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Used while you slee
A household remedy avoiding drugs. Cresolene is vaporized at the bedside during the night. It has become in the past forty years the most widely used remedy for whooping cough and spasmodic croup.
When children complain of sore throat or cough, use at once,
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THE VAPO-CRESOLENE CO. 62 Cortlandt St., New York or Leeming-Miles Bldg., Montreal, Canada
Shall We Turn Them Back to Their
Canada and the United States in Post
Poland's First Assassination..
Reparation Not Reprisal.
John Wanamaker, Merchant.
Two Views of Clemenceau's Visit... 745 The Singular Case of Spaulding vs.
the A. B. S.....
23 Highland St., Natick, Mass. A College Preparatory School for Girls. 17 miles from Boston.
Miss Conant. Miss Bigelow, Principals
KENT PLACE 20 miles from N. Y.
A Country School for Girls. College Preparatory and Aca-
DR. LIGHTNER WITMER'S METHOD of restoring backward children to normality
Small home school at his country place near Philadelphia. Limited number of children accepted only after examination. Address Box 186, Devon, Pa.
A home school for nervous and backward children and youth.
Miss K. E. CAMPBELL Miss Vera Nelson "}
Church Schools in the Diocese of Virginia, (Inc.). Pres.-the Bishop of Va. Episc. Ch. ownership; health; scholarship; culture; beauty of environment, Christian idealism. Boys: St. Christopher's-$600, Richmond: Christchurch-$400, Christchurch P. O., Middlesex Co. GIRLS: St. Catherine's-$800, Richmond; St. Anne's-$500, Charlottesville; St. Margaret's $450, Tappahannock, Essex Co. Catalogs from Principals. TRAINING SCHOOLS FOR NURSES
St. John's Riverside Hospital Training School for Nurses
YONKERS. NEW YORK Registered in New York State, offers a 2x years' courseas general training to refined, educated women. Requirements one year high school or its equivalent. Apply to the Directress of Nurses, Yonkers, New York.
The Farmers Republic
All Farm Products Direct to Consumer Everything the farmer (or consumer) wants direct from factory, or source, at actual cost, generally car-load lots. entire product of factories, and mines working full time the year round. Circulars free: booklet with details 10 cents Write FARMERS REPUBLIC, 461 8th Ave., N. Y. City.
Physical Standards for Boys and Girls By Chas. K. Taylor, M.A.
By this system children are judged according to their own type of build and not by some impossible average. It makes it possible to distinguish improvement from mere growth. It points out each child's individual needs and creates an effective interest in physical training. Adapted for small schools as well as for public school systems. Lately adopted by the public schools of Kansas City, Mo. $2 postpaid. THE ACADEMY PRESS, ORANGE, N. J. (We also publish the individual record blanks and containers)
By W. J. Henderson
BE COMFORTABLE-Wear the
No salves or plasters. Durable. MR. C. E. BROOKS Cheap. Sent on trial to prove its worth. Never on sale in stores, as every Appliance is made to order, the proper size and shape of Air Cushion depending on the nature of each case. Beware of imitations. Look for trade-mark bearing portrait and signature of C. E. Brooks which appears on every Appliance. None other genuine. Full information and booklet sent free in plain, sealed envelope.
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Minister, Fifth Avenue Baptist Church,
"The Christian Century is the only publication which comes to my home which gets a reading straight through upon its arrival."
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Lynn Harold Hough
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Dear Sirs: Please enter my name (a new subscriber) for a year's subscription to The Christian Century at your regular rate of $4.00 (ministers $3.00). I will remit upon receipt of bill and you will please send me without extra charge a copy of "The Reconstruction of Religion," by Ellwood, or "The Crisis of the Churches," by Leighton Parks, or "The Mind in the Making," by Robinson, or "What Christianity Means to Me," by Lyman Abbott. Name....
Index and Title-page for Volume 132 (September 6-December 27, 1922) of The Outlook, printed sepa rately for binding, will be furnished gratis, on application, to any reader who desires them for this purpose
THE ST. LAWRENCE ROUTE
R. GILBERT's article appearing in a recent number of The Outlook on the St. Lawrence canalization project is most interesting, discussing, as it does, a matter of National importance, and one that is misunderstood by the people at large, who are not familiar with the practical side of the question, viz., to open up the Middle West to direct Atlantic commerce.
