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The Third Punic War commenced, after which the
Romans caught the Carthaginians in

Corinth taken and Greece reduced to a Roman province,
was a great

The Extension of the Roman power, to Greece, Macedon, etc., sung many a nation's

A Trap.

Outrage.

Dirge.

Tiberius Gracchus was put to death, and denied

A Tomb at Home. Adherbal was murdered by Jugurtha, when he looked like A Dead Hun. The War commenced against Jugurtha, when he showed himself very Hot-headed.

Marius defeated and captured Jugurtha, in

A Hot Siege.

The Civil War began between Marius and Sylla, before warriors had adopted the Use of the Fife. The First Mithridatic War commenced, before warriors had adopted the Use of the Fife. Marius sat among the ruins of Carthage, but he would have preferred sitting on A Sofa with a Wife. Sylla was Dictator, having no Council of

Seven.

Spartacus, the Gladiator, commenced the Servile War,
and he did not find it a very
Wise Game.
When Catiline's conspiracy was discovered by Cicero,
he took refuge in the
House of a Chum.
The First Triumvirate, between Pompey, Cæsar and
Crassus, was a coalition of three
Julius Caesar's first Campaign, was not conducted by
A Slave.

Sages.

Cicero was banished at the instigation of Clodius, and he left rather than be A Slave.

Cæsar invaded Britain, and attacked the cities very

Slily.

Cæsar passed the Rubicon, and was proclaimed Dictator, by the Wise of Europe.

Pompey's Pillar, erected at Alexandria, is higher than

A House-roof.

Casar when he was killed in the Senate-house, had the reputation of A Wise Warrior. The Second Triumvirate, Octavius, Antony and Lepidus, enlisted A Wise Army.

Cicero who was murdered by the followers of Antony, was one of the Wise of Rome. Augustus Cæsar was Emperor, and he showed the wisdom of A Wise Muse, The Temple of Janus was shut, and the god of war took An Easy Nap. Dionysius of Halicarnassus completed his History, which has been celebrated in

Song

Middle Age Chronology.

1.

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Cappadocia reduced to a Roman province,
Caligula assassinated by Chereas, .
London founded by the Romans,

Caractacus chief of the Britons, captured by the Romans,
Nero destroyed the Druids,

Boadicea Q. of Britain defeated Romans under Suetonius,
First persecution of the Christians, by Nero,
Nero set Rome on fire, and laid it to the Christians,
Josephus, the Jewish Historian, made Gov. of Galilee,
Jerusalem destroyed, by Titus Emperor of Rome,
Plague at Rome-10,000 perished in a day,
Herculaneum and Pompeii destroyed, by an eruption of
Mt. Vesuvius: Pliny the elder suffocated,
Julius Agricola elected Governor of South Britain,
Britain conquered by the Romans under Domitian,
Pliny the yr. sends Trajan an account of the Christians,
Trajan's Column, 140 feet high, erected at Rome,
The Jews massacre 200,000 Greeks and Romans at Cyrene, 115
Plutarch the Biographer, died,

79

80

85

102

114

119 121

121

135

142

145

200

208

214

235

241

256

260

272

274

274

274

303

306 312

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Caledonians reconquer Scotland from the Romans,
Adrian Emperor of Rome, leads an Expedition into Britain,
The Romans destroy 580,000 Jews in Judea,

Fast of Lent instituted,

Antoninus Pius defeats the Moors and Germans, in battle,
Glass-making practiced by the Chinese,

Septimius Severus builds a wall across Britain,
Grist-mills invented in Ireland,

Alexander Severus murdered, in a mutiny of his
The Franks first mentioned in history,
Ossian the Caledonian poet, flourished,
Temple of Diana at Ephesus, burned,

Zenobia Queen of Palmyra, defeated by Aurelian,
Candle-light introduced into churches,
Porcelain ware invented in China,

A. D. 17

41

49

51

60

61

64

64

67

70

77

army,

Silk first brought to Europe, from India,

Tenth (last) persecution of the Christians, by Diocletian,
Constantine the Gr., the first Christian Emperor, reigned,
Constantine with his army, saw a Cross in the Heavens,

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Middle Age Chronology.

