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Dividend checks from the American Telephone and Telegraph Company are received quarterly by more than 200,000 telephone users.
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Less than fifty years ago an application was made for a patent which created the possibility of speech between distant points. It was the culmination of years of study, research and experiment. It suggested a new aid in commerce and domestic life; a new tie to bind the people together. But it was only a suggestion -a dream.
To make that dream come true required the creation of an organization unlike any other. It demanded a kind of scientific knowledge that was yet to be formulated, as well as a type of equipment still to be devised. And it necessitated the financial and moral support of many communities.
owned directly by the people-controlled not by one, but controlled by all.
Evolution is going on. the ownership is more widespread. Each year the various processes of the service are performed more efficiently and economically. Each year new lines and extensions are constructed. The responsibility of the management is to provide the best possible telephone service at the lowest possible cost and to provide new facilities with the growth of demand. To do these things requires equipment, men and money.
The rates must furnish a net return sufficient to induce you to become a stockholder, or to retain your stock if you already are one; after paying wages sufficient to attract and retain capable men and women in the service. They must adequately support and extend the structure of communication.
These are considerations for the interest of all-public, stockholders, employees.
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BY THE WAY
HE good friends who, after hearing a story, say to us, "The way I heard it was this," try us terribly, but they generally improve the story, we have to admit. A subscriber thus betters the legend recently printed in this column about Lafayette's greeting to married and unmarried men: "In our story (handed down in our family in Philadelphia) he told the unmarried man he was a lucky dog, while he said to the married individual, 'What a happy man you must be!' When his attention was called to the apparent contradiction between the two compliments, he said: "There is a great difference between a happy man and a lucky dog!"
The names of towns on the borders of States are sometimes made up of syllables from the names of the States. Sylmar, for instance, in Maryland, borrows syllables from Pennsylvania and Maryland, and Pen Mar, in Pennsylvania, does the same thing in a slightly different way. Calexico, in California, indicates its proximity to Mexico in its name. Mexicali, just on the other side of the border, in Lower California, has become celebrated as the possessor of "the longest bar in the world," to which Californians can cross over from Calexico and slake their thirst without fear of prohibitory laws.
"To be offered for sale by auction," says an advertisement in an English paper, "part of the ESTATE OF LOCHIEL, extending to a total area of about 117.000 acres." This Scottish estate, consisting of over 180 square miles of territory, includes a deer forest of 13,000 acres, a castle, lakes, mountains, sheep farms, trout streams, etc. In its various preserves a total of about 200 stags are often shot during the season, and quantities of salmon and trout obtained. "In one preserve," it is said, "Lord Burton shot the famous 20-pointer." (Refers to a huge stag whose antlers had 20 points.) This vast domain is advertised as a "sporting estate," and probably could be matched only in America for extent and romantic scenery, which includes the famous Ben Nevis.
In the window of a wholesale silk house on Fourth Avenue, New York, the wayfarer sees this cheering sign: JOBS ALWAYS ON HAND. This is probably short for "job lots."
Another sign, at a recent industrial show, read: GUARANTEED EGGS. THESE EGGS ARE LAID BY HAPPY, HEALTHY HENS. A sign on the Bowery reads: FRENCHY, ARTIST. It speaks volumes as to the popular impression that the French are up on art.
Another Bowery sign, perhaps suggested by "Frenchy's," is: SHOEY THE BOOTBLACK.
A Yiddish-English sign in Brooklyn reads as follows: OUR MOTTO: QUALITY, TRUTHNESS, QUICK SERVICE.
What I Think of
By Judge Ben B. Lindsey
ELMANISM is a big, vital, signifi
cant contribution to the mental life of America. I have the deep conviction that it is going to strike at the very roots of individual failure, for I see in it a new power, a great driving force.
I first heard of Pelmanism while in England on war work. Sooner or later almost every conversation touched on it, for the movement seemed to have the sweep of a religious conviction. Men and women of every class and circumstance were acclaiming it as a new departure in mental training that gave promise of ending that preventable inefficiency which acts as a brake on human progress. Even in France I did not escape the word, for thousands of officers and men were Pelananizing in order to fit themselves for return to civil life.
When I learned that Pelmanism had been brought to America by Americans for Americans, I was among the first to enroll. My reasons were two: first, because I have always felt that every mind needed regular, systematic and scientific exercise, and secondly, because I wanted to find out if Pelmanism was the thing that I could recommend to the hundreds who continually ask my advice in relation to their lives, problems and ambitions.