Mr. Gilbert well sets forth the proposition, but naturally does it as an engineer, and not from the standpoint of the ship-owner or transportation operator. He evinces an idealistic longing, and not a proposition that would appeal to capital. The Middle West has long since dreamed of a deep-sea outlet, failing to realize the difficulties in the way-that she is two thousand miles inland and that for five months of the year all navigation is closed. No seaport so far removed from the Atlantic Ocean can compete with one on the seaboard. Vessels seek the nearest harbor where there is a market and where rail facilities are to be found and where a return cargo may be expected. For such advantages a ship will pay greater port charges and the consumer or manufacturer a greater freight rate. It is not reasonably possible to conceive a lake city successfully contending with one on the Atlantic seaboard. The St. Lawrence River canalization project, stripped of the fog surrounding it, reveals a hydroelectric water-power proposition, a thing greatly to be desired, but to be obtained under conditions very dissimilar to the method proposed. Why saddle a reasonable project with the overweight of an uneconomic shipping project? Hydroelectric water power to an extent of 1,000,000 horse power can be had in the State of New York, and even now plans looking to such requirement are being developed by the State authorities. By the terms of the proposal this country is asked to enter into a joint partnership with Canada on a "fifty-fifty" basis to build and operate the canalized river and lakes. This in itself is a dangerous proposal, involving many points of discord. The Federal Government should use its resources to build up and develop territory within its own boundaries and not enter into "entangling alliances." The writer of the article fails to take into sufficient consideration the fact that there now exists an outlet from the lakes to the Atlantic Ocean by way of the enlarged Barge Canal from Lake Erie to the Hudson River. Onefifth of the capabilities of this great waterway, which has cost the State of New York $170,000,000, have not been utilized.
In reality, the thing that the lake cities long for is on the point of realization. By 1923 the Barge Canal will offer
THE MAIL BAG
facilities to that five per cent of export trade which originates in the fifteen States tributary to the Great Lakes. The canal has been deepened for the passage of 2,000-ton self-propelled vessels, numerous corporations have been organized to construct and operate modern steel barges which can take on cargo at Duluth, Minnesota, and then under their own power proceed and without break of bulk land their burden alongside the wharf in New York Harbor or on the deck of the vessel outward bound, and all at a rate that is reasonable and economic. As already stated, the St. Lawrence River route is ice-bound for five months of every year. This in itself is prohibitory in competition with well-equipped ports where vessels arrive and leave throughout the year. It is said that a vessel passes through the Narrows in New York Harbor every twenty minutes of daylight. Our American railways, in order to accommodate the ever-growing business of the Western States, must be kept at peak, and to attain this economically must obtain a twelve months' business. Are we to antagonize and limit the means by which this country was developed? Are we to expend an enormous sum (not yet stated, as no estimates have been made of the cost of dredging and enlarging lake city harbors) to divert from our trunk line railways the freight rightfully belonging to them and enter into a plan to send the ocean-bound commodity through a canal two thousand miles long, physically bordering more on the Canadian shore than on that of this country, and to do this by spending a fabulous sum of the taxpayers' money, enter into a moneyed partnership with a foreign Government, divert just Government appropriations from our old Atlantic seaboard harbors, ignore the adequate facilities already at hand, and antagonize transportation interests wherein American capital is represented by billions of invested funds? Certainly not. It is unreasonable to conclude or contemplate this either from a commercial or a financial standpoint.
I have referred to the needs of our Atlantic seaboard. Let me cite one enterprise that is now being considered. For several years the project of enlarging the inland waterways along the Atlantic coast has been discussed with an ever-increasing interest. Step by step openings have been made from one waterway (river, sound, or bay) until now it is possible to navigate lightdraught vessels from Portland, Maine, to Jacksonville, Florida, inside the coast line and away from the ocean's perils and the danger of an enemy fleet. One link in the chain is imperfect-the short stretch of forty miles across the State of New Jersey from Morgan, on Raritan Bay, to Bordentown, on the Delaware River, just below Trenton. At
about the point of entrance on the Delaware, "the busiest river in the United States," are situated Philadelphia, Camden, and Chester. By such a route a distance of 180 miles is saved from Philadelphia to New York, and. that largely outside navigation. Consider what this would mean to the iron and coal interests and to the manufactures of New England. How much more reasonable to ask the Federal Government for the necessary appropriation for this work (about $40,000,000) than to enlist in an effort to enter into the Canadian partnership, involving perhaps $1,000,000,000. As to the St. Lawrence River project, I am not objecting to it as a dream, but combat it as an uneconomic business proposition involving great expenditure of capital at a time when the world is knocking at our doors asking for aid, a serious entrance into financial partnership with a state not under our jursdiction, as diverting strength from our seaboard cities, as injuring vast railway interests, and all in the end to meet with failure by not accomplishing the results aimed at.
