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BY THE WAY
VISITOR to the recent Book Fair in Florence, Italy, says in the "American Printer" that among the surprises of the fair was a large exhibit from Soviet Russia, containing many newspapers. "One would think," he says, "that when the Soviet presses are not busy printing currency they print newspapers." Poland's exhibit of books and posters was distinctive and artistic, in the opinion of this observer, while "Germany in her shrewd and clever manner had arranged a very large exhibit." America was represented, but only in a small way, "her meager representation being due in part to the late day at which many American houses were notified of the fair."
The tribulations of a non-Italianspeaking visitor to the Florence Book Fair are humorously hit off by the writer above quoted, in describing his attempt to get to the Pitti Palace. He wrote "Palazzo Pitti" on a piece of paper and showed it to the cab driver. The man seemed to understand, and started. "After a while he seemed to become possessed of a bright idea, for he turned and rattled off a lot of words among which I recognized 'Michelangelo.' I repeated the word to show that I understood that much. Soon we began to go up a grade, and becoming uneasy I again showed him my pad with the words 'Palazzo Pitti' on it. He stopped
DIETITIANS, cafeteria managers, governesses, natrons, housekeepers, superintendents. Miss Richards, Providence. R. I. Box 5 East Side. Boston Office, Trinity Court, 16 Jackson Hall, Fridays, 11 to 1. Address Providence.
WANTED-Competent teachers for public and private schocis. Calls coming every day. Bend for circulars. Albany Teachers' Agency, Albany, N. Y.
DIRECTORY for secretaries and social workers. Miss Richards, Providence, R. J. Box 5 East Side. Boston office, Trinity Court, 16 Jackson Hall, Fridays 11 to 1. Address Providence.
WANTED-Teachers all subjects. Good vacancies in schools and colleges. International Musical and Educational Agency, Carnegie Hall. N. Y.
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HEAVY weight, Kalma Linen Finish folded note size stationery, choice of white, blue, buff, or gray. Your name and address printed on 100 sheets and 75 envelopes $1 delivered. West of Denver 10% extra. Dept. H, Paramount Paper Co., Kalamazoo, Mich.
EARN $110 to $250 monthly, expenses paid, as Railway Traffic Inspector. Position guaranteed after 3 months' spare-time study or money refunded. Excellent opportunities. Write for Free Booklet CM-27. Standard Business Training Institute, Buffalo, N. Y.
HOTELS NEED TRAINED MEN AND WOMEN. Nation-wide demand for highsalaried men and women. Past experience unnecessary. We train you by mail and put -you in touch with big opportunities. Big pay, fine living, interesting work, quick advanceinent, permanent. Write for free book, YOUR BIG OPPORTUNITY." Lewis Hotel Training Schools, Room 5842, Washingtou, D. C.
Companions and Domestic Helpers WANTED-A refined, educated woman with a knowledge of French in a family consisting of a widower, two boys of fourteen and thirteen, and a girl of eleven years, to supervise and have charge. Near New York. Children attend school. Please reply, giving age, references, and qualifications. E. O., Box 234, Scarsdale, NY.
WANTED-First floor worker for September 20, to cook, serve, and clean. Middle-aged woman preferred. Salary $75. Short Hills, N.J. 2,100, Outlook.
WANTED, separately or together, two experienced, tidy, respectable young women. One as cook, the other as waitress-parlor maid in small (2) private family. Pleasant home, Hudson River town. American, English, or Scotch Protestants preferred. Address, stating age, experience, and references. 2,108, Outlook.
Teachers and Governesses WANTED-Protestant governess-companion, woman of experience between ages of 20 and 30, to assist with care and responsibility of four boys. Box 385, Haverford, Pa.
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WANTED-Protestant governess in western Massachusetts for two children, seven and five and one-half, girl and boy both in school mornings. Good health and even disposition required. Must be able to sew well, fond of out-of-doors, and willing to co-operate in general family life. State experience and references. Position permanent. Address Box 2,107, Outlook.
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TWO experienced dietitians desire openings other than hospital, November first. 2,056, Outlook.
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SECRETARY-A college woman of character and refinement, with some years' experience as resident executive secretary to a retired gentleman of affairs, seeks similar position. 2,087, Outlook.
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Companions and Domestic Helpers EDUCATED, Protestant American widow desires position chaperon, hostess, housemother, or care of home and children. References exchanged. 2,082, Outlook.
YOUNG woman desires position as assistant in raising plants or flowers. Experienced practical worker and lover of outdoors. Has worked considerably in gardens-unprofessionally. Best references. 2,081, Outlook.
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WOMAN of refinement and Christian character would accept position with lady who desires companionship. References exchanged. 2,090, Outlook.
YOUNG Scotch lady, practical nurse, experienced traveler, wishes situation as com panion to lady, to travel. 2,094, Outlook.
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YOUNG Englishwoman, highly educated, experienced, traveled, amiable disposition, desires position as companion or secretary. 2,111, Outlook.
