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To Proprietors of Winter
Resort Hotels

Many advertising schedules for the fall and early
winter are now being made up.

The special classified Hotel Section of The Outlook offers a most effective and economical means of reaching many thousands of Outlook readers who take winter vacation trips.

A recent investigation in 20 cities shows that 57% of Outlook subscribers visit winter resorts.

The special classified hotel rate is only 60 cents a line. Just send us your booklet and we will prepare copy for your approval.

Department of Classified Advertising



Companions and Domestic Helpers WANTED-A young college woman as assistant chaperon in a school who would like to be trained to become a secretary. 2,035, * Outlook.

WANTED-Young lady's companion to act as chaperon during winter in Washington. Prefer English woman. References required. 2,059, Outlook,

WANTED-Refined Christian woman to give some service to semi-invalid and a little help in the household in exchange for pleasant room, board, and slight remuneration. Several hours free during the day for other employment. Send communications to 2,120, Outlook.

REFINED Protestant as waitress in family employing dietitian and governess. No servants. Cedar Hill Farm, Reading, Pa.

MOTHER'S helper willing to do upstairs work while children are at school. Long Island. $60. 2,128, Outlook.

WANTED, in family of 4 business women at Great Neck, Long Island, working housekeeper. Very comfortable room with bath, light work, good home, moderate wages will be offered to right person. Address 2,140, Outlook.

Teachers and Governesses WANTED-Young nursery governess for boy 9 and girl 5 years. In country, near New York. 2,099, Outlook.

WANTED-Protestant governess in westeru Massachusetts for two children, seven and tive and one-half, girl and boy both in school mornings. Good health and even disposition required. Must be able to sew well, fond of out-of-doors, and willing to co-operate in general family life. State experience and references. Position permanent. Address Box 2.107, Outlook.

GENTLEWOMAN wanted as governess for two girls 9 and 6 years. Near New York. Caable of assuming charge of household. Must

of pleasing personality, adaptable and pleasant disposition. Age not over 45. Highst references required and given. Apply, giving full particulars, to 2,117, Outlook.

GOVERNESS-French Protestant, for girl of nine. Lessons in English and piano. State experience, references, and salary. Mrs. John V. Bishop, Columbus, N. J.

EXPERIENCED governess to teach boy 7, and physical care of girl4%. State age, method of teaching, experience. References. Connec ticut summers. Florida winters.2,147, Outlook.


Professional Situations

TRAINED nurse, refined, sunny disposition, desires position as companion to elderly person, couple, or semi-invalid. Free to travel. References. 2,088, Outlook.

TRAINED nurse would eare for invalid or children going to California, via Panama or rail. 2,131, Outlook.

Business Situations

TWO experienced dietitians desire openings other than hospital, November first. 2,056, Outlook.

TRAINED college woman, 2 years' experience, desires position as director of industrial cafeteria, school cafeteria, or dining room. 2,141, Outlook.

Companions and Domestic Helpers

YOUNG Englishwoman, highly educated, experienced, traveled, amiable disposition, desires position as companion or secretary. 2,111, Outlook.

CULTURED woman desires position as managing or companion housekeeper. Willing to travel. Highest references. 2,123, Outlook.

UNDERGRADUATE nurse, with experience, wishes position as nurse, companion. Good traveler. References. 2,122, Outlook.

WOMAN, cultured, Protestant, good traveler, desires position chaperon or companion. 2,127, Outlook.

ENGLISH gentlewoman desires position
as companion or governess for child over two
years. References. 2,129, Outlook.

COMPANION to young girl. Assist with
Half time. 12 years' experience.
Excellent references. 2,115, Outlook.


REFINED young woman desires position as companion for lady wishing to spend the winter in either California or Florida. Miss A. H. Scholl, Mullica Hill, N. J.

CALIFORNIA-Young woman in social work will chaperon young person or take invalid to the coast. 2,119, Outlook.

CHRISTIAN young lady of culture, personality, capable, experienced, traveled, desires direct home for gentleman (Protestant) with motherless children, or companion, chap"elder sister," to lady or girl going South. Superior references given and required. 2,126, Outlook.


