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and that he is still making the world a progressively better home of man. . . .

His general view of history and politics was very similar to that of President Roosevelt, and after Mr. Roosevelt's retirement to private life Mr. Abbott induced him to become associate editor of The Outlook. These two great men worked together with remarkable harmony and with highest mutual regard.

Mr. Abbott was among the first leaders of America who insisted that America should vigorously protest against the German march and the German methods of warfare. . . . He favored large and generous co-operation of America with the rest of mankind, and was finely sympathetic and co-operative with all efforts to feed the hunger, heal the wounds and repair the breaches made by the World War. He also favored generous COoperation of the nations to prevent future wars and to promote common world good. He contended that the World War, as much as it cost to win it by the Allies and America, was worth and would be worth to the human race even more than it cost. His high courage, intelligence, and purpose, as well as ability to work, increased rather than diminished with age. Though very frail of body, he was one of the busiest work

ers of the time. In some of his writings he tells the interesting story of how he learned to turn insomnia into a blessing. He says he remembered the beautiful verse in the Psalms to the effect that the meditations of the Lord during the nightwatches are sweet, and from that hour on he got more rest and refreshing from these sweet meditations than he did from sleep. It is not surprising that one who turned insomnia into a blessing succeeded in making his own life an unusual benediction to his generation.

FROM THE NEW YORK TIMES One of the gentlest and most widely beloved of Americans, Dr. Lyman Abbott had the fire, fearlessness and vision of a prophet. He did not put much emphasis upon creeds, but his preaching and writing dwelt on the essentials of a Christian life. Though blown upon by every wind of doctrine, he was not blown about by it. He maintained a serenity which had a physical illustration in the mountain at whose foot he lived for many months at a time during his later years-Storm King, on the Hudson. He sought and accepted the last word of science. He even wrote a book on the theology of evolution, but what science had to bring to him only assisted in the evolution of his Christianity, which was a way of life rather than a philosophical or theological opin-. ion.

His great ardor was for spiritual achievement, but he was prominent in every good work for the bettering of the physical life of those about him. As an editor he had not only a gift for clear, persuasive statement, but a reasonable optimism that refused to be dis

couraged or defeated. As a preacher he had to meet the severe test of succeeding Henry Ward Beecher. The voice of the orator is hushed, but the influence of this prophet of man's brotherhood will be felt long beyond the years of his long life.


Dr. Abbott took interest in all that pertained to the betterment of the human race. He was always found on the side of the oppressed. He was an Internationalist before the word was much in use and before the doctrine received anything but ridicule from the bulk of the people who associated it with the Red Flag of Marxianism. His biographer calls Dr. Abbott a "rational optimist." The phrase fits him.



The full and useful life of Lyman Abbott, who has just died, constitutes a wonderful record of intellectual, political and spiritual service to the American people. He belonged to a race eminent alike for its energy in action, its brilliancy in intellect and its high principle; the race that produced the old New

England ministers. In him joined the best of their qualities, for he had not only the strength of understanding and the firmness of principle that were theirs, but the tireless, enterprising energy that kept him active all his life in the advancement of America.

To Dr. Abbott the country's advancement was a matter above all of the spirit. While other men of his day worked manfully to make the country more prosperous, to settle its waiting Western fields, he served especially the ideal of uprightness and high thinking. He lived in a time when his spiritual elevation was needed to right the balance in a nation necessarily absorbed in its material affairs. That America today thinks not simply of the dollar, but past the dollar to great fundamenta! things without which prosperity would lose its value, we owe to Dr. Abbott and to men like him; but in remarkably large part to Dr. Abbott himself.

America has produced other men who combined spiritual and mental preeminence a long line of them, from Jonathan Edwards to Emerson; but its scholars have few of them possessed Dr. Abbott's gift of applying the high forces in them with full effect to practical matters of the moment. For him principle was no abstract thing, religion was not a matter to lock up in the meeting house with the hymn books, between Sundays. He believed in applied religion; as indeed others did. But he possessed the rare talent actually to apply it.

