Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

After getting up to 100, the 101st. extract must be associated with City, the first word of the second table, the 115th. with the 15th. word of the second table, and so with the rest. A little management has been used in the arrangement, as will be seen. For instance, the quotation from Shakspeare, beginning, "There is a tide in the affairs of men," has been put in the eleventh place, to be associated with "date," the 11th. word of the table. They could have been learned, however, nearly as easy if no arrangement of this kind had been made. The author has often had 20, 30, or 50 or more quotations read to him that he was familiar with before, and by pausing a moment after hearing each one read, to make the association with the Nomenclature word, he would recite them all in the order given, and also call up and recite any one like the 24th., 37th., or any other that may be wanted, and that from hearing them but once. In order to do this from a single reading, it is necessary to have each quotation of itselt committed to memory previously. The order is then learned and remembered from one reading.

In our chapter of quotations here, the learner must remember the author of each one, by the style of the extract; or the name at the close must be learned in connection with each one. A person who is well acquainted with the poets, will of course do this easier than one who is not. There is something in the style of Scriptural, Shakspearian and other extracts, that will show the young learner after a little attention, the source whence it is derived. For all the extracts from the Bible, from Shakspeare and from Byron's Childe Harold, comprising a large majority of the whole, there will be observed a word or phrase at the close of each article that is its "Mnemotechnic Phrase," and the articulations of it will show where it can be found. In the quotation from the Bible, where the "Mnemotechnic Phrase" begins with te, or de, (1,) the book is Deuteronomy, as it begins with de, 1. No. 2, is for Psalms, though 3 is the first number represented after the se, (0.) This is placed No. 2, to be distinguished from Matthew, which begins with me, 3. This can be remembered. No. 4, is for Romans, (re, 4;) No. 5 for Leviticus, (le, 5;) No. 6 for Job, (je, 6;) No. 7 for Exodus, (ke, 7;) No. 9 for Proverbs, (pe, 9,) there being no one for No. 8.

Now the 32nd. article, (associated with "Moon," the 32nd. word

of the Nomenclature Table No. 1,) has at the close of it the word "NEVER," as its "Mnemotechnic Phrase," and that must be remembered in connection with the quotation, when ne, for 2. will remind us that it is from Psalms, according to the above classification, and ve, gives us the 8th. Psalm, and re, the 4th. verse. The 82nd. quotation has for its Mnemotechnic Phrase, " Happy Judge," and that gives us pe, 9, for Proverbs, je, for the 6th. chapter, and je, again, for the 6th. verse. "NOON on A HILL," the "Phrase" at the close of the 10th. quotation, being from Byron's Childe Harold, gives us ne, for the 2nd. canto, and ne, le, for the 25th. stanza. As stated before, the learner must tell by the style of the quotation, or a familiarity with the different writers, what author or work the article is from. This, of course, will not be done by very young learners. Something like half of the quotations given are from the Dramatic works of Shakspeare, a Poet, who, if we take the verdict of his millions of admirers, has given us more maxims of wisdom, more that is true to Nature, than (except the inspired writers) we have received from all authors who have ever written. On page 284, the names of all of Shakspeare's dramas are given, in connection with the numbers, in the order that they are generally printed. These must be learned in connection with the first 37 words of the first Nomenclature Table, (which are printed opposite to them,) so that the name of any one can be given as soon as we hear its number. The 85th. quotation is from Shakspeare, and the `Mnemotechnic Phrase “BIRD," at the close of it, will show where it can be found. The first articulation, be, shows the drama to be the 9th. one, and which we must know to be the "Merchant of Venice," by associating it with ·Abbey.” Then, re, gives us the 4th. act, and de, the 1st. scene. There is one exception to this arrangement of the Shakspearian extracts. All that are from the Tragedy of Hamlet have a Mnemotechnic Phrase that only represents the number of the Act and Scene, without any articulations to stand for 36, the number of the play. So that in all the quotations from Shakspeare, where there are but two articulations in the Mnemotechnic Phrase, the article is from Hamlet, and the two articulations stand for the Act and Scene. This arrangement is for greater convenience, as a large number are from Hamlet, and 36 is rather an inconvenient number to mnemonize. Some may ask how we are to re

66

member so many associations as we have for the words of the first Nomenclature Table. The writer of these lines, speaking from experience, knows it to be easy, or no way difficult.

