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in every way is Whitman from Lanier, of whom Higginson writes with fine discrimination and inevitable admiration. Lanier's critical genius is seen when he writes of Swinburne, “ He invited me to eat ; the service was silver and gold, but no food therein save pepper and salt;” and of William Morris, “He caught a crystal cupful of yellow light of sunset, and persuading himself to deem it wine, drank it with a sort of smile.” But our author truly says that Lanier's best and fullest criti. cisms were upon Walt Whitman. Mr. Higginson ranks the poetry of Helen Hunt Jackson above that of all other American women, and thinks her only rival was her early schoolmate, Emily Dickinson. Whoever desires to learn what sort of man Osawatomie Brown really was, and what were the atmosphere of his home and the spirit of his family, should read Colonel Higginson's account, included here, of “A Visit to John Brown's Household in 1859," at North Elba, in the Adirondacks, at the time when the hero of Harper's Ferry was being tried and sentenced to death at Charlestown, Va. When Higginson spoke to them of the sacrifices their family were making for liberty, one member of it said, “I sometimes think that is what we came into the world for-to make sacrifices." Five of their family perished in Virginia attempting to liberate slaves. So deeply was Colonel Higginson impressed with the singularly lofty moral tone of that home that he came down from the mountains and out to the world again through the iron gorge of the wild Wilmington Notch, feeling, he says, that anyone must be very unworthy the society of such people who did not come forth a wiser and a better man for visiting them. Speaking of orators, the author remarks that it was said of Fox that every sentence of his came rolling in like a wave of the Atlantic, three thousand miles long. Of Peel it was said that he knew how to “make a platitude endurable by making it pompous." Great as were the orations of Burke, he was called “the dinner bell,” because he usually scattered the members of the House of Com

President Dwight of Yale, visiting Boston in 1810, described “the Boston style of oratory—a florid style.”


Quaint Corners of Ancient Empires. Southern India, Burma, and Manila. By M.

M. SHOEMAKER, author of Islands of the Southern Seas and Palaces and Prisons of Mary Queen of Scots. 8vo, pp. 212. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. Price, cloth, $1.50.

This is a book of immediate current interest. The Spanish-American War has produced many books on Cuba and Porto Rico, but not many as yet on the Philippines. Mr. Shoemaker takes us thither by way of Southern India, from Ceylon to fantastic Madura and stately Tanjore; then by Madras and the Bay of Bengal to Rangoon; up the Irrawaddy for a thousand miles almost to China; then back to Mandalay and its innumerable pagodas; then to the ruins of ancient Pagahu, with its ten thousand shrines; on to Prome, and thence to Rangoon again, where ship is taken for Manila. In his preface the author writes: “I have told the story of the friars in the Philippines as I learned it from the highest English and American authorities in Manila, all of them men who have lived there for years; as I have read it in that standard work of Foreman's, The Philippine Islands, and also as the official records give it. It has not been pleasant writing, and it may be claimed that vo good can come from its publication. Granted, so long as the archipelago belonged to another nation; but the United States are now responsible for what goes on in those islands, and certainly if the actions of those friars are condoned, if silence is allowed to drop its mantle on them, they will take heart and continue in their old lives, they have never known any other—with the conclusion on the part of the people that the Americans are no better or wiser than the Spaniards, and that one bad master has been exchanged for another." Mr. Shoemaker says the friars in the Philippines are of the Dark Ages, and their actions have been so terrible that they have completely wiped from the memory of the natives all recollection of any good they (the friars) may at any past time have accomplished, driving the people into taking vengeance even upon the churches and the graves of the dead. He declares that these friars are the power with which we will have the greatest struggle, because they have the most to lose through an enlightened form of government, and this struggle will be all the more deadly because they will work in secret and attack in the dark. It will be in vain that the valor of the American army and navy has made an end of Spanish rule and subdued the islands to order, if the friars are left to exercise their vicious, demoralizing, and cruel control over the people and to remain intrenched in their ill-gotten possessions. The government of the United States will make a terrible blunder for itself and for the Philippines if it fails to insure full religious liberty there and complete deliverance from priestly oppression and control. The disestablishment of the Church is a necessity to liberty and justice and bonor. Bishop Doane, of Albany, asserts that the American authorities in Manila are keeping in force the old Spanish law under which no marriage is valid unless solemnized by a priest of the Roman Catholic Church. This law tends directly to concubinage, since large numbers refuse to recognize the priests in that capacity. Bishop Doane says that he has represented these facts to our government at Washington, but that his statements and appeals are ignored by the authorities. It is incredible folly and worse for any American administration to countenance such mediæval Romish intolerance and priestly tyranny.

