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and outwards, except vessels of and under 60 tons in ballast; 48 Geo. III. c. 136 (Local), s. 23 ; 17 & 18 Vict. c. 177 (Local), ss. 68 seq.; for bye-laws, see Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889.

Lossiemouth : Pilotage is compulsory inwards and outwards for all vessels over 40 tons; 19 & 20 Vict. c. 67 (Local), s. 57 ; 31 & 32 Vict. c. 47 (Local); for regulations, see Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889.

Lowestoft, Maldon, Milford, Neath, Newharen, Padstock, and Penzance. See London Trinity House.

Macduff: See infra, p. 277.
Middlesborough : See infra, Newcastle.
New Ross : See infra, p. 277.

Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Tyne, and Tees : The jurisdiction of the Trinity House of Newcastle-upon-Tyne(e) includes Blyth, Seaham, North Sunderland, Holy Island, Whitby, Warkworth Amble, and Alnmouth. It formerly included the river Tyne and the river Tees, and the ports of Hartlepool and Sunderland; but now by 28 & 29 Vict. c. 44 (the Tyne Pilotage Order Confirmation Act), amended by 30 & 31 Vict. c. 78, pilotage jurisdiction over the whole of the river Tyne, and seawards over a radius of seven miles (including the ports of Tynemouth, Newcastle, and Shields), has been transferred to the Tyne Pilotage Commissioners. Within that jurisdiction pilotage is not compulsory f). By similar Acts (27 & 28 Vict. c. 58; 28 & 29 Vict. c. 59, and 45 Vict. c. 1 (Local)), pilotage jurisdiction over the ports of Hartlepool and Sunderland, and over the whole of the Tees, including the ports of Stockton and Middlesborough, was transferred from the Trinity House of Newcastle-upon-Tyne to the Hartlepool Pilotage Commissioners, the Sunderland Pilotage Commissioners, and the Tees Pilotage Commissioners, and pilotage is not, it would seem, compulsory within those jurisdictions (9). Under 41 Geo. III. c. 86 (Local), pilotage is compulsory on

(e) 17 & 18 Vict. s. 378.

(f) See sect. 16 of the Schedule to the Act, and The Johann Sverdrup, 11 P. D. 49; 12 P. D. 43.

(g) Sect. 16 of the schedule to the Hartlepool Act, sect. 14 of the

schedule to the Sunderland Act, and sect. 15 of the schedule to the Tees Act, are nearly identical in terms with sect. 16 of the schedule to the Tyne Act, adjudicated upon in The Johann Sverdrup, ubi supra.

foreign ships(h) within the jurisdiction of the Trinity House of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, except, it seems, foreign coasters, as to which see 39 & 40 Vict. c. 36, s. 141. The existing bye-laws have been made by the following Orders in Council: For Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 14th February, 1883; for the Tyne, 17th June, 1887; for Hartlepool, 27th June, 1876, and 7th February, 1888; for Sunderland, 29th June, 1882, and 8th March, 1886; and for the Tees, 16th December, 1882. See Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889.

Newry: See infra, p. 277.

Peterhead: Pilotage is compulsory under 36 & 37 Vict. c. 157 (Local), ss. 77 seq., for all vessels of 30 tons and upwards bound in and out, except steam-tugs for the use of vessels frequenting the harbour. See Order in Council of 1st April, 1881; 39 & 40 Vict. c. 174 (Local); and for bye-laws, Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889.

Plymouth and Poole : See London Trinity House.

Port Talbot (formerly Aberaron) : Pilotage is compulsory under 4 Will. IV. c. 43 (Local), s. 73, on all vessels inwards and outwards ().

Portmadoc, Rye, Scilly, and Shoreham. See London Trinity House.

Pulteney : Pilotage is compulsory for vessels over 40 tons in and out; 20 & 21 Vict. c. 93 (Local), ss. 52, 54. See also Wick,

St. Ives (Hayle). See London Trinity House.

Sligo : Pilotage is compulsory for inward-bound ships of 20 tons and upwards, except vessels reaching Oyster Island without being boarded ; 40 Vict. c. 35 (Local); for regulations, see Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889.