Fortune added to his gifts that of literary and speaking ability. His power of expression enabled him to reach the American world through the pulpit, by his numerous books and articles, and

perhaps most potently of all, as an editor, shaping and inspiring the utterances of publications which went through all the country. By all these means he preached the application of conscience to the public problems of the day. It was characteristic of him and perhaps the most outstanding of his applications of principle, as well as of his keen and sound instinct for the best, that he pinned his faith and friendship in Colonel Roosevelt. He saw early what not all could see-that this man was destined to play the great part at Washington in a critical phase of American progress.

Few men have influenced more people in this country than Dr. Abbott did. None perhaps have influenced so many for so long a term of years. Sanity went hand in hand with earnestness in him. He remained to the end what he had been throughout, the clear, brave and convincing spokesman of what was best in the American spirit.


With all his long study and erudition, Dr. Lyman Abbott is best remembered as a man who found God in the street and the market-place. He was not of the race of great theological controversialists, but a preacher of the Christian life. From the very beginning of his professional career he viewed religion in relation to social and civi' problems. It was for him a way of life, and he devoted all his energies, in the pulpit, as editor and as a citizen, to a Christian solution of the practical problems of living.



If any man ever deserved the commendation, "Well done, good and faithful servant," it was Lyman Abbott, who has entered into rest after more than eighty years of fruitful living. Nowhere will he be mourned so widely or more deeply than in Brooklyn. His eleven years' pastorate of Plymouth Church, where he succeeded Mr. Beecher, was a period of religious illumination and growth for the whole world, and more especially for Brooklyn, where his lucid, frank and honest preaching was reinforced by his personality, which inspired a warm affection among all who knew him.

Dr. Abbott was a beacon light of honest and frank thinking among the orthodox churches at a time when they were profoundly stirred by the higher criticism. Dr. Abbott said at his eightieth anniversary here that he learned to accept the truth of evolution from Mr. Beecher, but the consequence of that acceptance was far wider than either man could have dreamed. Dr. Abbott became pastor of Plymouth in the very year that Mrs. Humphry Ward published "Robert Elsmere," and a few years later

he preached a series of sermons on evolution from that pulpit which stirred opposition among the more narrowly orthodox, but was a powerful factor in leading the churches to a faith which learned to worship God as revealed through natural law as well as through revelation.

Dr. Abbott did a great service through teaching men to see science as the servant of religion rather than its enemy, at a time when the "higher criticism" had made impossible for intelligent and honest minds the earlier belief in the literal or verbal inspiration of the Bible, and was weakening the faith of many brought up in that simpler faith. But he was much more than a great leader of religious thought. He was an editor as well as a preacher, a work which came to its full fruition as editor of The Outlook. There he was a friend and supporter of progress in all good causes except only woman suffrage, which he always regarded as a danger to the home. He was a national figure as an advocate of higher political and finer social living and of better education. An incident which illustrated the sanity of Dr. Abbott's thinking was that he was dropped from the American Peace Society in 1913 because he also belonged to the Army and Navy League and because he supported preparedness in The Outlook. When the atrocities in Belgium came he insisted that Christianity justified the strong in protecting the weak, and he strongly supported the war, although he had done much to promote the ideal of world peace.

At the time of the Plymouth celebration of Dr. Abbott's eightieth birthday The Eagle urged that it be followed by a national assemblage to pay tribute while he still lived to the exalted character of the man and to the great influence he had exerted in the growth of honest thinking and a higher plane of conduct in both public affairs and private living. Such a memorial tribute was not made, however. Now that the tireless worker has gone to his reward, such tributes will no doubt come from many parts of the country. If they serve to emphasize and continue the influence of this great and good man, they will do something to continue the fine work to which he gave his long life freely and without stint.


SMITH COLLEGE WEEKLY, NORTHAMPTON, MASSACHUSETTS In the shifting succession of vesper speakers who appear out of space on the platform of John M. Greene Hall, leave their message, and vanish into space again, we had grown to look forward each year to our visit in the fall from Dr. Abbott as a sort of "St. Martin's summer."

Besides the many endowments which had given him fame, he brought us two things especially dear to a college audince, youth and age. We are not so

irreverent as we seem-if we really have something worthy of reverence. The spare, ascetic figure, the white patriarchal beard, made a setting from which the counsels of ripe experience came worthily and were welcome. But the spirit of youth in him was indomitable and as cheerful as indomitable. Perhaps the greatest gift he gave us was a fresh sense of the normal relation of religion to life. He had a natural gift for spiritual things. He could perhaps have been a mystic. His manhood was spent in the midst of the keenest intellectual ferment the religious world has ever seen. In that intellectual arena he had been a champion. But religion in him was neither intellect nor emotion. It was the strong, fresh breath of his life. It made him at home in any assemblage of men-they were all the children of God. It will make him just as simply and naturally at home with "the spirits of just men made perfect." But we shall miss his message.

