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preach up what you insolently call the mis. | REMINISCENCES OF MEN AND THINGS. chief of glory, and question the born right of every Frenchman to carry fire and bloodshed into every country he can get into

From Fraser's Magazine. and more, do you not laugh at and denounce, what is as dear to every Frenchman as the recollection of his mother's When first my eyes caught a glimpse of milk, a hatred, an undying hatred, to En- the shining silver spectacles of little Mongland and all that's English ?”

sieur Thiers, he was living in a very modest “I own to every word of it."

manner on a rather high étage in a by no And more-do you not ....?" means prepossessing house in Paris. Dingy,

“I beg your pardon, monsieur," said a dark, and dirty was the staircase, and the stage-coachman, at this point entering the porter growled a sullen "oui" when the room, "if you are the gentleman as is go friend whom I accompanied inquired, if ing to Canterbury, time's up.”

Mr. Adolphe Thiers resided in the dwellThe Frenchman did not finish his sen- ing of which that illustrious keeper was the tence, but rising, and again lifting his hat, legally authorised preserver. I fear that he with a grim smile and flashing eyes, at that time the little man was not so genstalked away.

erous in his “etrennes" to the aforesaid And now, my quondam friend Louis- porter as he was afterwards in a position Philippe, I have put the above colloquy to to be, since at any rate it struck me forcipaper, that I may herewith ask you, if your bly, that Thiers was not a popular name in subject and fellow-citizen is right as to the the establishment in question. This was causes which (under your orders) have shut prior to the Revolution of 1830, and at that me out of France ?' If they be not, you time our hero loved and swore by that very will drop me a line. If they be, I will take Armand Carrel, whom afterwards he perseyour silence (and smuggle accordingly) for cuted and traduced. The former was enaffirmation. Yours,

gaged in writing for the republican Nation“ As thou usest me,”

al, which he had assisted in establishing, and in preparing the minds of the too ardent" Jeunes Gens” for that call “ to arms" which the tocsin of the capital soon after

thundered in their ears. Thiers was one of Julia Cesarea.—The following is an extract from those who conspired to bring about the a letter written from Algiers by an artillery officer, Revolution of 1830. He did this

, first

, beand communicated to the Academy of Belles Let-cause his principles or his doctrines, his tres. “I have just spent some days amidst the convictions or his professions, were at that ruins of Julia Cesarea. I have some right to give time of a republican character. that name to the modern Cherchell, since I have been the first to discover four inscriptions bearing second, because I think he believed that it the name of that ancient city. I have found many was the intention of the elder branch of the other less important inscriptions. Would that I house of Bourbon to overthrow the consticould also place under your eyes the admirable Co. rinthian capital, the granite pillars, and the ancieni tutional character of Louis XVIII., and to tombs—the fellows of the Kebor Roumiæ, and, like render it purely monarchical. He did so, it, no doubt, of Numidian origin. The English third, because he saw no hope for himself, traveller Shaw mentions the gigantic wall of three or for the extreme party with which he was leagues circuit which formed the inclosure of Ce: connected, of ever arriving at power and sarea, but he says nothing of the period of its construction. I think that the erection of this wall office, without “the men of the past” were must be referred to the second occupation of Africa all driven from their posts to make room by the Romans, when ancient civilization shed its for “ Young France;" and be did so, fourth, first light on these shores.“ Many persons, reck. less of the lessons of history, begin to appreciate the because he belonged to those who hated the ancients when they find that our engineers have Bourbons. One of his associates at that nothing better to do than to fortify themselves bc. time was Mignet, of whom they tell the hind walls raised by engineers who lived fourteen following curious anecdote. When asked centuries ago. The old part of this city also bears by the Duke de Guiche what was the reason witness to the power of the Romans.!”– Athen'm.

of his animosity to the Bourbon race, as a The Chinese TREASURE — Yesterday evening, at 7 o'clock, five waggons, each drawn by four horses, race, he replied, “ Parceque je n'aime


pas and a cart drawn by two horses, all heavily laden,

Bourbons." “But why do you not love the entered the gateway of the Royal Mint, escoried by Bourbons ?" demanded the duke. “ It is a detachment of the 60th Regiment, with the Chi not an answer to my inquiry why do nese silver, amounting to £1,000,000 sterling, being hate the Bourbons to say, because I do not

you the first consignment of the indemnity to be paid by the Celestial Empire.

