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tions and the value of all previous investments in equity securities as of the date of the new investment.

(e) CESSATION OF CONTROL.—If an insurer ceases to control a subsidiary, it shall dispose of any investment therein made pursuant to this section within three years from the time of the cessation of control or within such further time as the Commissioner may prescribe, unless at any time after such investment was made, such investment meets the requirements for investment under sections 35 and 41, chapter III, of the Life Insurance Act (D.C. Code, secs. 35–535 and 35–541) and section 18, chapter II, of the Fire and Casualty Act (D.C. Code, sec. 35–1521), and the insurer has notified the Commissioner thereof.

ACQUISITION OF CONTROL OF OR MERGER WITH DOMESTIC INSURER

Sec. 4. (a) FILING REQUIREMENTS.—No person other than the issuer shall make a tender offer for or a request or invitation for tenders of, or enter into any agreement to exchange securities for, seek to acquire, or acquire, in the open market or otherwise, any voting security of a domestic insurer if, after the consummation thereof, such person would directly or indirectly (or by conversion or by exercise of any right to acquire) be in control of such insurer, and no person shall enter into an agreement merge with or otherwise to acquire control of a domestic insurer, unless, at the time any such offer, request, or invitation is made or any such agreement is entered into, or prior to the acquisition of such securities if no offer or agreement is involved, such person has filed with the Commissioner and has sent to such insurer, and such insurer has sent to its shareholders, a statement containing the information required by this section and such offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition has been approved by the Commissioner in the manner hereinafter prescribed. For purposes of this section a domestic insurer shall include any other person controlling a domestic insurer unless such other person is either directly or through its affiliates primarily engaged in business other than the business of insurance.

(b) CONTENT OF STATEMENT.—The statement to be filed with the Commissioner hereunder shall be made under oath or affirmation and shall contain the following information :

(1) The name and address of each person by whom or on whose behalf the merger or other acquisition of control referred to in subsection (a) is to be effected (hereinafter called "acquiring party'), and

(A) If such person is an individual, his principal occupation and all offices and positions held during the past five years, and any conviction of crimes other than minor traffic violations during the past ten years ;

(B) If such person is not an individual, a report of the nature of its business operations during the past five years or for such lesser period as such person and any predecessors thereof shall have been in existence; an informative description of the business intended to be done by such person and such person's subsidiaries; and a list of all individuals who are or who have been selected to become directors or executive officers of such person, or who perform or will perform functions appropriate to such positions. Such list shall include for each such individual the information required by

subparagraph (A) of this subsection. (2) The source, nature, and amount of the consideration used or to be used in effecting the merger or other acquisition of control, a description of any transaction wherein funds were or are to be obtained for any such purpose, and the identity of persons furnishing such consideration : Provided, That where a source of such consideration is a loan made in the lender's ordinary course of business, the identity of the lender shall remain confidential, if the person filing such statement so requests.

(3) Fully audited financial information as to the earnings and financial condition of each acquiring party for the preceding five fiscal years of each such acquiring party (or for such lesser period as such acquiring party and any predecessors thereof shall have been in existence), and similar unaudited information as of a date not earlier than ninety days prior to the filing of the statement.

(4) Any plans or proposals which each acquiring party may have to liquidate such insurer, to sell its assets or merge or consolidate it with any person, or to make any other material change in its business or corporate structure or management.

(5) The number of shares of any security referred to in subsection (a) which each acquiring party proposes to acquire, and the terms of the offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition referred to in subsection (a), and a statement as to the method by which the fairness of the proposal was arrived at.

(6) The amount of each class of any security referred to in subsection (a) which is beneficially owned or concerning which there is a right to acquire beneficial ownership by each acquiring party.

(7) A full description of any contracts, arrangements, or understandings with respect to any security referred to in subsection (a) in which any acquiring party is involved, including but not limited to transfer of any of the securities, joint ventures, loan or option arrangements, puts or calls, guarantees of loans, guarantees against loss or guarantees of profits, division of losses or profits, or the giving or withholding of proxies. Such description shall identify the persons with whom such contracts, arrangements, or undestandings have been entered into.