FROM THE EVENING MAIL, NEW YORK CITY Dr. Abbott worked in no narrow groove. He knew the world. He strove always to make it a better world for all to live in. He realized that it could not be made better by the power of prejudice, mutual antagonisms, or inflexible dogmatism. In all that he said and did the spirit of a wise charity was uppermost. He broadened the minds that came in contact with his, and grew broader and deeper himself through his desire to give a fair hearing to all.



With the broadest knowledge of men and affairs, both of the past and present, he combined a deep interest in humanity and an instinct for news, which was perhaps the most important factor in his mental equipment. He knew how to select for discussion subjects in which people were interested and thereby he won readers and influenced thought where a more monastic type of man would have failed.

FROM THE WESTERN CHRISTIAN ADVOCATE, CINCINNATI, OHIO Dr. Abbott was an optimist, but he saw clearly the difficulties and obstacles in the way to success. He was a man of faith and of vision. Strong men, like Theodore Roosevelt, were attracted to him. Because of his great length of life, his vigor to the end, and his deep interest in every important movement for the betterment of men, he became one of the best-known characters to the general public.


Dr. Lyman Abbott, who died in New York on Sunday, was a wonderful old man who over a long period of years

had exerted strong influence on American life. The last issue of The Outlook, of which he has been editor-in-chief since 1893, contained an article over his signature in which there was no sign of any abating of his old-time vigor. It is only an occasional man who, on approaching his eighty-seventh birthday, is so much alive as he has shown himself to be in all that he has said and written in recent weeks.


As an editor he made of The Outlook a distinctive publication. As a preacher he followed his profession for the good that he hoped to do to others and not for the furthering of his own reputation. As a writer on religious subjects he showed both learning and moderation. In all things he displayed prodigious industry, and everywhere he was accorded the respect which sincerity inspires.

FROM THE LA CROSSE, WISCONSIN, TRIBUNE AND LEADER-PRESS Many men were attracted to Mr. Abbott's leadership by some of the numerous other qualities with which he was endowed besides his active and militant Christianity. But his was none the less an ennobling influence because it was often his personality rather than his principles that first drew men to him. From him must have been reflected and radiated upon those about him something of his own clear and serene faith. So Lyman Abbott leavened the lump of more or less ignoble and thoughtless men and manners of his times.


Dr. Abbott was fearless, and because of the breadth and depth of his learning he did not hesitate to speak the truth as he saw it and to preach the evolution of human thought as demonstrated in the progress of religion. Personally he was among the most lovable of men, with the great dignity which was the natural sequence of his power; a fine democracy that marked the recognition of human fellowship, and a broad humanity which found room for aiding every worthy endeavor for the uplift of the oppressed.

Is there a finer sentiment in all our literature than that sentence in one of his sermons: "He who denies the Brotherhood of Man is as much an infidel as he who denies the Fatherhood of God"? And he not only preached this doctrine-he practiced it.

FROM THE BROOKLYN TIMES, BROOKLYN, NEW YORK Singular combination of prophet and preacher and scientist and sage, Lyman Abbott had a clear vision of the world around him, and a sublime vision of the world beyond, that made him eminent

in an age of great American churchmen and publicists. He was as clear an analyst of the material progress of his time as any thinker, but science did not shake his faith. Instead, all that he learned of the material world and its contacts strengthened in him the belief in a hereafter cleansed of the dross and wrong of the universe that is apparent to the mind in the flesh. . . .

Brooklyn remembers the great clergyman and scholar as the successor of Henry Ward Beecher in the pulpit of Plymouth Church. . . .

There are many who recall Dr. Abbott as he stood on the plain and severe platform of the historic church, preaching his great sermons on the higher criticism and his Pauline sermons. Spare in body but with a towering forehead and a flowing beard, he looked the prophet. His lectures attracted the attention of scholars and churchmen, because of their keen intellectual quality, their

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ple. This was because he himself had kept a youthful spirit. . . .

