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INGLESES AT KABANI.
ELECTIONS IN YUCATAN.
lies he had to encounter from the characed from them by blood, he could get out of them ter, of his laborers, and give a specimen of twice as much work as I could. Him, too, they his style.
could ask questions about us, and lighten labor by the indulgence of social humor; and very
soon I had only to give instructions as to what Late in the afternoon we returned to the vil- work was to be done, and leave the whole lage, and in the evening had a levee of visitors. management of it to him. The sensation we had created in the village had Turning from the past to the present, gone on increasing, and the Indians were really indisposed to work for us at all. The arrival of here is a lively sketch of a stranger even from Merida or Campeachy was an extraordinary event, and no Ingleses had Though practically enduring, in some reever been seen there before. The circumstance spects, the appendage of an aristocratic governthat we had come to work among the ruins was ment, the Indians, who carried us on their shoulwonderful, incomprehensible. Within the me- ders and our loads on their backs, have as good mory of the oldest Indians these remains had votes as their masters; and it was painful to never been disturbed. The account of the dig. have lost the opportunity of seeing the Demoging up of the bones in San Francisco had cratic principle in operation among the only reached them, and they had much conversation true and real native American party; the specwith each other and with the padrecito about us. tacle being, as we were told, in the case of the It was a strange thing, they said, that men with hacienda Indians, one of exceeding impressivestrange faces, and a language they could not ness, not to say sublimity. These, being criados, understand, had come among them to disinter or servants, in debt to their masters and their their ruined cities; and, simple as their ances- bodies mortgaged, go up to the village unanitors when the Spaniards first came among them, mous in opinion and purpose, without partiality they said that the end of the world was nigh. or prejudice either in favor of or against
It was late the next day when we reached the paritcular men or measures: they have no ruins. We could not set out before the Indians, bank questions, nor questions of internal imfor they might disappoint us altogether, and we provement, to consider; no angry discussions could do nothing until they came; but, once on about the talents, private characters, or public the ground, we soon had them at work. On services of candidates; and, above all
, they are both sides we watched each other closely, free from the degrading imputation of man-worthoughi from somewhat different motives; they ship, for in general they have not the least idea from utter inability to comprehend our plans and for whom they are voting. All they have to do purposes, and we from the fear that we should is to put into a box a little piece of paper given get no work out of them. If one of us spoke, to them by the master or major-domo, for which they all stopped to listen; if we moved, they they are to have a holyday. The only danger stopped to gaze upon us. Mr. Catherwood's is, that, in the confusion of greeting acquaindrawing-materials, tripod, sextant, and compass, tances, they may get their papers changed; were very suspicious; and occasionally Doctor and when this happens, they are almost invariCabot filled up the measure of their astonish- ably found soon after committing some offence ment by bringing down a bird as it few through against hacienda discipline, for which these inthe air. By the time they were fairly broken in dependent electors are pretty sure to get flogto know what they had to do, it was necessary ged by the major-domo. to return to the village.
In the villages, the indifference to political The same labor was repeated the next day distinctions, aud the discrimination of the public with a new set of men ; but, by continual super-in rewarding unobtrusive merit
, are no less vision, and urging, we managed to get consider- worthy of admiration ; for Indian alcaldes are able work done. Albino was a valuable auxili- frequently elected without being aware that they ary; indeed, without him I could hardly have been held up for the suffrages of their selhave got on at all. We had not fairly discover low-citizens; they pass the day of election on ed his intelligence until we left Uxmal. There the ground, and go home without knowing any all had a beaten track to move in: hut on the thing about it. The night before their term is road little things were constantly occurrir.g in to commence, the retiring functionaries go round which he showed an ingenuity and a fertility of the village and catch these unconscious favorresource that saved us from many annoyances. ites of the people, put them into the cabildo, and He had been a soldier; and at the siege of keep them together all night, that they may be Campeachy had received a sabre-cut in a fleshy at hand in the morning to receive the staves and part of the body, which rather intimated that he take the oath of office. was moving in an opposite direction when the These little peculiarities were told to us as sabre overtook him. Having received neither facts; and of such a population I can believe pay for his services nor pension for his wound, them to be true. At all events, the term of the he was a little disgusted with patriotism and incumbent officers was just expiring : the next fighting for his country. He was by trade a morning the grand ceremony of the inaugurablacksmith ; which business, on the recommend lion was to take place; and the Indians going ation of Donna Joaquina Peon, he had given up out of office were actively engaged in hunting to enter our service. His usefulness and capacity up their successors and bringing them together were first clearly brought out at Kabah. Know- in the cabildo. Before retiring, we went in with ing the character of the Indians, speaking their the Padrecito to look at them. Most of them had language, and being but a few degrees remov-| been brought in, but soine were still wanting.