Failure is a sad word in any language, but it is peculiarly tragic here in America where institutions and resources join to put success within the reach of every individual. In the twenty years that I have sat on the bench of the Juvenile Court of Denver, almost every variety of human failure has passed before me in melancholy procession. By failure I do not mean the merely criminal mistakes of the individual, but the faults of training that keep a life from full development and complete expression.
Pelmanism the Answer
If I were asked to set down the principal cause of the average failure, I would have to put the blame at the door of our educational system. It is there that trouble begins-trouble that only the gifted and most fortunate are strong enough to overcome in later life.
Either think back on your own experience or else look into a schoolroom in your own town. Routine is the ideal, with pupils drilled to do the same thing at the same time in the same way. There is no room for originality or initiative because these qualities would throw the machinery out of gear. Individuality is discouraged and imagination frowned upon for the same reason. No steadfast attempt to appeal to interest or to arouse and develop latent powers.
What wonder that our boys and girls come forth into the world with something less than firm purpose, full confidence and
leaping courage? What wonder that mind
It is to these needs and these lacks that
In plain words, what Pelmanism has done is to take psychology out of the college and put it into harness for the day's work. It lifts great, helpful truths out of the back water and plants them in the living stream.
As a matter of fact, Pelmanism ought to be the beginning of education instead of a remedy for its faults. First of all, it teaches the science of self-realization; it makes the student discover himself; it acquaints him with his sleeping powers and shows him how to develop them. The method is exercise, not of the haphazard sort, but a steady, increasing kind that brings each hidden power to full strength without strain or break.
Pelmanism's Large Returns
The human mind is not an automatic device. It will not "take care of itself." Will power, originality decision, resourcefulness, imagination, initiative, couragethese things are not gifts but results. Every one of these qualities can be developed by effort just as muscles can be developed by exercise. I do not mean by this that the individual can add to the brains that God gave him, but he can learn to make use of the brains that he has instead of letting them fall into flabbiness through disuse.
Other methods and systems that I have examined, while realizing the value of mental exercise, have made the mistake of limiting their efforts to the development of some single sense. What Pelmanism does is to consider the mind as a whole and treat it as a whole. It goes in for mental team play, training the mind as a unity.
Its big value, however, is the instructional note. Each lesson is accompanied by a work sheet that is really a progress sheet. The student goes forward under a teacher in the sense that he is followed through from first to last, helped, guided and encouraged at every turn by conscientious experts.
Pelmanism is no miracle. It calls for application. But I know of nothing that pays larger returns on an investment of one's spare time from day to day.
(Signed) BEN B. LINDSEY.
Note: As Judge Lindsey has pointed out, Pelmanism is neither an experiment nor a theory. For almost a quarter of a century, it has been showing men and women how to lead happy, successful, well rounded lives. 650,000 Pelmanists in every country on the globe are the guarantee of what Pelman training can do for you.
No matter what your own particular diffi
JUDGE BEN B. LINDSEY
Judge Ben B. Lindsey is known throughout the whole modern world for his work in the Juvenile Court of Denver. Years ago his vision and courage lifted children out of the cruelties and stupidities of the criminal law, and forced society to recognize its duties and responsibilities in connection with the "citizens of tomorrow."
culties are poor memory, mind wandering, indecision, timidity, nervousness or lack of personality-Pelmanism will show you the way to correct and overcome them. And on the positive side, it will uncover and develop qualities which you never dreamed existed in you. It will be of direct, tangible value to you in your business and social life. In the files at the Pelman Institute of America are hundreds of letters from successful Pelmanists telling how they doubled, trebled and even quadrupled their salaries thanks to Pelman training.
How to Become a Pelmanist
Pelmanism is taught entirely by correspondence. There are twelve lessons"Twelve Little Gray Books." The course can be completed in three to twelve months, depending entirely on the amount of time devoted to study. Half an hour daily will enable the student to finish the course in three months.
"Scientific Mind Training" is the name of the absorbingly interesting booklet which tells about Pelmanism in detail. It is fascinating in itself with its wealth of original thought and clear observation. "Scientific Mind Training" makes an interesting addition to your library.
Your copy is waiting for you. It is absolutely free. Simply fill out the coupon and mail it today. It costs you nothing, it obligates you to nothing, but it is absolutely sure to show you the way to success and happiness. Don't put it off and then forget about it. Don't miss a big opportunity. MAIL THE COUPON NOW.