love them.” Mignet smiled, but retorted

He did so,

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on his political interrogator in the follow. was a thorough man of the world. He had ing manner :

lived in many countries and in

very troubleI once knew a lady who said she did some times; he had seen many religions not like mackerel. Now to me who was, at work, as well as in theory. He wes a and still am, a great lover of mackerel, this good scholar, and not far removed from appeared extraordinary; and I asked her, being a philosopher, and those who called

Pray, madam, why do you not like mack. him a Jesuit were rogues or dunces. He erel ?' “Because I do not like mackerel,” was a man with a great mind,

uch wit, was her answer, and she would give me no and sound discretion, and he was no more other.

a Jesuit than Charles James Fox or Robert The duke thought that both M. Mignet Southey. When, then, little M. Thiers and the lady, might have given better rea- pretended to believe that the restoration of sons than they did for their mutual dislike, the Bourbons was the revival of popery, he but he perceived that the distastes of both either evinced great ignorance, or he inwere at any rate inveterate. I think this sulted and perverted truth and facts. If I story will illustrate that which I wish to dwell a little longer on this point, it is beimpress on the readers of " Regina,” that cause I feel its importance. The eldest little M. Thiers had a constitutional hatred branch of the house of Bourbon was shamefor the Bourbons, just as his other friend, fully misrepresented. Louis XVIII. had no Béranger, had, when he sung his treasona- more the desire of reigning in a spirit of ble but witty song,

“ And still the Bourbons priestcraft, than he had of living on "soupe held the Throne." The young men of maigre," or of dying in a cloister. But M. France knew nothing of 'the Bourbons. Thiers and the men of his age, opinions, How should they? The first revolution and calibre, knew that there was no better had banished them; and the empire with its way of running down the Bourbons in glory and its disgrace had been the period France than by adding to their royal titles during which the then youth of France had the epithet of“ Jesuit :” and this plan was been nursed, cradled, and educated. Those eventually successful. who had not been carried off by the con- At the time to which I am now, however, scription, or mown down by the sabre or more especially alluding, Louis XVIII, was the grape-shot of the European alliance, dead. Those liberal tricksters who had were, in pine hundred out of every thou- libelled him when living, then affected to sand cases, wholly ignorant of why they believe that France had lost the most confought, or of who were the Bourbons, or stitutional of monarchs; and when Charles where they resided. They had heard of X. ascended the throne, the liberal prints the decapitation of Louis xvi. and of poured forth daily their regrets for the wise Marie Antoinette, but of Louis XVIII. and and enlightened prince, who had descended Count D'Artois, or the Duke d’Angoulême to the tomb of the Capets. It was then that and his admirable and immortal duchess, M. Thiers first began to hope for the fuand especially of the son of Egalité Or- ture; and then, also, it was that Laffitte leans, they were as ignorant as they were declared that the bouse of Bourbon would of the Emperor of China or the Governor be unable to stand against the power of the of the Moon. The old republicans who house of Laffitte. No man was more reguhad not in 1814 expired, undoubtedly took lar at the revolutionary, or quasi revolugreat pains to 'convince the people that the tionary soirées of the said M. Laffitte than Bourbons were Jesuits, enthusiastically at. Adolphe Thiers. There he spouted an. tached to all that was Romish, bigotted, archy, and foamed sedition, and there it and "saintly," and got up a sort of chari- was that he often repeated the famous devari” against the priests and the altar. claration, “ That the king reigns, but does Now M. Tbiers, living in a department far not govern." This was one of those French removed from civilization and good life, re- maxims which captivated the ignorant, and ceived his early impressions from those, delighted the thoughtless. who wholly mistnok at any rate the cha- The soirées of M. Laffitte were very litracter of Louis XVIII.; and being also op- tle more violent, however, than those at the posed alike to the Protestant and to the Palais Royal: Undoubtedly, the then Duke Catholic churches, was prepared on his ar- of Orleans (now Louis Philippe) kept up rival at Paris to join in the cry of, "Down the appearance of respect to his king and with the Jesuits !” This cry of “Down relative, Charles X.; but Barthélemy and with the Jesuits !" was a senseless one,