Spalding. See Kingston-upon-Hull.
Southampton. See London Trinity House.

Southwold : Pilotage is compulsory, inwards and outwards, for vessels of 40 tons and upwards; 11 Geo. IV. c. 48 (Local); for bye-laws, see Parl. Paper, No. 204 of 1874.

(h) The Maria, 1 W. Rob. 95 ; the obligation to take a pilot. See Tyne Improvement Commissioners v. The l'esta, 7 P. D. 240. General Steam Navigation Co., L. R. (i) From the Board of Trade re2 Q. B. 65. 24 & 25 Vict. c. 47, turns it does not appear

that does not relieve foreign ships from pilots are licensed under this Act."

any

Sunderland, North. See Newcastle-upon-Tyne ; 28 & 29 Vict. c. 59; Orders in Council, 29th June, 1882, and 8th March, 1886.

Swansea : Pilotage is compulsory for vessels inward bound, except vessels under 100 tons in ballast ; 17 & 18 Vict. c. 126 (Local); Orders in Council of 22nd February, 1860; 4th February, 1861; 7th January, 1864; and 22nd May, 1883; for bye-laws, see Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889. The effect of the general and local Acts and of the bye-laws is by no means clear.

Tees (River): See Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
Teignmouth, Thames : See London Trinity House.
Tralee : See infra, p. 277.
Tyne : See Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Waterford: Pilotage is compulsory in and out; 9 & 10 Vict. c. 292 (Local); 37 & 38 Vict. c. 116, ss. 12 seq.; except for vessels drawing less than 6 feet; for bye-laws, see Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889; Order in Council, January 12th, 1891 (k).

Wells: See London Trinity House.

Westport : Pilotage is compulsory for all vessels, in or out, except within the limits of the out pilot grounds, or when the master is licensed; 16 & 17 Vict. c. 185 (Local), ss. 13 seq.; see Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889.

Wexford: Pilotage is compulsory for all vessels, in or out, with cargo or passengers; 37 & 38 Vict. c. 40 (Local), ss. 73 seq.; see also 25 & 26 Vict. c. 122 (Local), and bye-laws approved by Order in Council, 26th October, 1875; Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889.

Weymouth; See London Trinity House.

Wick : Pilotage is compulsory for vessels over 20 tons, entering and leaving the harbour, except frequent traders whose masters or mates have pilotage certificates (1); 25 & 26 Vict. c. 180 (Local), ss. 10, 22, 23, 24; see also 20 & 21 Vict. c. 93; for bye-laws, see Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889.

Wicklow : Pilotage is compulsory in and out, except for

(k) As _to_Waterford, see The Victoria, Ir. Rep. A. 1 Eq. 336.

(1) This seems to be the effect of the local Acts; but their language is not clear,

steamships in certain cases; 5 & 6 Vict. c. 111 (Local), ss. 134 seq.; and see 14 & 15 Vict. c. 121 (Local).

Wisbeach: See Kingston-upon-Hull; and see 50 Geo. III. c. 206 (Local).

Woodbridge, Yarmouth (m). See London Trinity House.
At Aberbrothwick, or Abroath, Irvine, Limerick, Macduff, Places at

which byeNew Ross, Newry, and Tralee, it is not clear whether com- laws are in pulsory pilotage exists or not. In some cases bye-laws pur- existence porting to make it compulsory have been made. The Acts by make pilotage

purporting to which the pilotage authorities at these places are regulated compulsory. are as follows:

Aberbrothwick, or Abroath: 2 & 3 Vict. c. 16 (Local); 27 & 28 Vict. c. 33 (Local); for bye-laws, see Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889. Irvine : 36 & 37 Vict. c. 124 (Local); for bye-laws, see Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889. Limerick : 4 Geo. IV. c. 94 (Local); 10 & 11 Vict. c. 198 (Local); byelaws, Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889. Macduff: 10 & 11 Vict. c. 127 (Local). New Ross : 24 & 25 Vict. c. 140 (Local); 37 & 38 Vict. c. 116 (Local). Newry: 10 Geo. IV. c. 126 (Local); Order in Council of 16th May, 1878. See Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889. Tralee: 9 Geo. IV. c. 118 (Local). See Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889.

