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Constitution represents States as well as Governments; three principal
Forms of Government considered,....

... 327
CHARLES COTESWORTH PINCKNEY (a Member of the Federal Conven-

tion) - Treaties, where to be lodged; President, the Power of proposing
Treaties,

263
Objections answe

wered ; Treaties not repugnant to Laws; Mode of voting in
Senate, &c.,....

266
Treaty of Peace, on its Promulgation; Recognizances discharged; Case of
Love for Murder,

.. 270
Explanations on Treaties; paramount under the Confederation, 277. Vattel

and Burlamaqui quoted ; South Carolina interested in the Sacredness of
Treaties; properly lodged in the Senate and President, ..

278
Abuse of Power; Impeachment; Things under the Confederation pictured ;

The three fifths," 230. Representation, 283. Sufferings of the Eastern
States in the Cause of Independence ; Negroes necessary in Cultivation
for South Carolina ; Compromise ; Security against Emancipation; Fugi-
tives recoverable,

284
Independent before the Treaty of Peace; replies to Mr. Lowndes's Objec-

tions; Powers voted for the general Good; Elections; Representatives;
Senate; Presidential Elections ; Foreign Influence to be guarded against ;
commercial Preferences; Judiciary...

....300 to 308
Replies to Mr. Lincoln's Ubjections; Policy of the Reeligibility of the

President; General Government, no Powers but what are expressly
granted; Reasons why a Bill of Rights was not inserted,..

315
(In Convention) - 10th Sec. Art. 1. On the Restrictive Clauses; Paper
Money; Credit with Foreigners,.....

333
Mr. PRINGLE (Speaker) - Treaty-making belongs to the executive Depart-
ment; President and Senate do not possess legislative Power,

268
DAVID RAMSAY - Treaties superior to local Laws,..

270
Continental Debt; old Confederation dissolved,.

286
Hon. JACOB READ - Confederation; Congress; its Efficiency farcical ;
Instances,

286
Hon. JOHN RUTLEDGE (a Member of the Federal Convention) - Treaties

paramount; their Mode of Ratification in England, and Operation in

America, 267. Difficulties in '82 because nine States did not attend, 268
Treaties, the paramount Law; Eulogium on the Constitution,..

311
Hon. EDWARD RUTLEDGE - Weakness of the Confederation ; defends the

Constitution, 274. Taxes, in favor of the South ; $10 a head on Negroes
equivalent to 5 per cent on Importations; all Free taxed; only two
fifths of the Slaves taxed, ..

... 277
Federal Convention did not exceed its Powers; Navigation; Exclusion from
West India Trade, &c.,.....

... 298
Gen. SUMPTER (in Convention) - moved an Adjournment, to give further
Time for Consideration; rejected, yeas, 89; nays, 135,

338
ALEXANDER TWEED (in Convention) - dentes the Restrictions of his Con-

stituents; open to Conviction ; Reform needed; Importance of the Con-
stitution,

322
QUESTION – To assemble at Charleston the 12th of May; ayes, 76;
nays, 75,

316, 317
RATIFICATION, (in Convention ;) yeas, 149; nays, 73,

338, 340
CONGRESS of 1765. Note - List of Delegates and Extract from the Jour-
nal, 341. Extract from Ramsay on Ratification,

... 341

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ABOLITION. Right of Petition. H. R. January, 1836. — Cushing, ..... 594, 595
ALIEN AND SEDITION LAWS. June, 1798. — E. Livingston, Tazewell,
440. Report, 1799, ....

441
VIRGINIA RESOLUTIONS of 1798, pronouncing the Sedition Laws to be un-

constitutional, and defining the Rights of the States, drawn by Mr. Madison, 528
VOL. IV.

B

539

Page.
ANSWERS OF THE STATES - State of New York,

537
State of Delaware,
532 State of Connecticut,..

538
State of Rhode Island,
533 State of New Hampshire,

538
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 533 State of Vermont,..
KENTUCKY RESOLUTIONS of 1798 and 1799. (The original Draft
prepared by Mr. Jefferson.)...

540 to 545
MADISON'S REPORT on the Virginia Resolutions,

546 to 580
ALIEN AND SEDITION LAWS. M. Lyon. Senate, March, 1811. Smith,
of South Carolina,

474
AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION. H. R. August 13, 1789.
Gerry, Ames, Madison,....

404
AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION; Election of President, Senate,
January 23, 1800. — C. Pinckney, of S. C.,..

