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comma, has led all our editors into a very great mistake; as will, I hope, appear, when we proceed a little further in the fame play. The emendation is

as follows:

Therefore I do advise you,"
take note of this,
"My lord is dead, &c.

If you fo find him, pray
you give him this."
i. e. this anfwer by word of
mouth. The editors, not fo re-
gardful of confiftency as they
ought to have been, ran away
with the thought, that Regan de-
livered a letter to the fteward;
whereas the only defired him to
give, or deliver fo much by word
of mouth. And by this means
another blunder, as egregious as
the former, and arifing out of it,
prefents itself to view in the fame
act, fc. ix. p. 121.

And give the letters, which

thou find'st about me,
To Edmund earl of Glo'fter,
&c.

Edg."Let's fee these pockets,
the letters that he speaks
"of,
May be my friends"-
Reads the letter.

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Obferve, that here is but one letter produced and read, which is Goneril's. Had there been one of Regan's too, the audience no doubt fhould have heard it as well as Goneril's. But it is plain, from what is amended and explained above, that the fleward

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a The like expreffion, Twelfth Night, at iii. fc. iv. vol. iii.

p. 168.

Sir Tody."Challenge me the Duke's youth, to fight with him; "hurt him in eleven places; my niece fhall take note of it.

has

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has fresh grafs carried to him thither, upon which he feeds greedily. Dr. GRAY.

P. 136. -Reftoration bang Thy medicine on my lips.—] Dr. Warburton fays that Cordelia invo es the goddess of health, Hvgica, under the name of Reftoration; but I believe the reader will join with me in thinking, that if Sh kefpeare meant any go defs in this place, it was one of his own making; for we may fuppofe the Pantheons of that age (from whence most probably he furnished himself with his knowledge in mythology) were not fo particular as to take notice of the fecondary deities; and the Poet, had he been acquainted with her name, would certainly have called her by it. Reftoration means no more than recovery perfonified.

Mr. STEEVENS, P. 140. Do you not love my fifter?

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omitted in all; by which means the baftard is made to deny that flatly at fift, which the poet only meant to make him evade, or return flight answers to, till he is urged to far as to be obliged to fhel er himfelf under an immediate falfhood.

Mr. STEEVENS. P. 145. The gouj res shall confume them fefb and fell.] Both flesh and jin.

So Skelton's works, p. 257"Nakyd afyde "Neither fe nor fell." Chaucer ufeth fell and bones, for Skin and bones.

"And faid that he and all his "kinne at once, "Were worthy to be brent "with fell and bone.". Troilus and Greffeide, 1.91. Dr. GRAY. P. 170. In the note, for or art, read of art.

P. 175. In the note, for well be him, read well be be.

P. 320. the enemies cafile.] The Revifal affirms, and, I think, proves, that cafk is right.

P. 347: Get me a ladder.] Mr. Theobald has very officiously transplanted this half line into the mouth of Lucius, and defires to know why the Moor, who wanted to have his child faved, should ask for a ladder.,

Aaron very properly answers, get me a ladder, that is, hang me, but fpare my child. Could any circumftance fhew a greater defire of faving his child than the offer of himself in its room? Aaron knows he muft die, and being quite careless about it, would only haften that which he fees is unavoidable at last, to make

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-thou fure and firm fet earth. Mr. STEEVENS.

Certainly right, P. 408. Macbeth. Sleep that knits up the ravell'd fleeve of care.] To confirm the ingenious conjecture that fleeve means fleaved, filk ravelled, it is obfervable, that a poct of ShakeSpeare's age, Drayton, has alluded to it likewife, in his queft of Cynthia. "At length I on a fountain light, "Whofe brim with pinks was "platted,

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"The banks with daffadillies
dight,
"With grafs, like fleave, was
"matted."

Mr. LANGTON. P. 419. -This murdrous Jhaft that's fhot Hath not yet lighted-] The foft has not yet lighted, and though it has done wijchief in its fight, we have reajon to apprehend fill more before it has Spent its force and falls to the ground. The end for which the murder was committed, is

not yet attained. The death of the king only could neither infure the crown to Macbeth, nor ac complish any other purpose, while his fons were yet living, who had therefore just reafon to apprehend they should be removed by the fame means. The defign to fix the murder on fome innocent perfon had taken effect, for it was already adjudged to have been done by the grooms, who appeared intoxicated, even after it was difcovered, and during that flate were fuppofed, at firft, to have been guilty of it; though the flight of Malcolm, and his brother, afforded Macbeth afterwards a fairer pretext for laying it to their charge.

Mr. STEEVENS, For indicet, read

P. 440. indiget.

P. 468.-hell is murky:] Las dy Macbeth is acting over, in a dream, the business of the murder, and encouraging her hufband, as when awake, She, therefore, would never have faid any thing of the terrors of hell to one whofe confcience the faw was too much alarmed already for her purpose. She cer tainly imagines herself here talking to Macbeth, who (the fuppofes) has juft faid, hell is murky, (i. e. hell is a dismal place to go to, in confequence of fuch a deed,) and repeats his words in contempt of his cowardice. Hell is murky!-Fie, fie, my lord, &c.