Salt Lake City
47 E. So. Temple St., Dec. 9, 1922. HE following is a quotation from an article entitled: "A Radical in Power," published in The Outlook of November 29, 1922:
This is not his gravest problem. Smoot is next in line for the Presidency of the Mormon Church, an office which any good Mormon considers the most exalted on earth. The President, Heber Grant, is very old, and likely to die at any moment. If Smoot were ready to take the Mormon Presidency, Grant would probably resign immediately.
As a matter of fact, Senator Smoot is not next in line for the Presidency of the Mormon Church. There is another member of the Church who is ahead of him.
It may also be said that President Heber J. Grant is by no means "a very
old man," he having attained the age of sixty-six in November, 1922, and is therefore not likely to die at "any moment." He is in good health.
And, furthermore, President would not, under any circumstances, resign, no matter who might be regarded as ready to take the Mormon Presidency. The office of President of the Mormon Church is a life appointment, and is not transferred so long as the incumbent is in good standing and fellowship in the Church.
I am calling attention to this matter because the writer of the article, Mr. Richard Barry, seems to think that this is the gravest problem Senator Smoot has to face, and yet it is no problem at all.
In conclusion, let me say that in dealing with the "Mormons" or the "Mormon" question writers generally come as near to the truth as did Mr. Barry.
A member of the Quorum of the Twelve to which Senator Smoot belongs.
NONTRIBUTIONS drift in from all over the world. We print here an offer of stories which we regretfully were forced to decline. Who knows, we may have nipped some budding genius. Who I knows, ten years from now-or two perhaps, considering the age of some popular writers-we may be held up to scorn as the journal which rejected the first short stories of our nameless friend.
I have ben reading the storys in the Outlook of the outdoor life. I am a Boy Scout and would like to write storys for the Outlook of my life of the mountains. What would do if you were out in the mountains all By your self at night. When the roar of the pine trees made you homesick and you could hear the mountain lion and he sounded like he was about to eat you up for his midnight supper. If you will let me write the story for your paper and of corse I can write dozens more. hopping to hear from you. YOUR FRIEND.
ELLIS ISLAND CONDITIONS
E lately published a letter narrating the experiences on Ellis Island of a cultivated woman, technically an alien, who was returning to her home from a visit in Europe; her son-in-law is an American officer. Here is another letter narrating the experiences of a graduate of the American University at Beirut, Syria, who came to this country to study in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was well provided with credentials showing that he had a right to enter this country. He says:
Coming in I was taken by a mistake to Ellis Island, and, as it was a Saturday afternoon, I had to wait till Monday to be able to come out. The place is terribly filthy and dirty, and, worse than this, there are people who remain there for months, and they do
not give them a chance to get to their baggage to get clean clothes. I met a student from Palestine there who had been confined for twenty-three days in that terrible place without ever going out in the fresh air. Avedis Donabedian had been there for fifteen days when I was there, and I left him there because he could not prove to them that he was a student. Luckily for me, Tech had sent me a paper stating that I was going to study, and so I had no trouble getting out except waiting through Sunday.
AM sorry to say that I will have to discontinue my subscription to The Outlook. It is too good a magazine. I have not time enough to read it properly. M. H. W.
ON BEHALF OF THE LEGION
"For God and Country" the Legion was organized. You know that patriotism, Americanism, good citizenship, clean politics, and high National and civic ideals are the real purpose of the American Legion.
When, with the heat of the conflict just behind, the American Legion came into being, it was not with any thought of self-glorification. It was not with any idea of personal advancement. It is true that the organization may have lost sight, for a time, of its high purpose. But you know and I know that the American Legion is sound at heart and that it cannot, in fairness, be accused of having the motives you ascribed to it, by inference at least, in the words I quoted.
As for the bonus, I believe that most of the Legionaires who are working for adjusted compensation are working to secure it, not for themselves, but for their comrades who need it. And you ought to know, if you do not, that the Legion is not responsible for the great bonus outcry. Its records show that the Legion stepped into the fight only when
NE should always lodge a complaint scheming office-seekers were trying to
thereby gaining a hearing where the bald complaint might take the shortest route to the waste-basket. Accordingly, I bring my compliment, which is wholly sincere.
I enjoy reading The Outlook for a number of reasons, one of which is that it expresses an opinion freely and courageously. I enjoy the editorials, not because they agree with what I think, for often they do not, but because they seem so fair, so free from prejudice, and usually show that they are the result of deliberation upon established facts. But-now for the complaint-I feel that you have been guilty of an expression, not of opinion, but of prejudice, a prejudice not justified by the facts.