442
H. R. August, 1804. — Jackson, 452

Senate, March, 1826. - Dicker-
son, 494. (With Extracts from the Journal of the Federal Convention on

the Presidential Term.)
APPOINTMENT; Panama Mission. Senate, March, 1826. — Berrien, ., 480 to 483
APPROPRIATIONS OF MONEY, for Vessels of War. H. R. February 25,
1797.- Gallatin, Nicholas,..

439
ARMY, STANDING, Regulation of. H. R. January 5, 1800. — Randolph,.... 441
BANKS. Hamilton's Exposition to Congress, 1791. Extract, .......... 617 to 620
BANK, Establishment of. H. R. February 2, 1791. - Giles, 411. Vining, Madi-

son, 412., Ames, 414 to 417. Sedgwick, Madison, 417. Lawrence, Jack-
son, Boudinot, Stone, 418. Gerry,....

419 to 422
BANK OF THE UNITED STATES. Renewal of Charter. H. R.

April 13, 1810. - Love, Troup, Key, Alston, 456. Burwell, P. B. Porter,
Eppes, Crawford, 457. Clay,..

458
H. R. April 13, 1830. — M'Duffie, 524
(Note. Jackson's Message of December 7, 1630.)
BANKS. Mr. Jefferson. Extract referred to by Mr. Madison,.... 609 to 611
Note on Banks, from Jefferson's Memoirs, March 11, 1798,

611
Note on the Tariff, furnishing a Summary of the Argument of the South
Carolina Exposition. See page 580.
Mr. Madison to C. J. Ingersoll, February, 1831, .....

608
BANKRUPT BILL. H. R. February 16, 1818. – Hopkinson, 470. Tyler,
Sergeant, Mills, 471. March 12, 1822. – Buchanan,

475
BANKRUPT LAW. Senate, May 1, 1826. — Hayne, 490 to 493. Woodbury, 493
BANKRUPTCY. Senate, January, 1826. — Van Buren,

479
COLUMBIA, DISTRICT of, Case of J. P. Van Ness. H. R. January,
17, 1803. — Van Ness, Bacon,

451
To re-cede the District. H. R. February 9, 1803. — Bayard,

451
CONTRACTORS. March 23, 1806. — Eppes,..

454
DEBT, DOMESTIC. H. R. February 22, 1790. — Smith, S. C. 405. Madison, 406

PUBLIC. Reduction of the Public Debt. H. R. November 20, 1792.
— Mercer, 429. Ames, 430. Madison,

431
DEBTS. Mr. Madison to Mr. Stevenson, 27th November, 1830, examining

the Origin and Progress of the Clause of the Constitution, "To pay the

DEBTS, AND provide for common Defence," &c., Extract...... 612 to 615
DIGEST OF DECISIONS in the Courts of the Union, involving Constitu-
tional Principles,

626
DUTIES. May 15, 1789.- White, Madison, Clymer, Carroll, 345. Wadsworth,

Ames, Fitzsimons, Hartley, Bland, Boudinot, 346. Sinnickson, Lawrence,
Smith, S. C.; Messages of Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe ; W.
H. Crawford's Report,

347
DUTIES OR LICENSES. H. R. December 31, 1800. — Bird,

442
DUELLING. Persons engaged in a Duel to be disqualified from holding Office.
H. R. December 31, 1803. - Davis, ...

451
EMBARGO, to suspend. H. R. April 19, 1808. - Quincy, 455. Key,..... 456

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EMBARGOES, to regulate and revoke. H. R. May 29, 1794. - Madison, 433
EXPUNGING RESOLUTION. Senate, 1836. — Leigh, 598. Rives, .... 599
FISHERY, COD. Granting Bounties. H. R. February 1792. - Giles, 426.
Williamson, Madison,

427
FRENCH REPUBLIC, on striking out complimentary Reply to. Senate, Jan-
uary 6, 1796. — Ellsworth, Butler,

434
INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT. H. R. February 11, 1796. — Madison, Bald-
win, Bourne, Williams, 434. Thacher,....

