforce it; ' which I Yarmouth) is seldom mentioned by her condurst not resent,' continued she, for I had temporaries, says Mr. Jesse, “ without some drawn it upon myself; and indeed I was tribute to her good-nature and obliging dis. heartily vexed at my own imprudence.”-position.” The Queen, therefore, ruled
" (Letters of Lady M. W. Montague, Vol. I. willing subjects on all sides; and her levee
presented a curious miscellaneous spectaGeorge I. was a man of a middle height, cle. Caroline was a great lover of books; features somewhat round, and quiet, though and though the reverse of ascetic or bigot, pleasant manners; George II. was a little she did not omit in her studies either phibrisk man, with an aquiline nose, prominent losophy or controversial theology. She eyes, and was restless, though precise. He received company at her toilet, and among was so regular in his habits, that Lord Her- the courtiers and ladies were to be found vey said he seemed to think “his having metaphysicians and clergymen. Mrs. Howdone a thing to-day an unanswerable reason ard dressed her hair ; Dr. Clarke mooted a for doing it to-morrow.” He had no taste; point about Spinoza; and Lord Hervey enwas parsimonious, yet could be generous livened the discussion with a pleasantry : was a truth-teller, yet destroyed his father's Sir Robert comes, on his way from the will; loved a joke, especially a practical King, to bow and say a word, and catch one-on others; did not love his children some intimation from a glance ;-all make till they were dead, (he hated, he said, to way for him as he enters, and close in again have them running into his room ;) had when he goes ;-and in the antechamber is mistresses, yet was fond of his wife ; was heard some small talk with the lady in waita kind of Sir Anthony Absolute in all things; ing, or a scornful laugh from Mrs. Campis supposed to have been the original of bell (Miss Bellenden.) Fielding's King in “Tom Thumb;" and Mr. Jesse says, that “the Court of George Lady Mary says, “looked upon all the men II. was neither more brilliant nor more and women he saw, as creatures whom he lively than that of his predecessors." This might kick or kiss for his diversion." can hardly be possible, considering that it
This overpowering little gentleman had, had more women, and that there was still however, a wife, taller and gentler, who a remnant of the maids of honor that flouruled him by her very indulgence, and to rished in his Court when he was Prince of whom he had heart enough to be grateful. Wales. And who has not read of the BelHis mistresses had so little influence, com. lendens and Lapells, of the Meadowses and pared with hers, as to put the courtiers on the Diveses, the witty Miss Pitt, and Sophy a wrong scent; and many an astonishment Howe, who thought she could not be too and reproach were vented against them, giddy and too kind till a broken heart unwhich they were powerless either to pre deceived her? Do they not flourish for vent or explain. Sir Robert Walpole's own ever in the verses of Pope and Gay, and the good nature helped him to discover this se- witty recitals of Horace Walpole ? Now cret; for a less indulgent man than himself Mary Bellenden still visited the Court as would hardly have been able to conceive Mrs. Campbell ; Mary Lepell was surely it. It has been well said, that “every man's there, too, as Lady Hervey ; Mrs. Howard genius pays a tax to his vices." It
be remained there till she was a widow; added, that every man's virtues hold a light and thither came the Chesterfields, and to his genius. Be this as it may, Sir Ro- Schultzes, and Earles; and Young, (to look bert made the discovery; and in paying his after a mitre, the want of which gives him court in the right place, governed King, terrible “ Night Thoughts.") It must be mistresses, and all, to the astonishment of owned, however, that there is a falling off
. the nation. Queen Caroline was a comely, The sprightliest thing we hear of is a frolic intelligent, liberal German woman, of the of the maids of honor at night-time, in Kenquiet order; such as Goethe, or Schiller, sington Gardens, rattling people's windows or Augustus la Fontaine would have liked and catching colds. The King hunts as
VOL. II. No. II. 20
BY CHARLES MACKAY.
