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INO SPERANZA is, despite his Italian
G name, very much of an American.
He was born in Connecticut in 1872, and educated in the College of the City of New York and at the New York Law School. For fifteen years he was general legal adviser to the Consulate-General of Italy, and has been a member of the Law
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Commission of the Prison Association of BEAUTIFUL JOE
New York State. But of most importance, in the light of his Outlook article at least, is his association with the State Immigration Commission and his former directorship of the Prison Association of New York, established by the Society for Italian Immigrants. Mr. Speranza's ar=ticle on immigration is the first of a series of three which The Outlook intends publishing shortly. The other two are by Miss Natalie De Bogory and Mr. Carleton Beals.
The Autobiography of a Dog
By MARSHALL SAUNDERS
Grower to consumer direct.
WHAT IS YOUR SUBJECT?
Economical Heat Control For Every Type of Building
Adsco Heating saves 20% to 30% of all fuel cost and gives perfect heating comfort in hotels, Y. M. C. As., office-buildings, factories or residences. Low pressure steam or vapor can be supplied from any make of individual boiler in each building or from a central steam plant supplying a group of buildings through underground mains. Hot water systems can easily be changed over to Adsco Heating.
With Adsco Heating there is one positive control of steam at eacn radiator by the Adsco Graduated Radiator Valve; another positive control by an
Higley Bldg., Cedar Rapids,
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The Adsco Valve admits proper amount
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Pittsburgh, Pa. Ask about Adsco Community Heating through underground mains from Central Station Steam Plant-Bulletin No. 20-0; architects. engineers and heating dealers should ask for Bulletin No. 159-0.
Jan. 6 and Feb. 24, 1923
Jan. 18 and Mar. 10, 1923
Egypt with its pyramids, its caravans, its crowded bazaars; the Holy Land, easy of access; Athens, of classic history; the southern coast of Europe-famous ports lying at the edge of a magic blue sea, flower- and vine-clad hills, medieval fortresses; changing scenes and sounds at Monte Carlo-color, action, sentiment, warm and pulsing life!
Itinerary: Madeira, Gibraltar, Algiers, Monaco (or Nice), Naples, Alexandria (for Egypt and the Nile), Haifa (for Jerusalem) and Athens (Phaleron Bay). Optional shore excursions.
SEPTEMBER 6, 1922
OW will the business of the country be stimulated; how will the revenues of the railways be affected; and what percentage of increase will there be in travel by rail, as a result of the bill signed by President Harding a few days ago, directing the Interafter Commission, N State Commerce
notice and hearing, to require railways to issue interchangeable mileage books or scrip coupon tickets?
These are the interesting questions which are raised in connection with this bill, urged by the commercial travelers' associations as a means of getting more salesmen out on the road, thereby helping to improve business conditions generally. The Inter-State Commerce Commission, which is directed by the bill to fix "just and reasonable rates" to be charged for such interchangeable mileage, as well as to make other regulations governing its issuance and use, will hold hearings on the subject the latter part of next month, having set September 26 for this purpose.
While the railways did not make any
The rate which has been suggested
(C) Harris & Ewing
PRESIDENT HARDING SIGNING THE MILEAGE SCRIP BILL
been earning the dividend rate to which
The Commission, therefore, is expected
As indicated by Commissioner Esch,
enjoyed by all of the people and not merely by those who by reason of financial conditions or otherwise are able to invest a considerable sum of money at one time in railway fare.
THE other day a Mexican paper ironi
control the United States in the interest. of humanity and law. One of the reasons adduced was the Herrin massacre. If Americans do not want to be considered lawless by Mexicans, it behooves them to insist, and continue to insist, that the slaughter of twenty-three men in the Herrin mines last June should lead to the indictment and trial of its perpetrators.
Every move in that direction is of public interest. The State of Illinois is not unaware of the ill fame attaching to this crime, and through its AttorneyGeneral, its State Chamber of Commerce, and its press is urging action. Through State effort a special Grand Jury has at last been impaneled in Williamson County, and as an aid to non-partisanship in feeling neither miners nor operators were included in the panel.
The circuit judge's charge to the Grand Jury, as summarized by a newspaper correspondent, was in part "a defense of this county and its law officers,
a challenge to critics everywhere, and an exposition of the law."
It is to be hoped that this judge added a vigorous injunction to the Grand Jury to pursue murderers unflinchingly.
THE KU KLUX AND POLITICS
HERE has been much discussion as to the influence of the Ku Klux Klan in the political situation. Sensationalists have been inclined to exaggerate it. In National matters it is practically nil; in the East and the Southeast it is negligible; in the West and Southwest it has had local effects in different ways, but has not acted consistently or for definite issues.
