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INDE X..

BY SPEAKERS' NAMES.

26 62

NORTH CAROLINA.

Page. ORGANIZATION of the Convention,.......

1 RULES for the Government of the Convention, Electors, &c,...

2 HENRY ABBOTT - Religion; opposed to an exclusive Establishment; no

religious Test; Pagan or Deist may obtain Office; Oath; by whom are we to swear? Jupiter, &c., ........

191 Mr. BLOODWORTH - opposed to Congressional Control over Elections, 67 Jurisdiction; no Provision for Juries in civil Causes,....

142 Trial by Jury; not on a satisfactory Footing,.....

151 Defence of its Omission not satisfactory; Precaution in granting Powers, 167. Mississippi Case, ...

168 Sovereignty of the Federal Government annihilates the States,.

179 Powers of Congress dangerous to State Laws,.....

180 Amendments, for previous ones, 184. Southern and Northern Interests divide at Susquehannah,::

186 Adverts to the Annapolis Convention, &c.,......

235 Mr. NATHAN BRYAN - defends the Majority,..

248 Mr. CABARRUS - Prohibitions against Paper Emissions; ez post facto Laws,.. 184 Mr. CALDWELL- Maxims, fundamental Principles,

9 Convention not authorized to use the Expression “We, the People,"

15 Legislative Power controlled by Vice-President's Vote, Elections liable to Abuse, Abuse of Parliamentary Power

65 Sweeping Clause, not plain "Pursuance" equivocal and ambiguous, 187 Religion; conceived that Jews, Mahometans, and Pagans, are invited to the United States,..

199 Mr. WILLIAM R. DAVIE (a Member of the Federal Convention) - for investigating the Subject, and discussing Clause by Clause,

8 System extensive, involving the Principles of Federal Government,.. 12 Powers of the Federal Convention; states some of the Events, and the

Defects of the Confederation, which gave Birth to the Convention,..., 16 Negro Representation ; Jealousies of the East; one Kind of Property entitled to Representation as well as any other, &c.,....

30 Vice-President, Reasons why introduced ; Consolidation not intended ; Representatives,..

58 Confederacies ; Amphictyonic; European,.

59 Rhode Island, her Conduct; Elections; true Construction of the Clause,. 60 Rhode Island; Party Influence, &c.; Elections, &c.,.....

65 Journal; Publication; necessary to conceal it during the Confederation,.. 72 Principle on which the Constitution was formed,

102 Treaty-making Power, in all Countries, placed in the Executive Depart. ment, 119.States would not confederate without an equal Voice in the Formation of Treaties; Separation of Powers, 120. President's Election on fair Principles ; his Nominations,.....

122 Senatorial Term of Service; thirteen Councillors would destroy Presidential

Responsibility, 122. State Sovereignty represented in the Senate ; Treaty;
Laws, their Execution ; Judiciary; prohibitory Provisions ought to

Mr. DAVIE, continued -

Page.
supersede the Laws of particolar States, 155. Pine-barren Acts, Paper
money ; Debts; executing the Laws, 157. Cognizance of Contro-
versies, 159. Federal Laws conflicting with those of the States; Legisla-
tion on Individuals instead of Sutes ; Treaties; Ends of the Constitution
accomplished by a paramount Judiciary, :

160
Powers granted, &c., 182. Operation on Paper Money; its great Deprecia-
tion ; legal Tender, &c.,.

183
Securities, no Power to interfere with them,

191
Opposed to the previous Question; conditional Ratification alarming, 218
Against standing out, and for Adoption, ...

236
Mr. GOUDY — for certain Rules to govern the Proceedings,

10
Powers of Congress; Tendency to destroy the State Governments,

93
Mr. JAMES GALLOWAY – Congress; Apprehension that it may perpetuate
itself, ...

70
Yeas and Nays; one fifth required,

73
Slavery; Manumission apprehended,

101
Laws supreme; Obligation of Contracts; Redemption of Securities, 190
Mr. HARDIMAN — Defence, where to apply, ·

99
Mr. WHITMILL HILL-Requisition; Taxes, lo be paid in Money Loans,. 83
Mr. IREDELL-Full and fair Discussion necessary,.....

