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LVII. What became of Congress when Howe took possession of
LVIII. Burgoyne's expedition.
Popular Hist. III. 567-92. Hildreth's U. S. III. 196–214. Morris's Half
1. To Vermont.
Valley. e. The movements of the main army. f. The American generals opposed, and the position of the Con
g. The battles near Saratoga.
1. Bemis Heights.
2. Stillwater. h. The surrender. Why necessary ? ?
1. Terms of surrender.
2. What was done with Burgoyne's army? i. Make a full summary of the reasons why Burgoyne failed.
NOTE. Howe's failure to co-operate efficiently with Burgoyne is partly explained by a mistake made in the office of the secretary for the colonies, in England.
Lord George Germain left the orders for Howe to be copied, when he went away on a visit; on his return he forgot to sign them. They lay some time in a pigeon-hole and did not reach Howe until Aug. 16.
Many very interesting particulars in regard to Burgoyne's incapacity and mismanagement will be found in Winsor's Narrative and Critical History of America, Vol. VI. pp. 295–314. Also, an account of the skilful manner in which Schuyler hemmed in and hindered his antagonist, and of the extent to which credit is to be given to him for Burgoyne's surrender rather than to his incapable and selfish
Winsor's Hist, of Amer. VI. 295, note i.
LIX. The government of the colonies during the war. a. Under what government were the colonies after the Declara
tion of Independence? Johnston's U. S. 179–80, 194, 205-6, 212, 218, 234-5.
6. Review : The First Continental Congress.
The Second Continental Congress. c. What had Congress to do?
What authority had Congress?
d. What were the Articles of Confederation ?
Johnston's U. S. 270–1, 276. Andrews' Manual of Const. 35–8. Johnston's
U. S. Hist. and onst. 79-80. Lossing's Field-Book of 1812, III. 19-20.
When were they adopted?
The following brief summary has been found by experience to be
so useful in securing a definite and permanent idea of the articles on the part of immature students that it is given in addition to the Articles themselves, which will be found in the appendix.
Points to be remembered from the Articles of Confederation.
To be only ONE HOUSE.
nor less than two, per state.
them at pleasure. Delegates in Congress voted by states. The vote of nine states was required to pass a
To make war, conclude peace, contract alliances.
To decide disputes between states, on appeal.
To regulate money, postal matters, etc.
To levy or apportion taxes on the states. Congress.
No power to collect taxes or to raise money.
No power to enforce its own measures. There was no national judiciary and no executive.
LX. The winter of 1777-8.
U. S. III. 230–1. Morris's Half Hours, II. 73. Washington and His Coun-
Coffin's Boys of '76, chap. XXII. a. Where were the armies on each side ? 6. The condition of the American army at Valley Forge.
LXI. The Conway cabal.
Hildreth's U. S. III.' 232-6. Lossing's Field-Book of Rev. II. 130-4.
How was it frustrated ?
LXII. The French treaties.
a. How were the colonies treated by foreign countries during the
war? Johnston's U. S. 225-6.
b. Early life of Franklin and his connection with public affairs. Johnston's U. S. 226. Bryant's Popular Hist. III. 137-8, 190, 261, 264, 347.
Morris's Half Hours, II. 84 +. Lossing's Field-Book of Rev. I. 86-7.
C. Franklin's appointment as minister to France.
dreth's U. S. II. 305, 403, 412–13, 420, 460, 467, 474, 494; III. 178-9.
d. The treaties : Terms. Hildreth's U. S. II. 246. Johnston's U. S. 225, 227-8. Bryant's Popular Hist.
III. 598. Morris's Half Hours, II. 87-8. Washington and His Country, 339-40.
1. How were they obtained ?
3. Immediate results.
1. Declaration of war against France. Johnston's U. S. 228, 237. 2. Evacuation of Philadelphia. Why necessary? Johnston's U. S. 229. Bryant's Popular Hist. III. 601. Hildreth's U. S. III.
238, 247-9. Washington and His Country, 341-3. Lossing's Field-Book of Rev. II. 146–7. Fiske's War of Independence, 150-1.
NOTE. — Under the evacuation of Philadelphia notice the losses of the British army by desertion, which resulted from an agreeable winter in the American city and the inducements offered by the colonists.
LXIII. Summary of events following Burgoyne's surrender.
e. Change of the commander-in-chief of the British army in
LXIV. Monmouth Court House.
U.S. III. 249–51. Lossing's Field-Book of Rev. II. 148–58. Washington and
His Country, 341-2. Coffin's Boys of '76, chap. XXIV. Notice Lee's conduct, and connect it with his previous history. Give the position of each army after this battle.
LXV. Stony Point.
281-3. Lossing's Field-Book of Rev. I. 743, 746–50; map, 743. Washington
Popular Hist. III. 418, 623. Hildreth's U. S. III. 176, 272, 332. Lossing's
pendence, 159-60. Lossing's Field-Book of Rev. II. 637-45. Paul Jones's exploits.
NOTE. - The best account of naval exploits in the Revolution easily accessible is in Winsor's Hist. of Amer. VI. chap. VII.
LXVII. Gates in the South ; with map.
Hours, II. 117. Washington and His Country, 390–9,421-30. Coffin's Boys of
537 a. Why was Gates sent south ? b. Camden. 6. What became of the armies ?