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ger, who brought up the traitor to court, and provided him at the king's expense with proper accommodations on the road. As soon as he appeared, he was known to be the celebrated Rabelais, and his powder, upon examination, being found very innocent, the jest was only laughed at, for which a less eminent droll would have been sent to the galleys.Budgell.

22.--Henry IV. of France, while one day out a hunting, got separated from his attendants and lost his way. As he was riding about alone, he observed a country fellow standing upon a gate, apparently upon the watch, and asked him what he was looking for. I am come here,' said he, 'to see the king.' •Get up behind me,' replied the monarch, and I will take you by and by to a place where you may see him.'

The peasant mounted without any ceremony, and as they were riding along, put this sagacious question to bis companion: «They tell me he's got a number of Jords with him, how may a body know which is he?' Henry replied, that he would be able to distinguish the king by his remaining covered, while all his attendants took off their hats. Soon after, they fell in with the hunt, and all the courtiers and huntsmen were, as may well be expected, much surprised to see the king so oddly attended. Upon their joining the party, Henry, turning to the clown, asked him if he could tell which was the king. I don't know,' answered he, “but, 'faith, it must be one of us two, for we've both got our hats on.'- Addison.

ties, and maintain a good correspondence between those wealthy societies of men that are divided from one another by seas and oceans, or live on different extremities of a continent. I have often been pleased to hear disputes adjusted between an inhabitant of Japan and an alderman of London, or to see a subject of the Great Mogul entering into a league with one of the Czar of Moscovy. 'I am infinitely delighted in mixing with these several ministers of commerce, as they are distinguished by their different walks and different languages.

Sometimes I am jostled among a body of Armenians, sometimes I am lost in a crowd of Jews, and sometimes make one in a group of Dutchmen. I am a Dane, Swede, or Frenchman, at different times; or rather fancy myself, like the old philosopher, who, upon being asked what countryman he was, replied that he was a citizen of the world.-Addison.


24.-The favourite diversions of the middle ages in the intervals of war were those of hunting and hawking. The former must in all countries be a source of pleasure; but it seems to have been enjoyed in moderation by the Greeks and Romans. With the northern invaders, however, it was rather a predominant appetite than an amusement; it was their pride and their ornament, the theme of their songs, the object of their laws, and the business of their lives. Falconry, unknown as a diversion to the ancients, became from the fourth century an equally delightful occupation. From the Salic and other barbarous codes of the fifth century to the close of the period under our review, every age would furnish testimony to the ruling passion for these two species of chase, or, as they were sometimes called, the mysteries of woods and rivers. A knight selilom stirred from his house without a falcon on his wrist, or a greyhound that followed bim. Thus are Harold and his attendants represented in the famous tapestry of Bayeux. And, in the monuments of those who died anywhere but on the field of battle, it is usual to find the greyhound lying at their feet, or the bird upon their wrist. Nor are the tombs of ladies without their falcon; for this diversion, being of less danger and fatigue

23.- There is no place in the town which I so much love to frequent as the Royal Exchange. It gives me a secret satisfaction, and, in some mea. sure, gratifies my vanity, as I am an Englishman, to see so rich an assembly of countrymen and toreigners consulting together upon the private business of mankind, and making this Metropolis a kind of emporium for the whole earth. I must confess I look upon high-change to be

a great council, in which all considerable nations have their representatives. Factors in the trading world are what ambassadors are in the politic world ; they negotiate affairs, conclude trea

than the chase, was shared by the delicate sex.-H. Hallam.

25.—The family consisted of an old gray-headed man and his wife, with five or six sons and sons-in-law and their several wives, and a joyous genealogy out of them. They were all sitting down together to their lentil-soup; a large wheaten loaf was in the middle of the table, and a flagon of wine at each end of it promised joy through the stages of the repast: 'twas a feast of love. The old man rose up to meet me, and with a respectful cordiality would have me sit down at the table. My heart was set down the moment I entered the room, so I sat down at once like a son of the family, and to invest myself in the character as speedily as I could, I instantly borrowed the old man's knife, and taking up the loaf, cut my. self a hearty luncheon; and as I did it, I saw a testimony in every eye, not only of an honest welcome, but of a welcome mixed with thanks that I had not seemed to doubt it. If the supper was to my taste, the grace which followed it was much more so.


thanks to Heaven that an illiterate peasant could pay.-L. Sterne.