COMPANION secretary with lady travelling. Well educated Danish lady. Perfect English, French, and German. Best references. A. Block, care Mrs. Lee Loomis, Granby, Conn.
WIDOW, Scotch, trained nurse, wishes position as housekeeper to widower or housemother in school or college where she can have her 11 year old child with her. Can furnish highest credentials for both. Murray, care Holley, 18 South 9th Ave., Mt. Vernon, N. Y.
EXPERIENCED gentlewoman desires position to manage refined home or institution. Town or country. Highest references. Address S., 11 West 10th St., New York City. Chelsea 8983.
Teachers and Governesses YOUNG lady of refinement and ability desires position as private secretary or tutor of child. Middle South, Washington, or Richmond preferred. Excellent references. 2,071, Outlook.
EXPERIENCED governess desires position. Children over four years. Best reference. 2,110, Outlook.
UNIVERSITY teacher wishes tutoring. 560 West 171st St., New York.
Teachers and Governesses TUTORS for family or group, college preparatory and elementary branches, by cultured trained workers, man and wife. Country, ranch, or travel. 2,086, Outlook.
EXPERIENCED teacher wishes position as tutor or companion. 2,085, Outlook. TEACHER-Normal and college graduate. History, civics, English. 2,092, Outlook.
REFINED, well educated French woman desires position as governess to children or useful companion. Is accustomed to traveling, good sewer. Country preferred. Best of references. Mlle. O. Vernon, care Mrs. G. A. Cluett, Williamstown, Mass.
TO young women desiring training in the care of obstetrical patients a very thorough nurses' aid course of six months is offered by the Lying-In Hospital, 307 Second Ave., New York. Monthly allowance and full maintenance is furnished. For further information address Directress of Nurses.
MISS Guthman, New York shopper, will shop for you, services free. No samples. References. 309 West 99th St.
BOYS wanted. 500 boys wanted to sell The Outlook each week. No investment necessary. Write for selling plan, Carrier Department, The Outlook Company, 381 Fourth Ave New York City.
WANTED-Defective people to board. Address W., Pawling, N. Y.
BOY, 7 to 9 years of age, Protestant, of superior intelligence (test should reveal I. Q of at least 110) wanted in private home afford ing careful attention to health and unusual educational opportunities. Box 2,084, Outlook.
CHILD or young girl accommodated in my home in Colorado Springs. Excellent environment. Intelligent care. Open air school. References exchanged. 2,096, Outlook.
M. W. Wightman & Co. Shopping Agency established 1895. No charge; prompt delivery 25 West 24th St., New York.
WANTED, by young woman of limited re sources and insatiable desire to see world similar companion on year's tramp throug Europe, starting November 1. Reference exchanged. Address 2,089, Outlook.
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EXCELLENT opportunity for boy from 1 to 16 years. Home and tuition in privat school in return for help in the house and c place. Address B. K., 2,109, Outlook. COLLEGE graduate will receive into h home, fifty miles from New York, child ov References e ten. Tutoring if desired. changed. 2,114, Outlook.
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BY THE WAY
the horse and talked a lot; I got out my guide-book, and finally I found that we were on our way to the monument of Michelangelo on the heights above Florence. We finished the trip, the scenery was decidedly interesting, but I did not get to the 'Palley Petey."
Under the head "The Necessary Hyphen" a contributor to "The Writer" says that many newspapers make their headlines unintelligible by omitting the hyphen. "THE PANGERMAN PLOT UNMASKED," he says, looked like a man's name so far as its second word was concerned until it was realized that it meant Pan-German. Another instance quoted is, "BRIDE TO BE KILLED BY MOTOR CYCLE." Here "bride-to-be" was meant.
Another omission that confuses the reader is the lack of a space between two words. A sign in a leather shop in New York reads: LEATHER FOR ALLUSES, FINDINGS, ETC. The passer-by at first may conclude that a g has been left out and that "galluses" is meant; then he may consider that he is not up with the dictionary and fancy that "allus" is some new device. Finally it dawns on him that ALL USES is meant.
Speaking of newspaper headlines, an amusing mistake occurred in the New York "Times" of August 19. Senator Jones, of Washington, was reported as saying of President Harding's address, "The Government can take no other attitude." A subhead above the paragraph read: "CAN'T FAKE NO OTHER ATTITUDE." A later edition corrected the aspersion on the Government to this innocuous rendering: "Can Take No Other Attitude."
British notions of propriety on the bathing beaches are more rigid than ours, as may be seen from the following extract from an English paper:
The authorities at Brighton seem determined to play the rôle of Mrs. Grundy, for they summoned three lady visitors for not entering the sea from machines. The ladies wore long cloaks over their bathing costumes, and there was not the faintest suspicion of impropriety. The Bench rightly turned the matter into a farce, and ordered the girls to pay ninepence each as costs. A very discreditable prosecution!