THE PELMAN INSTITUTE
PELMAN INSTITUTE OF AMERICA
Please send me without obligation your free booklet, "Scientific Mind Training."
THE REALITY OF
INCE I always read The Outlook with
S am much
interested in debating, I of course gave especial attention to your number of September 13, containing the editorial on "Debates and Beliefs" and the article on "Where Men Debate Beliefs-Not Statistics." Because of my observations and experiences from four years' debating at college, I should like to take exception to most of your assertions in your editorial and article. But for the present I shall confine my attention to your statement that American college debating "lacks actuality" and to the inference from your quotation from Roosevelt's Autobiography that American college debating does not "turn out of our colleges young men with ardent convictions on the side of the right."
Your editorial writer asserts on his ipse dixit that our college debating "lacks actuality." Unfortunately, he does not inform us what he means by "actuality" or why this debating "lacks actuality." The assertion is "full of sound and fury, signifying nothing." If the editorial writer had only slight debating training, he would have learned to define his terms and give his reasons or "beliefs." Does he mean by "actuality" that the subjects chosen for debate are academic or archaic? Does he mean that the present methods of preparation and speaking are "unreal" because they give the debaters no training helpful in any way? Or has he something else tucked away in his mind? I must confess that my strong "convictions" are that your writer never debated or attended a debate.
Of course I may have been a young man who had visions and dreamed dreams, but debating seemed very real to me during my four years' contact with it. The subjects were always interesting and vital. I felt that I had "sincerity and intensity of conviction." While I may not have "moved the hearers," I thought that I was "moved."
At any rate, I have "ardent convictions" that my American college debating experience was the most valuable training that I have thus far received in my young life. While I shall not relate. all of my reasons for this statement, I shall trouble you with a few. I am not so foolish as to believe that I possess all the qualities that debating teaches, but it has pointed them out to me and demonstrated their inestimable value not only in my effort to be a citizen but a lawyer also: ease; poise; self-control; courtesy; ability to stand on one's feet before people and think and speak clearly, concisely, accurately, cogently; a knowledge of human nature; the value of diligent and thorough preparation not only of your own side but of the other
fellow's; an appreciation of the fact that there are generally two sides to a question and that it is a great mistake to be cocksure that you are always "on the side of the right." I must confess that often, after a debate, into which I entered believing myself "on the side of the right" and the exclusive apostle of justice, I found the other team were not such insincere, "glibly" talking assignees and had some "right" in their case. I have strong convictions that American college debating has made me a better citizen and lawyer.
Before closing, I want further to expose myself to the elements by giving you my reasons why "college debates do not evoke the interest of the general student body nor do they call out the talents of the real college leaders." To one group of undergraduates the studious preparation necessary for debating "smacks too much of the curriculum," and the average student pays no more attention to the curriculum than is required to attain a "gentleman's grade." Consequently anything calling for very diligent, thorough study is taboo. another group, debating interferes too much with many undergraduates' ideas of a college as a social clearing-house and country club. Again, the "rockingchair fleet" is sufficient to anchor many who might otherwise hazard the debating tempests. Then there are the countless hosts who have never debated or attended a debate and consequently have false notions about it. Finally, there are those who often before they left "prep school" have set theft eyes on the traditional college "honors" regardless of what college activities and opportunities possess the most value to them as future citizens. LINCOLN L. KELLOGG.
Oneonta, New York.
N my message last Sunday it was my
I pleasure to read your entirely reason
able interpretation of the recent poll upon the Eighteenth Amendment, and to emphasize your judgment as expressed in the editorial of September 27, that Nation-wide prohibition is a magnificent and unique experiment, achieving most favorable results. As casting light upon the situation in an ordinary town, and in the center of the country, I present this interesting fact. Formerly this town was, like all small towns, saloonridden. This summer we have had three "big events." A Fourth of July celebration brought five thousand people here; a circus day, another five thousand; and our county fair has had an attendance of twenty-five thousand. In all there was but one arrest for intoxication, and that on circus day. Our county fair has closed without even one breach of the peace. The splendid American crowds,
full of happiness, enjoyed the event without the former disturbances due to the presence of the saloon and the sale of liquor, and the testimony seems unanimous that the conditions now enjoyed are here to stay. S. M. CAMPBELL. Macon, Missouri.