They were sitting round a large table, on which | All knew that I did not understand a word he lay the record of their election; and, to beguile said, and the laugh was strong against me. I was the tediousness of their honorable imprison- a litile annoyed at being made such a mark; but, ment, they had instruments by them, called mu- recollecting the achievement of our vernacular sical, which kept up a terrible noise all night. at Nohcacab, I answered him with an English Whatever were the circumstances of their elec-oration. The effect was instantaneous. He had tion, their confinement for the night was, no never before heard a language that he could not doubt, a wise precaution, to insure their being understand ; bent his ear earnestly, as is by close sober in the morning.
attention he could catch the meaning; and looked The Mestiza ball will give an idea of up with an air of real perplexity, that turned the Yucatan society in the interior. It must and I answered with a stanza of Greek poetry,
laugh completely against him. He began agajn; be understood that it is altogether the which had hung by me in some unaccountable fancy-ball of a sort of saturnalia ; the sup- way. This again completely eilenced him; and posed Mestizas being White ladies in mas- he dropped the title Ingles, put his arms around querade dress, but without a mask. my neck, called me "amigo," and made a cove
nant not to speak in any language but Castilian.
he ordered the music to commence, The bàyle de dia was intended to give a pic- planted a vaquero on the floor, and led out a ture of life at a hacienda: and there were two Mestiza to dance, again threw all the bystanders prominent personages, who did not appear the into confusion, and sat down quietly on the floor evening before, called fiscales, being the officers at my feet. All the Mestizas were again called attendant upon the ancient caciques, and refre- out in order, presenting the same pretty spectacle senting them in their authority over the Indians. I had seen the evening before. And there was one * * * These were the managers and masters of whom I had noticed then, not more than fifteen, ceremonies, with absolute and unlimited authori delicate and fragile, with eyes so soft and dovelike ty over the whole company; and, as they boast that it was impossible to look upon them without a ed, they had a right to whip the Mestizas if they feeling of tenderness. She seemed sent into the pleased.
world to be cherished and cared for, and closeted As each Mestiza arrived, they quietly put like the finest china, the very emblem of purity, aside the gentleman escorting her and conducted innocence and loveliness; and, as I had learned, the lady to her seat. If the gentleman did not she was the child of shame, being the crianza or give way readily, they took him by the shoul- natural daughter of a gentleman of the village. ders and walked him to the other end of the floor. Perhap sit was that she seemed so ill fitted to bufA crowd followed wherever they moved ; and all set with contumely and reproach that gave such the time the company was assembling, they threw an indescribable interest to her appearance; but every thing into laughter and confusion by their fortunately brought up in her father's house, she whimsical efforts to preserve order.
may go through life without meeting an averted At length they undertook to clear a space for face or feeling that a stain rests upon her name. dancing ; backing the company in a summary
As may be supposed, the presence of this seway as far as they could go, and then taking the norita on the floor did not escape the keen eyes of men and boys by the shoulder and jamming the mercurial fiscal. All at once he became exthem down upon the floor. While they were cited and restless; and, starting to his feet, gazed thus engaged, a stout gentleman, of respectable at her for a moment as if entranced by a vision; appearance, holding some high office in the vil- and then, as if carried away by his excitement, lage, appeared in the doorway, quietly lighting and utterly unconscious of what he was about, another straw cigar; and as soon as they saw he pushed aside the vaquero who was dancing him they desisted from the work they had in with her, and flinging his sombrero on the hand, and in the capricious and wanton exercise ground, cried out in a tone of ecstasy, “ Voy of their arbitrary power, rushed across, seized baylar con vd, mi corazon.' I am going to him, dragged him to the centre of the floor, hoist- dance with you, my heart.” As he danced, his ed him upon the shoulders of a vaquero and pull. excitement seemed to increase : forgetting every ing apart the skirts of his coat, belabored him thing around him, the expression of his face bewith a mock vigor and earnesiness that convulsed came rapı, fixed, intense; he tore off his cathe whole company with laughter. The sides cique's mantle, and, dancing toward her, of the elevated dignitary shook, the vaquero spread it at the lady's feet. This seemed only to shook under him, and they were near coming excite bim more; and, as if forgetful of every down together.