The piece of poetry entitled "GEEHALE," on pages 285 and 286, can be committed to memory, and each line associated with the corresponding word of the first Nomenclature Table, and then the 15th., 24th., 39th., or any other line, can be called up at pleasure. This learning poetry line by line, however ingenious and interesting it may be in particular cases, is usually more nice than wise. The associations had better be made with each stanza, provided it is divided into stanzas.

Whenever a long series of Rules of any Science, Art, or Language are to be learned, the student will find very great advantage in associating each word of the Nomenclature Table with each rule, in the order they come. In this manner the author has known small boys learn the rules of their Latin Grammar to the number of nearly one hundred, so that any rule could be called up from memory; just as we can, by the instructions in this book, call up a King, Sovereign, President, or quotation from a writer's works, on hearing its number given.

On page 222, will be seen a list of figures, carried out in a circulating decimal to 336 places of figures. These can be committed to memory, by learning the formulas that follow on pages 223, and 224. After the formulas have been learned, the figures can be given by translating the words in the lower line of each formula, in the order they come. The words Hat, Honey, Home, &c., that begin the formulas will show the order in which the formulas occur. Any figure in the list can be given from memory, after the formulas are learned. Thus the 83rd figure is in the 8th Formula, or the one beginning with Ivy, the eighth word of the Nomenclature Table, and the third figure of the formula. The third articulation in that formula, is be, in the word Bush, which shows the figure to be 9. The 165th figure, is the 5th figure in the 16th formula, which begins with DITCH. The figure must be 4, from re in Fifer. This will be readily understood. The learner will frequently have occasion to make out formulas, and in the Introduction to the Dictionary will be found all the necessary instruction for his guidance.

Selections.

1. There are some happy moments in this lone And desolate world of ours, that well repay The toil of struggling through it, and atone

For many a long, sad night, and weary day. They come upon the mind like some wild air

Of distant music, when we know not where, Or whence the sounds are brought from-and their power Though brief, is boundless.

From" Fanny."

2. There is some soul of goodness in things evil,
Would men observingly distill it out;

Thus may we gather honey from the weed,
And make a moral of Satan himself.

King Henry 5th-Act 4, Sc. 1.

A NEW SWORD.

4. Truth crushed to earth will rise again;
The eternal years of God are hers;
But Error wounded, writhes in pain,
And dies amid her worshippers.

3. 'Tis sweet to hear the watch-dog's honest bark

Bay deep-mouthed welcome as we draw near home; 'Tis sweet to know there is an eye will mark

Our coming, and look brighter when we come;
'Tis sweet to be awakened by the lark,

Or lulled by falling waters; sweet the hum
Of bees, the voice of girls, the song of birds,
The lisp of children, and their earliest words.

5. But, look! the morn in russet mantle clad, Walks o'er the dew of yon high eastern hill. Hamlet-Act 1, Sc. 1.

TO-DAY.

HALLECK.

SHAKSPEARE.

BYRON.

BRYANT.

SHAKSPEARE.

6. Look, he's winding up the watch of his wit; by and by it

will strike.

Tempest-Act 2, Sc. 1.

SHAKSPEARE.

The EAST WIND.

7. 'Tis the sunset of life gives me mystical lore, And coming events cast their shadows before. Lochiel's Warning.

8.

-Let me cultivate my mind With the soft thrillings of the Tragic Muse, Divine Melpomene, sweet Pity's nurse, Queen of the stately step, and flowing pall. Pleasures of Melancholy.

CAMPBELL.

T. WARTON.

9. Some go to church, proud, humbly to repent,
And come back much more guilty than they went:
One way they look, another way they steer,
Pray to the gods, but would have mortals hear.
Love of Fame.

10. To sit on rocks, to muse o'er flood and fell,
To slowly trace the forest's shady scene,
Where things that own not man's dominion dwell,
And mortal foot hath ne'er or rarely been;
To climb the trackless mountain all unseen,
With the wild flock that never needs a fold;

A NEW BROOM.

YOUNG.

Alone o'er steeps and foaming falls to lean,-
This is not solitude; 'tis but to hold

Converse with Nature's charms, and view her stores unrolled.
Childe Harold-Canto 2, Stanza 25.
NOON on a HILL.

BYRON.

11. There is a tide in the affairs of men,

Which, taken at the flood leads on to fortune;
Omitted, all the voyage of their life

Is bound in shallows and in miseries.
On such a full sea are we now afloat;
And we must take the current when it serves,

Or lose our ventures.

Julius Cæsar-Act 4, Sc. 3.

SHAKSPEARE.

« AnteriorContinuar »