In The Outlook for November 15 there was an excellent article on "Fascisti Triumphant." It was an informing editorial setting forth the facts in the case with a splendid analogy. But it included one gratuitous qualifying remark that added nothing to the clarity of the exposition, that seemed, indeed, to be inspired by an unfounded if not malicious prejudice.
I refer to the statement that ran as follows: "And then suppose that these veterans, organized as the American Legion is organized, but devoted, not to their own advancement, not for any bonus for themselves, not for the glorification of their own past deeds, but for the salvation of the country from disaster" (the italics are mine).
As a loyal member of the American Legion, I am forced to call your attention to this glaring misstatement of fact. You know well enough the expressed purpose of the organization of the American Legion. You know as well as I do that portion of the preamble to the Legion Constitution which states that
and that it has since been fighting for a measure that would meet the need for compensation without wrecking the treasury or pauperizing the recipients.
If you are in close touch with what the Legion is doing-and you should not have said what you did unless you knew whereof you spoke-you know that there are Legion posts that stand sponsor for the Boy Scout movement in their cities. There are posts that are carrying on extensive Americanization work among the alien population. There are posts that have their speakers visit the public schools, not to tell of the Marne and the Argonne, but to teach the way of devoted and intelligent citizenship. These are only a few of the things that the Legion is doing quietly but well.
It is so easy with a swift, subtle inferential phrase to create an impression far from correct. I am sure that you will be willing to grant most of the arguments I have advanced. I only hope that you, in all fairness, will see how false an impression you will have created, and that the prejudicial statement had much better have been left out of the otherwise valuable editorial. JEAN F. LOBA.
San Francisco, California.
A really healthy skin is always a clean skin and usually a beautiful skin.
Physicians who have studied the care of the skin say that simple cleanliness is the one most important aid to the health and beauty of your complexion.
And they dwell upon the importance of using pure, gentle soap, which is nothing but soap-that is, without extraneous or mysterious additions.
A word of caution, therefore:-
One would say that was simple enough to clean safely.
Yet before Ivory Soap, only a few people could enjoy the luxury of pure, mild, safe-cleaning soap. Now, of course, everyone can have it.
Safe-cleansing is the duty, the privilege and the destiny of Ivory Soap. In forty-four years no other claim has been made for it.
Ivory is always the samealways that white, mild, gentle soap which has protected. hands and faces and refreshed bodies for nearly two generations. It contains no "mysteries," it offers no "magic."
When you buy Ivory, you are asked to buy only pure soap. Ivory helps to beautify, because it cleans safely.
"My dear Alicia," says Mr. Jollyco in a very gentlemanly dudgeon, "why has this comic opera soap replaced the Ivory in my bathroom?" (We always know Mr. Jollyco is angry when he says "my bathroom" and is so frighteningly polite.)
"I think, Henry," replies his wife without a flinch, "that that soap belongs to your daughter Sally, who has lately gone in for colored 'beauty soap. The Ivory is just behind you."
Some day Mr. Jollyco is going to speak sternly to Sally about dyes in colored soap. But today he will feel so good after his lathery Ivory bath that he will forget it.
PROCTER & GAMBLE
Here we see Mrs. Folderol-at home. What! The Mrs. Folderol, of Vanity Square? The very same! With her poor little rich baby that cries so much. Why does he cry? Listen as Mrs. F. talks with Mrs. Jollyco.
"Why, I can't see how the soap could hurt him-it's so expensive and pretty and smells heavenly!"
"But, my dear, his skin shows it. He's chafed! Haven't you any Ivory?" No, Mrs. F. has no Ivory, but she will have after Dr. Verity arrives.
99 44/100% PURE IT FLOATS
SHOULD CHILDREN BE
S a result of hazing at Annapolis the President has ordered the dismissal of two first-class midshipmen and the reduction to a lower class of three more. Other cases are awaiting executive action.
The President is emphatically right in expelling and reducing midshipmen guilty of hazing at the Naval Academy. We trust that Congressmen will have learned by this time to keep their hands off cases of discipline at the Naval Academy and that there will be no interference, successful or otherwise, with the sentences which the President has confirmed.
The persistence of the hazing tradition at Annapolis is rather incomprehensible to the country at large. College traditions can, if handled wisely, be created or abolished in a comparatively short space of time. Hazing even in its mild form has died out or is dying out of every civil institution in the country of any standing. The Annapolis students, by supporting and sanctioning the hazing of underclass men, manifest nothing except their own childishness.