(8) A description of the purchase of any security referred to in subsection (a) during the twelve calendar months preceding the filing of the statement, by any acquiring party, including the dates of purchase, names of the purchasers, and consideration paid or agreed to be paid therefor.

(9) A description of any recommendations to purchase any security referred to in subsection (a) made during the twelve calendar months preceding the filing of the statement, by any acquiring party, or by anyone based upon interviews or at the suggestion of such acquiring party.

(10) Copies of all tender offers for, requests or invitations for tenders of exchange offers for, and agreements to acquire or exchange any securities referred to in subsection (a), and (if distributed) of additional soliciting material relating thereto.

(11) The terms of any agreement, contract, or understanding made with any broker-dealer as to solicitation of securities referred to in subsection (a) for tender, and the amount of any fees, commissions, or other compensation to be paid to broker-dealers with regard thereto.

(12) Such additional information as the Commissioner may by rule or regulation prescribe as necessary or appropriate for the protection of policyholders and securityholders of the insurer or in the public interest. If the person required to file the statement referred to in subsection (a) is a partnership, limited partnership, syndicate, or other group, the Commissioner may require that the information called for by paragraphs (1) through (12) shall be given with respect to each partner of such partnership or limited partnership, each member of such syndicate or group, and each person who controls such partner or member. If any such partner, member, or person is a corporation or the person required to file the statement referred to in subsection (a) is a corporation, the Commissioner may require that the information called for by paragraphs (1) through (12) shall be given with respect to such corporation, each officer and director of such corporation, and each person who is directly or indirectly the beneficial owner of more than 10 per centum of the outstanding voting securities of such corporation. If any material change occurs in the facts set forth in the statement filed with the Commissioner and sent to such insurer pursuant to this section, an amendment setting forth such change, together with copies of all documents and other material relevant to such change, shall be filed with the Commissioner and sent to such insurer within two business days after the person learns of such change. Such insurer shall send such amendment to its shareholders.

(c) ALTERNATIVE FILING MATERIALS.—If any offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition referred to in subsection (a) is proposed to be made by means of a registration statement under the Securities Act of 1933 or in circumstances requiring the disclosure of similar information under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or under a State law requiring similar registration or disclosure, the person required to file the statement referred to in subsection (a) may utilize such documents in furnishing the information called for by that statement. (d) APPROVAL BY COMMISSIONER; HEARINGS.

(1) The Commissioner shall approve any merger or other acquisition of control referred to in subsection (a) unless, after a public hearing thereon, he finds that:

(A) After the change of control the domestic insurer referred to in subsection (a) would not be able to satisfy the requirements for the issuance of a license to write the line or lines of insurance for which it is presently licensed ;

(B) The effect of the merger or other acquisition of control would be substantially to lessen competition in insurance in the District or tend to create a monopoly therein;

(C) The financial condition of any acquiring party is such as might jeopardize the financial stability of the insurer, or prejudice the interest of its policyholders or the interests of any remaining securityholders who are unaffiliated with such acquiring party ;

(D) The terms of the offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition referred to in subsection (a) are unfair and unreasonable to the securityholders of the insurer;

(E) The plans or proposals which the acquiring party has to liquidate the insurer, sell its asset or consolidate or merge it with any person, or to make any other material change in its business or corporate structure or management, are unfair and unreasonable to policyholders of the insurer and not in the public interest; or

(F) The competence, experience, and integrity of those persons who would control the operation of the insurer are such that it would not be in the interest of policyholders of the insurer or of the public to permit

the merger or other acquisition of control. (2) The public hearing referred to in paragraph (1) shall be held within thirty days after the statement required by subsection (a) is filed, and at least twenty days' notice thereof shall be given by the Commissioner to the person filing the statement. Not less than seven days' notice of such public hearing shall be given by the person filing the statement to the insurer and to such other persons as may be designated by the Commissioner. The insurer shall give such notice to its securityholders. The commissioner shall make a determination within thirty days after the conclusion of such hearing. At such hearing, the person filing the statement, the insurer, any person to whom notice of hearing was sent, and any other person whose interests may be affected thereby shall have the right to present evidence, examine and crossexamine witnesses, and offer oral and written arguments, and in connection therewith shall be entitled to conduct discovery proceedings in the same manner as is presently allowed in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia. All discovery proceedings shall be concluded not later than three