26.—The condition of the present inhabitants of this country is very different from that of their forefathers. Tbese, generally divided into small states or societies, had few relations of amity with surrounding tribes, and their thoughts and interests were confined very much within their own little territories and rude habits. Now, however, every one sees. himself a member of one vast civilised society which covers the face of the earth, and no part of the earth is indifferent to him. In England, a man of small fortune may cast his regards around him, and say with truth and exultation :—'I am lodged in a house that affords me conveniences and comforts which even a king could not command some centuries ago. There are ships crossing the seas in every direction, to bring what is useful to me from all parts of the earth. In China, men are gathering the tea-leat for me; in America, they are planting cotton for ine; in the West India islands, they are preparing my sugar and

my in Italy, they are feeding silk-wornis for me; in Saxony, they are shearing the sheep to make my clothing; at home, powerful steam-engines are spinning and weaving for me, and making cutlery for me, and pumping the mines, that minerals useful to me may be procured.

My patrimony is small, yet I have post-coaches running day and night on all the roads to carry my currespondence; I have roads, and canals, and bridges, to bear the coal for iny winter fire; nay, I have proiecting fleets and armies around my happy country, to secure my enjoyments and repose,

Then I have editors and printers who daily send me an account of what is going on throughout the world, among all these people who 8tive me: and in a corner of my house I have books, the miracle of all my possessions; more wonderful than the wisbing-cap of the Arabian tales ; for they transport me instantly, not only to all places, but to all times. By my books I can conjure up before me, to vivid existence, all the great and good men of antiquity; and, for my individual satisfaction, I can make them act over again the most re

When supper was over, the old man gave a knock upon the table with the haft of his knife, to bid them prepare for the dance. The moment the signal was given, the women and girls ran all together into a back apartment to tie up their hair, and the young men to the door to wash their faces and change their sabots; and in three minutes every soul was ready, upon a little esplanade before the house, to begin. The old man and bis wife came out last, and placing ine betwixt them, sat down upon a sofa of turf by the door. The old man had, some fifty years ago, been no mean performer upon the vielle; and at the age he was then of, touched it well enough for the purpose. His wife sang now and then a little to the tune, then intermitted, and joined her old man again as their children and grandchildren danced before them. The old man, as soon as the dance ended, said that this was their constant way; and that all his life long he had made it a rule, after supper was over, to call out his family to dance and rejoice; believing, he said, that a cheerful and contented mind was the best sort of

nowned of their exploits; the orators declaim for me; the historians recite; the poets sing; in a word, from the equator to the pole, and from the beginning of time until now, by my books I can be where I please.'-This picture is not overcharged, and might be much extended : such being the miracle of God's goodness and providence, that each individual of the civilised millions that cover the earth may have nearly the same enjoyments as if he were the single lord of all.Sir John Herschell.

you restore by force what you have gotten thus by art?

BAYES. No, sir, the world's unmindful; they never take notice of these things.

Smith. But pray, Mr. Bayes, among all your other rules, have you no one rule for invention ?

Bayes. Yes, sir, that's my third rule

that I have here in iny pocket.

SMITH. What rule can that be, I wonder?

BAYES. Why, sir, when I have anything to invent, I never trouble my head about it, as other men do, but presently turn over my book of dramatic common-places, and there I have, at one view, all that Persius, Montaigne, Seneca's Tragedies, Horace, Juvenal, Claudian, Pliny, Plutarch's Lives, and the rest have ever thought upon that subject; and so, in a trice, by leaving out a few words, or putting in others of my own-the business is done.

Smith. Indeed, Mr. Bayes, this is as sure and compendious a way of wit ever I heard of.

wbares. Sir, if you make the least

scruple of the efficacy of these my rules, do but come to the play-house, and you shall judge of them by the effects.


28.-BONIFACE AND AIMWELL. Bon. This way, sir. AIM. You're my landlord, I sup

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pose ?

27.-SMITH. How, sir, helps for wit!

BAYES. Ay, sir; that's my position : and I do here aver that no man the sun e'er shone upon has parts sufficient to furnish out a stage, except it were by the help of these my rules.

SMITH. What are those rules, I pray?