Pilotage authorities exist at the following places, but at all of them pilotage is free. Information concerning those marked with an asterisk, and bye-laws, where they exist, will be found in Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889 (Pilotage Return) :

Berwick* : 48 Geo. III. c. 104 (Local); 25 Vict. c. 31 (Local). Borrowstownness* : 38 & 39 Vict. c. 137 (Local); 46 & 47 Vict. c. 76 (Local); Order in Council, 26th June, 1886. Buckie (Cluny): 37 & 38 Vict. c. 185 (Local). Burghead* : 21 & 22 Vict. c. 39 (Local); Order in Council, 17th May, 1888. Burntisland* : 44 & 45 Vict. c. 85 (Local). Cardif* (n), including Penarth : 24 & 25 Vict. c. 236 (Local), repealing 19 & 20 Vict. c. 122 (Local): quære, whether, under sect. 31 of this Act, pilotage is compulsory for a ship “bound

(m) As to the limits of the Yarmouth district, see supra, p. 270.

(n) See Orders in Council of October 21st, 1890, as to the Ports of Cardiff and Barry.

foreign” from Penarth with passengers ; 43 & 44 Vict. c. 24 (Local); Orders in Council of 20th October, 1874, and 20th April, 1883. Carlingford Bar* : 27 & 28 Vict. c. 93; Order in Council of 16th May, 1878. Charlestown : 22 & 23 Vict. c. 96 (Local); Order in Council, 8th February, 1890. Coleraine* : 42 & 43 Vict. c. 175 (Local); 48 & 49 Vict. c. 185 (Local); Order in Council, 25th January, 1887. Cork* (): 1 Geo. IV. c. 52 (Local). Dingle*: 48 & 49 Vict. c. 104 (Local); Order in Council, 26th June, 1886. Douglas (Isle of Man): 35 & 36 Vict. c. 23. Dundee* : 38 & 39 Vict. c. 150 (Local). Eyemouth : 37 & 38 Vict. c. 185 (Local). Gardenstown : 39 & 40 Vict. c. 40 (Local). Gloucester* : 24 & 25 Vict. c. 236 (Local). Grangemouth : 49 & 50 Vict. c. 76 (Local); Order in Council, February 19th, 1889. Hastings : 25 & 26 Vict. c. 51. Inverness * : 46 & 47 Vict. c. 43 (Local); Order in Council, 5th July, 1889 (superseding, it seems, the regulations set out in the latest Pilotage Returns). Leith Harbour and Docks * : 28 Geo. III. c. 58 (Local); 38 & 39 Vict. c. 160 (Local); Order in Council of 30th June, 1860. Leith Trinity House* (p):1 Geo. IV. c. 37; 5 Geo. IV. c. 39 (Local). Leven and Methil* : 39 & 40 Vict. c. 173 (Local); 46 & 47 Vict. c. 43 (Local); 52 & 53 Vict. c. 90 (Local), ss. 34, 38; Order in Council, 8th February, 1890; superseding, it seems, that of 25th January, 1887. Nairn* (No bye-laws). Newcastle-upon-Tyne* : See above, p. 274. Newport (Mon.)* : 24 & 25 Vict. c. 236 (Local). Penarth : 19 & 20 Vict. c. 122 (Local); see above, Cardiff Porthcawl*: 18 Vict. c. 50 (Local); Parl. Paper, No. 154, Sess. 1889; Orders in Council, 6th May, 1857, and 27th November, 1878. Rosehearty* : 26 & 27 Vict. c. 104. Sandhaven*: 36 & 37 Vict. c. 63 (Local); Order in Council, 20th March, 1877. Stonehaven* : 6 Geo. IV. c. 54 (Local); 45 & 46 Vict. c. 168 (Local). As to Hartlepool, Sunderland, and Tees river, see above, pp. 266, 274, 276.

(0) See The Eden, 2 W. Rob. 442.

(p) The Leith Trinity House was incorporated by charter of 27th

July, 1797. As to the limit of its jurisdiction, see Hossack v. Gray, 6 Br. & S. 598.

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