thing else, he seized the collar of his camisa, and This over, the rogues came directly upon me. dancing violently all the time, with a nervous El Ingles had not long escaped their eye. I had grasp, tugged as if he meant to pull it over his with difficulty avoided a scene, and my time head, and throw all that he was worth at her feet. seemed now to have come. The one with the Failing in this, for a moment he seemed to give cacique's mantle led the way with long strides, up in despair ; but all at once, he thrust his hands lash raised in the air, a loud voice, and his eyes, under the long garment, seized the sash around sparkling with frolic and mischief, fastened upon his waist, and still dancing with all his might, unmine. The crowd followed, and I was a little wound it, and, moving up to her with mingled afraid of an attempt to hoist me too on the shoul- grace, gallantry, and desperation, dropped at ders of a vaquero; but all at once he stopped her feet
, and danced back to his place. By this short, and, unexpectedly changing his language, time his calzoncillos, kept up by the sash, were opened upon me with a loud harangue in Maya. I giving way Grasping them furiously, and hold
ing them up with both hands as if by a great ef
FATHER OSWALD. fort, he went on dancing with a desperate expres. Father Oswald ; a Genuine Catholic Story. sion of face that was irresistibly ludicrous. During all this time, the company was con
8vo. London : 1843. vulsed with laughter; and I could not help re
From the Edinburgh Review. marking the extreme modesty and propriety of
It was anciently usual, when opinions the young lady, who never even smiled or looked at him, but when the dance was ended, bowed differed upon any point of inportance, to and returned to her seat. The poor fiscal stood discuss the question according to the forms gazing at the vacant place where she had stood, of logic-each party stating his own arguas if the sun of his existence had set. At length ment, and refuring that of his opponent he turned his head, and calling out "amigo," with all the dexterity in his power. But asked if there were any such Mestizas in my this custom, however rational in itself, has country ? if I would like to take her home with proved so inconvenient to many controverme ? then said that he could not spare this one, sial writers, that it is now very sparingly but I might take my choice of the others; insisting loudly upon my making a selection, and promising resorted to. It has been found ihai unskil to deliver any one I liked to me at the convent. ful combatants in these intellectual cona
At first I supposed that these fiscales were, Aicts cannot always escape serious injury like the vaqueros, the principal young men of to their vanity and their reputation ; and the village, who for that day gave themselves up therefore a new mode of discussion has to frolic and fun; but I learned that these were been adopted, in which victory, if not quite not willing to assume such a character, but em
The ployed others known to them for wit and humor, so honorable, is far more and at the same time for propriety and respec- challenger now excludes the party assailed tability of behavior. This was a matador de from all share in the dispute. He takes cochinos, or pig-butcher, of excellent character, both sides of the argument under his own and muy vivo-by which may be understood “
"a fellow of infinite wit and humor.” The people fence, and victory, with the secure pre
management, and arranges the attack, deof the village seemed to think that the power cision of a general directing a mock fight given him io whip the Mestizas was the extremity of license; but they did not consider that, at a review. Political and theological coneven for the day, they put him on equal terms troversies are now decided by fictitious with those who, in his daily walks, were to him narrations, in which the various characters as beings of another sphere: for the time he discuss the question; and the conversion might pour out his tribute of feeling to beauty of the hero or heroine to the author's own and atraction; but it was all to be regarded as a piece of extravagance, to be forgotten by all opinion forms the catastrophe. We have who heard it, and particularly by her to whom it abandoned the ancient judicial combat, in was addressed. Alas, poor matador de cochinos! which arms and horses, sun and wind,
were divided with scrupulous impartiality; It may be desirable to add, that many and we have begun to imitate the adroit specimens of these ancient cities were duelists of Brantôme, who not only exerted brought safely to the States by Mr. Ste their own skill to the utmost, but took PHENS, but a considerable portion of them
care to supply their antagonists with unwere lost in the great fire at New-York. serviceable weapons.
We have selected the Novel* before us * The number of Novels of a far different, and far more eligible description, daily issued from the
Press—wo or three sometimes appearing in one SONNET,
day--makes it impossible for any Quarterly JourBy the Author of the Life of Burke, of Goldsmith, &c.,
nal to overtake even those that rise greatly above me
diocrity. It is with some regret, certainly, that we ON VIEWING MY MOTHER'S PICTURE.