A History of New Testament Times in Palestine, 175 B. C.-70 A. D. By SHAILER

MATTHEWS, A.M., Professor of New Testament History and Interpretation in the University of Chicago. 12mo, pp. xi, 218. New York: The Macmillan Company. Price, 75 cents.

This admirable compend of Jewish history is the first of a series of New Testament handbooks to be edited by this author, and written by various American scholars. The only other book of the series that is now ready is Professor M. R. Vincent's History of Textual Criticism of the New Testament. The work before us is a plain, straightforward account of the history, sects, and Messianic hopes of the Jews, written without special literary attractiveness, dry, but scholarly, and with abundant reference to the sources and to the best recent literature. It is writ. ten in an historical and critical spirit, and the author never allows his Christian faith to quicken his pulse or make the dry bones of his materials live and move. His brief account of Jesus Christ (pp. 169–179) might have been written by a Unitarian. He calls Christ "a man in a unique and utterly unparalleled degree at one with a God whom from his boyhood he knew as Father ”—a statement that any Unitarian might indorse. But this is not saying that the book teaches Unitarianism, as the author is treating Jesus only in certain historical relations, it not falling within his purpose to speakdogmatically of his Person. However, he says that Christ's Messianic destination first dawned upon him clearly at his baptisin, which reminds us of certain notions of some of the heretical sects of the early Church In the very water his duty burst upon him like a voice from God. He was to be the Messiah whom John, in ignorance, had foretold. He, and he alone, must found the kingdom of God." There can be no doubt that the growth of Jesus's Messianic consciousness was gradual, but there can also be no doubt that that growth was synchronous with his mental development. It is interesting to note that our author is inclined to the view that Christ's ministry lasted not quite two years, and, as against Harnack, Blass, and McGiffert, he places the crucial date of the recall of Felix at 60 or 61. The book closes with genealogical tables and an excellent index.

Winter Adventures ofThreq Boy in the Great Lane Land. By EGERTON R

Young. Crown 8vo, pp. 377. New York : Eaton & Mains. Cincinnati : Curts & Jennings. Price, cloth, $1.25.

This book follows one which was entitled Three Boys in the Wild North Land. In that volume the stories were those of the Summer and Fall; in this they are of the Winter and Spring. The author says: “In these books we have given the correct idea of the Indian as he is today in regions where we lived for years. The Gospel has transformed his once cruel nature, but has not marred his cleverness and skill as a hunter or a guide. The brief glimpses into his religious life are absolutely true.” Of the former volume, about the adventures of three boys, a capable critic wrote : “From the author's long experience he has writtena book of most thrilling adventure. His Indians are his personal friends, loving Christians, and yet with a marvelous Indian cleverness and sagacity equal to anything Fenimore Cooper ever portrayed. It is indeed a new thing in Indian literature to have here, in this most fascinating volume, wondrous adventures and exploits with red men who have renounced all their pagan abominations and have become earnest Christians, and yet are none the worse hunters and guides, but rather better for having done so.” The bock before us is of the same thrilling sort. The heroes are three noble boys from beyond the sea, who came from Great Britain by the Hudson Bay Company's ship, and had months of exciting adventures in a wild country. Frank, the eldest, was the son of an English banker ; Alec was a genuine Scottish lad, while Sam was a jolly Irish boy. Hunting and trapping, foxes and wolves and buffalo and moose and wild cats and bears and beavers and muskrats, geese and ducks and ptarmigan and eagles and partridges and owls of these the book is full. Of winter sports and Indian games there is a plenty. It is an attractive and healthy book for boys, and for older people, too. It is well illustrated with pictures of scenes and experiences in the Great Lone Land.


Calvinism. By ABRAHAM KUYPER, D.D., LL.D., M.P., Professor in the Free Uni

versity, Amsterdam; Member of the States General of Holland. 8vo, pp. 275. New York and Chicago: Fleming H. Revell Company. Price, cloth, $1.25.

