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1525

1541

Modern Chronology.

3. Denmark separated from Norway, . . . A. D. 152T Diet at Worms, for the examination of Luther, . . 1521 First Voyage round the world, by Magellan, Port., . 1521 Rhodes taken by the Turks, from the Knights of St. John, 1522 New Holland discovered by the Portuguese, . . Reformation in England, commenced, . . . . 1534 Jesuits' Order founded, by Ignatius Loyola, , 1535 Bible first printed in English, . . . . . 1539 English ship first sailed to India, . . . , 1541 Council of Trent begins-lasts 18 years, . . . 1545 Spitzbergen discovered, by an English Captain, . . 1552 Servetus executed for heresy, by the Council of Geneva, 1553 Unitarian sect commeneed, . . . . . Puritan sect commenced, . . . . . . 1554 Lady Jane Grey and Lord Guilford Dudley, executed, 1554 Reformers burned in England, by order of Queen Mary, 1555 Bull-fighting in Spain, began, . . . . . 1556 Charles V. Emperor of Germany, resigned his crown, 1556 Escurial Library founded at Madrid, . . . 1557 Civil war in France, between the Catholics and Protestants, 1560 Reformation in Scotland commenced,

1560 The 39 articles of the Church of England, established, 1563 Royal Exchange in London, first built, . . . 1569 St. Bartholomew massacre of the Protestants in France, 1572 Presbyterian church first built in Engfand,

1572 East India Company, in England, incorporated, . 1579 Republic of Holland founded, . . . 1579 Sir Francis Drake returned from his voyage around the world, 1580 Siberia discovered, by a Cossack chief, . . . 1580 Mary Queen of Scots, beheaded, . . . 1587 The first newspaper published in Great Britain-the

'“ English Mercurie,” . . . July 23rd. 1588 Band of pensioners instituted in England, . . '. 1590 Trinity College in Dublin, founded, . . . 1591 Act first passed for the relief of the poor in England, . 1597 Bodleian Library at Oxford, founded, . . . 1598 Edict of Nantes, tolerating the Protestants in France, . 1598 Vaion of the Crowns of England and Scotland,

1603

Modern Chronology.

4. Gan-powder plot ; Guy Fawkes, the conspirator, Nov. 5th. 1605 Baronets first created in England, by James I., . 1611 Hindostan first settled by the English, . . . 1612 Cape Horn discovered, by Le Maire and Schouten, Hol., 1616 The Thirty years war commenced, . . . . 1618 Long Parliament assembled, . . . . . 1640 Assembly of Divines met at Westminster,

1643 Peace of Westphalia, and end of the 30 years war, . 1648 Charles I. King of England, beheaded, . , . 1649 Quaker sect had its rise ; Geo. Fox, . . . 1650 Charles II. hid himself in an oak tree, at Bascobel, . 1651 Long Parliament dissolved by Cromwell, . . . 1653 Drury Lane Theatre first built, . . . . . 1662 Royal Society of London instituted, . . . . 1662 Great Plague in London, . . . June 29th. 1665 Great fire in London, . . . . . Sept. 2nd. 1666 Cabal Ministry in England, formed, . . . 1670 Habeas Corpus Act passed in England, . . . . 1679 Whig and Tory parties took their rise, . . . 1680 “Rye-house plot,” for restoring the freedom of the Constitution, . . . . . . .

1683 Palace of Versailles finished, by Louis XIV., , . Revolution in England, by Wm. III. of Holland,

1688 Massacre at Glencoe, in Scotland, . . . . . 1692 Bachelor's tax first levied, . . . . 1695 Peace of Ryswick, ... . . . . . . 1697 Captain Robert Kid commenced his piracies, . . 1698 Charles XII. King of Sweden, began his reiga, . 1700 Prussia erected into a Kingdom, . . . . 1701 War of the Spanish succession commenced, · · · 1702 Gibraltar captured by the English, . . . . 1704 St. Petersburgh founded, by Peter the Great

1704 St. Paul's Church in London, built, . . . 1710 Treaty of Utrecht, between the Allies and France, . 1713 South Sea bubble burst; ruining thousands, . . 1720 Methodist sect commenced; Wesley, '. . .

1739 Lord Anson of England, sent with a fleet to the South Seas, 1740 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, . . . . . 1748

1687

Kingdom of Affghanistan founded, . . . A. D. 1749

Ruins of Herculaneum first discovered, . . . 1749

British Museum established, . . . . . 1753

Earthquake at Lisbon, . . . . Nov. 1st. 1755

Minorca captured by the French, . . . . 1756

One hundred and forty-six Englishmon confined in the

* Black Hole at Calcutta,” by the Nabob, . . 1756

Jesuits expelled from Portugal, . . . . 1758

Voyages and discoveries of Admiral Byron, in the Pacific, 1764

War commenced in India, between the British and Hy-

der Ali, . . . . . . . . 1767

Blackstone's Commentaries on the laws of England, pub-

lished, . .

