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spirit with which rebel divines and orators were received by the reconstructed:
"It is our pleasant task to notice the return, after an absence of three years or more, of two of the truest, ablest and most distinguished citizens of New Orleans, the Hon. Pierre Soule and the Rev. Dr. Leacock. The former has always been one of the chief ornaments of the Louisiana Bar, the latter the model of the Southern Divine—pure, simple, charitable and sincere. Many a sunny memory will be recalled by the sight of those noble men on our streets and at our firesides."
"The other day the Carondelet Street Methodist Church, for a long time past presided over by the Rev. J. P. Newman, was restored to the old members of the congregation."
"The Rev. Mr. Newman, who waited on the President the other day to see if he could not get permission to retain possession of a certain church edifice in New Orleans, which he had occupied since the time of General Butler, is said to be quite disgusted at the President's refusal to acquiesce in his request, and to have already written to his friends here that " the war is a dead failure."
The Rev. J. P. Newman was the Luther of the churches in New Orleans during the rebellion. He probably received more censures for his labors in the cause of Christianity—the Union and liberty than did the great reformer.
The Rev. J. "W. Horton was another beloved pastor of the Union Church of New Orleans, against whom the vengeance and denunciations of a rebellious community were directed. He was pastor of the church from which his lamented brother the Rev. Vm. Duncan was excluded before the arrival of General Butler in 1862.
After Dr. Dostie's return from Washington, he was prostrated for weeks by sickness. Upon his recovery (as was his usual custom), he started to attend church on Sabbath morning to listen to a sermon from the Rev. J. P. Newman. As he was entering Carondelet Street church, a friend asked the Dr. "If he knew the churches had been given up to their old pastors?" He replied, "If that is true, I do not desire to listen to the enemies of my Government and shall spend the day in jail with my loyal friend Mr. Bennie."
His friend had been sent to jail by Governor Wells for the crime of "embezzlement." That crime consisted in Mr. Bennie's refusal to pay acting Auditor Neville, after Dr. Dostie's unlawful removal from office, his returns as Sheriff of Terrebonne Parish.
The Freedmans' Bureau was another impediment in the way of "My Policy" and the new reconstruction laws of President Johnson. The friends of President Lincoln were those first removed from office in Louisiana by his successor. The folowing letter proves the estimation in which the labors of the Rev. T. W. Conway were held by the martyred President:
Executive Mansion, ) Washington, March 1, 1865. j Mr. Thomas W. Conway, General Superintendent Freedmen, Department of the Gulf: Sir: Your statement to Major-General Hurlburt of the condition of the freedmen of your department, and of your success in the work of their moral and civil elevation, has reached me, and gives me much pleasure.
That we shall be entirely successful in our efforts, I firmly believe.
The blessing of God and the efforts of good and faithful men will bring us an earlier and happier consummation than the most sanguine friends of the freedmen could reasonably expect.
The following article from "the reconstructed Press of New Orleans " indicates the vindictive spirit manifested towards the laborers in the cause of freedom:
"We are told by the telegraph that Major-General Thomas has tendered the superintendence of the schools for freedmen in Tennessee and Kentucky to the Rev. Thomas W. Conway. We do not believe it. General Thomas would hardly appoint an officer that President Johnson had dismissed in disgrace for stirring up the freedmen to acts of sedition.
"While we have the utmost respect for the clergy, we hope to be spared the curse of such preachers as this Reverend who i3 now in Washington defaming the people of Texas and Louisiana.
"We are all the more incredulous of this item, because Mr. Conway has been an habitual deceiver of journalists for a long while. One-half the frightful stories of inhumanity to the negro originate in his jaundiced mind. His relations exceed those of 'Uncle Tom's Cabin.'"
Ex-Confederate General Humphries, of Mississippi, one of the reconstructed Governors under "My Policy," thus writes of the Freedmens' Bureau:
"To the guardian care of the Freedmens' Bureau has been intrusted the emancipated slaves. The civil law and the white man outside of the Bureau has been de^ prived of all jurisdiction over them. Look around you and see the result. Idleness and vagrancy has been the rule.
"Four years of cruel war, conducted on principles of vandalism, disgraceful to the civilization of the age, were scarcely more blighting and destructive to the homes of the white man, impoverishing and degrading to the negro, than has resulted in the last six or eight months from the administration of this black incubus.
"How long this hideous curse, permitted of Heaven, is to be allowed to rule and ruin our unhappy people, I regret it is not in my power to give any assurance, further than can be gathered from the public and private declarations of President Johnson."
The following correspondence explains one of the acts of reconstruction under "My Policy:"
New Orleans, April 10, 1866. His Excellency', President Andrew Johnson:
Sir: It is made my duty, as President of the Senate of this State, to transmit to you by telegraph a copy of a joint resolution relative to the collection of taxes by the freedmen's bureau, for the purposes of education.
The resolution reads as follows:
"Whereas, we are informed that the superintendent of the freedmen's bureau for the State of Louisiana is proceeding to enforce the collection of a tax levied by military order in the State of Louisiana, to refund moneys expended, or to provide funds to be expended by the Federal authorities in the education of freedmen in this State:
"Be it resolved by the Senate, the House of Representatives of the General Assembly concurring, That General Howard, general superintendent of the freedmen's bureau for the United States, or, in his default the President of the United States, be respectfully requested to suspend the further collection of said taxes, and to procure or make a revocation of the order upon which they rest; and that the president of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives be requested immediately to communicate this resolution by telegraph to Washington."
I remain, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, Albert Voorhies.
War Department, April 12, 1866. To Albert Voorhies, Esq.:
Your telegram was referred to the Secretary of War, who reports that all orders and proceedings for the collection of taxes by the freedmen's bureau for the purpose of education, have been suspended.
President Johnson's favorite theory, "The Conflict $f Races," met the approbation of his reconstructed friends. "The negro will one day have his misery, and destruction entailed upon his race by the radicals of the day," was the cry of the rebel Press. Such language was no check to men of blood, who hated with undying vengeance radical and just measures.