Benjamin Constant and Laffi Bé. cause Louis XVIII. was as free from popish, ranger, Lafayette, and all the uproarious as he was from Protestant influences. He and discontented spirits of the age, were

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well received and applauded, by the then consequences. He had evidently also some first subject of the realm. It was at this confidence in his star of good luck; and period that M. Thiers first made the ac- though the police might have disturbed quaintance of his future sovereign, and it Monsieur Jacques Coste's orgies, and carwas then that he paved his way for his sub. ried off the conspirators to gaol, little sequent reception at the palace of the Tuil. Adolphe Thiers acted on the broad coneries.

stitutional maxim, “ that those who were It is a fact which has been too frequently born to be hung will never be drowned," or forgotten, that the revolution of 1830 was that those who are born to be prime minisby no means an “impromptu.” It is not ters will never die sub or even chief editors true that M. Thiers, for example, was not of journals. At one of the various meelfully prepared for its accomplishment. He, ings of political partisans and leaguers held and those who acted with him, planned the in those eventful times, General Sebastiani, measures and the opposition which should, afterwards ambassador of Louis Philippe to in the end, compel the monarchy to stand the court of St. James's was present,on the defensive.

“I am no conspirator,” said the count; “We will drive the old Jesuit to a coup“I am not come here to arm against my d'etat," said M. Thiers, on one occasion, king; but simply to counsel bim.” when speaking of his king, Charles X. : When this was told to Thiers, he replied, "they wish to govern legally, that is, accord, Poor man! his world is in his pocket! ing to the letter of the law; but we will make his sea is a puddle ! his storm a wind of him rule according to its spirit!!"

fans! and when he conspires, it will be unAt the period of which I am now speak. der the immediate protection of Madame ing little Thiers was a very poor man. His two-franc dinners, or one shilling and eight. On another occasion, when told that pence, wine included, were by no means Casimir Perier was known to be favorable rare; and none but himself would have to the popular movement, he exclaimed, dared to predict that he would afterwards “Yes, as favorable as a farmer is to locusts, become the associate of the rulers, and of as favorable as a miser is to spendthrifts, as the prime ministers of Europe. Not indeed, favorable as a merchant is to bankrupts.' that such men as Talleyrand ever forgot Thiers saw in the revolution of 1830 his Thiers's origin : but he who said that“ lan- only chances of future fame, wealth, and guage was given to enable men to conceal distinction; and never did any gamester their thoughts,” also said, “that Thiers more wholly cast his fortune on a die. It was a fop without elegance, an aristocrat turned up "truinps,” and he became rich without real pretensions or family, and a and powerful. His visions became realities, political demagogue without courage or and no one could desire more than he did, foresight.” Still "Talleyrand availed bim to render them all solid and durable. Still self of his services, admired his dexterity in spite of his "palaver”-and few men can in boxing the political compass, and used talk as well as Adolphe Thiers-he had to declare “that Adolphe was the only some difficulty in ingratiating himself with man of merit who had sprung from the the then Duke of Orleans. If Talleyrand hotbed of the barricades." " Talleyrand had not taken him by the hand to do as he sucked the orange, and rejected peel and told him, and had not so confided in his pips,” said Odillon Barrot in one of his docility as to countenance what to other happy moments; but when little Thiers less discerning minds would have appeared heard of it, he vowed vengeance against to be temerity, all his maneuvring under both his patron and his competitor. the restoration, and during the last days of

I shall never forget M. Thiers's aspect in the old monarchy, would have been wholly the Rue Richelieu, as he hurried with a quick useless. Indeed, the first offices held by and eager step towards the bureau of the M. Thiers under the elective monarchy of journal Le Temps, as soon, or immediately 1830 proved that his alliance was less de. after the appearance of the ordinances of sired, than his opposition was apprehended. Charles X., to assist in preparing "the pro- He was “the” man, par excellence, of the test” of the journalists against the decrees barricades. Mauguim and Barrot, Corof the sovereign. He evidently felt that all menin and Arago, Constant and Perier, Lafhis future depended on that very present fitte and Lafayette, had long been known, moment; and he knit his brow, clenched and their value variously estimated. in his fist, and stamped steadfastly the ground, fact, the public mind had been made up as a man will do who resolves to play his about them; and such men as Salverte and very best card, and to run the risk of all | Villemain, as Royer Collard and Guizot, or