435
December 5, 1815. — Madison,

461
Bonus Bill. H. R. February, 1817. - Picker-
ing, Clay, 467. Madison's Objections to the above Bonus Bill,..... ... 468

Dismal Swamp Canal, Senate, May, 1824.
Van Buren,

477
H. R. January 18, 1825. Cambreleng,
Berrien,

479
Florida Canal, February 14, 1826. Branch,
Rowan,

480
IMPEACHMENT OF JUDGE CHASE. H. R. February 21, 1805. — Hop-

kinson, 452. (Note from Story's Commentaries.)
INDIAN TREATIES. Senate, May, 1830. -- Sprague,.

423
JUDICIARY. Senate, January 8, 1800.- J. Mason, 442. Stone, N. C. 443.

Breckenridge, Hemphill, 444. Bayard, Rutledge, 445. Van Buren, 485,
486. Woodbury,..

.487, 488
H. R. January 10, 1825. — Webster,

478
JUDICIAL SYSTEM. Senate, April 7, 1826. - Mr. Van Buren, 485. Wood-
bary,..

... 487
LOUISIANA TREATY. H. R. October 25, 1803. — Elliot, Mitchell, Smilie,

Rodney, Tracy, 448. J. Q. Adams, 449. (Note. Mr. Jefferson's Opinion

added.)
LYON, MATTHEW, Petition of. Senate, March, 1821. -Smith,. ... 474
MILITARY APPROPRIATION BILL. H. R. January 4, 1819. — Lowndes, 472
MILITIA BILL. H. R. December 24, 1790. - Bloodworth, Sherman, Madison,

Livermore, 422. Williamson, 423. Boudinot, Jackson, Livermore,. 424
MILITIA. Bill for organizing, &c. H. R. December, 1796.—Rutherford,.. 438
MISSOURI QUESTION. H. R. December 13, 1821. – Lowndes,.

471
NULLIFICATION. Senate, April 2, 1830. — Josiah S. Johnson,.

523
OATH to support the Constitution, May 6, 1789. — Gerry, 343. Bland, Jackson,
Lawrence, and Sherman,

344
PATRONAGE, Foreign Intercourse Bill. H. R. January 18, 1798. Gallatin,
439. Pinckney, Bayard,...

440
POST OFFICE. Bill to authorize the President to choose a Mail Route.
H. R. December 6, 1791. — Sedgwick, Gerry, Bourne,

425
POST-OFFICES AND POST-ROADS. H. R. Jan. 3, 1792. – Fitzsimons,. 426
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION. Bill to determine the Time When Electors
shall be chosen, &c. H. R. January 14, 1791. - Sherman,

424
(Amendment) Senate, 1826. - Van Buren, 488
PUBLIC LANDS for Internal Improvements, February 13, 1807. - Bayard,... 455
Disposal of, Senate, May, 1826. - Van Buren,

488
-, Senate, February 23, 1830. — Woodbury,

522
REFUGEES, ST. DOMINGO, Bill for the Relief of. H. R. January 10, 1794.

Madison, Nicholas, Boudinot, Dexter, 431. (Note. Relief of the Citizens

of Venezuela, to expend $50,000, passed, ayes, 45; noes, 29.)
REMOVAL, POWER OF, by the President, on the Bill establishing the “De-
partment of Foreign Affairs." H. R. June, 1789,..

350
White, 350.
White, 357.

Lawrence, 367 to 371.
Smith, s. C. 350 to 353. Boudinot, 357 to 361. Jackson, 371 to 373.
Huntingdon, 353. Ames, 361 to 364. Clymer, 373 to 374.
Sedgwick, 353.

Livermore, 364 to 366. Page, 374 to 375.
Madison, 354 to 357. Hartley, 366 to 367. Sherman, 375 to 376.

Page

REMOVAL, POWER OF, (continued.)
Stone, 376 to 378. Lee, 388 to 389.

Liverinore, 398.
Madison, 378 to 383. Boudinot, 389 to 391. Madison, 398 to 400.
Gerry, 383 to 386.

Gerry, 391 to 393. Baldwin, 400 to 403.
Benson, 386 to 387.

Sherinan, 393 to 394. Gerry, 403 to 404.
Sedgwick, 387 to 388. Ames, 394 to 398.
RESTRICTIONS, COMMERCIAL. H. R. January 31, 1794. - Madison,... 432

H. R. February 14, 1806. Madison's
seven Resolutions,

453
RETALIATION for Aggression. H. R. May 23, 1798. — Sitgreaves,

440
RIGHT OF PETITION. (Abolition ) Senate, 1836. — Cushing, 594. Pren-

tiss, 595. Hugh L. White, 596. Grundy, King, of Alabama, Buchanan,
597. King, of Georgia, Calhoun,....