These six lectures were delivered in the Theological Seminary at Princeton, N. J., last winter on the L. P. Stone Foundation. The titles

“Calvinism a Life-system,” “Calvinism and Religion,” “Calvinism and Politics,” “ Calvinism and Science,” “Calvinism and Art,” and “Calvinism and the Future.” This is the latest statement, explication, and defense of Calvinism; and the historic service which Calvin and his followers, despite the serious errors in some of their doctrines, have rendered to the world politically and religiously are ably and freshly set forth to best advantage by Dr. Kuyper, whose brilliant articles on “Pantheism's Destruction of Boundaries" appeared in our pages in 1893. His thinking is the best that Holland has to offer to-day, he being the ablest intellectual force in the religious life of the Netherlands in our time. And the style in which this gifted thinker writes shines with peculiar gleam and luster. Were there space, we would like splendor our pages with large patches of it. The book containing these lectures lacks an index, and frequent typographical errors indicate a want of careful proofreading

Historic Americans. By ELBRIDGE S. BROOKS. 8vo, pp. 384. New York: Thomas

Y. Crowell & Co. Price, cloth, $1.50.

These are inspiring sketches of the lives and characters of certain famous Americans held most in reverence by the boys and girls of this country, for whom the stories are here told. Beginning with John Winthrop and ending with U. S. Grant, Mr. Brooks includes Franklin, Otis, Washington, Samuel Adams, John and John Quincy Adams, Patrick Henry, Jefferson, Hamilton, Robert Morris, Jay, Marshall, Madison, Monroe, Eli Whitney, Jackson, Webster, Irving, Clay, Calhoun, Morse, Horace Mann, Lincoln, and Longfellow. In each case Mr. Brooks seizes a critical event to illustrate “the chief characteristic or impulse that led each man along the way of patriotism."


Flowers of Thought. Collected by CECELIA M. TIBBITS. 16mo, pp. 118. New York: Printed by Eaton & Mains. Price, cloth, 55 cents, postpaid.

This choice little book is above the average of such collections. Good sense, an instinct for beauty and force, and a fine sensibility have guided Miss Tibbits in her wise and felicitous selection. We have not found one worthless bit in it. The extracts are satisfying, because, in all the many and various notes they strike, they really reach us and ring true to our sense of reality. Such books as this fit to a need. The busiest day, as Mrs. Sangster says in her Introduction to Miss Tibbits's book, may have some leisure moment when one can catch up such a vol. ume and solace oneself with some bright flower of thought. When the London Athenæum expressed its preference for songs which are manifestly the product of English skies, saying, "The dog's-tooth violet is but an ill substitute for the rathe primrose, nor can we ever believe that the wood robin sings as sweetly in April as the English thrush," Rudyard Kipling wrote his half-dozen verses entitled “ The Flowers, the burden of which is, “Buy my English posies, and I'll sell your heart's desire.” Miss Tibbits's “Flowers of Thought” are gathered from many coasts of the Seven Seas over which the English-speaking breed of men hold dominion and whose shores they subdue and settle. We must not transfer these flowers to our pages, but catching sight of Emerson's saying, “ The ornaments of a home are the friends who frequent it,” we recall a better saying of Bishop Warren's, which needs to be added to make, with Emerson's, a complete statement, “ It is the people who live in it that furnish a house.” The plainest home is richly furnished if it be inhabited by noble persons. No table service of silver or gold can add anything to the intrinsic dignity of the feast where, though it be around a naked board, people of worth and sense are known of each other in the breaking of bread. One other choice bit in this choice book we cannot keep still about, because it is one of our dearest favorites. We remember the thrill of delight that went through us when we heard it read, one night years ago, from one of George MacDonald's works : “To have what we want is riches, but to be able to do without it is power.” Seldom has so inspiriting a truth been put into so few words. Miss Tibbits's book is full of similarly fine things; and they are not simply fine, but strengthening and uplifting.

Illustrative Notes. A Guide to the Study of the International Sunday School

Lessons, with Original and Selected Comments, Methods of Teaching, Illustrative Stories, Practical Applications, Notes on Eastern Life, Library References, Maps, Tables, Pictures, and Diagrams, JESSE LYMAN HURLBUT and ROBERT REMINGTON DOHERTY. 8vo, pp. 388. New York: Eaton & Mains. Cincinnati: Curts & Jennings. Price, cloth, $1.25.

This book is a mine of wealth and a blaze of light. It holds in its treasure things new and old. Without any other book or help besides the Bible and this volume the Sabbath school teacher can be well in

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