ardently as he used to do when he was Jay in summer he carried that uniform parPrince, taking his whole household with ty, but without his daughters, to dine at him, maids and all, and frightening Lady Richmond; they went in coaches and six in Hervey for the bones of her friend Howard. the middle of the day, with the heavy She had known what it was. Here is a horse-guards kicking up the dust before picture of those days from Pope, answering them-dined, walked an hour in the garden, to both periods:-"1 met the Prince with returned in the same dusty parade; and his all his ladies on horseback, coming from Majesty fancied himself the most gallant hunting. Miss Bellenden and Miss Lepell and lively prince in Europe." took me into their protection, contrary to George II. died at Kensington, aged sethe laws against harboring Papists, and venty-eight, after having risen at his usual gave me a dinner, with something I liked hour, taken bis usual cup of chocolate, and better, an opportunity of conversation with done his customary duty, in ascertaining Mrs. Howard. We all agreed that the life which way stood the weathercock. Here of a maid of honor was of all things the we shall close our cursory glances at the most miserable; and wished that every Courts of England. Mr. Jesse concludes woman who envied it had a specimen of it. his work with notices of a variety of other To eat Westphalia ham in a morning; ride people, royal and aulic, but they do not over hedges and ditches on borrowed hacks; tempt us to say more. come home in the heat of the day with a fever, and (what is worse a hundred times) with a red mark on the forehead from an oneasy hat; all this may qualify them to make excellent wives for fox-hunters, and bear
THE FOUNDING OF THE BELL. abundance of ruddy-complexioned children. As soon as they can wipe off the sweat of
Written for Music. the day, they must simper an hour and catch cold in the Princess's apartment; from thence (as Shakspeare has it) to din.
From Blackwood's Magazine. ner, with what appetite they may; and after that, till midnight, work, walk, or think,
Hark! how the furnace pants and roars !
Hark! how the molten metal pours, which they please. I can easily believe no As, bursting from its iron doors, lone house in Wales, with a mountain and It glitters in the sun ! rookery, is more contemplative than this Now through the ready mould it flows,
Seething and bissing as it goes, court; and as a proof of it, I need only tell
And filling every crevice up, you, Miss Lepell walked with me three or As the red vintage fills the cup: four hours by moon-light, and we met no Hurra! the work is done! creature of any quality but the King, who gave audience to the vice-chamberlain, all
Unswathe him now. Take off each stay alone, under the garden-wall."
That binds him to his couch of clay,
And let him struggle into day; Afterwards, when the Prince was King, Let chain and pulley run, we read, in the notes to the “Suffolk Cor- With yielding crank and steady rope, respondence," of pages and princesses being
Until he rise from rim to cope,
In rounded beauty, ribb'd in strength, thrown during these “immoderate hunt
Without a flaw in all his length: ings;" and lords and ladies being over- Hurra! the work is done! turned in their chaises. To hunt in a chaise was an old custom. Swist describes
The clapper on his giant side his meeting, Queen Anne hunting in a
Shall ring no peal for blushing bride,
For birth, or death, or new-year-lide, chaise, which, he says, she drove herself,
festival begun! and drove “furiously, like Jehu ; and is a A nation's joy alone shall be mighty hunter, like Nimrod.”
The signal for his revelry;
And for a nation's woes alone The King never lost his passion for mak
His melancholy tongue shall moan: ing a noise with his horses, neither did his Hurra! the work is done ! punctuality forsake him. His last years, Walpole tells us, “passed as regularly as Borne on the gale, deep-toned and clear, clockwork. At nine at night he had cards
His long loud summons shall we hear,
When statesmen to their country dear in the apartments of his daughters, the Prin
Their mortal race have run; cesses Amelia and Caroline, with Lady Yar- When mighty monarchs yield iheir breath, mouth, two or three of the late Queen's la- And patriots sleep the sleep of death, dies, and as many of the most favored offi
Then shall he raise his voice of gloom,
And peal a requiem o'er their tomb: cers of his own household. Every Satur- .
Hurra! the work is done!
Should foemen lift their haughty hand,
THE AERONAUT STEAM-ENGINE.
From the Athenæum.
“ Hond to make a man to fly” is one of the From distant field and forest brown,
Century of Inventions of that arch-anticipator And teeming alleys of the town:
of all modern inventions, the Marquis of WorHurra! the work is done!
cester—" which I have tried,” says he, with cha
racteristic naïveté, “with a little boy of ten years And as the solemn boom they hear,
old, in a barn ;” an excellent caution and laudaOld men shall grasp the idle spear,
ble foresight; and then he adds this important Laid by to rust for many a year,
element in the experiment—"on an hay mow." And to the struggle run;
So completely does this philosophical mode of Young men shall leave their toils or books,
proceeding square with our own notions of exOr turn to swords their pruning hooks;
perimental aëronautics, that we confess we exAnd maids have sweetest smiles for those Who battle with their country's foes:
perienced no slight disappointment when the Hurra! the work is done!