"DEAF" OR "DEAF-MUTE"? HE Outlook for September 27 contains an excellent illustration of the Gallaudet statue on the grounds of Gallaudet College for the Deaf at Washington, D. C. The explanatory foot-note accompanying the illustration is in error when it says that Gallaudet College "is the only college which gives degrees to deaf-mutes." Gallaudet College is the only college in which the methods of instruction are adapted to meet the special requirements of the deaf. Any college or university will give degrees to the deaf otherwise qualified and several have done so, among them Yale, Washington University, and the University of California.
The Gallaudet of the statue at Washington is known as the "founder of deafmute education in America." His first school at Hartford was known as "The American Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb." It was located on "Asylum" street. So much for the corporate title and the public view-point of the education of the deaf at its beginning. The word "Asylum" soon gained the disfavor of educators of the deaf and of the educated deaf. Schools of the era following the one at Hartford took as their corporate title "Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb." Later on the teaching of speech to the deaf began to be stressed. The fact that every deaf child otherwise normal could learn to talk more or less made the word "dumb" appear inappropriate, so schools began to take the title "Institution for the Deaf." The most up-to-date title is "School for the Deaf." Gallaudet College originally was "The National Deaf-Mute College." About thirty years ago the alumni of the college inaugurated a movement which culminated in a change to the name it now bears.
In so far as the general public is concerned, the terms "mute," "deaf-mute," and "deaf and dumb" are practically synonymous; but among the instructors of the deaf, the educated deaf, and wellinformed people the words "mute," "deaf-mute," and "dumb" are looked upon with disfavor and their use is discouraged when referring to the pupils and graduates of schools for the deaf.
Following the line of least resistance, the deaf young man or woman seeking a higher education will go to Gallaudet College, where the method of instruction is designed to circumvent the hearing defect. Some have gone directly to colleges and universities for the hearing
and have graduated. A few have entered universities for the hearing after graduating from Gallaudet. A talented architect residing in St. Louis is a graduate of Gallaudet School for the Deaf, St. Louis; of Gallaudet College for the Deaf, Washington; and of Washington University, St. Louis. I do not believe there is a college or university in existence where one who is a "deaf-mute," "deafand-dumb," or "deaf" will be denied a degree provided he is otherwise qualified.
Gallaudet College does not confine its degrees to the deaf. Persons not deaf, among them graduates of various State universities, of Yale, Harvard, Amherst, Trinity and many others, who have made notable contributions to the department of education of the deaf have been the recipients of degrees from Gallaudet-among them the late Dr. Alexander Graham Bell.
JAMES H. CLOUD.
A "FAKE" REVIVED ECENTLY in an impassioned speech upon the floor of Congress reference Iwas made to "the burning of witches" in Salem, and within a few months something of the same sort has repeatedly appeared in magazines of supposed intelligence and of such high grade as the late "Unpopular Review"-still later the "Unpartisan Review." People with any familiarity with New England history know that the victims of the lamentable witchcraft delusion, nineteen in number, were put to death in the usual official manner of the time-that is, by hanging-though one was under English law pressed to death with heavy weights, not because he was accused of practicing the black art but because he refused to plead, his motive perhaps being that his family would thus save his property from forfeiture. It is reasonable to believe that in England the same fate would have befallen him under the same conditions. The persistence with which this idea prevails that the Salem victims suffered at the stake suggests the ease with which historic myths get started and the difficulty of uprooting them-especially when they are damaging to the good name of the Puritan clergy of New England.
The foregoing considerations are submitted because another New England myth seems in a fair way of general acceptance, in spite of its absurdity. Last year the Houghton Mifflin Company published a book by Mary Rogers Bangs entitled "Old Cape Cod: The Land; the Men; the Sea," on pages 78-9 of which occurs the following statement in apparently the best of faith:
Quakers held parsons in light esteem, yet not one of the Cape clergy could have conceived such a plan as Cotton Mather, in 1682, spread before Higginson of Salem. "There be now at sea a skipper," wrote he, "which has aboard a hundred or more of ye heretics and malignants called Qua
kers, with William Penn, who is ye scamp at ye head of them." Mather went on to recount that secret orders had gone out to waylay the ship "as near ye coast of Codde as may be and make captives of ye Penn and his ungodly crew, so that ye Lord may be glorified, and not mocked on ye soil of this new country with ye heathen worship of these people." Then the astounding proposition: "Much spoil can be made by selling ye whole lot to Barbadoes, where slaves fetch good prices in rumme and sugar. We shall not only do ye Lord great service by punishing the Wicked, but shall make gayne for his ministers and people." The precious scheme somehow miscarried, the threatened engagement off "Codde" did not take place, and Philadelphia was founded.