This explanation, I think, gives a fpirit to the paffage, which, for want of being underflood, has always appeared languid on the ftage.

Mr. STEEVENS.

P. 472.

P. 472. To confirm the juftnefs of May of life for way in Macbeth. Mr. Colman's quotation from Much ado about Nothing,

"May of youth and bloom of "luftyhood."

And another paffage, Henry V. p. 292.

"My puiffant liege is in the "very May-morn of his youth."

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Mr. LANGTON. P. 478. I pull in refolution.] Mr. Johrfon in the room of this would read, I pall in refolution; but there is no need of change; for Shakespeare, who made Trincalo in the Tempeft fay, I will let loofe my opinion, might have written, I full in my refolution. He had permitted his courage (like a horfe) to carry him to the brink of a precipice, where feeing his danger, he refolves to pull in that, to which he had given the rein before.

Mr. STEEVENS. P. 519. Pil potch at him Jome way.] The Revifal reads poac, but porch, to which the objection is made, as no English word is used in the midland counties for a rough violent push.

--when the great

P. 553.
eft tafte

Moft palates theirs-] There

NOTES to the

P. 27. Brutus. The genius and the mortal inftruments, Are then in council, and the State of man,

feems to me no need of emenda. tion. The meaning is, that fenators and plebeians are equal, when the highest tafte is best pleafed with that which pleases the lowMr. STEEVENS. eft.

P. 555. Read,

What may be worn by, both divine and human, Seal, what I end withal.

REVISAL

I think rightly. P. 562. Clean kam] The Welch word for crooked is kam.

P. 578. My firft fon.] The Revfal reads, my fierce fon; but furely firft may ftand, for first in Prima virorum. excellence, P. 601. As is the ofprey to the fib.] We find in Mich. Drayton's Poly-Olbion, Song 25, a full account of the ofprey, which fhews the juflnefs, and the beauty of the fimile, and confirms Theobald's correction to be right. "The fray oft here seen, though feldom here it "breeds, "Which over them the fish no "fooner do efpy,

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"But, betwixt him and them,
by an antipathy,
"Turning their bellies up,
"as though their death
they faw,

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"They at his pleasure lie to
"stuff
his gluttonous
maw.' Mr. LANGTON.

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SEVENTH VOLUME.

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I think, be inftrument, and explained thus;

The genius, i.e. the foul, or fpirit, which fhould govern; and the mortal inftrument, i. e. the man, with all his bodily, that is, earthly paffions, such as, envy, pride, malice, and ambition, are then in council, i. e. debating upon the horrid action that is to be done, the foul and rational powers diffuading, and the mortal inftrament, man, with his bodily paffions, prompting and pushing on to the horrid deed, whereby the ftate of man, like to a little, kingdom, fuffers then the nature of an infurrection, the inferior powers rifing and rebelling against the fuperior. See this exemplified in Macbeth's foliloquy, and alfo by what King John fays, act iv. p. 453.. "Nay in the body of this fleshly land,

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"This kingdom, this confine
"of blood and breath,
"Hoftility and civil tumult

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reigns, "Between my confcience, and 66 my cousin's death." Mr. SMITH.

1

P. 122. Ant. Now by my fword.] An expreffion ufed by Shakespeare, Winter Night's Tale, act ii. fc. laft. Leontes to Antigonus.

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Leo."Swear by thy fword, "Thou wilt perform my bidding." See act iii. fc. ii. And in allufion to the Danish customs, Hamlet, act i. fc. ix. See Titus Andronicus, act. iv. fc i.

Spencer obferves (in his View of the State of Ireland, Works, 12mo. 1564.) from Lucian's Dialogue, intitled Toxaris, “That

"the common oath of the Sc
"thians was by the word, and
"by the wind; and that the
"Irish ufed commonly to fwear

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by their fuords: and that they "do at this day, when they go out to battle, fay certain prayers, and charms to their "fwords, making a crofs there"with on the earth, and thrust"ing the points of their blades

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into the ground, thinking thereby to have better fuccefs "in the fight."

To this cuftom Spencer alludes in other places.

"So fuff'ring him to rife, he
"made him fwear,

"By his own fword, and the
"crofs thereon,
"To take Briana for his lov-
"ing Fere."

Fairy Queen, book 6. canto 1-53.
Dr. GRAY,

This note, which is referred to this place by its authour, may deferve more confideration to the reader of Hamlet, where the friends of Hamlet are required to fwear upon his fword.

P. 155. Cleo. Go to the fellow, good Alexas; bid them to report the feature of Octavia, her years, her inclination; let them not leave out the colour of her hair.] This is a manifeftallufion to the question put by Queen Elizabeth to Sir James Melvil, concerning his mittress, the Queen of Scots." She de"fired to know of me what co"lour of hair was reputed best? "And whether my Queen's hair

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or her's was beft? And which "of them two was faireft? I "answered, The fairness of them was not their worst faults. Dr. GRAY.

P. 172.

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