have felt ourselves obliged to omit all notice of
such publications as “ The Last of the Barons"How warms the heart when dwelling on that face, a work of great power and brilliancy ; the charming Those lips that mine a thousand times have tales of Swedish Life by Frederiká Bremer, lately prest,
Translated ; " Widows and Widowers," the chef The swelling source that nurture gav'st her race, d'auvre, in fictitious narrative, of its highly respect
Where found my infant head its downiest rest! able authoress ; and the “ Adventures of Susan How in those features aiin to trace my own, Hopley, --published previously to the other works Cast in a softer mould my being see ;
jusi named, but now again brought under our observ. Recall the voice that sooth'd my helpless moan, ation by its reappearance in ihe unusual form of The thoughts that sprang for scarcely aught save weekly Numbers. With some blemishes, it has me ;
merits altogether peculiar, and well-filled 10 reconThat shaped and formed me; gave me to the day, mend it to readers of all classes, were it not for an Bade in her breast absorbing love arise ;
impression which has soinehow arisen that it is adO'er me a ceaseless tender care display,
dressed chiefly, if not solely, to maid-servants-For weak all else to thee maternal ties !
than which no supposition can be more wide of the This debt of love but One may claim; no other fact, or more likely to circumscribe the attraction,
Such self-devotion boasts, save thee, my Mother! and limit the utilitý, of what we feel it to be a duty
as the occasion, rather than the principal suade an ignorant Catholic that all Pro. subject, of a few observations upon this testants are skeptics, or an ignorant Propoint, for these reasons: It is the latest testant that all Catholics are idolaters; but controversial novel with which we have it is impossible to prevent such an opinion happened to meet; it combines in itself from being dispelled by correct information many of the most unpleasing peculiarities on the subject; and thus a delusion, which of its class: and it proposes to decide a ques. certainly will not promote Christian char. tion of the utmost importance—the author- ity while it lasts, may bring on a dangerous ity of the Church of Rome as opposed to reaction when it is removed. Intolerance the doctrines of the Reformation, and the is no security whatever for consistency. Right of Private Judgment.
The poise of the mind, like that of the We need scarcely stop to point out to body, is safest when it stands uprightour readers how useless in all respects, not when it exerts its force in one particuand how much worse than useless in many, lar direction. And we see by experience such a work upon such a subject must al. that no man is in general so ready to abanways be. It is obviously impossible to don the substance of his opinions, as the make it at once conclusive and impartial. bigot who has become ashamed of their The author's grand object is of course to superfluous bitterness. give a decisive victory to his own side of Some of our readers may recollect that the question. But he cannot be sure of a little tale, entitled “Father Clement, a doing this to the satisfaction of his readers, Roman Catholic Story," was published if he argues as real Protestants would argue about twenty years ago. Though intended with real Catholics. If he conducts the to present a contrast between the roman dispute by fairly matching the arguments Catholic and Calvinistic creeds, to the deof Luther and Chillingworth against those cided advantage of the latter, it was preof Erasmus and Bossuet, he will have their served, by the good taste of its author, comparative force as undivided in fiction from many of the worst faults common in as in reality. He must therefore either controversial novels. But in spite of this, run the risk of making converts the wrong and in spite of much that is both striking way, or betray, by a pious fraud, the cause and pleasing in the fictitious part of the which he thinks in error. However skil- story, it is a work whose spirit, we think, fully his article is performed, it can seldom no liberal-minded Protestant can approve. escape detection.
The simplest reader, The author, though not expressly denying when he observes that the writer never the possible existence of a truly religious allows an attack which he cannot parry, Roman Catholic, has taken care to repreand never notices an objection which he sent every member of that Church but one, cannot solve, will ask himself whether in whom the reader takes any interest, as questions, upon which the wisest men have a knave, a fool, or a Protestant convert. differed for centuries, could, if they were The single exception is the character of an fairly stated, be unanswerably solved by an interesting Jesuit, who, after a lise of reindifferent novel. The more skilful critic ligious doubt and distress, is worn out by will at once contrast the feeble sophisms of mental suffering and corporeal austerities, the mock disputant, set up merely to be and dies in peace, unconsciously abandondefeated, with the forcible reasoning of ing, though not openly abjuring, the opinthose advocates who have elsewhere es-ions of his church. A sincere Catholic poused the same cause in truth and sin must strongly resent the injustice of such cerity. Those who already agree with the a picture of his creed; but this is the very work will not be benefited by it. Those reason why, if he were a man of sense and who think otherwise, will throw it aside feeling, he would scorn to retaliate by a with the incredulous contempt of a French- similar attack upon Protestantism. “Father man witnessing a puppet-show of the battle Oswald” is intended as “an antidote to the of Waterloo : or of an Englishman reading, baneful production of 'Father Clement.'” in Mr. Fenimore Cooper's Romances, the It is the history of an English Protestant defeat of the British regiments by Captain whose wife has become a convert to the Lawton, and the capture of British cruisers Church of Rome. The husband, after treatby Tom Coffin.