4
Nature of Government; People may model it as they please,

9
Constitution not a Compact, &c.,...

10
Further Remarks on the Necessity of fully debating the proposed Con-
stitution, ..

13
President's Objections to Bills,

27
Impeachment, a Security for good Behavior in Office,..

32
Obedience to two Governments,..

35
Senatorial Term; Powers of the Senate ; Reference to British Government, 38
Elections; Control by general Government; executive, legislative, and
judicial, separate, an Improvement,

73
Veto by the President,

74
Taxation; approves the Power by Congress,

91
Powers ought to be competent to the public Safety,

95
Slavery, no Power in Congress to abolish it,..

102
Election ; approves the Clause,

105
Presidential Election; Objections answered, 107. President's Power over

the Military ; his Council, their Opinion to be given in Writing ; Ex-
ample of England, 108. Responsibility, Pardon; Impeachment,

110
Sovereignty of the States; Inequality of Suffrage in making Treaties, 125.

Bribes; Impeachment, not proper to render the Senate liable to it; Usage
of discussing Treaties in the British Parliament, 126. Surrender of Terri-
tory without an Act of Parliament; relative Influence of the two Houses
of Parliament, 128. Rulers should be watched; Amendments proposed by
the four States,

130
No Danger from the Apprehension of Aristocracy; Commons an Overmatch

132

for King and Lords,...
Senate's Power ought to counteract that of the House, to preserve State

Sovereignty, 133. "Choice of President and Senators; Mode of nominat-
ing; Approval of the Senate ; Influence of the House preponderating, 134
Trial by Jury; the best ; its Omission owing to the Difficulty of establishing

a uniform Mode, 144. Old Confederation ; Quotas; Debts; Supreme
Court; Stamp Aet; Bill of Rights, absurd and dangerous,

147
Juries may be either in superior or inferior Courts,..

152
Trial by Jury; omitted from the Difficulty of the Case, in the Convention,
arising from the different Modes that obtain in the States,.

... 164
Jury Trial further noticed; Constitution should define Authority, so as to

leave no Doubt; Congress claiming Power not given, a Usurpation,...... 170
Slaves, emancipated in some of the Northern States ; " Persons," escaping,

shall be delivered up to those entitled to Service; Reasons why the
Northern Delegates objected to the word “Slave " being mentioned in the
Constitution,

... 176
Amendments may be made; Suffrage in the Senate; Compromise on
Slavery, &c.,...

177
Three Fourths may call a Convention to amend,
Laws consistent with the Constitution binding on the People; Powers

178

Mr. IREDELL, continued

Page.
usurped; Powers intended to be given, legal without new Authority, &c., 179
Paper Money not affected, 185. Relative Importance of the Northern and
Southern States,..

... 186
Replies to general Objections,

218
Exclusive Legislation; States will stipulate; Insult to Congress in 1783 ;

Powers enumerated, excluded from all others; Abuse of Power; Non-
Adoption out of the Union; State of the Union in 1776; anticipates the
Interest of the First Congress ; Importance of framing the first Code of
Laws,....

218, 223
“Nine," sufficient to establish the Constitution ; Disadvantages in not
joining the Union under the Constitution,...

228
His Resolution for Yeas and Nays,..

241
Religion ; Tests; Persecutions; its Toleration in America ; Sacrament in

Great Britain ; Office open to all Religions ; Guaranty explained; Presi-
dent must be a Native; Form of an Oath ; governed by the Religion of
the Person taking it; Case of an East Indian, a Gentoo, in Charles II.'s
Time,

197
Moves for Ratification and subsequent Amendments,

248
Gov. JOHNSTON – Vice-President's Vote defended,

26
Representative accountable only to his Constituents, ..

33
Impeachment; Removal ; Disqualification, ....

35
State Officers amenable to the Courts of Law,.....

50
Amendments; no Danger apprehended, ...

56
Powers; no Parallel between Congress and Parliament,

64
Taxation, in Kind,

77
Replies to Objections,

88
Treaties; Difference between Confederation and Constitution,

115
Jurisdiction, concurrent between State and Federal Courts,

141
Trial by Jury, dissimilar Modes,

150
Constitution must be the supreme Law,

150
Amendments; adopting States; no Office-Hunter, &c.,

226
Fallacy of the Opinion that the Pope, or a Foreigner, may be chosen
President; Religion,

198
Mr. WILLIE JONES — for putting the Question upon the Constitution im-
mediately,

4
Reasons for this Proposition,

7
Ratification; wished to be out of the Union,

245
Though no Share in the new Appointments, common Interest with Virginia;

Jefferson, he stated, wished Ratification only to preserve the Union ;
Office Expectants, their Bias, &c.,.....