598
SEAMEN'S BILL. Regulation of Seamen, in Public and Private Vessels.
H. R. February, 1813. — Seybert, 460. Archer,

461
SEMINOLE WAR. H. R. January 21, 1819. — Richard M. Johnson,.. 472
SLAVE TRADE. Coinmitment of the Quakers' Memorial. H. R. March, 1790.

- Tucker, 406. Gerry, Burke, Scott, Jackson, Sherman, Baldwin, Smith,
S. C., 407. Page, Madison, Gerry, 408. Boudinot, Stone, Tucker, S. C.,
Jackson, 409. Smith, S. C., Boudinot, 410. Note,

411
SLAVERY. Panama Mission. Senate, March, 1826. - Hayne,...

483
(Abolition.) Report on circulating, through the United States
Mails, inflammatory Appeals. Calhoun. Senate, February 4, 1836, ......593
STATE RIGHTS. (Debate on Foote's Resolutions.) Senate, January, 1830,.. 496
Webster, 496 to 509.

Hayne, [in reply,] 509 to 516.
Webster, (closing remarks,] 516, 519. Ed. Livingston, 519.
Woodbury, 520.

Grundy, 521.
TARIFF. H. R. April 26, 1820. — Clay,...

473
its Constitutionality. Senate, 1824. — Hayne,.

475
South Carolina Protest,

580
(Nullification.) President Jackson's PROCLAMATION, of the 10th
of December, 1833, concerning the Ordinance of South Carolina of the
24th of November, 1832,...

582 to 592
Mr. Madison to Mr. Cabell, dated September - October, 1828, 600 to 608
TAXES, DIRECT. H. R. May 6, 1794. - Sedgwick,...

433
TREATY, COMMERCIAL, with Great Britain. H. R. January 8, 1816.-

Hopkinson; Calhoun, 462. Tucker, 464. Pinckney, 465. Pickering,
Pinckney,....

466
TREATY-MAKING POWER, (Jay's.) H. R. March 23, 1796. — Murray,
Gallatin, 435. Madison, 436. Lyman,

437
VOLUNTEER CORPS. H. R. January 12, 1812. Poindexter, Grundy,
Porter, Cheves, Clay,.....

459
VETO. Monroe's Objections to An Act for the Preservation of the Cumberland
Road,...

525
Jackson's Objections to “An Act authorizing a Subscription to the
Maysville, &c., Road,

525
-, a short History of the,

620
VETOES by different Presidents, List of the,

624

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210

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At a Convention, begun and held at Hillsborough, the 21st day of July,

in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight, and of the Independence of America the 13th, in pursuance of a resolution of the last General Assembly, for the purpose of deliberating and determining on the proposed Plan of Federal Government,

A MAJORITY of those who were duly elected as members of this Convention being met at the church, they proceeded to the election of a president, when his excellency, Samuel Johnston, Esq., was unanimously chosen, and conducted to the chair accordingly.

The house then elected Mr. John Hunt and Mr. James Taylor clerks to the Convention, and also appointed door-keepers, &c.

The house then appointed a select committee to prepare and propose certain rules and regulations for the government of the Convention in the discussion of the Constitution.

The committee consisted of Messrs. Davie, Person, Iredell, I. M'Donald, Battle, Spaight, and the Hon. Samuel Spencer, Esq.

The Convention then appointed a committee of three members from each district, as a committee of privileges and elections, consisting of Messrs. Spencer, Irwin, Caldwell, Person, A. Mebane, Joseph Taylor, M'Dowall, J. Brown, J. Johnston, Davie, Peebles, E. Gray, Gregory, Iredell, Cabarrus, I. G. Blount, Keais, B. Williams, T. Brown, Maclaine, Foster, Clinton, J. Willis, Grove, J. Stewart, Martin, and Tipton

The Convention then adjourned till to-morrow morning.

TUESDAY, July 22, 1788. The Convention met according to adjournment.

The committee appointed for that purpose reported certain rules and regulations for the government of the Convention, which were twice read, and, with the exception of one article, were agreed to, and are as follows, viz:VOL. IV.

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