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INSTRUCTIONS FOR

TREATIES, EMINENT PERSONS,

AND

LATITUDES AND LONGITUDES.

The Treaties of Peace have the same kind of formula as the Modern Battles. A few of these were given in the Modern Chronology, but for greater convenience, they are repeated here, together with all the most important National Treaties of Modern Times. The parties concerned in the Treaties, must be learned from the Table, as in the case of Battles, as it was not thought advisable to mention them in the formula. The formulas for the eminent persons, require but little explanation. Those for the Ancients, give simply the date. The date given is usually that of the death of the person; but where the era of the death has not been known, the date of the birth, or the time the person flourished, is given. In the Table on page 158, "fl." shows that the date is the time the individual flourished, and "b." the time of the birth. Where neither of these are given, the date may be considered the time of the person's death. In the formulas for the persons of Modern time, the Phrase translates first to the date of the person's death, and the two remaining articulations stand for the age. If the date of the birth is wanted, it can be obtained by subtracting the age from the date of the death. As in all other modern dates, if the first articulation does not stand for figure 1, that figure must be supplied, to give the correct date.

For the formulas of the Latitudes and Longitudes, we have this rule:

The first two articulations stand for the Latitude, and all that remain, for the Longitude.

Latitude, being always under 90°, never contains over two figures; and if the latitude is less than 10°, the first articulation stands for a zero.

Treaties of Peace.

TROYES, Treaty of; Henry V., Fr. and Dk. of Burgundy, 1420 CAMBRAY, League of; France, Spain, Germany and the

Pope, vs. Venice,

1508 NUREMBURG, Treaty of; Charles V., Ger., and Protestants, 1532 PASSAU, Treaty of; Charles V. and Protestants, CHATEAU CAMBRESIS, Treaty of; France, Spain, Piedmont, 1559 LUBECK, Peace of; Denmark and Germany,

1552

1629

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RATISBON, Peace of; German Prot. Princes, and Allies,
WESTPHALIA, Peace of; France and Sweden,

HAGUE, the, Treaty of; Gr. Britain, France and Holland,
BREDA, Peace of; Great Britain and Holland: New York
ceded to Great Britain,

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1667

LISBON, Peace of; Spain and Portugal,

1668

1679

1679

WESTMINSTER, Peace of; Gr. Britain, Holland and Spain, 1674
NIMWEGEN, Peace of; Germany and France,
FONTAINBLEAU, Peace of; Denmark and Sweden,
AUGSBURG, League of; Holland, Great Britain, Germany
and Spain, vs. France,

RYSWICK, Peace of; France and Allies,

LEGISLATIVE UNION, Treaty of; England and Scotland,
PRUTH, Treaty of; Russia and Turkey,

.

1686

1697

1706

1711

1713

UTRECHT, Treaty of; Great Britain, France and Spain, QUADRUPLE ALLIANCE; Gr. Britain, Ger., Hol. and France, 1718 AIX LA CHAPELLE, Peace of; Great Britain, France,

Spain and Prussia,

PARIS, Peace of; Great Britain and France,
PARIS, Treaty of; Great Britain and United States,
CAMPO FORMIO, Treaty of; France and Austria,
LUNEVILLE, Peace of; France and Austria,
AMIENS, Peace of; Great Britain and France,
PRESBURG, Peace of; France and Austria,
RHINE, the, Confederation of; German states,
TILSIT, Treaty of; France, Russia and Prussia,
MILAN, Decree of; by Napoleon,

CINTRA, Convention of; France, Spain and Great Britain,
GHENT, Peace of; Great Britain and United States,

VIENNA, Congress of Allied Sovereigns at,

1815

HOLY ALLIANCE, Treaty of; Russ., Pruss., Aust., and Fr., 1815

1630

1648

1659

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1748 1763

1783

1797

1801

1802

1805

1806

1807

1807

1808

1814

Troy,
TROYES.

A Camp Parade,
CAMBRAY.

A News Bird,
NUREMBURG.

A Pashaw,
PASSAU.

Hay,

TREATIES OF PEACE.

HAGUE.

A Braider,
BREDA.

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A Chateau,

is a building where Kings' subCHATEAU CAMBRESIS. jects live Loyal and Happy.

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FORMULAS FOR

A Low back,
LUBEC.

A Rat's bones, do not much resemble precious
RATISBON.

1 Western Vale, -
WESTPHALIA.

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is a city that is now in

Ruins.

is usually given by soldiers, be-
fore attacking
A Lazy Foe.

or carrier pigeon, can travel fast-
er than
A Tall Man.

Lisping,
LISBON.

1 Western Minister,
WESTMINSTER.

Vine Wagons,
NIMWEGEN.

or Oriental Governor, is as over.
bearing, as
A Tall Lion.

to a chair, would not please

would make a good pasture for

the

is often transported in

A China Boy.

Gems.