ing the unfortunate proselyte with the most Where the deception is successful, the inhuman harshness, goes to the Continent case is much worse. It is certainly possi- to escape from her society. At every stage ble, by artful misrepresentation, to per- of his tour he is silenced by the reasoning, to pronounce a highly meritorious and widely-in- or edified by the piety, of saintly priests, teresting story:
simple peasants, and blue-eyed sisters of
charity. He receives a severe wound dur-| work is carried on. A man who will not ing the Revolution of 1830—which is re- believe that Protestants can be decent mempresented as the causeless persecution of bers of society, is not likely to represent à pious Catholic by fanatical Deists—and them as rational Christians. Accordingly, is shocked by the neglect of all his liberal we find that the author of “ Father Oswald" friends. At length, after resisting proofs of has carefully abstained from placing in the Catholic virtue and Protestant depravity mouth of any of his Protestant characters which might have converted John Knox a single sentence bearing even the semhimself, he visits Italy, when his apparent- blance of an argument. Vague assertion ly insane incredulity is finally dispelled by and angry abuse are the sole weapons alwitnessing the miracle of the blood of St. lowed to these devoted champions; and Januarius.
they are seldom permitted to employ even The spirit of the work is as uncharitable these, without being interrupted by the faas its plan is unskilful. The author of cetious remarks of the writer upon the ab“Father Clement,” though frequently dis- surdity of their manners and gestures. It playing the gloomy prejudices sometimes is impossible to witness the author's comattributed to extreme Calvinism, has at plaisant triumph over the discomfiture of least the sense to refrain from coarse abuse the senseless puppets whom he has conand pointless ridicule. But the present jured up, without being reminded of the writer, though in his dedication he expres- duellist in the “ Tatler,” who practises the ses great anxiety for the welfare of the art of fence by making passes at figures “many noble and generous individuals in chalked upon the wall, and boasts that he the British isles” who have the misfortune seldom fails to hit them in a mortal part. to be Protestants, is perfectly unable to “Father Oswald” caricatures the nnfair. keep his hatred of those whom he courte ness which may generally be detected in ously styles “madcap biblicals” within de- controversial tales. In a fictitious dispute cent bounds. It is not too much to say, upon such a controversy as that between that he does not appear to believe in the the Catholic and Reformed Churches, a deexistence of a virtuous or rational Protest. cisive victory is at best a suspicious event. ant. His hero, whom he represents as a But a rapid, easy, unresisted victory, is too strict and exemplary member of the Church much for the credulity of the most careless of England, is a domestic tyrant, a politi. reader. Surely, he will reflect, there must cal Jacobin, and, until he becomes a Ro be some plausible arguments for a creed man Catholic, little better than a religious which satisfied Newton and Locke. Sureinfidel. But it is upon the clergy of the ly there must be some excuse for doubts Established Church that the full measure of which did not shock Hooker or Tillotson. the author's insolence is poured forth. He These eminent men may have been mistaintroduces the characters of several, and ken ; but they must have had something to never without doing his utmost to ridicule say in their defence. The triumph of and degrade them. They are all depicted " Father Oswald” resembles that of the in the coarsest strain of dull malignity-as English at Agincourt, or of the Americans ignorant, indolent, corpulent priests, en. at New Orleans-it loses its chief glory by cumbered with tawdry wives and innumer- the very ease and impunity with which it able children, and devoted to the sports of is achieved. Every one knows that no victhe field and the pleasures of the table. tory worth having is gained without hard The Catholic divines, on the other hand, fighting and severe loss; and therefore, are all upon the model of Sterne's senti- when the conquerors are found to have susmental Friar, and are endowed with every tained no injury at all, it is impossible to imposing quality of mind and body which believe that the vanquished have had fair the author's imagination can furnish. We play. shall not allow such absurd misrepresenta- The author of "Father Clement” does not tions to lead us into a discussion of the escape. We have said that we cannot congeneral character borne by the Protestant sider the plan of that work as at all satisand Catholic clergy ; but we must say that factory to a candid mind; and, therefore, charges of pride, luxury and ambition, we do not intend to undertake its defence. come but ungracefully from the advocates There is much in it which a well-instructed of a Church which placed Wolsey and Du-Catholic could no doubt refute. There is bois among its Cardinals, and still retains therefore the less excuse for an ignorant Dunstan and Becket among its Saints. Catholic, who wilfully misrepresents its
After this, we need scarcely describe the arguments. But the author of "Father plan on which the controversial part of the Oswald" is perpetually misquoting passages