225
Defence of the Opposition,..

234
Amendments,

240
Against Adoption; moved the previous Question; refuses to withdraw his
Motion, ...

216 to 217
Mr. LANCASTER - his Apprehensions for Constitutional Amendments, 212.

Elections ; President's conditional Negative ; Two Thirds very rarely will
agree to a Law; Appeals ; Armies ; Religion ; Papists or Mahometans
may occupy the Chair; Disqualification in the States; would oppose
Adoption,

215
Mr. LOCKE -- Constitution grants unlimited Powers, 168. Necessity of Pine-
barren Acts, expedient to make Paper Money a legal Tender,

169
Opposes the Adoption,..

239
Mr. LENOIR - President's Treaty-making Power, a legislative Act,

27
Convention exceeded its Powers; Reasons for opposing,....
Mr. MACLAINE — Distinction between a Monarchy and Republic,

10
“We, the People," proper,

16
Constitution a Blank till adopted,

24
Vice-President's casting Vote,..

26
Biennial Elections defended,

28
Impeachment not extended to Representatives,

34
Vice-President's Powers,

42
Impeachment, not to reach petty Officers,..

43
Misdemeanors, by great State Officers, how redressed ?

46
Parliamentary Power; Blackstone ; Militia Power,..

63
Elections; Time, Manner, Place, &c., ...

68

[graphic]

Mr. MACLAINE, continued -

Page
Appointing Power; Presidential Powers,

135
Judiciary, State and Federal Courts separate,

139
Congress, its Powers limited and enumerated,

140
States, their Interests connected; Trial by Jury,

151
Power in the People, not in the States; Distinction between Law and Fact;
Federal Jurisdiction limited,..

160
State and Federal Courts,..

164 to 172
Money Bills; Paper Money; Depreciation, though ultimately good, 172
Trial by Jury; further Explanations,

175
State Sovereignty not in Danger from Congress,

180
Taxes will be inconsiderable; Congress will have Credit abroad; Adoption
will bring out Specie,....

188
Trade, its Resources; Loans,

189
Mr. M'DOWALL - Elections; Control over Taxation, opposed to its Surrender
to the general Government,

87
Power without Responsibility,

119
Senate, Danger of Combination with the President,
Trial by Jury; wealthy Suitor may prevail...
Jury Trial, not secured,

149
Taxes; Consequence of Ambiguity,

199
Bill of Rights essential; Elections,

210
Mr. MILLER - Presidential Powers, a Defect in the Constitution,. ... 114
Mr. PERSON — for previous Question,....

217
Mr. PORTER - Money Clause, whence does the Power originate?..

94
Treaty-making Power in the President and Senate,....

115
Treaties; House of Representatives ought to have a Vote in making them,.. 118-
Mr. SHEPHERD-for full Discussion,....
Mr. SPAIGHT (a Member of the Federal Convention) -- Taxes, whether paid to

State or Federal Government, no Difference,..
Slaves, Compromise explained,

100
Electors, regularity required,..

104, 106
Presidential Powers; Command of the Army,
Presidential and Senatorial Responsibility,..

124
Judiciary ; Federal Convention unanimous in keeping separate the Federal
and State Governments, ....

139
Trial by Jury; in the Federal Convention, considerable Time taken to
investigate the Subject, .

144
Convention, denies that it exceeded its Powers,

206
Senate responsible to State Legislatures; Federal Constitution favorable to

Trial by Jury; Religion, no Power over it; an Infidel will never be chosen
for Office; Amendments; exclusive Legislation ; Liberty of the Press;
Census; Requisitions done away,.....

206, 210
Mr. SPENCER- Governors, Servants of the People,

12
Objections to the new Form of Government,

50
Refractory States; Elections, ..

65
Taxes, Interference between the States and the Federal Government;
Objections,

75
Taxes; laid by the State preferred,

80
But in War by the general Government,

82
Executive Power; standing Council of one Member from each of the
States, &c.,

116
Treaties should have the Sanction of all the Senate; Aristocracy should be
guarded against,

131
Judiciary, Objections to the System,.

136
Preamble, “We, the People; ' Oath, 153. Trial by Jury,.

154
Contends for a Bill of Rights Power, Jurisdiction, and Right, not given up,
remain in the States ; objects to a Revision of Facts by Federal Court, and
concurrent Jurisdiction dangerous,..