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as Berryer and Chateaubriand, were known those days of regal samptuousness he exand judged of all parties But little Thiers, claimed, “Who can afford to be splendid, if sparkling Thiers, dashing, foaming, ranting, it be not the minister of a monarchy, where coaxing, wheedling Thiers, was a new man. the people pay for all with their eyes open ?” He had no antecedents. His past was obscu- Poor people !" But what cared he for rerity; his present, agitation and uncertainty ; proach or scorn? He was minister of state, his future was an enigma. But not so to him. and he triumphed over both friends and foes! He knew that he was prepared to sacrifice I remember one of Thiers's satellites at men, principles, people, the throne,-all- this period was a celebrated Parisian gour. all for power; and he knew that power with mand! The baron liked Thiers, as an old him meant wealth, ease, luxury, enjoyment, lady likes a young coxcomb,—his friend. influence, and-fame. But fame was sec- ship tickled his vanity. Every one talked ondary to wealth ; and Gold was his idol!! of the "little minister;" and as he said very

When first I saw M. Thiers as under odd things in a very droll way, nothing desecretary of state, he appeared to have lighted this lover of the “delicacies of the grown twelve inches. His "J" this, and table" so much, as to tell all the good things his “I” that, was changed to the royal this said minister had uttered at his, the "we;" and he looked at his master as one gourmand's table. The ba myself, and who thought " the power behind the throne a few others met at the house of D-, would soon be greater than the throne it- where good wines were plentiful, and hos. self.” His spirit could not brook a supe- pitality was displayed with elegance and rior. To be prime minister, as he after taste. The baron spoke of Thiers with wards was, would evidently not be a suffi- rapture. He had dined with him the previciently elevated position to satisfy him, if ous day. He had said so many capital the monarch, when he should counsel, things that the gourmand was in ecstasies; should dare to retain an independent opin- and amongst them were the following (i ion. Hence his beloved maxim, “ that the give them in English, for the benefit of the king reigns in constitutional monarchies, unlearned) "Why was the revolution of but does not govern." But Louis Philippe 1830 a legitimate revolution ?-Because it has, fortunately for France and for Europe, had been made by the sovereign people!' despised it.

“What was the greatest miracle of modern When next I saw M. Thiers, he was a times ?—The election of Louis Philippe to minister of state! Heavens—what a splash! be king of the French: first, because he He put at defiance the aristocracy! The was elected because he was a Bourbon; and furniture was new and magnificent; the re- yet, second, although he was a Bourbon.” freshments were sumptuous; the lights M. Dupin, “the double of Lord Brougham," we re regal! All Paris talked of his initia. afterwards made a “parceque" and a tive fête as an affair belonging to the “Ara-"quoique” out of this joke ; but it was oribian Night's Entertainments;" and the little ginally the property of little Thiers. “Why man looked six feet high even without his is Prince Tallyrand the most able of diploboots!

matists ?-Because his left hand is ignorant When the old hereditary families of of the proceedings of his right;" or, in France occupied ministerial posts, they other words, because with him “words are were reserved in their demeanor, modest in made to conceal, and not to express convic. their carriage, diffident in their habits, and tions." Who is the keenest monarch in all economical in their proceedings. When M. Europe ?-Louis Philippe.” “Why ?-Bede Peyronnet expended upon his ministerial cause when he played for a crown he gained hotel a few extra hundred pounds sterling, a kingdom, and kept his own fortune, "-althe revolutionists of 1829 saddled him per- luding to the able arrangements of that sonally with the expenses in question ; but prince before he accepted the throne, by when little Thiers, the nobody of 1829, the which he secured his own large private rerevolutionist of 1830, and the minister of venues to his family, ere be entered into 1832, threw napoleons to upholsterers by possession of the crown estates. There the basket-full, in order that Madame d'Ap. were several more of the same class, which pony, the Austrian ambassadress, might not really sounded very well over a bottle or laugh at his descent, and ridicule his ple- two of the best hermitage I ever remember beianism, the great little man sat on brocad. to have tippled. ed velvet, slept on eider down, compressed, There was another man named Hhowever, into ministerial mattresses, and the man of business, the go-between, the drank iced Tokay because the world could pocket-handkerchief of Monsieur le ministre. not supply a more expensive beverage. In It was his duty to take a "cabriolet de re