many illustrated newspapers of the day brought forth the plans of this much-talked of Aërial
Locomotive Engine, to find that among the vaAnd when the cannon's iron throat Shall bear the news to dells remote,
rious precautions for the safeiy of passengers, And trumpel-blast resound the nole,
there was no vestige of, nor substitute for, the That victory is won;
hay mow of the Marquis of Worcester. We While down the wind ihe banner drops, hope this appendage will not be forgouien in the And bonfires blaze on mountain-tops,
specification. His sides shall glow with fierce delight,
We entreat our readers not to assume from And ring glad peals from morn to night: this rather suspicious commencement of our noHurra! the work is done!
tice, that we have any intention of treating this
subject with either levity or ridicule. The air is But of such themes forbear to tell.
a highway that interferes with no vested rights, May never War awake this bell
injures no man's park or pleasure ground, and To sound the tocsin or the knell! Hush'd be the alarum gun!
costs nothing for maintenance. We have neither Sheath'd be the sword! and may his voice
milestones nor turnpikes there; and, free as air, Call up the nations to rejoice
we may roam where we please, unassailed by That War his tatter'd flag has surled,
taxes or tolls. Railways have realized the fable And vanish'd from a wiser world !
of Jack the Giant-Killer's “ seven-leagued Hurra! the work is done!
boots ;" may the “Ariel" soon realize to the
public the Table of the “wishing-cap," and Still may he ring when struggles cease, with the purse of Fortunatus reward the invenStill may he ring for joy's increase,
tor; and "may we be there to see,”—for we For progress in the arts of peace,
wish all success to the invention and the invenAnd friendly trophies won!
tor; and far be it from us to follow the example When rival nations join their hands,
of those who ridicule what they cannot underWhen plenly crowns the happy lands,
stand, and condemn what they are unable to apWhen knowledge gives new blessings birth, And freedom reigns o'er all the earth!
preciate. So much for feelings and intentions, – Hurra! the work is done!
now for the facts.
Mr. William Samuel Henson is the inventor of the Aërial Locomotive Steam-Engine, for which patents have been taken out, and a bill has been brought into parliament, to authorize the transfer of the patents to more than twelve
persons, who are to be incorporated as the Aërial PEARLS AND PRECIOUS STOXES.-A Russian jour. | Transit Company. nal, the Gazette of Commerce, gives a tempt- Now, the first question one asks about this ing description of an acquisition recently made by machine is, how is it to be supported in the air ? the Corps des Mines, in St. Petersburgh, the gift of We know how a balloon ascends, because it is a munificent merchant, M. Lowerstine. It consists filled with gas, vapour, or smoke lighter than of a remarkable collection of pearls and precious air, and, of course, like smoke, it ascends
and stones-amongst which are more than 500 monstres pearls, valued at upwards of 60,000 roubles. floats in virtue of its small specific gravity. That One of these, in particular, is a pearl of prodigious a balloon should rise in the air, and that it should size and incomparable beauty, adhering to its shell.be rowed forward or propelled by oars or other
The collection of precious stones, cui and in the devices, as a boat is rowed by the watermen, or rough, of all forms and hues, and the collection of a steam-boat propelled by the paddles, it is easy diamonds, are not less extraordinary than that of enough to understand, provided we get a balthe pearls. The Emperor has acknowledged the loon large enough, a man strong enough, or a donor's munificence by creating him a Knight of steam-engine and fuel light enough to be carried the order of St. Stanislaus, of the third class.,
up. This balloon plan of aerial locomotion has Guy of Warwick.-A hitherto unknown Ms. of the often been proposed but never effected. It has end of the thirteenth century, in old French, of this an obvious disadvantage; the balloon must be renowned tale, has, it is said, been discovered in the of so monstrous a size to carry the necessary Wolfenbultel library.
weight, that any degree of success in propelling
308 PROSPECT OF THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY IN THE FRENCH COLONIES.
[JULY, so great a bulk at a tolerable speed through the seem to be in hands capable of developing what air becomes hopeless.