WANTED-Position as housemother or
club. 2,134,
chaperon in boys' school or

SITUATIONS WANTED Companions and Domestic Helpers COMPANION-Lady or children school age by Protestant, as family-member. Trav eled. Neat sewer, knowledge millinery, adaptable, resourceful, conscientious. Suburb, country. 2,133, Outlook.

CARE of home and children with one or more maids wanted by capable American woman. 12 years in last position. 2,132, Outlook.

COMPANION-secretary and dietitian with
lady traveling or family with little children.
Care for children, sew, drive car. Pratt grad-
uate. 2,135, Outlook.

WANTED-Position as nursery governess,
mother's helper. Preferably near New York.
Experienced. Miss Burrill, 8 Solon St.,
Wellesley, Mass.

CULTURED young lady, pleasing person-
ality, desires position as traveling companion,
companion, or home secretary. Excellent
references. 2,137, Outlook.

RELIABLE, well educated woman desires position with child over two years old. Speaks English and German. References. 2,145,


COMPANION, secretary-cultivated woman, 35-to someone spending winter in Cal ifornia, abroad, or in travel. 2.149. Outlook.

Teachers and Governesses REFINED, well educated French woman desires position as governess to children or useful companion. Is accustomed to traveling, good sewer. Country preferred. Best of references. Mlle. O. Vernon, care Mrs. G. A. Cluett, Williamstown, Mass.

VISITING tutor-governess to children over six. German, French, piano. 12th year. Prepare for regents. 2,116, Outlook.

ENGLISH WOMAN requires position as governess-companion, or take full charge of small child. Locality no object. 2,121, Outlook. MATURE teacher, A.M., Ph.D., available. Classics, or psychology-sociology. Two terms post work, Chicago University Earnest, good speaker. Good references. 2,139, Outlook.

TUTORING-College preparatory, history,
English, French, German or Spanish read-
ings. Radcliffe A.M. Experienced.. Refer-
ences. 2.144, Outlook.

WANTED Defective people
Address W., Pawling, N. Y.




FOR adoption-Two very intelligent little girls: one, ten years old, brown hair, grey eyes, slender; one, eleven years old, dark hair, brown eyes, tall and sturdy. Apply 610 Elm St., New Haven, Conn.

FOR adoption-Twin boys ten years of age and their sister eight years of age, all sturdy, healthy children of American parentage; very blond and blue eyed. Prefer to have the twins taken together. Apply 610 Elm St., New Haven, Coun.

BOARD, room, and tuition free to ten boys willing to wait on table in Eastern preparatory school. 2,152, Outlook.

TO young women desiring training in the care of obstetrical patients a very thorough nurses' aid course of six months is offered by the Lying-In Hospital, 307 Second Ave., New York. Monthly allowance and full maintenance is furnished. For further information address Directress of Nurses.

MISS Guthman, New York shopper, will shop for you, services free. No samples. References. 309 West 99th St.

BOYS wanted. 500 boys wanted to sell The Outlook each week. No investment necessary. Write for selling plan, Carrier Department, The Outlook Company, 381 Fourth Ave., New York City.

CHILD or young girl accommodated in my home in Colorado Springs. Excellent environment. Intelligent care. Open air school. References exchanged. 2,096, Outlook.

EXCELLENT opportunity for boy from 12 to 16 years. Home and tuition in private school in return for help in the house and on place. Address B. K., 2,109, Outlook.

NEW England hollyhocks from an old England garden. Generous package, 10c. Daphne Ely, Tinker Lane, Lyme, Conn.

VALUABLE old violin and old Paisley shawl with scarlet center for sale. 2.180, Outlook.

HIGH school, normal, business, law, engineering and college courses thoroughly taught by mail. For special rates, address Carnegie College, Rogers, Ohio.

THE Olivia Sage School of Practical Nurs ing offers a one year's course in special bedside nursing to a limited number of women. Classes are formed twice a year. Pupils reApceive maintenance, uniform and salary. ply to Director, New York Infirmary for Women and Children, 321 East 15th St.. New York.