days prior to the commencement of the public hearing. (e) MAILINGS TO SHAREHOLDERS ; PAYMENT OF EXPENSES.-All statements, amendments, or other material filed pursuant to subsection (a) or (b), and all notices of public hearings held pursuant to subsection (d), shall be mailed by the insurer to its shareholders within five business days after the insurer has received such statements, amendments, other material, or notices. The expenses of mailing shall be borne by the person making the filing. As security for the payment of such expenses, such person shall file with the Commissioner an acceptable bond or other deposit in an amount to be determined by the Commissioner. (f) EXEMPTIONS.—The provisions of this section shall not apply to

(1) any offers, requests, invitations, agreements, or acquisitions by the person referred to in subsection (a) of any voting security referred to in subsection (a) which, immediately prior to the consumption of such offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition, was not issued and outstanding;

(2) any offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition if, under the terms thereof, the consummation of the transaction contemplated thereunder would result in the ownership by security holders of the domestic insurer of stock possessing at least 80 per centum of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock of the acquiring party entitled to vote; and

(3) any offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition which the Commissioner by order shall exempt therefrom as (A) not having been made or entered into for the purpose and not having the effect of changing or influencing the control of a domestic insurer, or (B) as otherwise not com

prehended within the purposes of this section. (g) VIOLATIONS.--The following shall be violations of this section :

(1) The failure to file any statement, amendment, or other material required to be filed pursuant to subsection (a) or (b); or

(2) The effectuation or any attempt to effectuate an acquisition of control of, or merger with, a domestic insurer unless the Commissioner has

given his approval thereto. (h) JURISDICTION; CONSENT TO SERVICE OF PROCESS.—The Superior Court of the District of Columbia is hereby vested with jurisdiction over every person not resident, domiciled, or authorized to do business in the District who files a statement with the Commissioner under this section, and over all actions involving such person arising out of violations of this section, and each such person shall be deemed to have performed acts equivalent to and constituting an appointment by such a person of the Commissioner to be his true and lawful attorney upon whom may be served all lawful process in any action, suit, or proceeding arising out of violations of this section. Copies of all such lawful process shall be served on the Commissioner and transmitted by registered or certified mail by the Commissioner to such person at his last known address.

REGISTRATION OF INSURERS

SEC. 5. (a) REGISTRATION.—Every insurer which is authorized to do business in the District and which is a member of an insurance holding company system shall register with the Commissioner, except a foreign insurer subject to disclosure requirements and standards adopted by statute or regulation in the jurisdiction of its domicile which are substantially similar to those contained in this Act. Any insurer which is subject to registration under this section shall register within sixty days after the effective date of this Act or fifteen days after it becomes subject to registration, whichever is later, unless the Commissioner for good cause shown extends the time for registration, and then within such extended time. The Commissioner may require any authorized insurer which is a member of a holding company system which is not subject to registration under this section to furnish a copy of the registration statement or other information filed by such insurance company with the insurance regulatory authority of its domiciliary jurisdiction.

(b) INFORMATION AND FORM REQUIRED.—Every insurer subject to registration shall file a registration statement on a form provided by the Commissioner, which shall contain current information about

(1) the capital structure, general financial condition, ownership, and management of the insurer and any person controlling the insurer;

(2) the identity of every member of the insurance holding company system;

(3) the following agreements in force, relationships subsisting, and transactions currently outstanding between such insurer and its affiliates :

(A) loans, other investments, or purchases, sales or exchanges or securities of the affiliates by the insurer or of the insurer by its affiliates;

(B) purchases, sales, or exchanges of assets;
(C) transactions not in the ordinary course of business ;

(D) guarantees or undertakings for the benefit of an affiliate which result in an actual contingent exposure of the insurer's assets to liability, other than insurance contracts entered into in the ordinary course of the insurer's business;