For a great number of years past, practically all boys in Cornwall-on-Hudson have come to know Dr. Abbott intimately through the Garden Club, which had access to his home with the same freedom that his family enjoyed. They learned what his great library was like; they enjoyed the friendship of his kindly voice as he read to them grouped about the open fireplaces; they partook of every form of true hospitality; they learned to love good books, and they have gone out, many of them into trades, through college, into the larger business world-some lawyers, U. S. officers, doctors, and every one indelibly stamped by close contact with an indefinable something, which was the soul of Dr. Abbott. There is an overworked phrase, "Christian first, denominationalist second." Dr. Abbott was the living embodiment of all that is good in the idea.

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From the Rector of All Angels'

Church, New York

I can recall among his contemporaries no life richer or happier than his own. He has gone to his rest and reward with the reverence and the love of all those who are seeking the truth in all sincerity. To me he seemed to be the preeminent expositor of the simplicity of religion. When others became confused and lost the path or were perplexed by the multiplicity of paths, he shed the radiance of the simplicity of that truth which was always so clear to him, and the perplexity was dissolved. Never in all his ministry did he seem needed than in these days-and yet one is thrilled by the thought of what joy is his, and how peculiarly prepared for it he is! S. DELANCEY TOWNSEND.


From Plymouth Church, Brooklyn

In behalf of the officers and members of Plymouth Church, I am sending you this message of deepest sympathy and affection in the hour of your great loss that has touched Plymouth Church and our entire city. We shall all be glad to have you make any use of Plymouth Church you desire. The official Board wished me to say that each individual member joins in this message of deepest sympathy. NEWELL DWIGHT HILLIS,

From the Executive Secretary of the Roosevelt National Memorial Association

To have Dr. Abbott go is like having a mountain removed at whose base you


some of these personal tributes here because they are triumphant confirmation of Dr. Abbott's faith and conviction that the spiritual relationships of mankind transcend all the temporal divisions of creed, politics, and social circumstance.

have lived all your life. It isn't only that you miss the mountain, but that the whole landscape is changed. The American people will sorely feel your father's going. He was in the truest and highest sense a guide, philosopher, and friend to thousands who never saw him, and the mourning that is in thousands of American homes to-day will not be the usual passing emotion which we feel when a great man takes his place among "those who bear the stars," as Barrett Wendell called them.


From a Jewish philanthropist

In the passing of your illustrious father this Nation has lost one of her very great men; one of her dependable assets; one of her most resourceful minds; and it therefore shares your loss. JULIUS ROSENWALD,

From the Superintendent of the

Bowery Mission, New York

Over thirty years ago I saw the funeral of the good Earl Shaftesbury in London, the principal feature of which was that it was as largely attended by the very poor as it was by the nobility and gentry of the land. I am in a position to assure you of a similar attitude with regard to your father. Whilst those in other circles will pay glad tribute to his superb intellectual gifts, and to his extraordinary value as an educator, patriot, and philosopher, thousands of men down here will just as en

thusiastically bear witness to his beautiful, helpful, Christlike spirit in ministering to them in their dire need. We all feel we have lost a great and true friend. JOHN G. HALLIMOND,

From Senator Glass

Please accept a very earnest expression of sympathy on the death of your venerable and distinguished father. His objectives in life revealed the nature of the man-his objectives and courageous strivings. These things counted for large value while he wrought-and will be remembered to his high distinction now that he is dead. CARTER GLASS.

From Senator McCormick Deepest sympathy to you in the loss of a devoted father; to The Outlook in the loss of a courageous and far-sighted guide; and to his fellow-citizens in the loss of a great American.


From Colonel House

A great loss has come to our country in the death of your distinguished father, and there will be widespread sympathy for you and yours throughout America. EDWARD HOUSE.

From General Booth, of London, Commander-in-Chief of the Salvation Army

I am mourning with you in the loss of one of the world's greatest citizens,

who was also a leader among the sons of God. BRAMWELL BOOTH.

From Father Curran, of WilkesBarre, who was an intimate associate of Theodore Roosevelt in set

tling the coal strike of 1902 Sincerest and most heartfelt sympathy on the death of your venerable and beloved father, Dr. Lyman Abbott. His name will go down in American history as one of the foremost literary personages of his native land. May his soul rest with the angels and saints of God unto all eternity. J. J. CURRAN.