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mise" every morning at nine o'clock, and | Paris said to him, “ Monsieur le Ministre, drive to the hotel of the minister of the there is a more formidable organization at barricades. He had the right of private the present moment in this city against the entry. He was charged to confabulate” government of the king than you seem to and “conspirate” with the commissary be aware of. The conspiracy has reached

. at the exchange, who was yet charged to the ranks of the National Guards, and we protect (!!) the French public from the tricks cannot rely on them.” and manæuvres of all men-except minis- Enough!-Enough !" cried little Thiers, ters of state. They were of course too ex- jumping on his feet, and slapping the table alted, too honorable, too high-minded to re- with his right hand, —" they'll conspire, will quire any watchers over their proceedings; they? Against me too!-against the govand for this reason it was that the tremen ernment !-against the king! I know them dous fluctuations in the French and Spanish - I dare them—I'll crush them! They funds at the Paris Bourse always were the shout for liberty, do they? Then they shall result of ministerial trickings. Poor H- not have it! Liberty, indeed! the rascals had an unfortunate face of his own,-for he the scorpions! I'll try them before looked cold, cadaverous, and yet spiteful. courts-martial—I'll shoot them—I'll guilloHe never constructed one sentence in his tine them! What do they want? life, beginning and ending naturally. He with the world, I suppose ! Cowards! they

! never looked at another man's eyes, except would be the first to run away. Young when the other man was blind. He never France,' and Young Germany,' and Young went straight to a street, lane, or house, but Poland,' are we to be governed then by walked and rode, like a crab, tortuously and beardless sucklings, and by a government unpleasantly. His voice was dull, heavy, of bibs and tuckers? I know them. They and funereal; but he played the part of are penniless hawkers of sedition; they “mysterious” à la merveille, and even rais- live in the puddles, and rake filth in the ed a silver cover of a dish of vegetables, ditches of society ; they would fatten upon as if he expected the contents of a “green blood and beauty, and dance to the sound of bagwould be let loose by his effort. He the axe, as it fell on the necks of all who never appeared to have made up his mind were wealthier than themselves! They are as to the answer he should give even to the reptiles, they are regicides—parricides, simplest question, and looked embarrassed any thing-every thing, to reach fat larders when you said, “How d’ye do ?Now that and well.stored cellars. They shall do neiman was my aversion. But he was a “han-ther. I will crush them !" and then he dy man" for M. Thiers; for H— would, gave the table another such a slap as made , if he could, have kept even from himself his the prefect stare, and must almost have own secrets, lest he himself should tell him- alarmed the mahogany itself. self that which he knew M. Thiers ought But M. Thiers kept his word. He atI never to have confided to another. But tacked those very principles of the RevoluH-- was the “ dirty-work man" of Mon- tion, which he had been foremost to prosieur le ministre, and both found the ac- claim and to put into operation, with a vigor quaintance most desirable and engaging. which astonished even his coadjutors, and In plain terms, to H-a small commission on which caused his quondam associates to de. all sales and purchases of stocks was an ob- nominate him “the Assassin of Liberty." ject; and to Thiers, his friend's devotedness Casimir Perier also indulged occasionally in was the means of enabling him to carry out violent outbreaks against the Revolution. all his patriotic (!!) and unselfish policy. H- On one occasion a townsman of his, a naknew well when to tell a “very great secret;" tive of Grenoble, called at an early hour to whom to tell it; that it might be spread upon that most extraordinary man. He the most rapidly; and how to profit by it, ei- found Casimir Perier just about taking his ther for a rise or fall in the three per cents. morning bath, but this was no impediment

But to return to the minister himself. to the interview. Although he had assisted in getting up the “They say, M. Perier, that you will not drama of the revolution, he found that it be able to maintain your ground, and that was a much more difficult task than he had your system will be overthrown, for that anticipated, to chain the rampant spirits he France will have her natural frontiers, and had aided in letting loose upon society. 500,000 men will arm themselves, and march This annoyed him greatly. The émeutes to the Rhine." and insurrections of 1832, 1833, and 1834, Perier sat up erect, clenched his fist, often put him into prodigious passions. On and looked the veriest hurricane in the unione occasion, the then prefect of police at (verse, and broke out as follows:

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