A Shallop.

can braid more straw, than
A Dutch Jockey.

is plainer speech to Englishmen,
than the talk of

has to travel more than

take up more room than

4 Hawk Bird,
AUGSBURG.

A Twisted Wick, for a candle, is
RYSWICK.

Giraffe.

often catches

A Dutch Chief.

A Shaker.

1 Blowing Fountain, usually has water enough to fill

FONTAINBLEAU.

A Huge Cab.

A Huge Cup.

A Huge Fish

A Cheap Wick.

The Legislature,
LEGISLATIVE UNION. by
The Breath, - is inhaled rapidly, by every one

PRUTH.

who tries to

Utica,
UTRECHT.

A Quadruple Alliance, is sometimes formed by men
QUADRUPLE ALLIANCE. who are as mean as A Caitiff.
A Large Chapel, has usually near it, many
AIX LA CHApelle.

A Piece of Paris,
PEACE OF PARIS.

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A Tree in Paris,
TREATY OF PARIS.

A Lunatic,-
LUNEVILLE.

of Great Britain, is presided over
A Duke or a Sage.

A Camp is forming, while soldiers are
CAMPO FORMIO.

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A Gent.,

GHENT.

is a city that contains many

Equipping.

Heavy and Sad.

Amiable People, - do not often commit

AMIENS.

A Heavy Sin.

The Nest of a Bird, is often built by
PRESBURG.
A Dove or a Swallow.

The Confederation of the Rhine, did not
CONFEDERATION of the RHINE.

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A Grave.

might be stolen by a thief, before
the officers could Catch Him.

might be as celebrated as

Sing a Ditty.

is usually

The Till of a Chest, can be opened with
TILSIT.

An Academy.

Edify a Sage.

An Office Key.

The Decree of Milan, issued by Napoleon, made his
MILAN DECREE.
Foes Go Away.

An Oak of Fame.

At the Convention of Cintra, each diplomatist had to
CINTRA CONVENTION.
Face a Foe.

or Gentleman, is usually

A Voter.

The Congress of Vienna, did something more import-
VIENNA CONGRESS.

ant than

Fiddle.

The Holy Alliance, at St. Petersburgh, was conducted
HOLY ALLIANCE.
very

Devoutly.

Eminent and Remarkable Persons-Ancient.

1.

HOMER, supposed to have flourished,.
LYCURGUS, a Spartan legislator and law-giver,
SAPPHO, a poetess, fl.

ESOP, of Phrygia, the prince of fabulists, fl.
SOLON, the illustrious legislator of Athens, fl.
CONFUCIUS, a celebrated philosopher, f.
ESCHYLUS, the "father of Tragedy," b.
PYTHAGORAS, a celebrated philosopher,
SOPHOCLES, an eminent tragic poet, b.
EURIPIDES, a celebrated tragic poet, b...
ANACREON, a celebrated poet,

ARISTIDES, surnamed "the Just;" a statesman,
HERODOTUS, one of the earliest Greek historians, fl.

PINDAR, the greatest of lyric poets,

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ARISTOPHANES, an Athenian comic poet,
EPAMINONDAS, an illustrious Theban general,
XENOPHON, a celebrated historian and general,
PLATO, a philosopher; founder of the Academy,
DIOGENES, the Cynic; a philosopher,
ALEXANDER THE GREAT, King of Macedon,
DEMOSTHENES, one of the greatest of orators,
ARISTOTLE, a philosopher,

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PERICLES, a distinguished orator and statesman,

ARTAXERXES I., King of Persia,

SOCRATES, one of the greatest of ancient philosophers, Greek, 400

THUCYDIDES, a historian,

Greek, 400

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Greek, 389

Greek, 362

Greek, 360

Greek, 347
Greek, 323

Greek, 323

Greek, 322

Greek, 321

EUCLID, an eminent mathematician, fl.
THEOCRITUS, a pastoral poet, fl.

Egypt., 300
Greek, 285

EPICURUS, founder of a sect of philosophers,.

Greek, 271

FABIUS, Quintus, a general,

Rom., 204

TERENCE, a comic writer, b.

Rom., 191

Rom., 61

Roscius, the actor,
CESAR, Caius Julius, warrior, statesman and author,
CICERO, Marcus Tullius, a most eminent orator,

Rom., 44

Rom., 43

OVID, Publius Naso, a poet, b.

Rom., 43

Rom., 35

SALLUST, Caius Crispus, a historian,
VIRGIL, Publius Virgilius Maro, a distinguished poet, Rom., 19
HORACE, Quintus Flaccus, an eminent poet,

Rom., 8

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Nation. Date

B. C. 907

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Greek, 884
Greek, 614

Greek, 597

Greek, 594

Chinese, 531

Greek, 529

Greek, 497

Greek, 495

Greek, 480

Greek, 474

Greek, 467

Greek, 456

Greek, 442

Greek, 429

Pers., 425

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