An example of this was seen the other day in the announcement that in Texas Earle Mayfield, "Ku Klux candidate," as the newspapers called him, had won in the "run off" primary for the United States Senatorship which followed the first primary, in which six candidates engaged. An examination of the facts shows that his Ku Klux support was only a minor matter. The Ku Klux candidates for State offices made a poor showing and were defeated by large majorities. The prohibition issue was prominent in the State campaign. Mayfield was "dry." His opponent, Ferguson, was "moderately wet;" and the fact that when Governor he was impeached and removed from office told heavily against him. If the Texas primary showed anything, it was that Mayfield was the stronger man personally, and that the prohibition sentiment is still strong in Texas. It is even intimated that the Democratic situation is so unsatisfactory in Texas that a good liberal Republican might have a chance.
There have been some queer developments in the Ku Klux Klan. Thus in Georgia it has been alleged that Negroes were being asked to join, and in New York it has been charged that the Negro "Moses," Marcus Garvey, had been approached by the Klan. There are many indications that the Ku Klux is soon to pass away as a disturbing element. Yet nct many weeks ago newspaper accounts stated that "a crowd totaling nearly 30,000 from Chicago and northern Illincis gathered to witness the initiation of nearly 3,000 new members into the secret council of the Ku Klux Klan. The ceremonies were performed in an immense field three miles northwest of Springfield. Similar ceremonials, celebrating the initiation of tens of thousands of new members, have taken place in other parts of the country."
Officially the Ku Klux has promised not to wear its regalia in night raids and disclaims any intention of regulating supposed evil-doers by violence. As a terrorizing agency it is practically dead.
But its attractiveness to the great class of "joiners" is strong, for it combines mystery and publicity uniquely; it is a "secret society" which, as the Chicago incident above quoted shows, thrives on flashlight photographs and press notices.
A NAVY ON THE SCRAP HEAP HE "scrapping of navies" is a new
the world. In the past
the business has been of the single-order variety; it has never been carried on in a wholesale manner. "The old order changeth," however, and now the breaking up of battleships and cruisers and destroyers is to be performed on a grand scale. A beginning already has been made.
While the naval treaty which was signed by the United States, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan at the Washington Conference on the Limitation of Armaments has not yet been ratified by all the Powers signatory thereto, the United States already has sold two of the old battleships which were on the list of capital ships to be scrapped and is preparing to ask bids within the next sixty days on five other vessels of the same class.
The two battleships which already have been sold are the Maine and the Missouri, with the exception of the Wisconsin, also on the junk pile in the yards of Henry A. Hitner's Sons, in Philadelphia, the oldest vessels of the larger fighting class in the Navy; and it is stated that both of them would have been disposed of even if there had been no naval treaty. Nevertheless they are among the twenty-eight American battleships listed for scrapping in the
RT knows no class distinctions. No two men in civilized society could be farther apart in environment and tradition than a New England farmer and a royal prince of Europe; and no two men could be more distantly removed from the stage type of artist with flowing tie and bohemian tastes. Yet John Lillie, farmer, of Dorset, Vermont, and Prince Eugen of Sweden have in common the love of art and the gift of creating beauty with paint and canvas. As a landscape painter each is among the most interesting and original of contemporary artists. Next week The Outlook will publish an article about John Lillie by Zéphine Humphrey. Week after next The Outlook will publish an article about Prince Eugen by H. G. Leach. Each article will be illustrated with reproductions of the artist's paintings.
treaty assented to by the five great naval Powers in Washington on February 1 last.
The five other battleships on that list which, it is announced, are to be put up for sale in the immediate future are the Georgia, Rhode Island, Nebraska, Virginia, and New Jersey, all of which have seen seventeen years of service. The Maine and the Missouri, of 12,500 tons each, had been in the Navy for almost twenty years past. The Wisconsin, sold previous to the Armament Conference, had seen more than twenty-one years of service.
In addition to the battleships, a large number of other vessels have been sold recently by the Navy, although not as a result of the naval treaty. Many of them were old and useless and would have been sold anyway, while others were disposed of because of the post-war paring down of the Navy and because of the necessity for economy.
Most of the vessels recently sold by the Navy for scrapping have been bought and are now in the Delaware River yards of the Henry A. Hitner's Sons Company, in the northern suburbs of Philadelphia. This concern, the principal one in the United States engaged in the business of navy scrapping, now has in its possession quite a formidable modern armada. It includes, in addition to the three battleships named, two cruisers, eleven torpedo-boat destroyers, four monitors, eight submarines, about one hundred and forty sub-chasers, several colliers, tugs, and mine planters.
In all, it is a fleet with a tonnage of approximately 125,000. As navies go nowadays, this doomed navy is perhaps not large, but there are important nations with navies much smaller in ton. nage. At the beginning of the European War the smallest of the Great Power navies was that of Italy, which was of 285,460 tonnage, not much more than twice the tonnage of the "Hitner Fleet."
The great part of navy scrapping, not only for the United States, but for the other nations signatory to the FivePower Treaty, still remains to be done; and when the full fleet of heavy-tonned capital ships which are to be discarded upon final ratification of the naval treaty are thrown upon the market this newborn industry of turning battleships wholesale into the crucible for peacetime purposes will receive a new impulse and make some of the short-lived navies thus formed formidable indeed.
A PIONEER IN
PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE
T is natural that public interest in Dr.
I stephen Smith should be centered in
the fact that when he died the other day he was within a few months of com