India: Or, Facts Submitted to Illustrate the Character and Condition of the Native Inhabitants, with Suggestions for Reforming the Present System of Government, Parte47,Volumen2
Smith, Elder & Company, 1832
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abuses accounts allowed amount ancient appears assessment authority become Bengal better Board called Cass Chitty cause charge collections collector common condition consequence considered continued Court cultivation described district duties effect embezzlements equal established estates Europe evidence evil exactions existing extent fact fixed force forms give given grant habits hands head held Hindoo improvement increase India individual inhabitants instances institutions interest judge Jumma justice labour lands lord Malabar means ment Mussulman native nature never observes officers oppression original Pagodas particular period persons possession practice present principles produce proprietors protection prove provinces records regard Regulation remarks rent respect revenue Rupees Ryots servants settled settlement share soil superior supposed tenants tenures term tion transferred various Vide village whilst whole Zemindars
Página 293 - The labour of his body, and the work of his hands, we may say, are properly his. Whatsoever, then, he removes out of the state that nature hath provided and left it in, he hath mixed his labour with, and joined to it something that is his own, and thereby makes it his property.
Página 293 - Whatsoever then he removes out of the state that nature hath provided and left it in, he hath mixed his labor with, and joined to it something that is his own, and thereby makes it his property. It being by him removed from the common state nature hath placed it in, it hath by this labor something annexed to it that excludes the common right of other men.
Página 221 - Verily those who disbelieve our signs, we will surely cast to be broiled in hell fire ; so often as their skins shall be well burned, we will give them other skins in exchange, that they may taste the sharper torment ; for GOD is mighty and wise.
Página 293 - For this labour being the unquestionable property of the labourer, no man but he can have a right to what that is once joined to, at least where there is enough and as good left in common for others.
Página 293 - They, looking back, all the eastern side beheld Of Paradise, so late their happy seat, Waved over by that flaming brand; the gate With dreadful faces thronged and fiery arms. Some natural tears they dropped, but wiped them soon; The world was all before them, where to choose Their place of rest, and Providence their guide.
Página 473 - The increase of our revenue is the subject of our care, as much as our trade; 'tis that must maintain our force, when twenty accidents may interrupt our trade; 'tis that must make us a nation in India; — without that we are but as a great number of interlopers, united by his Majesty's royal charter, fit only to trade where nobody of power thinks it their interest to prevent us...
Página 220 - When ye encounter the unbelievers, strike off their heads, until ye have made a great slaughter among them; and bind them in bonds- and either give them a free dismission afterwards, or exact a ransom; until the war shall have laid down its arms.
Página 248 - ... gave them title to prescribe against their lords; and, on performance of the same services, to hold their lands, in spite of any determination of the lord's will; for though in general they are still said to hold their estates at the will of the lord...
Página 473 - ... tis that must make us a nation in India;— without that we are but as a great number of interlopers, united by his Majesty's royal charter, fit only to trade where nobody of power thinks it their interest to prevent us;— and upon this account it is that the wise Dutch, in all their general advices which we have seen, write ten paragraphs concerning their government, their civil and military policy, warfare, and the increase of their revenue, for one paragraph they write concerning trade...
Página 248 - Villeins, by these and many other means, in process of time gained considerable ground on their lords; and in particular strengthened the tenure of their estates to that degree, that they came to have in them an interest in many places full as good, in others better, than their lords. For the goodnature and benevolence of many lords of manors having, time out of mind, permitted their villeins and their children to enjoy their possessions without interruption, in a regular course of descent, the common...