2.

325

Christianity becomes the religion of the Roman Empire, A. D. 325
Council of Nice; the first general Council,
Constantine abolished the combats of the gladiators,
Constantine removed the seat of the Roman Empire from
Rome to Constantinople,

325

Church Music first introduced into public worship,
Paris founded, by the Franks,

Eastern and Western Roman Empires divided,
Bells invented, by Paulinius Bishop of Campania,
Fergus the first king of Scotland, began his reign,
Rome sacked and plundered, by Alaric king of the Goths,
France founded by Pharamond, on the lower Rhine,
Saddles first invented,
Theodosius established public schools, and attempted the

restoration of learning,

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Romans withdraw their troops from Britain,
Carthage surrenders to Genseric.-Kingdom of the Van-
dals in Africa begins,

Archery introduced into Britain,

Saxons first arrived in Britain, under Hengist and Horsa,
Battle of Chalons-Theodoric the Visigoth, defeated and
killed by Attila the Hun-163,000 men slain,
Fall of the Western Roman Empire,

Kingdom of Sweden (Ancient Scandinavia), began,
Shoeing of horses first practiced,

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St. Patrick the patron saint of Ireland, died,

Clovis I. king of France, converted to Christianity,
Paris first made the Capital of France,

Fleet of Vatialanus the Goth, while besieging Constan-
tinople, destroyed by a burning mirror,
Justinian's code of laws first published,

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514

529

534

547

580

Belisarius reduced Carthage, Africa, and the Moors,
Kingdom of Northumberland in England, founded,
Latin language ceased to be spoken in Italy,
Gregory the Great, elected Pope of Rome,
Christianity introduced into Britain, by Augustin,
Mahomet published his Koran,
Jerusalem and the Cross of Christ, taken by the Persians, 614

590

597

612

328

350

357

364

400

404

410

420

421

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425

426

439

440

451

451

476

481

481

491

496

510

Middle Age Chronology.

3.

Hegira or Mahomet's flight from Mecca to Medina,
Pens first made from quills, .
Christianity introduced into China,

Alexandrian Library destroyed by the Saracens,
University of Cambridge founded,

Organs invented, and first used in Churches,
Republic and Doges of Venice, established,
Spain conquered by the Saracens,

Christian Era first adopted by Historians,

Bagdad made the seat of the Caliphs, by Almansor,
Charlemagne commenced his reign in France,
Charlemagne annexed Italy and Lombardy to France,
Haroun al Raschid declared war against the Romans,
Golden period of Learning, in Arabia,

Law pleading in courts first practiced,

Empire of the West, established by Charlemagne,
Kingdom of Denmark established by Gotricus, .
Kingdom of England founded, by Egbert, King of Wessex,

Lanterns invented, by Alfred the Great,
Land-tax first levied in England,

A. D. 622

635

636

640

644

660

697

713

748

757

768

774

781

785

788

800

801

827

830

835

862

867

886

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Wolves expelled from England and Wales,

Otho the Great, Emperor of Germany, conquered Italy,
Juries first instituted, by Ethelred II.,

Duties on imported goods, first collected in Great Britain,
Grand Canal in China, built; 866 miles long,

Arabic figures introduced into Europe, by the Saracens,

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Fairs and markets instituted in England, .
Spirituous liquors first made,

Russian monarchy founded at Ladoga by Ruric,

Sclavonic Alphabet invented,

University of Oxford founded, by Alfred the Great,

Alfred the Great divides England into Counties, and composes his Body of Laws,

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890

890

891

897

Knighthood first established in England,
Edinburgh built,

950

Greenland discovered by the Icelanders,

950

Christianity introduced into Russia, by the Princess Olga, 955

959

962 979

979

980

991

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