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In the present Edition Chapters III., IV., and V. of the second edition have been sub-divided; the cases upon Practice are collected in Chapter XII. ; those upon Costs follow in Chapter XIII. Additional matter representing the decisions of the past five years has been embodied, mainly in Chapters XII. and XIV. The history of the rule as to division of loss has been removed from its former place in the text to the foot (Note 1) of Chapter VI.
To the Appendix have been added the Regulations approved by the representatives (9_the maritime nations at the Conference held at Washington in 1889–1890. It is anticipated that this Code will, possibly with some modifications, supersede the Regulations (of 1884) now in force. But some time must elapse before the change in the law is effected, and it has been thought best not to further delay the publication of the present edition. The attention of the reader is called to some of the points in which the Washington Regulations differ from the existing Regulations, by the footnotes referring to the new Code in the Appendix.
Upon a former occasion I ventured to remark upon the growing complexity of the Regulations. Since that date (1885) the alterations and proposed alterations in the law have been in the direction, not of simplification, but further complexity. It seems almost too much to expect a North Sea smacksman to apply with success such a law as Article 10 of the Regulations of 1884, as altered by Order in Council, and explained by The Tweedsdale.
R. G. M.
13th February, 1891.