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The Treaties of Peace have the same kind of formula as the Modern Battles. A few of these were given in the Modern Chronology, but for greater convenience, they are repeated here, together with all the most important National Treaties of Modern Times. The parties concerned in the Treaties, must be learned from the Table, as in the case of Battles, as it was not thought advisable to mention them in the formula. The formulas for the eminent persons, require but little explanation. Those for the Ancients, give simply the date. The date given is usually that of the death of the person ; but where the era of the death has not been known, the date of the birth, or the time the person flourished, is given. In the Table on page 158, fl.shows that the date is the time the individual flourished, and “b.the time of the birth. Where neither of these are given, the date may be considered the time of the person's death. In the formulas for the persons of Modern time, the Phrase translates first to the date of the person's death, and the two remaining articulations stand for the age. If the date of the birth is wanted, it can be obtained by subtracting the age from the date of the death. As in all other modern dates, if the first articulation does not stand for figure 1, that figure must be supplied, to give the correct date.

For the formulas of the Latitudes and Longitudes, we have this rule:

The first two articulations stand for the Latitude, and all that remain, for the Longitude.

Latitude, being always under 90°, never contains over two figures; and if the latitude is less than 10°, the first ar. ticulation stands for a zero.



Treaties of Peace. TROYES, Treaty of; Henry V., Fr.and Dk. of Burgundy, 1420 CAMBRAY, League of; France, Spain, Germany and the

Pope, vs. Venice, . . . . . . 1508 NUREMBURG, Treaty of; Charles V., Ger., and Protestants, 1532 Passau, Treaty of; Charles V. and Protestants, . . 1552 CHATEAU CAMBRESIS, Treaty of; France, Spain, Piedmont, 1559 LUBECK, Peace of; Denmark and Germany, . . 1629 RATISBON, Peace of; German Prot. Princes, and Allies, 1630 WESTPHALIA, Peace of; France and Sweden, . . 1648 Hague, the, Treaty of; Gr. Britain, France and Holland, 1659 BREDA, Peace of; Great Britain and Holland : New York

ceded to Great Britain, . . . . . 1667 Lisbon, Peace of; Spain and Portugal, . . . 1668 WESTMINSTER, Peace of; Gr. Britain, Holland and Spain, 1674 NIMWEGEN, Peace of; Germany and France,. . FONTAINBLEAU, Peace of; Denmark and Sweden, . 1679 AUGSBURG, League of; Holland, Great Britain, Germany

and Spain, vs. France, . . . . . 1686 RYSWICK, Peace of ; France and Allies, . . .

1697 LEGISLATIVE Union, Treaty of; England and Scotland, 1706 PRUTH, Treaty of; Russia and Turkey, . . . 1711 UTRECHT, Treaty of; Great Britain, France and Spain, 1713 QUADRUPLE ALLIANCE; Gr. Britain, Ger., Hol. and France, 1718 Aix LA CHAPELLE, Peace of; Great Britain, France,

Spain and Prussia, . . . . . . 1748 Paris, Peace of; Great Britain and France, . . 1763 Paris, Treaty of; Great Britain and United States, . 1783 Campo Formio, Treaty of; France and Austria, . 1797 LUNEVILLE, Peace of; France and Austria, . . . 1801 AMIENS, Peace of; Great Britain and France,. . 1802 PRESBURG, Peace of; France and Austria, . . 1805 RHINE, the, Confederation of; German states, . . 1806 Tilsit, Treaty of; France, Russia and Prussia, . . 1807 Milan, Decree of; by Napoleon, . . . . 1807 Cintra, Convention of; France, Spain and Great Britain, 1808 Ghent, Peace of; Great Britain and United States, 1814 VIENNA, Congress of Allied Sovereigns at, . . . 1815 HOLY ALLIANCE, Treaty of; Russ., Pruss., Aust., and Fr., 1815



Troy, . . - - is a city that is now in

Ruins. A Camp Parade, - is usually given by soldiers, be. CAMBRAY.

fore attacking A Lazy Foe. A News Bird, . or carrier pigeon, can travel fastNUREMBURG. er than

A Tall Man. A Pashaw, .. or Oriental Governor, is as over. PASSAU. bearing, as

A Tall Lion. A Chateau, .. is a building where Kings' sub

CHATEAU CAMBRESIS. jects live Loyal and Happy. A Low back, .. to a chair, would not please LUBEC.

A China Boy. A Rat's bones, • do not much resemble precious RATISBON.

Gems. 1 Western Vale, - would make a good pasture for WESTPHALIA. the

Giraffe. Hay, . .. • is often transported in HAGUE.

A Shallop. A Braider, .. can braid more straw, than BREDA.

A Dutch Jockey. Lisping, . . is plainer speech to Englishmen, LISBON.

than the talk of A Dutch Chief 1 Western Minister, has to travel more than WESTMINSTER.