good is in the idea, in such wise as to bring a The present plan rests on a totally different practically good thing out of the idea of it. principle. It is not sustained in the air by buoy- Further-we have seen that there are no ancy, but must be kept up by the continued ex- means of sustaining the weight of the engine, penditure of power: to render this as easy as even were it once at the necessary elevation. possible, means are adopted to retard the de- Then how is it ever to get there? The plan is scent by gravity. All our readers are acquainted this. The machine is to run down an inclined with the construction of the parachute of a bal- plane, to acquire a certain velocity, and then loon--it is an enormous umbrella, by which a spreading its wings, is, by the mere velocity person may descend in tolerable safety from a acquired, to rise in the air to the necessary balloon, in case of danger; the size of the um- height. Now surely these inventors ought to brella pressing on the air retards the descent of know that all the velocity a body will ever acthe weight:-now, this is what Mr. Henson quire by running down an inclined plane, will uses. He employs an enormous flat umbrella, never do more than carry it up as high (barring or gigantic fan or pair of wings (only they do a little loss) as the top of the plane. We are, not move as wings do), to keep the weight from therefore, disposed to recommend a start from falling rapidly; and so, when his machine is the top of the inclined plane, rather than the once in the air, it will descend but slowly, and bottom. the more slowly as the umbrella is larger-the But who will set hounds to human ingenuity ? shape is not, however, round like an umbrella, We may yet fly. Watt was ridiculed, Galileo but flat, and oblong, and horizontal.
persecuted, and Dr. Lardner and the Edinburgh We
may observe at this point, that the size Review cavilled about the transatlantic steamof this umbrella can only retard the descent of boats. So doubtless Mr. W. S. Henson, and the machine, but cannot sustain it. This con- his friends, think that, as a matter of course, sideration appears to have altogether escaped they are martyrs, and we persecutors of unapour inventors. They say,—" Our umbrella is preciated merit. But we abide by our opinion, so large as to expose a foot and a half of surface and are satisfied with its risks. We may fiy bý for every pound of total weight, and therefore, and hye--but this is not the machine. We hopas we have 4,500 square feet of surface, and ed great things and we are disappointed3,000 lb. of load to carry, we may safely trust that we can stay aloft.” But they surely know Parturiunt montes ; nascitur ridiculus mus. that no size of umbrella can do more than retard their fall. By a very simple calculation, based on abundant experiment, we have found that this aërial machine, supposing all their sanguine plans to be realized, must infallibly fall perpendicularly downwards to the earth, somewhere PROSPECT OF THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY IN THE about the rate of thirteen miles an hour, or French Colonies.—The French Minister of the eighteen feet per second. So much for the Marine and Colonies has printed and distributed powers of the umbrella!
the report of the commission appointed by royal But may not the power of the steam-engine ordonnance of 26th May, 1840, for examining ihe be applied to keep the machine up in the air, question relative to slavery and the political conand so countervail this inconvenient gravitation ? stitution of the colonies, of which the Duke de Let us see. A weight of 3000 lbs.is descending the sittings and the documents exhibited. The
Broglie is president, together with the minutes of 18 feet per second-required, the power of law proposed by the commission for a general and steam capable of sustaining it? The answer is, simultaneous emancipation fixes the 1st of Jan. 60 horses' power. Our aërial company propose uary, 1853, for the cessation of slavery in the only 20 horses' power for both propelling and re- French colonies. Up to this period the slaves will sisting powers; and on this splendid basis rests remain in their present condition, saving certain the Aerial Transit Company! Sic transit gloria, modifications to be made by royal ordonnance. &c.
Civil rights are to be granted to the slaves during Thus have we lost faith in our aërial friends. the intervening ten years, but they cannot make We wished to find their plan true and promis- any appeals to justice without the intervention of ing-but when we find they have not made such a curator ad hoc. They, however, are not to have
the right of possessing ships, boats, fire-arms, gun. very simple calculations, which a slight know-powder, or furniture. The enfranchised slaves ledge of the element they deal in, and the are not to have the enjoyment of political rights, powers they use, would have suggested, what but such of their children as shall be born free are can we think? what can we hope? We see a to be entitled to those privileges. The emancipawant of foresight in their calculation; and in ted slaves are to be bound to engage themselves in their mechanical devices we do not find those the service of one or more planters for five suc. judicious mechanical contrivances, which should ceeding years, and during this period are not to favor the hope that the patented ideas of Mr. leave the colony to which they belonged. The Henson are in hands likely to bring what merit rates of wages are to be regulated by a decree of
the governor in council. Councils of discipline But, do we mean to say, there is no merit in tory slaves. The indemnity to be granted to the
lie in them out into practical use. may
are to be established for the punishment of refracthe invention ? On the contrary—it has just merit slave-owners is fixed at 150,000,000€. A separate enough to seduce and fascinate the race of bill is proposed for emancipating children born schemers and speculators. It has a good idea slaves since the 1st January, 1838, and to be born in it, and indeed more than one, only it does not previous to the period of the general emancipation.