163
Boundary of a Bill of Rights wanted.

168
Religious Tests, Foundation of Persecution,

200
Amendments, 227. For Union,

239
Mr. STEELE – Elections; no Check in the old Confederation,..

71
Journal, its Publication,....

72
Taxation, in Favor of the Clause,

87

[graphic]

Page.
Mr. JOSEPH TAYLOR- Wording, “We, the People," an assumed Power,.. 23
Appointments; Rights parted with,

36
Impeachment, does it reach Collectors?.

45
Elections, their Control in vague Terms,

70
Electors, Objections to the Power,

104, 105
Mr. WILSON - wished Exclusion of Popish. Priests from Office,

212
BILL OF RIGHTS, ....

243
YEAS AND NAYS, at large, on Amendment,

250
CLOSING PROCEEDINGS—“ neither to ratify nor reject the Constitution,"
adopted by a large Majority,...

251

SOUTH CAROLINA.

ROBERT BARNWELL- for a limited Discussion, 263. Defence of the Con-

stitution, 291. President's Responsibility; Treaties; Congressional Pay;
Paper Medium; Trial by Jury; Preferences; Importation of Negroes;

Carrying Trade'; pleased with the Clause relative to Slaves,..... 293
PIERCE BUTLER (one of the Members of the Federal Convention) - Im-
peachment; Senate ; Peace and War,......

263
Mr. PATRICK CALHOUN - Religion; too great a Latitude allowed,.. 312
PATRICK DOLLARD (in Convention) -- his Constituents, to a Man, opposed
to the Constitution for Want of a Bill of Rights,

336
Com. GILLON — satisfied with the Doings of the Convention ; in Favor of
American Bottoms,...

297
Hon. RALPH IZARD-Right of Kings to make Treaties, ......

268
Mr. RAWLINS LOWNDES–Senate and the old Confederation; Constitution
and Laws paramount; Presidential Powers,....

265
Treaties contrary to Law not valid; Eulogium on the Confederation, 271,

New Government an Experiment; no adequate Advantage; Slavery,.... 272
Importation of Negroes, 272. Evils apprehended from the Laws of Congress;
local Legislature; Fears for the Fate of the Southern States,,...

273
Defence of the Confederation; Powers of the President; Representation;

Senators; Commercial Advantages enjoyed by the Eastern States; Taxes;
Congressional Pay; recommends another Convention, ...

287, 291
Explains his Argument on Treaties; Checks; limiting the Importation of

Negroes an Evil; Navy to come from the East; Taxes; Expense of the
Government; Presidential Powers; the “ Well-born;" preparatory Plan

for a Monarchy; Constitution ruinous to the Liberty of America,........ 308
Mr. JAMES LINCOLN — opposes the Constitution, as an aristocratic Govern-

ment; President may hola his Office for Life, Liberty of the Press
forgotten; Bill of Rights essential,

312
Col. MASON — thanks Mr. Lowndes for his Opposition to the Constitution,... 316
Mr. JOHN MATTHEWS - denies the Efficiency of the Confederation, 298
JUDGE PENDLETON - Impeachment,...

263
Only three States sanctioned the Importation of Negroes,

272
CHARLES PINCKNEY (a Member of the Federal Convention) - Motives as

a Member of the Federal Convention; Condition of the Country at the
Close of the War; Defects of the Confederation, &c., 253. Necessity
of a Government to operate on the People; Compromise; rapid Glance
at different Parts of the System,

257
President's Power; Responsibility,

286
Observations on the System (before the Convention May 12.) But one

Government in Europe that provides for civil Rights, 318. People
Servants; Rulers supreme; Ireland; the Netherlands; America taught
the Rights of Man, 319. Primogeniture, 320. Peopled classed; commercial
foreign Trade, Root of public Distress ; mechanical; agricultural, 321.
Merchants; Mediocrity a leading Feature ; Division into States; 'East-
ern, 322. Middle; Maryland and the Southern States; Outline of the
Legislation of Pennsylvania ; Georgia ; Maryland, 323. New York,
Massachusetts, 325. Foreign Governments; Evils of a Republic, 326.

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