A Shaker. Vine Wagons, . take up more room than NIMWEGEN.

A Huge Cab. 1 Blowing Fountain, usually has water enough to fill FONTAINBLEAU.

A Huge Cup. 4 Hawk Bird, - often catches AUGSBURG.

A Huge Fish A Twisted Wick, - for a candle, is RYSWICK.

A Cheap Wick

The Legislature, of Great Britain, is presided over

LEGISLATIVE UNION. by A Duke or a Sage. The Breath, .. is inhaled rapidly, by every one PRUTH.

who tries to Sing a Ditty. Utica, . . . . is a city that contains many UTRECHT.

An Academy A Quadruple Alliance, is sometimes formed by men

QUADRUPLE ALLIANCE. who are as mean as A Caitiff. A Large Chapel, - has usually near it, many AIX LA CHAPELLE.

A Grave. A Piece of Paris, might be stolen by a thief, before

PEACE OF PARIS. the officers could Catch Him. A Tree in Paris, - might be as celebrated as TREATY OF PARIS.

An Oak of Fame. A Camp is forming, while soldiers are CAMPO FORMIO.

Equipping. A Lunatic, . , . is usually LUNEVILLE.

Heavy and Sad. Amiable People, · do not often commit AMIENS.

A Heavy Sin. The Nest of a Bird, is often built by PRESBURG.

A Dove or a Swallow. The Confederation of the Rhine, did not

CONFEDERATION OF THE RHINE. Edify a Sage. The Till of a Chest, can be opened with Tilsit.

An Office Key. The Decree of Milan, issued by Napoleon, made his Milan DECREE.

Foes Go Away. At the Convention of Cintra, each diplomatist had to CINTRA CONVENTION.

Face a Foe. A Gent., ... or Gentleman, is usually GHENT.

A Voter. The Congress of Vienna, did something more importVIENNA CONGRESS. ant than

Fiddle. The Holy Alliance, at St. Petersburgh, was conducted HOLY ALLIANCE. very


Eminent and Remarkable Persons-Ancient.

Nation. Date HOMER, supposed to have flourished, . .... B. C. 907 LYCURGUS, a Spartan legislator and law-giver, . Greek, 884 SAPPHO, a poetess, ft. . . . . . Greek, 614 Æsop, of Phrygia, the prince of fabulists, f. . Greek, 597 Solon, the illustrious legislator of Athens, f. , Greek, 594 Confucius, a celebrated philosopher, f. . . Chinese, 531 Æschylus, the “ father of Tragedy," b. . Greek, 529 PYTHAGORAS, a celebrated philosopher, · · Greek, 497 SOPHOCLES, an eminent tragic poet, b. .. Greek, 495 EURIPIDES, a celebrated tragic poet, b... . . Greek, 480 ANACREON, a celebrated poet, . . . . Greek, 474 ARISTIDES, surnamed “the Just;" a statesman, Greek, 467 HERODOTUS, one of the earliest Greek historians, f. Greek, 456 PINDAR, the greatest of lyric poets, . . . Greek, 442 PERICLES, a distinguished orator and statesman, Greek, 429 ARTAXERXES I., King of Persia, . . . Pers., 425 SOCRATES, one of the greatest of ancient philosophers, Greek, 400 THUCYDIDES, a historian, . . . . . Greek, 400 ARISTOPHANES, an Athenian comic poet, ... Greek, 389 EPAMINONDAS, an illustrious Theban general, . Greek, 362 XENOPHON, a celebrated historian and general, Greek, 360 Plato, a philosopher; founder of the Academy, · Greek, 347 DIOGENES, the Cynic; a philosopher, .. . Greek, 323 ALEXANDER THE GREAT, King of Macedon, Greek, 323 DEMOSTHENES, one of the greatest of orators, Greek, 322. ARISTOTLE, a philosopher,

. . . Greek, 321 Euclid, an eminent mathematician, f. . · Egypt., 300 THEOCRITUs, a pastoral poet, fl. . . . Greek, 285 Epicurus, founder of a sect of philosophers, . ... Greek, 271 FABIUS, Quintus, a general, . . . .

Roin., 204 TERENCE, a comic writer, b. . . . . Rom., 191 Roscius, the actor, . . . . . . ,. Rom., 61 CÆSAR, Caius Julius, warrior, statesman and author, Rom., 44 CICERO, Marcus Tullius, a most eminent orator, . Rom., 43 OviD, Publius Naso, a poet, b. . . . Rom., 43 SALLUST, Caius Crispus, a historian, . . . Rom., 35 VIRGIL, Publius Virgilius Maro, a distinguished poet, Rom., 19 HORACE, Quintus Flaccus, an eminent poet, . Rom., 8

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