Now the very archaisms of this preposterous letter, so laboriously wrought, would arouse suspicion, the effort to imitate a seventeenth-century style of English being fairly apparent. Moreover, if such a letter really existed, the almost universal disposition to deride the Puritan clergy would have long since made its phrases almost household words among the present generation, and it would not have been left to be drawn from its obscurity by a rather negligible book in 1920. From the point of view of the modern unregenerate, the "letter" with its delicious suggestions of "rumme and sugar" and "gayne" for the clergy is altogether "too good to be true." Furthermore, it is a fair supposition that if Cotton Mather had heard that a ship-load of Quakers was on its way to such a distant point as what was to be Philadelphia, he would have thanked God that such ill-disposed persons were not headed for Boston-to insist on being hanged. At any rate, he certainly would not have suggested the selling into slavery of so influential a person as William Penn, the personal friend of the Duke of York, brother to King Charles and heir apparent to the throne itself.
As a matter of fact the "letter" went the rounds of the American newspaper press in 1891, and, strange to say, actually imposed upon persons of intelligence. The Rev. Dr. Heber Newton read it from his pulpit as genuine, and the editor of the Albany "Evening Times," T. C. Callicot, could not make up his mind to reject it as a forgery. But the New York "Sun," which justly described it "as the work of a humorist rather than of a deliberate and mercenary impostor," in its issue of June 19, 1891, in a half-column editorial, gave the history of this engaging fraud on the evidence of an unnamed Easton, Pennsylvania, correspondent.
It first appeared in the Easton "Argus" of April 28, 1870, and was the concoction of its editor, James F. Shunk, son of a one-time Governor of Pennsylvania and son-in-law of Judge Jeremiah S. Black. It was introduced as having been discovered by "Mr. Judkins, librarian of the Massachusetts Historical Society," among the papers "of the late
Robert Greenleaf, of Malden," neither of which persons ever existed, as was speedily discovered by Massachusetts investigators-or perhaps it would be more exact to say that the Massachusetts Historical Society never had a librarian named Judkins, and no Robert Greenleaf had ever been heard of in Malden.
But the full humor of the "letter" can be best exhibited by a transcription of Mr. Shunk's effort as originally printed, premising that the text that went the rounds in 1891 was slightly abridged, a few lines of the 1870 version being omitted:
September ye 15th, 1682. To ye aged and beloved Mr. John Higginson:
There be now at sea a shippe (for our friend Mr. Esaias Holcroft of London did advise me by the last packet that it wolde sail some time in August) called ye Welcome, R. Greenaway, master, which has aboard an hundred or more of ye heretics and malignants called Quakers, with W. Penne, who is ye Chief Scampe at ye hedde of them. Ye General Court has accordingly given secret orders to Master Malachi Huxett of ye brig Porposse to waylaye ye said Welcome slylie as near ye coast of Codde as may be and make captive ye said Penne and his ungodlie crewe so that ye Lord may be glorified and not mocked on ye soil of this new countrie with ye heathen worshippe of these people. Much spoyle can be made by selling ye whole lotte to Barbadoes, where slaves fetch good prices in rumme and sugar, and we shall not only do ye Lord great service by punishing ye wicked, but we shall make great gayne for his ministers and people. Master Huxett feels hopefull and will set down the newes he brings when his shippe comes back.
Yours in ye bowells of Christ,
COTTON MATHER. And to think that this sort of thing should be treated as history! FREDERICK J. SHEPARD.
Buffalo, New York.
JUST THIS ONCE WE PUT A WANT AD IN THE MAIL BAG In Jail, Deland, Florida.
The Outlook Company: If you learn of lawyers who are honest and competent, and are hunting work, I want 5. R.
[This is the kind of letter which editors like to receive. It is terse and yet it covers the situation completely. We are sure that this correspondent, if he wanted to criticise an editorial, would not take three times the space required by that editorial to do it in. If all our correspondents had a like faculty of brevity, the Mail Bag could hold a dozen subjects where now it holds one. And we would have more room for editorial replies like this one, which is twice as long as the letter which called it forth. -The Editors.]
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The Story of a Cuckoo's Egg By HILDA TERRAS
A book for any bird lover. With 8 plates in colors and other illustrations from photographs.
The Book of Giants
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A gathering of giants, real and legendary, from all lands and books.
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Japanese fairy tales quaintly related. Illus-
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Folk tales from the Canadian border, chiefly
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Chapter IX-In the Cabinet......
The Making of America.
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