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John Morley, when editor of the "Pall Mall Gazette," had for an assistant another distinguished journalist, W. T. Stead. Morley, according to a recently published book, had the scholar's predilection for experts, while Stead questioned their availability in journalism. "Suppose you had to have an article on sun-spots," said Morley, "would you get an astronomer to write it who knows everything about the subject, or a journalist who knows nothing?" "The journalist, most assuredly," Stead replied; "if you get an astronomer to write the article he will write it for astronomers, and use terms which your readers will not understand. The net effect will be that your reader will not learn what you want him to." "But." queried Morley, "is that not setting ignorance to instruct ignorance?" "By no means. It is setting a man who is intelligent to tap the brains of a specialist, and then to serve up his knowledge so that it can be understood by the ordinary reader." Apparently the debate ended here.

An advertisement in a New York newspaper is contributed by a reader who thinks it is as remarkable as any in the "agony" column of the London "Times:"

Wanted.-Well-known poet will exchange manuscript of unpublished volume of verse for use of sparsely furnished cottage for Summer. Address Poet,

"A man went into a store and bought a pair of shoes for $10, and gave the storekeeper a $50 bill in payment. The shoe man went to the butcher to change the bill, returned and gave his customer $40 in change. Later the butcher found that the $50 bill was a counterfeit and the shoe dealer refunded him $50 in good money. What was the shoe man's loss?"

So writes a subscriber, little knowing. apparently, that he has stated a problem that has taxed the powers of the ablest minds for generations. From a chapbook of the Middle Ages we extract this answer:

"Thys wycked swindleer made his eschape with the shoes and £8 ($40) in goode monnaie. The merchaunt kepte £2 ($10). Later hee had to coughe up ye £2 ($10) with £8 ($40) of his owne cashe to ye butchyr. So hee loses £8 ($40) and ye shoes. N. B. If ye shoes coste hym £1 ($5) to make, hys loss is onlye £9 ($45)."


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DOR Charlie Chaplin would be sorely distressed if he saw how coldly his films are received on the other side of the globe.

America's Sweetheart also would not be satisfied with her far-away audience. These queer Peruvians, Chileans, and half a dozen of other recently movieinfected nationalities of South America, all of them are blind to the charms of your Mary.

It is not so much the fault of the players as the film-makers. What is consid

ered "sure fire" in the States does not work there, below the Great Belt. Happy endings leave the audience dissatisfied. The inevitable embrace in the last reel is not seldom met with an open sneer.

Strange creature is the South American. No less than half a dozen murders (on the screen) can satisfy him. Suicides are even more in vogue. And if you want to please his heart thoroughly, kill the hero and make the heroine fade away, mourning him! He is just like a Russian, in this respect.

One of the pictures most popular in South America was "Hijas Perdidas" (Perished Daughters), a melodramatic German production, with a brokenhearted parent in the last scene. He discovers his son lured into a bad house kept by his own daughter! This is meant as a punishment for the sins of his early youth.

There is a nice dying scene, besides, and several love's illusions smashed. Also a couple of ruined girls. Lot of unpunished villains. Tragic ending. The public was delighted.

I am not going to analyze thoroughly the whys of such attitude. It was formed partly because of the Latin craving for stark realism; its tragic stories serve as a consolation for these people whose living conditions are often beggarlike. There is a kind of perverse cheerfulness in the thought that others have to suffer also.

North American optimism is seldom met with among those somber halfSpaniards. Indian blood, freely mixed with the Latin for centuries, probably has something to do with their fatalistic outlook on life. Whatever are the reasons, one is clear: the public below the equator wants tragedies. And the bloodier the better.

This is written partly for the benefit of the film manufacturers; they may some day come to reason and abandon shipping to the far South the "sunny" American dramas. But, aside from this charitable purpose, I strive to remind American readers, actors, and photoplaywriters that the taste of the masses is not standardized the world over. So, in order to gain either world-wide market or world-wide fame, they should season their Extra Sweet Syrup Productions with the bitter spice of pessimism which the public likes immensely-below the equator.