(E) all management and service contracts and all cost-sharing arrangements, other than cost allocation arrangements based upon generally accepted accounting principles; and

(F) reinsurance agreements covering all or substantially all of one or more lines of insurance of the ceding company. (4) other matters concerning transactions between registered insurers and any affiliates as may be included from time to time in any registration

forms adopted or approved by the Commissioner. (c) MATERIALITY.—No information need be disclosed on the registration statement filed pursuant to subsection (b) if such information is not material for the purposes of this section. Unless the Commissioner by rule, regulation, or order provides otherwise, sales, purchases, exchanges, loans, or extensions of credit, or investments, involving one-half of 1 per centum or less of an insurer's admitted assets as of the thirty-first day of December next preceding shall not be deemed material for purposes of this section.

(d) AMENDMENTS TO REGISTRATION STATEMENTS. Each registered insurer shall keep current the information required to be disclosed in its registration statement by reporting all material changes or additions on amendment forms provided by the Commissioner within fifteen days after the end of the month in which it learns of each such change or addition : Provided, That subject to subsection (c) of section 6, each registered insurer shall so report all dividends and other distributions to shareholders within two business days following the declaration thereof.

(e) TERMINATION OF REGISTRATION.—The Commissioner shall terminate the registration of any insurer which demonstrates that it no longer is a member of an insurance holding company system.

(f) CONSOLIDATED FILING.–The Commissioner may require or allow two or more affiliated insurers subject to registration hereunder to file a consolidated registration statement or consolidated reports amending their consolidated registration statement or their individual registration statements.

(g) ALTERNATIVE REGISTRATION.—The Commissioner may allow an insurer which is authorized to do business in the District and which is part of an insurance holding company system to register on behalf of any affiliated insurer which is required to register under subsection (a) and to file all information and material required to be filed under this section.

(h) EXEMPTIONS.—The provisions of this section shall not apply to any insurer, information, or transaction if and to the extent that the Commissioner by rule, regulation, or order shall exempt the same from the provisions of this section.

(i) DISCLAIMER.-—The presumption of control as defined by section 2(c), may be rebutted by a showing made in the manner herein provided that control does not exist in fact. The Commissioner may determine, after furnishing all persons in interest notice and an opportunity to be heard and making specific findings of fact to support such determination, that control exists in fact, notwithstanding the absence of a presumption to that effect. Any person may file with the Commissioner a disclaimer of affiliation with any authorized insurer or such a disclaimer may be filed by such insurer or any member of an insurance holding company system. The disclaimer shall fully disclose all material relationships and bases for affiliation between such person and such insurer as well as the basis for disclaiming such affiliation. After a disclaimer has been filed, the insurer shall be relieved of any duty to register or report under this section which may arise out of the insurer's relationship with such person unless and until the Commissioner disallows the disclaimer. The Commissioner shall disallow such a disclaimer only after furnishing all parties in interest with notice and opportunity to be heard and after making specific findings of fact to support such disallowance.

(j) VIOLATIONS.---The failure to file a registration statement or any amendment thereto required by this section within the time specified for such filing shall be a violation of this section.

STANDARDS

SEC. 6. (a) TRANSACTIONS WITH AFFILIATES.—Material transactions by registered insurers with their affiliates shall be subject to the following standards:

(1) the terms shall be fair and reasonable ;

(2) the books, accounts, and records of each party shall be so maintained as to clearly and accurately disclose the precise nature and details of the transactions; and

(3) the insurer's surplus as regards policyholders following any dividends or distributions to shareholder affiliates shall be reasonable in relation to

the insurer's outstanding liabilities and adequate to its financial needs. (b) ADEQUACY OF SURPLUS.–For the purposes of this section in determining whether an insurer's surplus as regards policyholders is reasonable in relation to the insurer's outstanding liabilities and adequate to its financial needs, the following factors, among others, shall be considered.

(1) the size of the insurer as measured by its assets, capital and surplus, reserves, premium writings, insurance in force, and other appropriate criteria ;

(2) the extent to which the insurer's business is diversified among the several lines of insurance;

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