BAYES. Why, my first rule is the rule of transversion; or regula duplex, changing verse into prose, and prose into verse, alternately, as you please.

SMITH. Well, but how is this done by rule, sir?

BAYES. Why thus, sir; nothing so easy when understood. I take a book in my hand, either at home or elsewhere (for that's all one); if there be any wit in it (as there is no book but has some), I transverse it; that is, if it be prose, put it into verse (but that takes up some time); and if it be verse, put it into prose.

SMITH. Methinks, Mr. Bayes, that putting verse into prose should be called transprosing.

Bayes. By my troth, sir, it is a very good notion, and hereafter it shall be so.

SMITH. Well, sir, and what d'ye do with it then?

BAYES. Make it my own: 'tis so changed that no man can know it. My next rule is the rule of concord by way of table-book. Pray, observe. Smith. I hear you, sir: go on.

BAYES. As thus:-) come into a coffee-house, or some other place where witty men resort; I make as if minded nothing (do ye mark?), but as soon as anyone speaks--pop, I slap it down, and make that too my own.

Smith. But, Mr. Bayes, are you not sometimes in danger of their making


Bon. Yes, sir; I'm Old Will Boniface; pretty well known upon this road, as the saying is.

Aim. O, Mr. Boniface, your servant.

Bon. 0, sir! What will your honour please to drink, as the saying is ?

Aim. I have heard your town of Lichfield is much famed for ale; I think I'll taste that.

Bon. Sir, I have now in my cellar ten tuns of the best ale in Staffordshire; 'tis smooth as oil, sweet as milk, clear as amber, and strong as brandy; and will be just fourteen years old the fifth day of next March, old style.

Ain. You're very exact, I find, in the age of your ale.

Bon. As punctual, sir, as I am in the age of my children; I'll show you such ale.-Here, Tapster, broach number 1706, as the saying is. Sir, you shall taste my anno domini. I have

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Enter TAPSTER with a tankard. Now, sir, you shall see. Your worship’s health! (Drinks.] Ha! delicious! Fancy it Burgundy, only fancy it, and 'tis worth ten sbillings a quart.

AIM. [Drinks.] 'Tis confounded strong.

Bon. Strong! it must be so, or how would we be strong that drink it?

AIM. And have you lived so long upon this ale, landlord ?

Bon. Eight-and-fifty years, upon my credit, sir; but it killed my wife, poor woman! as the saying is.

AIM. How came that to pass ?

Bon. I don't know how, sir. She would not let the ale take its natural course, sir; she was for qualifying it every now and then with a dram, as the saying is : an honest gentleman, that came this way from Ireland, made her a present of a dozen bottles of usquebaugh—but the poor woman was never well after ; but, however, I was obliged to the gentleman, you know.

AIM. Why, was it the usquebaugh that killed her ?

Bon. My Lady Bountiful said so. She, good lady, did what could be done: she cured her of three tympanites, but the fourth carried her off. But she's happy, and I'm contented, as the saying is.

Alm. Who's that Lady Bountiful you mentioned ?

Bon. Odds my life, sir, we'll drink her health. [Drinks.] My Lady Bountiful is one of the best of women, Her last husband, Sir Charles Bounti. ful, left her worth a thousand pounds a-year; and I believe she lays out one-half on't in charitable uses for the good of her neighbours.

AIM. Has the lady any children ?

Bon. Yes, sir; she has a daughter by Sir Charles—the finest woman in all our country, and the greatest

fortune. She has a son, too, by her first husband, Squire Sullen, who married a fine lady from London t'other day. If you please, sir, we'll drink his health. [Drinks. ]

AIM. What sort of a man is he?

Bon. Why, sir, the man's well enough; says little, thinks less, and does nothing at all, faith; but he's a

of great estate, and values nobody.

AIM, A sportsman, I suppose ?

Bon. Yes, he's a man of pleasure. He plays at whist, and smokes his pipe eight-and-forty hours together sometimes.

Aim. A fine sportsman, truly!-and married, you say?

Bon. Ay, and to a curious woman, sir. But he's my landlord, and so a man, you know, would not-sir, my humble service to you. [Drinks. ] Though I value not a farthing what he can do to me. I pay him his rent at quarter-day; I have a good running trade; I have but one daughter, and I can give her -- but no matter for that.

