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Population of the different Nations.
Countries.

Governments.

Population. Arabia, . . . Independent chiefs,. 12,000,000 Asiatic Isles, i • Absolute monarchy, 20,000,000 Austria, . . . Absolute monarchy,. 33,000,000 Bavaria, .

Absolute monarchy, 4,000,000 Belgium, .

Limited monarchy, . 3,000,000 Bolivia, . .

Republic, . . 2,000,000 Brazil, .

Limited monarchy, . 6,000,000 Chili, . . . Republic, . . 2,000,000 China, .. . Absolute monarchy, . 360,000,000 Denmark, .

. Absolute monarchy, 2,000,000 Egypt, . . . Absolute monarchy,. 4,000,000 France,. .

Republic, . . 34,000,000 Great Britain and Ireland, Limited monarchy, . 30,000,000 Greece, . . . Limited monarchy, 2,000,000 Holland, . . . Limited monarchy, . 4,000,000 Italy, . . . Ab. mon. and the Pope, 10,000,000 Japan, . . . Absolute monarchy,. 25,000,000 Mexico, . .

Republic, . . 8,000,000 North American Indians, Independent chiefs, . 2,000,000 Persia, . . . Absolute monarchy, 9,000,000 Peru, .. Republic, . 2,000,000 Portugal, . . Limited monarchy, 4,000,000 Prussia, . . . Absolute monarchy, . 15,000,000 Russia: Europe and Asia, Absolute monarchy, 55,000,000 Sikhs, East India, Monarchical confeder. 6,000,000 Siam, . . . Absolute monarchy, 3,000,000 Spain, . . . Limited monarchy, . 14,000,000 Sweden and Norway, . Limited monarchy, 5,000,000 Switzerland, . . Republic, . . 2,000,000 Syria, . . . Trib. to Turk. f Egypt, 2,000,000 Tartary, . .. Independent chiefs, . 10,000,000 Thibet, . . . Ab. mon. (G. Lama), 30,000,000 Turkey: Europe and Asia, Absolute (Sultan), . 21,000,000 United States, . . Republic, . . 19,000,000

Population.

Population of Cities in Great Britain.
Cities.

County.
Aberdeen, . . Aberdeenshire, Scot., . 65,000
Bath,. . . Somersetshire, . 38,000
Birmingham, .. .. Warwickshiré, .' . 183,000
Bolton, . . Lancashire, . .. 50,000
Bradford, . .. West Yorkshire, . . 34,000
Brighton, . .. Sussex, . . .

47,000 Bristol, . . . . . Gloucestershire, . . 140,000 Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, . . 31,000 Coventry, . .. Warwickshire, . . 31,000 Derby, . . Derbyshire, .,

32,000 Dundee, . . .. Forfar, Scot., .. . 62,000 Edinburgh, . . Edinburgh, Scot., . . 140,000 Exeter,.. . . Devonshire, . . 31,000 Glasgow, .. . Lanarkshire, Scot., . . 274,000 Greenock, .. Renfrewshire, Scot., . 36,000 Greenwich, . .. Kent, . . . . 30,000 Hull, . . . . East Yorkshire,. . 42,000 Leeds, . . West Yorkshire, . . 90,000 Leicester, .. . Leicestershire, .. . 48,000 Liverpool, . Lancashire, .. .. . 286,000 London, . . . Middlesex, . . . . 1,874,000 Manchester, .. Lancashire, ... .243,000 Newcastle, . Northumberland,. . 68,000 Norwich, .. Norfolk, . . . 62,000 Nottingham, .. Nottinghamshire,, . 53,000 Oldham, . . Lancashire, . . . 43,000 Paisley, . . . . Renfrewshire, Scot., .

48,000 Plymouth,. . Devonshire, . . . 37,000 Portsmouth, . Hampshire, . . . 53,000 Preston, . . Lancashire, . . . 50,000 Salford, . . . Lancashire, . . 53,000 Sheffield, . . . West Yorkshire, . . 68,000 Westininster city, Middlesex,. . 222,000 Wolverhampton, · Staffordshire, . . . 36,000

2,100

2,700

Lengths of the Principal Rivers.

Miles. Amazon, South America, . . . . . 4,000 Amour, Tartary, . . . . . . 2,500 Arkansas, State of Arkansas, Burrampooter, India, . . . . . . 2,000 Colorado, North Mexico, . . . . . 1,100 Columbia, Oregon Territory, .

.. 1,100 Danube, Austria, · ·

. . . 1,800 Forth, Scotland, . .

100 Ganges, British India, . .

1,900 Hoang Ho, China, .. . .

3,100 Indus, China, . . ...

1,900 Irrawaddy, Burman Empire,

1,900 Kansas, United States, .