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Already it has been praised by John Clair Minot in The Boston Herald, W. Orton
Tewson in The Philadelphia Public Ledger, as well as by Mr. Cooper in The
New York Herald-flayed by Heywood Broun in The New York World, and
by Burton Rascoe in The New York Tribune-both praised and flayed by
Katharine Fullerton Gerould in The New York Times, and by Edwin Francis
Edgett in The Boston Transcript.

Mr. Cooper is right. The early reviews prove his statement. "This
Freedom" will be more widely, more heatedly discussed than
"If Winter Comes "-which means that you MUST read it.
The Best Seller Everywhere. Price, $2.00




in every line of household, educational, business, or personal service-domestic workers, teachers, nurses, business or professional assistants, etc., etc.-whether you require help or are seeking a situation, may be filled through a little announcement in the classified columns of The Outlook. If you have some article to sell or exchange, these columns may prove of real value to you as they have to many others. Send for descriptive circular and order blank AND FILL YOUR WANTS. Address Department of Classified Advertising, THE OUTLOOK, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York


$5 $6 $7&$8 SHOES FOR MEN

AND WOMEN are actually demanded year after year by more people than any other shoe in the world

BECAUSE: For style, material and workmanship
they are unequaled.

Protection against unreasonable profits is guaranteed
by the price stamped on every pair.

Years of satisfactory service have given them confi-
dence in the shoes and in the protection afforded by the
W. L. Douglas Trade Mark.

W.L. DOUGLAS shoes are put into all of our 110 stores at
factory cost. We do not make one cent of
profit until the shoes are sold to you. It is worth dollars for Boys Shoes $4.00 & $4.50
you to remember that when you buy shoes at our stores

No matter where you live, shoe dealers can supply you with
W. L. Douglas shoes. They cost no more in
San Francisco than they do in New England.of

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In Social Work as in
Other Professions

Two hundred American cities are seeking men trained and experienced in community organization to direct Councils of Social Agencies, Welfare Federations and Joint Financing Enterprises.

If you have had administrative experience in social agencies you can get Professional Training and Practical Experience in Community Organization Work at the

School of Applied
Social Sciences



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available, partial, endowed, for promising students, girls above 12, in a high-grade boarding school; college preparatory. College town. Send school record and references. Talent preferred. Box 8,205, Outlook.

TEACHERS' AGENCIES The Pratt Teachers Agency

70 Eifth Avenue, New York Recommends teachers to colleges, public and private schools. Advises parents about schools. Wm. O. Pratt, Mgr.



In the National Capital
A Girls' School With an Atmosphere of
Quiet Refinement and Culture
Washington offers many unusual advantages in
Art Exhibits, Concerts, Social and Governmental

Gunston Hall stands for Character Building as well as Scholastic Attainment.

General Academic, College Preparatory, PostGraduate and Elective Courses. All branches of Athletics. For catalog address

Mrs. BEVERLEY R. MASON 1938 Florida Ave.,

Washington, D. C.


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School for Girls

Strong college preparatory courses. Scholarships.
Careful review for college examinations. Individual in-

Also general course.

Home atmosphere. Personal contact with heads of school.
Outdoor life. All sports. Rhythmic dancing. Suburban

Box 150, Catonsville, Md.




The Outlook

Copyright, 1922, by The Outlook Company TABLE OF CONTENTS

Vol. 132 September 27, 1922. No. 4

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The Old Soak..

The Superior Right....

Founded 1828.

A Germanized English Policy

A School for Girls
23 miles from Boston. College preparation. Strong course
for high school graduates. Outdoor sports.

Address MISS BERTHA BAILEY, Principal.

DEAN ACADEMY, Franklin, Mass.

56th Year. Young men and young women find here a
homelike atmosphere, thorough and efficient training in
every department of a broad culture, a loyal and helpful
school spirit. Liberal endowment permits liberal terms, $400
to $500 per year. Special course in domestic science. For
catalogue and information address,
ARTHUR W. PEIRCE, Litt.D., Headmaster

23 Highland St., Natick, Mass. A College Prepara-
tory School for Girls. 17 miles from Boston.

Miss Conant, Miss Bigelow, Principals


Boarding and Day School. From primary grades through college preparatory. School Building. Gymnasium. Three residences. Ample opportunity for outdoor life. 63d year. Address Miss MARTHA MASON, Principal, Waltham, Mass.