. . . . . 1768

Capt. Cook sailed on his first voyage of discovery, . 1768

Poland first divided, by Russia, Prussia and Austria, . 1772

Jesuits' Order suppressed by Pope Clement XIV., . 1773

Wesleyan Missionary Society founded, . , . 1786

La Perouse's last voyage of discovery, . . . 1786

French revolution began, . . . . . . 1789

La Fayette confined in the prison of Olmutz, · 1792

Louis XVI. King of France, and his Queen, beheaded, . 1793

Kosciusko the Polish Patriot, overthrown, . . 1794

Mungo Park 'departs for Africa, . . . . . 1796

Bonaparte appointed to the command of the army in Italy, 1796

La Fayette released from the prison of Olmutz, . . 1797

Treaty of Campo Formio, ... . . . 1797

Bonaparte's Expedition to Egypt,, , May 20th. 1798

Irish Rebellion broke out, . . . April 2nd. 1798

Seringapatam taken by storm, by Lord Cornwallis, 1799

Bonaparte installed First Consul, . Dec. 13th. 1799

Bonaparte crossed the Alps, . . May 14-23. 1800

of Amiens, . . . . . . . 1802

Austria erected into an Empire, . . . . . 1804

Napoleon crowned Emperor of the French, Dec. 2nd. 1804

Confederation of the Rhine formed, . . . . 1806

Abolition of tủe slave trade in England, . .

• 1806

Decree of Milan issued by Napoleon, . . . . 1807

Convention of Cintra, in Spain, . . . . 1808

Modern Chronology.

6. Napoleon divorced Josephine, and married Maria Louisa, A. D. 1810 Napoleon entered Moscow, . . . Sept. 14th. 1812 Passage of the Beresina, by Napoleon and Ney, Nov. 26th. 1812 St. Sebastian stormed and taken, by Lord Wellington, 1813 Jesuits' Order restored, by Pope Pius VII., . . . 1814 Legion of Honor instituted by Napoleon, . . . 1814 Napoleon retired to Elba, . . . . May 4th. 1814 Holy Alliance of European Sovereigns, at St. Petersburgh, 1815 Napoleon defeated at Waterloo, and exiled to St. Helena, 1815 Marshal Ney shot : contrary to the treaty of capitulation, 1815 Young Napoleon created Duke of Reitchstadt, . . 1819 Napoleon died at St. Helena, . . . May 5th. 1821 Massacre of 30,000 Greeks, at Scio, by the Turks, . 1822 Lotteries abolished in England, . . . . . 1826 Capt. Parry sailed on his first Polar expedition, . . 1827 Roman Catholic Relief Bill passed by Parliament, . .. 1829 Belgium declared independent, . . . . . 1830 Late French Revolution, July 27th. 28th. and 29th. 1830 Lander discovers the source of the Niger, . . . 1830 Liverpool and Manchester Rail-way opened, . 1830 Poland subdued by Russia, . . . . . . 1832 Reform bill passed by the British Parliament, . . 1832 Queen Victoria married Prince Albert, . . . . 1840 Canton taken by the English, . . . . . 1840 Napoleon's remains brought from St. Helena to Paris, 1840 China opened to British intercourse, . . . 1842 O'Connell and others tried and imprisoned, for conspiracy, 1844 Jews banished from Russia to Siberia, by the Autocrat, 1844 War commenced between France and Algiers, . . 1845 War in India, between the British and the Sikhs, . 1845 Famine in Ireland and Scotland, . . . . . 1847 Louis Philippe dethroned, and a New Republic established

in France, . . . . . . . . 1848

FORMULAS FOR
MODERN CHRONOLOGY.

Arragon and Castile Kingdoms were established, in a country that looked very

Dismal Malcolm III. of Scotland, killed Macbeth, to gratify his

Dislike. The Turks under Solyman subdued Asia Minor, when the leaders all

Disagree. The Tower of London was built, and looked to many a prisoner like

A Hideous Cave. After the Court of Chancery was established in Eng.

land, rogues could not have A Day to Escape. The Band of Assassins organized by the Old Man of

the Mountain," put an end to Days of Peace. Duelling introduced into Europe, has cut many a thread of life with

Despatch. In the First Crusade, conducted by Peter the Hermit, he did not pay his armies in

White Specie. Jerusalem was taken by the Crusaders under Godfrey,

who was once a man and Twice a Baby. The Order of Knight Templars instituted in Europe,

stopped the progress of nearly every Stout Thief. When the Degree of Doctor was first conferred, the people held a solemn

Death-mass. The Kingdom of Portugal was established west of

Spain, which can be seen if one will Study the Map. The Guelphs and Ghibellines in Italy and Germany, had singular

Titles. The City of Moscow was founded, perhaps by some

Stately Jew Henry II. of England took possession of Ireland, when the Irish told him not to

Do It Again. The Third Crusade was under Richard Cour de Lion,

who marched to the music of A White-wood Fife

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