From a former Governor of the State of New York Accept my sincere sympathy at the loss of your distinguished father.


From the President of a National Labor Union

Through press despatch I have just learned of the death of your beloved father, brother Lyman Abbott, and in behalf of the International Printing Pressmen and Assistants Union of North America I hasten to transmit our sympathy and condolence.


From the President of the New York Life Insurance Company

Lyman Abbott had to me so long been a great figure he had indeed so clearly become a tradition in our National lifethat it is not easy to think of him as a father whose death brings deep sorrow to his children. The high pride you feel in him as a great leader and teacher does not make your sorrow as a son any less acute. May I as a citizen and a friend join in the universal tribute of respect and affection which the world is now offering. DARWIN P. KINGSLEY.

From Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt Deep sympathy. We all needed him. EDITH ROOSEVELT,

From the President of New York University

I am deeply distressed to hear of the death of your honored father. He was one of the most distinguished and most revered of the graduates of New York University in the whole course of its history. His outlook on the passing show of this world was that of a man who was at once a lawyer, a journalist, a bookman, a religious leader, a man of affairs, and a genial humorist and fellow-man in the ordinary relations of life.

Even at his advanced age, he was so wholesome that we thought him destined for many years of ripening leadership. ELMER ELLSWORTH BROWN.

From Vassar College

I should like to express on behalf of Vassar College, of which for a time be

ing I am acting President in the absence of President MacCracken abroad, our general sense of the deep loss shared throughout the country in the death of your father. For years Dr. Abbott was a welcome and beloved visitor to the pulpit of the College, and the memory of his helpful service and profound human interest is still so strong that even I, a newcomer to Vassar, have been made aware of it. GEORGE H. NETTLETON.

From Princeton University

I am distressed to hear of your father's death. Please accept my sincere regret and sympathy. We remember always with gratitude his services at Princeton. JOHN GRIER HIBBEN.

From General Pershing Deeply grieved to learn of your father's death, and extend to you my sincerest sympathy. The country has lost a great outstanding figure whose influence has always been for the best and wholesome things in life. He will be revered by his countrymen as a model Christian. PERSHING.

From the President of Union
Theological Seminary

The great and splendid work your father did for the promotion of the kingdom of God, a work that he was permitted to carry on almost to the close of his long life, makes the Church and the country at large permanently his debtors. His name will not be forgotten. ARTHUR C. MCGIFFERT.

From the students of the Union
Theological Seminary

In behalf of the students of Union Theological Seminary I wish to express our profound sorrow at the loss of one who was our beloved friend and counselor. Those of us who had the privilege of meeting Dr. Abbott personally will cherish the remembrance of those rare opportunities as long as we live; and no student can fail to acknowledge the benign influence on his life of him who was so universally loved and respected. W. M. ALDERTON, For the students of Union Theological Seminary.

From the Principal of Hampton

Hampton Institute will feel that it has lost one of its truest and most discerning friends; and every other good cause will miss him deeply. I shall always remember gratefully his message which I found on my arrival at the Institute to begin my work there in April, 1918.


From Mount Holyoke College For the Class of '93, Mount Holyoke College, of which Dr. Abbott was an honorary and honored member, may I express our appreciation of the high

nobility of his character. We recall with gratitude his gracious acceptance of our invitation to preach our Baccalaureate sermon, and his sympathetic understanding of the many problems that were then perplexing us. From that time to this he has held a peculiarly tender place in our affections. OLIVE SPRAGUE COOPER, Secretary of the Class.

From the Consul-General of Japan It is with deep grief that I learn in this morning's paper of the death of your distinguished father, Reverend Dr. Lyman Abbott. His passing is an irretrievable loss not only to your country, but also to the rest of the world.

K. KUMASAKI, Consul-General.

From the Federal Council of

May I share with you and yours the loss of your honored father, and the gratitude we all feel for his long service to the Church and to the world. From my Theological Seminary days until his death he has been a guide and counselor to me. CHARLES S. MACFARLAND, General Secretary.

From the Massachusetts Agricultural College

I should like to express to you a word of tribute to your father. I began taking the "Christian Union" immediately after my college days, and then The Outlook, and for many years I think I got a more complete appreciation of public questions, viewed from the ethical and religious standpoint, as well as perhaps more inspiration with respect to a sane attitude on questions theological, than from any other one source. Dr. Abbott was a great personality and a great influence.