The McCarter School
Cranford, New Jersey
For little children from four to eight years of age. Ideal
Alice McCarter.
home and school life.

KENT PLACE Summit, N. J.

20 miles from N. Y.
A Country School for Girls. College Preparatory and Aca-
demic Courses.


Crane Normal Institute of Music
Training School for Supervisors of Music
Sight-Singing, Harmony, Practice-Teaching,
Chorus and Orchestra Conducting.
Voice, Violin, Pipe-Organ, Piano.


Indian Mountain School PUTNAM HALL, School for Girls

One year tutoring course for boys
who need individual instruction
Beautiful location. Splendid equipment. Athletics.
Write for booklet.

F. B. RIGGS, Lakeville, Connecticut

College preparatory, social secretary and other courses.
All out-of-door sports. Campus of four acres. Supervised
gymnastics. Sleeping porches. Hockey field.
ELLEN C.BARTLETT, A.B., Principal, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. (807.

"Renzelver" School

Children five to twelve, continuing education through period of physical strengthening and corrective development. H. MARGUERITE SCHRYVER, Principal, Staatsburgh-on-Hudson, N. Y. Booklet.

By Elbert Francis Baldwin

Business Men and Business Cycles.. 141

By Edward Eyre Hunt

Is the Farmer "Gold-Bricked" Again

on the Tariff?....

By O. M. Kile


Worthy of Enduring

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The Wind Terror of the East........ 155

By Lieutenant-Commander K. C. McIntosh,
S.C., United States Navy

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NEW American writers, explorers, lecturers, and special correspondents are better known than George Kennan. As the special correspondent of The Outlook in the Russo-Japanese War; in Cuba, in the Spanish War times; in Martinique after the great volcanic eruption; and in other countries, Mr. Kennan has done some of the most notable special correspondence work in the history of this journal. He had for a great many years the pleasure of a peculiarly intimate friendship with Alexander Graham Bell. In this article he is perhaps the first to write about Dr. Bell with hardly a mention of the telephone. The article will be found, we are sure, to be the more interesting in that it is personal and reminiscent rather than scientific in its character.

ERBERT GORMAN is contributing as

H sistant to the New York Times"

Magazine and Book Review Section. He has been spending the summer at the MacDowell Colony at Peterborough, New Hampshire, principally occupied in finishing his novel, correcting proof on a book of verse which is appearing in the fall, and putting together the Peterborough Anthology.

O. M. KILE, formerly associated with

the American Farm Bureau Federation, and an authoritative writer on farm problems, has been in close touch with the members of the Congressional Commission which conducted investigations into the costs of distribution and the effect on the farmer of the pending Tariff Bill, and has given the subject considerable independent study. Mr. Kile is the author of "The Farm Bureau Movement," and writes regularly for the leading agricultural publications.


TOSH of the United States Navy makes readable a scientific subject. His article was announced in our issue of September 13 as written by Lieutenant Tinker. We wish to correct that statement and apologize for the substitution of names in our advance notice. Lieu. tenant-Commander McIntosh has been stationed at the Naval Air Station at Pensacola and is a frequent contributor to "Sea Power," "The Naval Institute Proceedings," and numerous aeronautical magazines.


Diain of Saint Luke's Chapel in Paris.

During the war he was Chaplain of the 144th Field Artillery in France and be

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Many articles have been written about conspicuous men whose careers are notable successes by reason of their wealth or professional. positions, but every town has another type-the average successful American who has done his duty to his family and his community and has reached a position of trust and honor in the minds of his neighbors which cannot be measured in the usual terms of success. It is this type of American which will be depicted for the first time in a series to which the three noted writers mentioned above have contributed. To begin

in the OCTOBER


fore that Rector Emeritus of Trinity St. John's Riverside Hospital Training | UNION THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

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School for Nurses

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