A man who had the misfortune to have bow legs was advised by a friend, according to the London "Morning Post," to repeat the Coué self-hypnotizing formula every night thirty times: "Every day and in every way my legs are getting straighter and straighter." Unfor tunately, he miscalculated the number and repeated the magic words sixty times every night. As a result he is now knock-kneed!
The Professor (as quoted by the Boston "Globe")-"I noticed you were talking during my lecture this morning."
Student-"I beg your pardon, sir. I do not recall it. I must have been talking in my sleep."
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What Does a Strike Town Think ?.. 100
SHALL THEY BE CUT OR
HE following question has been a perplexing one for some time.
I endeavor to teach English to high school pupils. The work is divided into two parts: 1, study of grammar and rhetoric; 2, reading of good literature, such as is usually assigned to children of this age. Of course it is only to be expected that a majority of them will drift into positions where their efforts at English composition will rarely be called for.
On the other hand, I hope that the taste for good reading will stay by them and in future years they will go to libraries and call for some of the standard fiction, travel, biography, and poetry instead of wandering in, seeing a pretty book cover and some illustrations of people in up-to-date dress, and calling for books that are nothing but the typical light fiction which is read in an hour and melts from the mind like the snow in the April sunshine.
To cultivate this taste, or at least to let the pupils know that something does exist beside this light stuff, I have a reading list of books by the so-called "Standard Authors," also some of the better class of modern fiction, biography, travel, etc.
Like the proverbial horse which won't drink are a great many of these children, and quite as helpless as the horse's master am I. For instance, I read portions of "David Copperfield" to the classAunt Betsy and the Donkeys, David at the Peggottys, and other scenes which delighted me in my early teens. They listen attentively and enjoy the passages, but when they pursue the suggestion that they read the whole book outside they find that it has so many pages and such fine print that they are discouraged. One boy preferred to lose 10 points from his mark for the month's work rather than to read "any of those dry old things" and wanted to know why I didn't let them read books with some "pep." (Pep with its concomitant "jazz" is hardly found in Dickens!)
All pupils are not like this. Out of 50 there might be found a saving remnant of 5 who read and really like good books, 10 more who read them and are indifferent or hostile, and 35 who infinitely prefer to read nothing at all or a little popular fiction.
I have had to compromise. I ask one biography, one book of travel, and one standard novel, however painful the dose may be, among the eight books required during a school year of ten months. That leaves a leeway of five books which may be taken from a list carefully compiled in council with an experienced librarian. This has such names as "Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm," "David Harum," Bret Harte, Sherlock Holmes, any historical novel that has a sufficient setting of adventure and romance to be a good story, from "Boy Captive in Deerfield" to "The Crisis."
Even with this latitude, in came a little freshman boy of Polish descent
with a note-book containing the names of his own personal book list. All were apparently of the class of cheap fiction of five to twenty years ago, except "Two Years Before the Mast," which I grasped at as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land. Many a time and oft ("far, far too oft") a child brings in some pretty little book grabbed hastily from the public library and wants credit for it. "No," say I; "read that for fun, if you will, but for school credit you must read something worth while."
It seems a pity that a boy who loves adventure stories should not have Oliver Twist's doings with Fagin, Jean Valjean's miraculous escapes, and the host of delightful people of fiction in an attractive form.
The chief objection in the mind of the average child is the fine print and the huge number of pages. The remedy is that some publisher take the better-liked works of the standard writers, cut them down a third at least, leaving the plot and necessary description of characters, but omitting the moralizing and philosophizing, and issue them in good-sized print.
I believe that there would be a growing demand for them. Of course it is in the nature of a compromise, and "Half a loaf is better than no bread." The Pratt Teachers Agency but this step would help to increase greatly both the reading and the sale of the better books.
I know that some people will object to this cutting down. Very well. So do I. If people will read the originals, that is a far better thing to do. But this plan of cut editions in good print and attractive bindings is to win the ninety-seven per cent who are not now reading them. Young people, both American and foreign-born, are drifting away from the old books and the old standards. How can we get them to give up an evening at the movies once in a while because they would rather stay at home and read?
This plea seems not half so strongly put as it should be, but if some farseeing editor would follow this suggestion he would win the approbation of teachers of English, of librarians, and of the young people themselves, who could make new and delightful companions among the people of fiction. Why should not David Copperfield or D'Artagnan seem as real as Richard the Lion-Hearted?
Of course, all this will take time, but it seems as if a good hustling editor and publisher could start these books coming from the press within a few months.
An additional argument to strengthen the plea is that the very few novels that have been shortened and put into use in high schools are among the best-liked books in the course; for instance, "A Tale of Two Cities," or "Quentin Durward." or "Lorna Doone."
Here you have the problem and the solution. Won't some editor please start in at once? LUCY ESTELLE TRIPP. Easthampton, Massachusetts.
70 Fifth Avenue, New York Recommends teachers to colleges, public and private schools. Advises parents about schools. Wm. O. Pratt, Mgr.
above 12, in a high-grade boarding school; college preparatory. College town. Send school record and references. Talent preferred. Box 8,205, Outlook.
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