AIM. You're very happy, Mr. Boni. face. Pray, what other company have you in town?

Bon. A power of fine ladies; and then we have the French officers.

Alm. Oh, that's right; you have a good many of those gentlemen ; pray, how do you like their company?

Bon. So well, as the saying is, that I could wish we had as many more of 'em. They're full of money, pay double for every thing they have. They know, sir, that we paid good round taxes for the making of 'em, and so they are willing to reimburse us a little. One of 'em lodges in my house. [Bell rings.] I beg your worship’s pardon—I'll wait on you in half a minute. G. Farquhar. 29.-Enter DENTATUS, TITUS, SER

VIUS, and Citizens.
Tit. What's to be done.

DEN. We'll be undone-- that's to be done.

SER. We'll do away with the Decemvirate.

Den. You'll do away with the Decemvirate? The Decemvirate will do away with you! You'll do away with yourselves. Do nothing. The enemy will do away with both of you. In another month a Roman will be a


You put


stranger in Rome. A fine pass we are come to, masters!

Tır. But something must be done.

DEN. Why, what would you have? You shout and clap your hands, as if it were a victory you heard of; and yet you cry-Something must be done! Truly, I know not what that something is, unless it be to make you general. How say you, masters ?

SER. We'd follow any man that knew how to lead us, and would rid us of our foes and the Decemvirate together.

DEN. You made these Decemvirs ! You are strangely discontented with your own work! And you are overcunning workmen, too. your materials so firmly together, there's no such thing as taking them asunder! What you build, you build -except it be for your own good. There you are bunglers at your craft. Ha! ha! ha! I cannot but laugh to think how you toiled, and strained, and sweated, to rear the stones of the building one above another, when I see the sorry faces you make at it.

Tit. But tell us the news again.

Den. Is it so good ? Does it so please you? Then prick your ears again, and listen. We have been beaten again-beaten back on our own soil. Rome has seen its haughty masters fly before chastisement, like slaves, returning cries for blows—and all this of your Decemvirs, gentlemen. 1st Cit. Huzza for it again!

[The people shout.] 2nd Cit. Hush! Appius comes.

DEN. And do you care for that? You that were, just now, within a stride of taking him and his colleagues by the throat? You'll do away with the Decemvirs, will you! And let but one of them appear, you dare not, for your life, but keep your spleen within your teeth! Listen to me, now I'll speak the more for Appius(Enter APPIUS CLAUDIUS, preceded

by Lictors.) -I say to the eternal infamy of Rome, the foe has chased her sons, like hares, on their own soil, where they should prey like lions—and so they would, had they not keepers to tame them.

APP. What's that you are sayin, to the people, Siccius Dentatus !

Den. I am regaling them with news.

APP. The news?

Den. Ay, the news - the newest that can be had; and the more novel because unlooked for. Who ever thought to see the eagle in the talons of the kite ?

App. It is not well done in you, Dentatus, to chafe a sore: it makes it rankle. If your surgery has learned no better, it should keep its hands to itself! You have very little to do to busy yourself after this fashion,

Den. I busy myself as 1 like, Appius Claudius.

APP. I know you do, when you labour to spread disaffection among the people, and bring the Decemvirs into contempt.

Den. The Decemvirs bring themselves into contempt.

APP. Ha! dare you say so ?

Den. [Closer to him.) Dare! I have dared cry • Come on!' to a cohort of bearded warriors. Is it thy smooth face should appal me? Dare! it never yet flurried me to use my arm; shall I not, think you, be at my ease when but wag my tongue? Dare, indeed !

Laughing contemptuously.] App. Your grey hairs should keep company with honester speech !

DEN. Shall I show you, Appius, the company they are

wont to keep? Look here! and here! [Uncovering his forehead and showing scars.] These are the vouchers of honest deedssuch is the speech with which my grey hairs keep company. I tell you, to your teeth, the Decemvirs bring themselves into contempt.

APP. What! are they not serving their country at the head of her armies ?

Den. They'd serve her better in the body of her armies ! i'd name for thee a hundred centurions would make better generals. A common soldier, of a year's active service, would take his measures better. Generals! Our generals were wont to teach us how to win battles. Tactics are changed our generals instruct us how to lose them.-Sheridan Knowles (Virginius).

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