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STATE OF NEW-YORK.
1st. THE President having taken the chair, at the hour to which the Senate shall have been adjourned, and a quorum being present, the journal of the preceding day shall be read, to the end that any mistake therein may be corrected.
2d. No member shall speak to another, or otherwise interrupt the business of the senate, or read any newspaper while the journals or public papers are reading; and when the president is putting a question, no senator shall walk out or across the house, nor when a senator is speaking, pass between him and the chair.
3d. The president shall have the right to name any member to perform the duties of the chair, who is hereby vested, during such time, with all the powers of the president; but such substitute shall not lose the right of voting on any question while so presiding.
4th. Every member when he speaks shall address the chair, standing in his place: no member shall speak more than twice in any one debate on the same day, without leave of the senate.
5th. When two or more members rise at once, the president shall name the member who is first to speak.
6th. No motion shall be debated until the same be seconded; and it shall be reduced to writing, if desired by the president or any member, delivered in at the table, and read by the president or clerk, before the same shall be debated; but it may be withdrawn at any time before decision or amendment.
7th. While a question is before the senate, no motion shall be received unless for an amendment, for postponing it, to commit it, or to adjourn; and a motion for adjournment shall always be in order, and shall be decided without debate.
8th. If the question in debate contain several points, any member may have the same divided.
9th. A motion for commitment, until it is decided, shall preclude all amendments of the main proposition.
10th. Every bill shall be introduced by motion for leave, or by order of the senate on the report of a committee; and one day's notice at least shall be given of an intended motion for leave to bring in a bill.
11th. Every bill shall receive three readings previous to its being passed, and the President shall give notice at each, whether it be the first, second, or third; which readings shall be on three different days, unless the Senate unanimously direct otherwise. No bill shall be amended or committed until it shall have been twice read; and all resolutions to which a concurrence of the House of
Assembly is requisite, shall be treated in the form of proceedings on them in a similar manner with bills, except that it shall not be necessary to commit such resolutions to a committee of the whole.
12th. Upon a division in the Senate, the names of those who vote for or against a question shall be entered alphabetically on the minutes, if two members require it; and each member called upon, unless for special reasons he be excused by the Senate, shall declare, openly and without debate, his assent or dissent to the question.
13th. The President shall appoint all ordinary committees, who shall consist of three members, unless a different number shall be directed by the Senate.
14th. In forming a committee of the whole senate, a chairman, to be named by the President, shall preside.
15th. The rules of the senate shall be observed in the cominittee of the whole, so far as they may be applicable, except limiting the number of times of speaking, and except that the ayes and noes shall not be taken.
16th. A motion that the committee rise, shall always be in order, and shall be decided without debate.
17th. No amendment shall be received for discussion at the third reading of any bill, resolution, or amendment to the constitution, unless by unanimous consent; but it shall at all times be in order before the final passage of any bill, resolution or constitutional amendment, to move its commitment or its recommitment.
18th. When a member shall be called to order, he shall sit down until the president shall have determined whether he is in order or not; and every question of or der shall be decided by the president, subject to an appeal to the senate by any two members; and if a member be called to order for words spoken, the exceptionable words shall be immediately taken down in writing, that the president or the senate may be better enabled to judge of the matter.
19th. When a blank is to be filled, and different sums. or times shall be proposed, the question shall be first taken on the highest sum and the longest time.
20th. No member shall absent himself from the service of the senate, without leave first obtained; and in case a less number than a quorum of the senate shall convene, they are hereby authorised to send the sergeant at arms, or any other person, for any or all absent members, as the majority of such persons present shall agree.
21st. Before any petition or memorial addressed to the senate shall be received or read, a brief statement of the contents thereof, shall be endorsed on the same, with the name of the member introducing it.
22d. When a question has been once put and decided, it shall be in order for any member to move for the reconsideration thereof; but no motion for the reconsideration of any vote shall be in order, after the bill, resolution, message, report, amendment, or motion, upon which the vote was taken, shall have gone out of the possession of the senate, nor after the usual message shall have been sent from the senate, announcing its decision.; nor shall any motion for reconsideration be in order, unless made on the same day in which the vote was taken, or within the three next days of the actual session of the senate thereafter; nor shall any question be reconsidered more than once; and the vote on the final passage of any bill appropriating the public monies, or property, or creating, continuing, altering, or renewing any body politic or corporate, shall not, in any case, be reconsidered..
23d. The following standing committees, to consist of three members each, shall be appointed by the president, at the commencement of each session:-1st, on claims; 2d, on finance; 3d, on the judiciary; 4th, on the militia;
5th, on canals; 6th, on roads and bridges; 7th, on literature; 8th, on the state prisons; 9th, on banks and insurance companies; 10th, on the division of counties and towns; 11th, on agriculture; 12th, on manufactures; 13th, on privileges and elections; 14th, on enrolled bills; 15th, on Indian affairs; 16th, on expiring laws, to report such as have expired, or are near expiring, and what new laws they may conceive necessary. The committee of enrollment shall examine all bills, amendments, and resolutions, before they go out of possession of the senate, and make report when they find them correctly engrossed. And it shall be the duty of that committee, or any one of them, to present such bills as shall have originated in the senate, and been passed by both houses, to the governor, and to report the fact to the senate, which report shall be entered on the journals,
24th, When an amendment to the constitution, or any bill requiring the concurrence of two-thirds of the senators, is under consideration, the concurrence of twothirds shall not be requisite to decide any question for amendments, or extending to the merits, being short of the final question.
25th. The question on the final passage of all bills which, by the constitution, require the assent of twothirds of the senators, and of all amendments to the constitution, requiring such assent, shall be taken on a division, and entered on the journals; and unless twentytwo members vote in the affirmative, the bill or amendment shall be declared lost; and whenever such bill or amendment shall receive the assent of two-thirds, as aforesaid, the president shall certify the fact upon the said bill or amendment; and he shall certify the passage of all other bills.
26th. On a motion made and seconded to shut the doors of the senate, on the discussion of any business which may, in the opinion of any member, require secrecy, the president shall direct all persons, excepting the members and clerk of the senate, to withdraw; and during the discussion of said motion, the doors shall remain shut; and every member and officer of the senate shall keep secret all such matters, proceedings, and things, whereof secrecy shall be enjoined by order of the senate.