From Tuskegee Institute

The teachers and students of Tuskegee Institute sorrow with you and your family. Dr. Abbott gave freely of his time and great wisdom to the betterment of humanity, and his passing is a great loss.

WARREN LOGAN, Acting Principal.

From the Minister of the Brick Presbyterian Church, New York Your father has been one of the notable witnesses in our day for a whole and strong Christianity. No one can estimate his influence. . . . I think this morning with gladness of the hours I had with him at Silver Bay two years ago. He was so generous in his appreciation of what I said, and so helpful in talking it over with the college girls. They questioned me one morning about immortality, and it was a relief and a joy to turn it over to him. He answered in a way that I know will make a dif ference forever in their thoughts and

feelings. Perhaps the best thing one can say is that it is actually easier to think of him as still alive, than as dead. So he goes on proving that eternal life to which he was so consistent and joyous a witness. WILLIAM P. MERRILL.

From one of the founders of the Boy Scout Movement

It is with a keen sense of sorrow that I read in this morning's paper the death of my old friend, your distinguished father. It was your father who always had a cordial greeting for me, and a sympathetic ear for all my whims and fancies. Won't you give to your brothers my sincerest sympathy and affectionate regard, and say to them that the privilege of having such a splendid father must, in a measure, comfort them now that he has crossed the Great Divide to join his friend, Theodore Roosevelt, where I doubt not they both await the coming of the rest of us.


From the President of the University of Virginia

I am saddened by the thought that your father's great life is ended; I am proud that he was my friend.


From the Consul-General of France

I myself am not only losing a very sincere friend, but France as well will deeply regret the loss of one of her most faithful and ardent followers, who never failed to lend her a helping hand in her hours of need. When I decorated Dr. Lyman Abbott not long ago with the Legion of Honor, I little thought that he would have such a short time in which to enjoy this mark of recognition from France for the many services which he rendered her. GASTON LIÉBERT,

From the Mayor of Sioux City, Iowa When I went to Yale, after I had been there just long enough to see some of the demoralizing surface of student life, and not long enough to have penetrated to the real inner spirit of things, your father delivered an address which promptly brought me to my senses again, and set me on my feet intellectually and morally. After that for ten or fifteen years I suppose I read practically everything he wrote. In recent years I have been helped and exalted by the unfaltering vitality of his intellect and spirit with advancing years.

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great interest and inspiration at Waterbury, Connecticut. It came to me at a time when I needed just such a forwardlooking message as he gave. I have heard him repeatedly since and entertained for him a respect which amounted to reverence. WALLACE BUTTRICK.

From the former President of Yale University

Your father had reached the fullness of years in such a glorious fashion and was doing such work till near the very end that the public will not feel the sadness of his going; but for those like Mrs. Hadley and me who knew him, and knew how much greater he was than the things which he did could ever show, cannot help trying to tell you how much we cared for him, and how much better his presence made our world to live in. ARTHUR T. HADLEY,

From the President of Hobart

I wish to acknowledge the great debt I owe as a man and as an educator to your father as one of the greatest teachers of the greatest things I have ever known. MURRAY BARTLETT.

From Professor Edward C. Moore, of Harvard University

No one ever rendered a greater service to the University as a member of the Board of Preachers through a long period, eighteen years, if I remember rightly, and no one ever rendered greater service to me personally. My acquaintance with your father dates from 1881, when I first went to New York as a student, and there has been no time in these forty years when I have not reckoned him among my wisest and most faithful counselors.


From ex-Secretary Redfield

A fine and finished life was his-a record of many-sided service. I prefer to think of him as a spiritual force, an illuminating thinker, a refining and inspiring power. For him "the fever of life is over" and his work is done. Done, I mean, in the sense of accomplishment, but not in the sense of having ended, for it goes on fruitful to-day and to bear fruit in coming days.


From the Secretary of State Permit me to express my deepest sympathy in the loss of your 'ather. There is no one with whom I have been brought in contact who has more completely realized to me the ideal of the Christian sage, and there is no one I have known who has had a more beneficent influence. His life has been one of rare beauty and distinction, and his death is an irreparable loss to the Nation. CHARLES E. HUGHES.

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