PLEASANT MEMORIES, ETC.
Ye wis not that ye press the spot
Where, with his eagle-eye,
King James and all his gallant train
The Queen was weeping in her bower Mrs. Sigourney. With Illustrations from
Amid her maids that day, drawings by Roberts, Turner, Creswick, And on her cradled pursling's face &c. London: Tilt & Bogue.
The tears like pearl-drops lay; A charming book is this; made up of plea
For madly 'gainst her native reaim
Her royal husband went, sant desultory prose sketches; poetic gems;
And led his flower of chivalry, and pretty engravings, not the less attractive As to a tournament. that they are chiefly taken from memorable He led them on in power and pride; Scottish scenes. But the “ Memories" refer
But ere the fray was o'er
They on the blood-stained heather slept, to England and France, as well as to Scot
And he returned no inore. land. Mrs. Sigourney believes that there
Graze on, graze on; there's many a rill are plenty of satirical, caustic, and gossip
Bright sparkling through the glade, ing American travellers, that visit and report Where you may freely slake your thirst on Europe, though she should not add to the With none to make afraid.
There's many a wandering stream that flows number; and she accordingly sets out on the
From Cheviot's terraced side, principle of dwelling only upon the bright Yet not one drop of warrior's gore side, and seeing, or at least of commemora- Distains its crystal tide. ting nothing save the good and the beauti- For Scotia from her hills hath come, ful. Her landing at Liverpool was made And Albion o'er the Tweed, under very impressive circumstances, as the
To give the mountain breeze ihe feud
That made their noblest bleerl; ship, after a inost prosperous voyage, was And like two friends, around whose hearts in imminent danger of being wrecked in St. Some dire estrangement run, George's Channel. From Liverpool Mrs. Love all the belter for the past,
And sit them down as one. Sigourney entered Scotland by the Lake country and Carlisle; and even at the out. This will not be considered among the set she indited verses to ancient Chester- best of Mrs. Sigourney's poetical Memoto Kendal, the town of Catharine Parr—to ries, but the theme is less hackneyed than Winandermere-and Grasmere and Southey; other things of more ambitious character. and the same chain of bright poetic links The Americans, if the most truthful, are marks her entire progress through Britain, certainly also the most outspoken of people. and in Paris. The work is, however, as a Nothing should be communicated to one of whole, much better adapted to the writer's that nation which one does not wish pronative land, than to this country; where, un claimed on the house-top-made patent to fortunately, few of us have any thing more all Europe. Sure we are that Mrs. Souto learn of Holyrood, and Abbotsford, Strat- they, who never saw Mrs. Sigourney beford, and Westminster Abbey; of Mrs. Fry ween the eyes, could have had no idea of in Newgate, or Poet Rogers amid his collec- the following most affecting and confidention of literary and other nick-nacks. In- tial communication being made public; yet stead of the loftier national themes which we know not how to regret that the Amer. Mrs. Sigourney has chosen for the expres- ican lady's failure of what, perhaps falsely, sion of her pleasant memories, we, as a fair is considered amongst us strict propriety sample, copy out the following sweet lines, or proper delicacy, has revealed so much which have a true relish of Auld langsyne: of whatever is most beautiful in human
nature. She tells, “From Wordsworth I
received the first information of Southey's Graze on, graze on, there comes no sound melancholy state of health and intellect, Of Border warfare near,
and resigned, though reluctantly, my in. No slogan-cry of gathering clan, No batile-axe, no spear;
tention of going to Keswick to No belted knighi, in armor bright,
A letter the With glance of kindled ire,
ensuing spring from his wife, so widely Doth change the sports of Chevy Chase
known by her name of Caroline Bowles as To conflict stern and dire.
the writer of some of the truest and most Ye wis not that ye press the spot Where Percy held his way
pathetic poetry in the language, made me Across the marches in his pride
still more regret that the short time which The "choicest harts to slay;"
then remained to me in England, rendered And where the stout Earl Douglass rode it impossible to visit Greta-Hall. I trust I
Upon his milk-white steed,
may be forgiven for selecting from one of To stay the invader's deed.
her more recent letters a few passages," &c
SHEEP AMONG THS CHEVIOTS.