It sometimes seems that, instead of treating them like men who can be held accountable for their acts, they ought to be given caps and bells and stood in corners with their faces to the wall. Such punishment, however, is impossible, for though the mentality of a hazer may be infantile, the offense he commits against decency and discipline is very serious.
IN KANSAS CITY
B. C. K. TAYLOR'S contention that
M children should be first given a
thorough medical examination and then, if found healthy, developed physically in accordance with their natural and normal type of build has attracted Nationwide interest. And now the great "under-weight delusion," which, as readers of The Outlook know, troubled Mr. Taylor exceedingly, has been given a body blow by Kansas City, Missouri.
As a result of his Outlook articles Mr. Taylor was invited by the Rotary Club of Kansas City to present his views in person before the parents, physicians, and educational leaders of that wide-awake and progressive city. Some of our Eastern intelligentsia, if they should happen to read The Outlook, might learn from this statement that Rotary Clubs
DECEMBER 27, 1922
have other and more vital functions than merely that of boosting their home towns. They build as well as boost.
Kansas City kept Mr. Taylor extremely busy. He gave demonstrations of his method of measuring healthy children before the Rotary Club, the Jackson County Medical Association, the Parents-Teachers Association, the Boy Scouts, and most of the educational authorities of the city. In the course of the week Mr. Taylor gave twenty-one lectures, most of them with demonstrations.
Of the results of this week's campaign Mr. Taylor writes:
On Saturday was a meeting of the physical training heads of the various schools. Every one had seen the workings of the plan in his or her own school. A brief résumé of the plan was again outlined to them, and then Dr. Cammack, the progressive superintendent, said, simply, "Shall we take up this new system?"
"Yes," they unanimously replied. "All right," said he; "we'll get the material right away."
And that was all there was to it. How directly these Middle Westerners go to a point! If a matter is practical and useful, it is promptly taken over. And I thought of an aggressive but sadly experienced head of the physical training department of one of our Eastern public school systems, who, while deciding to introduce the height-weight plan, showed that it would take a year or two to do so openly! For there would be prejudices against anything new that had to be overcome. There would have to be much newspaper publicity and education through the press. There would have to be much diplomacy, for groups of aliens that comprise so large a proportion of the population of our Eastern cities would make an awful fuss if a boy took his shirt off so that his chest could be examined! What a contrast to Kansas City, with the scores of schoolboys measured during that week, sturdy sons of pioneering Americans, like their fathers keen for physical fitness, who not only were measured from head to foot without a stitch on their backs, but who went home and bragged about their scores to their admiring and approving parents!
The physical standards developed by Mr. Taylor have been accepted by nine public school systems, six private schools, two foreign mission schools, several Boy Scout troops, one Girl Scout troop, one life insurance company, and a State School for the Deaf in Michigan. All this has occurred during the past year. An article by Mr. Taylor on the introduction of his system in public schools is published in this issue.
CARTS BEFORE HORSES
s school and college students know,
As it has been the custom of the au
gust authorities to examine their victims on the progress they are making in the utilization and acquisition of facts. Harvard seems to have adopted what may be considered by some a Chinese version of the accepted practice. In one instance it gave an examination in the beginning instead of the end of a course. Appropriately enough, this test was given in the basic college course in Government, known to all Harvard men as Gov. 1, a course which Dr. Lowell himself conducted for several years before he was made President of Harvard University.
This examination was designed to test the student's power to use terms accurately, his background of elementary information of public affairs, his general knowledge of the sequence of events of American history, and his reaction to simple questions of public policy. There were forty-five questions in the test as a whole, and the time allowed for the examination was twenty minutes. It included such questions as the following:
Where the two words mean the same thing, or nearly the same thing, mark Yes; where they mean quite different things, mark No.
By striking out words make the following sentences accurate:
It was Lee Washington Pershing Stark who said "Put none but Americans on guard to-night."
Daniel Webster was a native of New Hampshire a graduate of Dartmouth College the editor of a famous dictionary and a Senator from Massachusetts.
Where the statement is accurate, mark Yes; where it is inaccurate, mark No.
The decisions of a grand jury must be unanimous.
An American citizen who accepts an office in any foreign government loses his American citizenship.
The Constitution provides that the President and the Vice-President must not be residents of the same State.
Where the events are placed in their proper chronological order mark Yes; where they are not so placed, mark No.
Jay's Treaty, Jackson's war on the Bank, Fourteenth Amendment, Greenback Controversy.
Framing of the Constitution, M