1,400 Kianku, China, . . . . . . 3,200 La Plate, South America, ... Mackenzie, United States,

2,800 Missouri and Mississippi, Niger, Africa, . . . . .

2,400 Nile, Egypt, . . . . . . . . . 3,200 Oby and Irtish, Siberia, . Ohio, United States, . . .. . .. 1,400 Oronoko, Guiana, .. . . . . . 1,600 Para and Araguay, Brazil, . . . . . 1,600 Red River, Louisiana, .

2,100 Rio Grande, Mexico, ; .

2,300 Rio Madeira, Brazil, ..

2,300 Rio Negro, Columbia, . '

1,600 Rhine, Germany, .. i

800 Seine, France, . .... . . . . 500 Senegal, West Africa, . . . . . 1,400 St. Lawrence, North America, . . . . 1,400 Tennessee, United States, . . . . Thames, England, . . . . . . 200 Yenisei, Siberia, .'

i 2,600

4,300

2,900

800

Heights of Celebrated Mountains.

Feet. Ætna, a volcano in Sicily, . . . . . 10,900 Antisana, a farm-house ; Republic of Equador, 14,300 Ararat, resting place of Noah's Ark; Armenia, . 12,700 Ben Nevis, highest in Great Britain ; Scotland, 4,400 Black Mts., the highest of the Blue Ridge, N. C., 6,500 Blanc (Mt.), Switzerland, . . . . 15,900 Brown Mountain, highest of the Rocky Mts.; N. A. 16,000 Chimborazo; Republic of Equador, . . 21,400 Cotopaxi, the highest volcano; Equador, . . 18,900 Dhawalaghiri, one of the Himalaya Mts., Asia, 26,500 Geesh, highest in Africa, . . . . . 15,100 Hecla, a volcano in Iceland, . . .

5,500 Himalaya, the highest in the world; Thibet, 29,000 Ida (Mt.), in the Island of Candia, .

5,000 Jorullo, volcano in Mexico, . . . 4,300 Jungfrau, Alps, Switzerland, . . . . 13,700 Lebanon, Syria, . . . . . . 10,000 Mansfield, highest of the Green Mountains ; Vt. 4,300 Olympus, Greece, . . . . . . . 6,600 Ophir, Sumatra, East Indies, . . . . 13,80C Parnassus, the home of the Muses ; Greece, 6,000 Peaks of Otter, Virginia, . . . . 4,300 Perdu (Mt.), highest of the Pyrenees; France, . 11,300 Popocatapetl, highest in Mexico, . . . 17,700 Roa (Mt.), highest in Oceanica ; Hawaii, . . 17,500 Sinai (Mt.), Arabia, . . . . . . . 8,200 Sorata, highest in America ; Bolivia, . . 25,400 St. Bernard, Switzerland, . .

8,000 St. Elias, highest in North America; Russ. Poss. 17,900 Stromboli, volcano in the Mediterranean Sea, 3,000 Tahawus, the highest in New York, . . . 5,300 Teneriffe, Peak of; one of the Canary Isles, . 12,000 Vesuvius, volcano, near Naples, . . ,. 3,900 Washington (Mt.), highest of the White Mts.; N. A. 6,400 60

50

Heights of Waterfalls and Cascades.

Fecto Cerosoli Cascade, Alps, Switzerland, . . . 2,400 Falls of the Arve, Savoy, . . . . 1,100 Falls of St. Anthony, Upper Mississippi, . . 60 Falls of Terni, near Rome, . . . . 300 Foyers, near Loch Ness, Scotland, . . Genesee Falls, Rochester, N. Y., .

96 Lauterbrunn, near Lake Thun, Switzerland, . . 900 Lidford Cascade, Devonshire, England, . . 100 Missouri Falls, North America, . . . Montmorency Falls, near Quebec, . .. Natchikin Falls, Kamtchatka, . . . . 300 Niagara Falls, North America, . . Nile Cataracts, Upper Egypt, . . . . 40 Passaic Falls, New Jersey, . Tivoli Cascade, near Rome, . . Waterfall Mountain Cascade, South Africa, o 85

Heights of Towers, Spires, Monuments, &c. Bunker Hill Monument, . . . . . 221 Leaning Tower of Pisa, . . . . . 190 Milan Cathedral, . . .

260 Mosque of St. Sophia, Constantinople, . . 290 Porcelain Tower, at Nankin,

228 Pyramids of Egypt (the highest),

520 Salisbury Spire, . .. .

. . 410 Solomon's Temple, .' . . St. Ivan's Tower, Moscow, ..

300 St. Paul's Church, London,

370 St. Peter's Church, at Rome, .

518 Strasburg Cathedral, Temple of Belus, at Babylon,

666 Tower of Babel, . . ... . 680 Trinity Church, New York, . . . . . 283 Walls of Babylon, . . . . . . 350

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